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Project Report Sequence Title page Certificate Acknowledgement Abstract Index List of abbrevations List of tables . (with page nos.) List of figures./graphs/ charts (with page nos.) Chapters (as mentioned in the Index *) References Bibliography Appendix A. Data sheets (if any ) B. Formulations details (if any ) C. Referred papers (if any) FORMAT Font size: 12. However, Headings (Titles, Chapter names) can be 14, Bold Font type: Times. Book design , Diagram , Diagrams 395 Words | 3 Pages. phone makers are struggling to keep up with such demands. Student Grader! Samsung has successfully penetrated the market to be one of the leading smart phone . brands globally. Known for its cutting edge technology, Samsung is able to keep up with demands of consistently upgrading their products and the girls in their essay, phone models to push the standards of expectations of consumers in the market today. In order to maintain their position on top, it is essay signalman imperative for the girls in their, Samsung to remain competitive in the industry so as to move forward. Correlation and dependence , Hypothesis , Mobile phone 1660 Words | 5 Pages.
Introduction Samsung is known globally for its electronic products and it is one of the successful brands in contests the electronic industry. The Girls In Their Dresses! It is an . established company almost all around the essay on chores world. Vision Leading the in their analysis digital convergence revolution growing to essay on chores, be the best. Mission Digital-e company Swot Analysis Of Samsung SWOT analysis is the tool which helps the dresses organization to essay signalman, understand where it stands. The Girls Summer Dresses Essay Analysis! The SWOT analysis of Samsung make it understand that where Samsung stand in formal clue the market. Strengths . Chaebol , Lee Byung-chull , Lee Kun-hee 801 Words | 3 Pages.
July 2010 Final Report Framework for Effective Consumer Grievance Redressal System . The Girls Summer Dresses Essay Analysis! Prepared for essay on the signalman, Ministry of Urban Development Government of India Project Report No. 2009IA01 www. In Their Summer Dresses Analysis! t e r i i n . o r g The Energy and Resources Institute ii Framework for essay on chores, Effective Consumer Grievance Redressal System Suggested format for citation . Ahmedabad , Bangalore , Bruhat Bengaluru Mahanagara Palike 459 Words | 5 Pages. Introduction: Project report is a temporary program for a student of the girls summer dresses essay graduation program. Project . report is required for partial fulfillment of Masters of Business Administration (MBA) degree which covered 6 credit of essay on chores total required credit to in their summer dresses essay, be completed. Through a report making a student gathered knowledge about special sectors or about special topics in details. To prepare a project report for my MBA degree I chose Mr. Md.
Mamunur Rashid as a supervisor who is the lecturer of Department of. Knitting , Knitting machine , Loom 1433 Words | 5 Pages. 1. Background Samsung Group is a South Korean multinational conglomerate company headquartered in Samsung Town, Seoul. . Samsung was founded by Lee Byung-chull in 1938 as a trading company. It entered the essay on chores electronics industry in summer dresses essay analysis the late 1960s and the construction and shipbuilding industries in the mid-1970s. Since the 1990s Samsung has increasingly globalised its activities, and electronics, particularly mobile phones and semiconductors, has become its most important source of variables in thesis income. Summer Essay Analysis! In the research variables first. Marketing , Mobile phone , Product 1462 Words | 5 Pages. A PROJECT REPORT ON | CHALLENGES, SURVIVING STRENGTH AND RECOMMENDATION . In Their Dresses Essay! ON THE WAY FORWARD A Case Study Of JUBAILI BROS.
ENGINEERING LIMITED AND HER SISTER COMPANIES By OYEWOLE, EZEKIEL OLUWASOGO IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF ASSOCIATE MEMBERSHIP IN BUSINESS ADVISORY INSTITUTE OF BUSINESS ADVISER IBA . Company , Corporation , Nigeria 1644 Words | 7 Pages. ?Samsung’s management and organization Diagram of lines of authority: Samsung Electronics has board centered corporate governance. Board of . Directors has total “9” people. Key people: In Board of Directors: Chief Executive Officer Oh-Hyun Kwon was officially appointed by the company’s Board of Directors on June 8, 2012. He joined in clue Samsung electronics in 1985.During these years he worked as Executive Vice President and head of LSI Technology (2000) President and General Manager of the in their summer System. Board of directors , Chief executive officer , Corporate governance 744 Words | 4 Pages. ? Samsung electronics is a company with its capital in Samsung Town Soul, South Korea. Samsung Electronics unlike . other electronic companies started it business operations on other products and not electronics. It started off as fish exporter vegetables and fruits exporter in China which was the business activity of the founder Byung-Chull Lee in 1938. In Thesis! Samsung expanded its activities again for the second time and the girls summer dresses essay analysis, also not in the electronics arena.
It expanded to ship building, financial industry. Electronic engineering , Electronics , Marketing 2268 Words | 5 Pages. copypasted The Samsung was founded by Byung-Chull Lee in 1938. First it started up with selling fish, vegetables and fruit to china. However, . Formal Crossword! it was a success and became a co-operation in 1951. Moreover, Samsung began to expand they are business in financial, media, chemicals and ship building throughout the 1970’s. As a result, from 1958 onwards Samsung was recognised in making Televisions, Mobile phones, Radio’s, Computer components and other electronic devices, but in 1997 Samsung were dragged in.
IPhone , Mobile phone , Motorola 652 Words | 2 Pages. Specifications for the girls in their dresses essay, flooring: 10% Granite 40% Kotta stone 50% Mosaic cement tiles RCC framed structure Aluminumsliding windows – Class A Rest . specifications as used for Class A construction Discuss the financial viability of the project and the financial planning of the project . Essay On Chores! Developer would like to have minimum 18% net profit on his investment. In Their Dresses Analysis! Developer can invest only Rs. 10 lakhs as his own funds and can raise not more than Rs. 50 lakhs as bank loan. Ref: http://articles.economictimes. Bond , Debt , Health care 1476 Words | 7 Pages. ? SAMSUNG History Samsung Group, based in resume series 7 Seoul, is South Korea's largest business group. The multinational conglomerate . contains numerous subsidiaries and affiliated businesses, most of them under the the girls in their analysis Samsung brand.
Here are key dates in the company's history: 1938: Samsung is founded by Lee Byung-chull as a trading company. 1953: After the high essay contests Korean War, Lee forms profitable Cheil Sugar, which is followed by textile, banking and the girls summer essay analysis, insurance enterprises. 1961: Despite a political coup, charges against. Brand , Lee Byung-chull , Lee Kun-hee 631 Words | 3 Pages. Corporate Ethics As a global company with approximately160,000 employees and operations in essay on the 61 countries worldwide, Samsung Electronics is . fully committed to complying with local laws and regulations as well as applying a strict global code of the girls summer dresses essay conduct to all employees. It believes that ethical management is not only 2008 high a tool for responding to the rapid changes in the global business environment, but also a vehicle for building trust with its various stakeholders including customers, shareholders, employees. Business ethics , Corporate governance , Corporate social responsibility 940 Words | 4 Pages. Final Year Project: Project Report. Final Year Project Review Tutorials 5. Project Profile Document Part 2 Preparation This tutorial will take place in the week . beginning 25th February 2013. The Girls Summer Dresses! Check your on-line timetable for details.
Before the tutorial, you should prepare and research variables in thesis, print out a draft copy of Part 2 of your Project Profile Document. In Their Summer! This part of the student document is all about the context of your project . Think of it as the sort of thing you might use to help you prepare for a job interview to show that you have an awareness. Context theory , Following , Management 465 Words | 3 Pages. ? IN 2012, SAMSUNG , with $248 billion in revenues, was one of the largest conglomerates globally and the largest chaebol1 in the girls essay South Korea. A . rough comparison would be the U.S. Formal Essay Clue! conglomerate General Electric, which had $147 billion in revenues in the same year. Established in 1938 by Lee Byung-chul as a trading company selling noodles and dried seafood, Samsung has since diversified into various industries, such as electronics, chemicals, shipbuilding, financial services, and construction.
In particular. IPhone , Lee , Lee Kun-hee 1140 Words | 5 Pages. ? CERTIFICATE This is to certify that the the girls summer dresses essay analysis project work entitled “Railway Ticket Reservation” submitted by Mahima Agrawal, Pooja . Khandelwal and Shraddha Gupta in partial fulfillment of the formal essay clue requirement for award of the the girls in their dresses essay analysis 12th Class is an essay on the, authentic work carried out by him in my supervision. The matter imbedded in the girls in their dresses essay this project work has not been submitted earlier for the award of any other Examination. Essay Crossword Clue! . C++ , Object-oriented programming , Programming language 798 Words | 4 Pages. ------------------------------------------------- Samsung For more than 70 years, Samsung has been dedicated to creating a . better world through different businesses that now span advanced technology and the girls summer dresses essay, more. Samsung leads the global market in high-tech electronics manufacturing and digital media. Table of Contents History2 1938 to 19702 1970 to glencoe, 19903 1990 to 2000 4 2000 to Present 5 The Samsung Philosophy7 Values7 Vision 20208 History 1938 to 1970 In 1938, Lee Byung-chull. Chaebol , Lee Kun-hee , Samsung Electronics 1767 Words | 6 Pages. A mobile operating system, also referred to as mobile OS, is the operating system that operates a smartphone, tablet, PDA, or . other digital mobile devices. Modern mobile operating systems combine the in their essay analysis features of a personal computer operating system with touchscreen, cellular, Bluetooth, WiFi, GPS mobile navigation, camera, video camera,speech recognition, voice recorder, music player, Near field communication, personal digital assistant (PDA), and other features. Formal Crossword! History Main article: Smartphone . Android , IPhone , Mobile operating system 1359 Words | 4 Pages.
Potential entrants (threat) Samsung as mobile company is not even frightened of essay analysis new entrants, because the capital needed to . invest in student grader this kind of industry is summer analysis extremely high, which means that no too many investors try to resume series 7, gain a market share in mobile environment. BIBLIOGRAPHY l 2058 This kind of threat is very low, with a high invest in RD for the creation and innovation of unique products that exceed the consumer’s expectations and in their summer, brand loyalty of glencoe student their mobile phones. Summer Dresses Essay Analysis! The customers generally. IPhone , Laptop , Mobile phone 1275 Words | 4 Pages. ? Samsung Electronics Case A.) Samsung has a competitive advantage, which grew from resume series 7, its focus on the quality of its memory . chips.
The company’s early insistence on creating quality goods and essay analysis, constantly improving the production process allowed it to gain the essay signalman largest market share among competitors. Samsung was able to build reliable products because its management fostered a culture that emphasized quality in the production process. The company reinforced this culture with an in their dresses essay analysis, incentive program that. China , DDR SDRAM , DIMM 1745 Words | 6 Pages. Occupation : Chairman of essay on chores Samsung Electronics Value of : $10.8 billion worth Asset Lee has a degree in economics from Waseda University . in Tokyo and an MBA from George Washington University in in their dresses essay analysis the US. Lee Kun-hee joined the Samsung Group in 1968 and took over the chairmanship on resume series 7, December 1, 1987, just two weeks after the essay death of his father and Samsung's founder Lee Byung-chull In the glencoe essay grader early 1990s, The factor which lead he to the creation the business is in their essay analysis believing that Samsung Group was overly focused. AirAsia , Airline , Low-cost airlines 684 Words | 3 Pages. Project Status Report Project Name: Department: Focus Area: Product/Process: Prepared By: . Document Owner(s) | Project /Organization Role | | | | | | | Project Status Report Version Control Version | Date | Author | Change Description | 1.0 | | | Document created | | | | * * * | | | | | TABLE OF CONTENTS 1 PROJECT STATUS REPORT PURPOSE 3 2 PROJECT STATUS REPORT TEMPLATE 3 2.1 Project Status Report Details 3 2.2 Project.
Deliverable , Management , PRINCE2 672 Words | 5 Pages. Samsun Galaxy Grand I9802 in China will be separated into 3 age groups: 22-35 and 36-45. The reason for this division is based on the segmentation theory and resume series 7, . Summer Dresses Essay! criteria: Based on the spending power, user status, age, education status and resume series 7, interest in mobile fashion design, age group 22-35 would be more likely target on the white collar who are having strong spending power, interested in new stuff and the girls summer dresses, fashion and mostly they are tend to research variables, be loyal customers once they are satisfied with the products; while. Brand , Laptop , Marketing 1482 Words | 6 Pages. Business Report - Mobile Advertising. Mobile Advertising [pic] Written by: Elyse Silverman ID: 0678153 Lumus Marketing Manager March 11th, 2011 Purpose With the advent of . Lumus's new mobile marketing strategy, Lumus must take caution to ensure the summer essay analysis proper execution of such strategy for high essay, a maximum return of success. This report covers all the dresses practices needed to successfully reach our target consumers using accommodated advertisements through the mobile channel.
It outlines the optimal steps to be taken to implement Lumus’s mobile. Advertising , Brand , Marketing 1962 Words | 6 Pages. Assignment 1: Samsung electronics Q1 Samsung electronics is a world renowned company for its innovative electronics products. . Resume Series 7! Samsung was found first by in their dresses essay analysis Mr. Lee Byung-chull in 1938 was first a trading company, slowly the resume series 7 company diversified into different area examples like retails, securities, textiles, insurance and food processing. Samsung only managed to enter the electronic market in the late 1960’s followed by the death of Mr. Lee, Samsung split into 4 different major companies Samsung , CJ, Hansol. Apple Inc. , Asset , IPhone 2280 Words | 7 Pages. Samsung has spent a lot of expenditure to in their dresses analysis, advertising expenses.
For example, according to Samsung Company (2011) annual . report , they spent around 56,000,000 in million U.S. dollars, 2010 and 2011. Essay On Chores! They strong promote their brand name and product from in their dresses, many kind of variables in thesis advertising effect such as television, outdoor, internet, magazine, and in their summer essay analysis, newspaper. Television Television media advertising is one of the powerful media strategies in business marketing. 2008 Junior High Essay Contests! It has high frequency potential, high intrusion. Advertising , Coca-Cola , Infomercial 811 Words | 3 Pages. Samsung vs. Apple - The smartphone wars John Myers COM/156 November 11, 2012 Lawrence W. In Their Analysis! Daly Samsung vs. Apple - The . smartphone wars The Samsung Galaxy S has a better operating system than the Apple iPhone, which is why Apple is suing Samsung over essay on the signalman, infringement rights; greed took over.
The smartphone craze was started in 2007, when the Apple Corporation strove to be the next innovative mind in the electronics world. In Their Essay! These innovations were followed by greed and a desire to own the formal essay clue market. Android , Apple Inc. , Google 1834 Words | 5 Pages. ?3.0 Internal Environment of Samsung 3.1 Resources 3.1.1 Tangible resources In 2009, Samsung Electronics has reached $ 110.2 . billion market capitalization, for the first time beyond Intel, the in their world's largest semiconductor manufacturer revenue, Samsung in 2009 to $ 117.8 billion in annual sales, revenue has surpassed HP as the world's largest electronics company, is the world's first two big chip plant, second in size only Intel 2008 is to have up to 21 products in the world market share in the. Emerging technologies , Human resource management , Lee Kun-hee 1725 Words | 6 Pages. Project Report Guidelines for Financial Accounting The project report should be organised as . follows: A certificate that “the report represents their original work and does not contain any material that has been taken from any source, except as acknowledged” is required. This should be signed by all the authors of the formal essay clue report . • Cover page: Project title, team members’ names and roll numbers, course, date of submission. The Institute’s logo should not be used anywhere in summer dresses essay analysis the report . Variables In Thesis! • Abstract.
Cash flow , Cash flow statement , Debt 775 Words | 3 Pages. Project Overview Project Name: Project Objective: Report Version: Reporting Period: . Project Overall Status: On schedule and no unmanageable risks On schedule with manageable risks Not on schedule with risks and issues Prepared By: Distributed To: John Doe – Business Analyst Xx – Sponsor Xx – VP Xx – Program Manager Xx – Project Manager 1.0 April xx, 2011 – April xx, 2011 (Weekly) Monday, October 17, 2011 1 Executive Summary Accomplishments Completed during April xx, 2011: Acc .1 Acc. John Doe , Management , Placeholder name 324 Words | 4 Pages. REPORT ON USERS OF SAMSUNG CELL PHONES IN NITTE Submitted by: Sahana Hegde Sahana Shetty Salian Kavitha Shankar Samarth . Shetty Sandesh Shetty K Sandesh Tendulkar I MBA – „C? Submitted to: Dr. In Their Summer Dresses Essay! Sudhir. M Associate Professor JUSTICE K S HEGDE INSTITUTE OF MANAGEMENT NITTE 30/5/2013 DECLARATION We hereby declare that this Research report titled “Users of Samsung cell phones in essay grader Nitte” has been prepared by in their essay us during May 2013 under the valuable guidance supervision of Prof.
Cellular network , GSM services , IPhone 8438 Words | 59 Pages.
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The Girls in Their Summer Dresses …
Regarding homework, do you grade for completion?Do you assign homework and give a grade based only on completion? Is this effective? How much effort is a student really putting into the. Do you assign homework and the girls dresses essay analysis, give a grade based only on completion? Is this effective?
How much effort is a student really putting into the homework, given an A will be the end result despite errors? As a parent of a middle school student and as a teacher, I see both sides. Teacher: Motivation to do the work. Parent: What's the point? Give them a sticker instead! Test grades are still poor. Asked on February 6, 2011 at 5:28 AM by brownl016. I don't give partial credit for work only partially completed—mostly I won't take it unless it's complete.
I do offer partial credit (a C with correct answers) for work turned in a day late, so kids can still keep the grade up. As an example, I tell my kids that when they start working, if they don't stay the whole day, they may get paid for only a couple of hours, but repeatedly doing so. I don't give partial credit for essay on chores work only partially completed—mostly I won't take it unless it's complete. I do offer partial credit (a C with correct answers) for in their dresses essay analysis work turned in a day late, so kids can still keep the grade up. On The? As an example, I tell my kids that when they start working, if they don't stay the whole day, they may get paid for only a couple of hours, but repeatedly doing so will get them fired. I don't give busy work for homework. I try to make it meaningful, manageable, and in their essay, even fun.
Some kids love it. Some make do. And some refuse to do anything—for those kids, yes, their grades are bad. Essay? If they did the homework when they can use notes and the girls summer analysis, a book, without the pressure of testing, they can keep lower test grades from destroying their class average, but actually it should help keep their test grades up: often it's review or practice. I won't stop giving homework because kids refuse to do it. If it's reasonable work for junior high contests the age/level and the girls in their essay, relevant, then they should do it. Glencoe Student Essay Grader? It's like the boss asking you to write a report: you just to it. And as a parent and teacher, I expect my daughter to do her best. It was the same with the in their summer analysis, older two before they graduated. If they needed help, we were there.
If the in thesis, youngest needs help, it's never a problem. But my daughter is the girls in their summer, not only learning content and reinforcing what she learns (and lots of times she hates it), she is learning to essay, be responsible and stick with it even if she doesn't like it. If she doesn't do it, those grades will bite her in the butt, and it will be a situation of her making. I believe the same goes for the girls analysis the classroom. If someone has a problem at home, or is junior contests, struggling with a concept, I am there. I don't need to know their business, but if they explain there is a crisis at home, I can work something out with them. Otherwise, if they pay attention in class and the girls dresses analysis, follow directions, the homework isn't impossible. Essay Crossword? I don't want to beat them into the ground; I just want them to leave me knowing more than when they arrived. I teach math, so just completion is really not enough. However, some value must be placed on attempting every problem.
For me, attempting means writing the problem, showing where you tried something and providing an the girls in their dresses, answer. I do Homework Checks as daily/weekly grades. I do not take up homework assignments. I tried that for a little bit and, as stated above, it was very inefficient. I explain all of this to resume series 7, the students before the the girls summer essay analysis, first HW Check. They do all the resume series 7, assigned problems. On HW Check day, I have a PowerPoint slide with various homework problems listed (such as - Pg 35 # 12) that the the girls analysis, student is to copy from glencoe student essay grader his/her homework (no books allowed, only their homework paper can be on the desk) on to a clean sheet of paper. I take these up and grade them. For example, I pick 10 problems that are worth 2 points each - 1 for attempting the problem, 1 for the correct answer.
The problems often come from the ones/types students have questions about and the girls essay analysis, we work in class as a group. Resume Series 7? My incentive - this is an easy grade for those who do homework, the student can get at least 1/2 credit without answering a single question correctly, AND I have a chance to check several types of problems quickly and identify areas of the girls summer essay analysis concern for every student. 2008 Junior High Essay Contests? The student never know which questions I am going to pick, so they need to complete all of the homework. Dresses? I even change the numbers for different classes in the same subject. I used this teaching high school and now for college. I love it!
I can grade (provide feedback and see what needs work) 10 questions from 30 students a lot faster than I can count 30 problems for 30 students (without even knowing what the resume series 7, learned)! AND this only takes 10-12 minutes of intsructional time because they are only copying. I think this one will be moved to the Discussions thread immediately. The Girls Essay Analysis? It might even already be there in different forms. Essay Clue? I think that homework grading is the girls dresses essay, extremely powerful and a topic for which there is on the signalman, no easy answer. The only in their essay analysis, potential answer one can derive is that there are many answers. On one level, I think that homework needs to be graded for completion. It is 2008 high contests, important for the girls summer dresses essay analysis all students to become accustomed to the idea that learning and essay crossword clue, educational work must be undertaken outside of class.
Grading homework for completion reaffirms the in their summer, idea that students understand that they must devote some outside of class time to resume series 7, their studies. At the same time, I think that teachers might need to clearly ensure that their homework mirrors assessments on both classroom and external level. Additionally, teachers need to be able to distinguish that homework and comprehension might be two different realms. Students who understand material, but do not do homework need to remedy this particular aspect of their educational consciousness. Students who complete homework, but do not fully grasp concepts on assessments need to remedy this component of their academic state of being. At the same time, teachers need to in their summer dresses essay analysis, be mindful that students might not understand such a distinction.
Teachers need to be monitoring their students' progress and make individual accommodations to ensure that these gaps that might be present on the homework, but still not show up in the gradebook because it has been completed on time, are remedied. In the end, the only answer is again, There are many answers. It depends on the subject. First, I am not a huge proponent of homework on signalman the Elementary level. I believe in in their dresses homework as primarily a means for extra independent practice of various concepts, and of course for longer-term reports or projects (which will certainly need a rubric and a specific grade). But normally, since I was required to 2008 junior essay contests, give homework, I assign practice problems, and the students receive credit, and are able to in their summer essay analysis, ask more specific questions as we review the contests, assignment. It would be entirely too overwhelming to the girls summer essay, grade every homework assignment individually. Now if I give a writing assignment, then that is essay, certainly graded in analysis detail. Some students have chaotic home environments, have parents that can't read, or some students are just nearly homeless, taking care of younger siblings, and not eating properly etc.
I certainly don't want to penalize them for not being able to correctly complete assignments. I have no idea what they are dealing with at 2008 junior high essay contests home (actually I do for some of them, and it is tragic), but I try to make the majority of my graded assignments take place in in their summer essay analysis class where I am in more control of the glencoe essay, learning that is summer, taking place. Completion is a strong factor in essay on chores my scoring homework; but not the only factor. It is tempting to do so, as grading homework requires a great deal of essay analysis time; however one does not know if the student has carried away from the assignment that which he/she should unless one closely examines the student essay grader, work. Also, students quickly determine if a teacher simply checks off homework, and are then tempted to cut corners, write inappropriate answers, etc. simply to get it done. The Girls In Their Summer Essay? I do allow students a great deal of latitude when scoring homework; but at the same time, I do not give credit for essay crossword clue simply handing in a paper with writing vaguely resembling the in their, topic. Completion and accuracy are both elements of accountability. I also teach at the high school level and don't grade based on completion, in essay signalman fact I very rarely assign homework though the analysis, students are expected to signalman, be reading and at times working on long-term assignments on their own. I just think that at this point, the expectation is that they do it or else I am wasting their time assigning it if it doesn't have some inherent value. I think it is important that they have the choice to analysis, either learn what it is essay grader, I hoped the homework would help them learn, or to ignore it and perhaps have a consequence later when they don't understand or fully grasp a certain idea.
I never grade homework based solely on completion. Of course, I teach high school, and I would think that is the level on which grading for completion is least appropriate. My kids are in in their summer essay grade school and they are graded on completion. Resume Series 7? At that point I think it's fine because they are still motivated to do their best even if they're not getting graded. But at the high school level (and, I think, the middle school level) I do not think that it is appropriate. The Girls Analysis? I think it sort of sends the essay clue, message that this is just busy work and how you do on it is irrelevant.
I grade for completion, and I grade for corrections. I want students to correct their own work. I have two reasons for this. The Girls In Their Dresses Essay Analysis? First, I want quick turnaround. If I collected and graded everything, they would not get it back quickly and by the time they did it would not be relevant, or I'd be exhausted. Second, I want them to fix their own mistakes. I stamp an assignment, then have them correct, then check to make sure they actually corrected. I tell them that I already know how to research variables, do this, so they are the ones that need the practice!
I think the the girls in their dresses analysis, same arguments might in an odd way support both sides. Junior High Essay? Some students might not consider it worth their time if it's not worth enough points. However, other students will be hesitant to try if they feel they will come up short and the girls dresses, receive a poor grade. i think grading on completion depends upon the assignment and the assignment objectives. Resume Series 7? Some rote homework that needs to be done for memorization would not be considered the same way as work that really required higher order thinking. If homework is effective and relevant and summer dresses essay, the teacher is motivating then the children should perform better on tests not worse. I always try to research variables, make my homework meaningful to the standards that we're learning. The Girls In Their Dresses Essay? I take homework as a completion grade but look over it briefly before going over it together to make sure that the resume series 7, student applied effort. Where I win with my students is that I model for them (and they know this verbatim) that I work their brains while they're at school with me. I don't want them to go home and spend an overwhelming amount of time on homework. This time should be for family, friends, and relaxing.
I encourage them to get their parent involved by dresses analysis, impressing them with how much they're learning in 4ht grade. My students are so proud when they come in and say things like, My dad didn't even know how to do this! Do you assign homework and junior high, give a grade based only on completion? Is this effective? How much effort is a student really putting into the homework, given an in their summer dresses essay analysis, A will be the end result despite errors? As a parent of a middle school student and as a teacher, I see both sides. Teacher: Motivation to do the work. Parent: What's the 2008 high essay, point?
Give them a sticker instead! Test grades are still poor. How I grade an assignment does depend on the type of assignment. For the most part, however, I do grade homework on completion. To me, homework is practice, and I do not believe students should be penalized for wrong answers on practice assignments, especially since these are done at home without any type of guidance or assistance. I do correct any mistakes I see on homework assignments before I return them to my students so that they are aware of the mistakes they have made. Also, we go over the girls in their summer dresses analysis homework as a class, and I am careful to stress the parts of the resume series 7, assignment where I saw students were having the most difficulties.
I suppose that this speaks directly to math assignments. As a student, I was bored when I had to analysis, complete 100 equations that were basically the variables in thesis, same. If I had the concept, why should I just parrot the entire three page assignment. Summer Dresses Essay Analysis? As a teacher, I think that the demonstration of essay mastery should be sufficient for the student. The Girls Summer Essay? Imagine all that homework that the teacher would not have to suffer through and resume series 7, correct!
Perhaps a point value system based on the girls in their summer dresses the number of resume series 7 correct answers? Demonstrated mastery is more important than completed homework. Thank you for the feedback. Please know that after professionally presenting my concerns, my son's middle school teacher made some changes! The teacher now grades homework. Additionally, I pushed the teacher to consider the data: What percentage of the students mastered the concepts on the post assessments? After some back and forth discussion, the teacher made some changes. After reflecting on my initial post, I realize this: Dynamics change every year (or every semester). The Girls In Their Essay? My syllabus for one year, may need to be altered the next based on the needs of my students. I would encourage you to re-evaluate your performance tasks and assessments each year. Use the data to drive your instruction.
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"The Girls in Their Summer Dresses" …
Colombian prisons as a core institution of authoritarian liberalism. Prisons and in their summer analysis inmate population in Colombia (1994–2013) Population (annual average) Overcrowding (annual average) Source: National Bureau of Colombian Prisons (INPEC) [ 28 , 29 , 32 ] Prison capacity and essay on chores inmate population 1994–2014 (March).
Source: National Bureau of Colombian Prisons (INPEC) [ 28 , 29 , 32 ] Crimes reported by the Colombian National Police Force (1994–2011). Source: Colombian National Police Force [ 7 , 8 , 9 ] Prison population per 100,000 inhabitants (and total inmate population) in Latin American countries (1992–2013) Source: International Centre for Prison Studies (2013) Imprisonment rates (per 100,000 inhabitants) in Latin America (1992–2013). Source: International Centre for Prison Studies [ 33 ] The problem of incarceration in dresses, Colombia, which is similar to that in other countries, is neither passing nor confined behind prison walls; it affects Colombian society as a whole because it mirrors its problems and internal conflicts.
Colombian prisons dramatically underscore how vast sectors within an variables in thesis, exclusionary and unequal society are further marginalized through stigmatization and rejection as they are placed in the roles of dangerous delinquents. Prisons, in Colombia and elsewhere, also exemplify how modern societies prefer to face their structural problems and in their social instability by means of repressive criminal policies; thus further contributing to research variables in thesis what Simon calls governing through crime [ 57 , 58 ]. The feelings of fear and defenselessness that permeate many societies are channeled by governments into strategies which augment and intensify the tools and techniques for the girls summer analysis control and security. This combination of factors, especially during the past three decades, has given rise to a Culture of essay on chores Control [ 20 : 175] which affects the lives of every citizen and which inspires governmental policy at summer dresses analysis, the global level in a wide diversity of countries, in the Global North as well as in the Global South. It may be inaccurate to state that international homogeneity exists for punishment; in fact, a wide variety of tendencies can be found worldwide- as authors such as Lacey [ 40 , 41 ], Whitman [ 64 ], Lappi-Seppala [ 42 ], Melossi et al. [ 43 ], Nelken [ 45 , 46 ] and Sozzo [ 59 ] have pointed out. There is, however, in on the signalman, many countries both of the Global North and South a trend towards penal convergence [ 5 : 438, 441], as witnessed by the overall growth of the inmate population brought about by increasingly harsh penal laws. The study, therefore, of the ‘crisis’ in Colombia’s prisons, as a paradigmatic example of a global tendency, cannot be approached from summer essay analysis, a reductionist viewpoint that attempts to be explained in its own terms. On the contrary, it must be based upon essay on chores a wider perspective, one which includes understanding the penal system as the the girls in their, way state and society perceive crime and its respective forms of punishment. Punishment is formal essay, not merely the way delinquents are treated; it is an the girls summer dresses essay analysis, authentic social institution which helps to define, and which at resume series 7, the same time reflects, the nature of a given society, and the relationships and conflicts of which it is made up [ 18 : 287].
Thus, the current management of in their summer prisons and the penal system provide a key to understanding the transformation of Colombian society, along with its conflicts, during the past three decades, as well as to how social and power relationships have led diverse administrations into marginalizing an extensive sector of the population with the argument that by doing so they are protecting society. From a sociological standpoint on punishment and prisons -both to be understood as complex social institutions-, this article aims to provide a critical diagnosis of Colombian prisons, and of their political and variables in thesis cultural uses and meanings in the girls in their analysis, Colombian society over the past 30 years. Towards this end, in the first part of the article (made up of the essay, first two sections) I will present a critical analysis, based mainly upon official statistics, of the major features and transformations in Colombian corrections facilities and in their inmate populations, and in their essay analysis of the criminal policies which legitimize their workings and existence. In the second part (which is made up of the two following sections), by referring to essay on chores aspects and changes in Colombian prisons, I will explain the the girls summer analysis, political and cultural meanings and uses of essay prisons in contemporary Colombian society. The central thesis of the girls essay analysis this essay is that prisons have been turned into core symbols and institutions of authoritarian liberalism . Junior High Essay Contests! This refers to a form of government, which has consolidated in the girls summer dresses, the past three decades to a great degree due to its overlapping with a neoliberal political economy, but that nevertheless may not be reduced to a worldwide expansion of resume series 7 neoliberalism -as some authors, like Wacquant [ 63 ], claim, since it predates the arrival of neoliberalism to Colombia and Latin America during the eighties, and has features and dynamics of the girls in their dresses essay analysis its own [ 35 , 36 , 38 ]. Authoritarian liberalism as a form of government protects the interests of the essay on chores, status quo -even if violence must be used- by sacrificing the rights of society’s poorest and most vulnerable groups (which in Colombia is half the population). This state-sponsored defense of the summer dresses analysis, predominant powers in Colombia has created a conspicuously exclusionary and unequal society, which, in large part, justifies the use and expansion of the prison system as a reaction to feelings of fear and vengeance. I will also show how this situation is resume series 7, not limited solely to Colombia (despite the the girls in their dresses, fact that here it takes place in an extreme fashion), for in numerous democratic nations (in Latin America and elsewhere), similar situations occur. In Thesis! Hence, I assess, particularly for the Colombian case, the thesis which claims that the the girls in their summer essay analysis, globalization of the neoliberal economic and research in thesis political model is accompanied by a specific punitive model that excludes the poorest social groups through the use of punishment with the aim of consolidating a new form of government [ 63 : xviii]. In the conclusion, I propose an alternative approach to this trend in criminal justice along with more inclusive modes for summer dresses dealing with it, which implies redefining (and reducing) the political and symbolic roles that prisons play in essay on chores, contemporary societies.
Colombian prisons during the past three decades: a history of failure. In 1989, overcrowding in the girls in their, Colombian prisons was not excessively high: 166 corrections facilities, with capacity for 26,307 inmates, held 26,715 prisoners, which came to essay on chores a 1.55 % overcrowding rate [ 6 : 230–231]. But, during the past twenty years the overcrowding rate has noticeably increased. Whereas, during the first part of the nineties prison capacity had increased by 6000 places, during the same period the the girls in their analysis, inmate population rose by 18,000: in just six years the overcrowding rate in prisons went from 10 % (in 1993) to 40 % (in 1999) [ 27 ]. Percent of overcrowding in Colombian prisons (1994–2013). Source: INPEC [ 28 ] Over the past two decades, excessive overcrowding, combined with the growing number of prisoners, has overwhelmed Colombia’s obsolete corrections system and aggravated what have always been deficient prison conditions; at student, the same time, widespread chaos and violence have taken hold inside these facilities where the Colombian government has never really been in the girls, control [See 17 ]. Index of occupations and education programs among the Colombian inmate population 2002–2012.
Inmate occupations (2002–2012). Source: INPEC [ 28 , 31 ] A sizeable number of inmates occupy themselves with informal jobs, that is to say, with practically any kind of work -from selling food to formal crossword cleaning floors- which prison authorities recognize as meriting reduced prison terms. However, prisoners carry out these activities on their own and with their own resources, and receive no worthwhile support or training from the institution [See 17 ]. In fact, according to a report from the the girls in their, National Office of the Comptroller ( Contraloria General de la Republica ), in essay on chores, 2006, the the girls in their summer, National Bureau of on the signalman Colombian Prisons (INPEC) earmarked a mere 1.4 % of its overall budget for rehabilitation programs (including education), which was even less than what had been assigned the summer analysis, year before [ 50 : 4]. In so far as education is concerned, the other central pillar of rehabilitation, the panorama is similar: in 1999, 25 % of the inmate population participated in educational programs; in December 2005, the percentage stood at 39.56 %, and in essay crossword clue, September 2008 it had reached 39.83 %; Nevertheless, from December 2010 it has significantly decreased –to 33.84 % in in their dresses essay, that year and to 33.45 % in December 2012. The average percentage of inmates who participated in educational programs between 2002 and 2012 was 37.99 % [ 25 , 27 ] (See Table 3 , Chart 5 ). Educational programs are mainly focused on basic levels, primary education above all; whereas secondary and university education programs, which could have significant demand considering the educational profile of the prison population (as will be shown in the following section), are hardly available. Subsequently, between 2004 and research variables in thesis 2007, only 1.5 % of the inmate population officially certified their studies through the Colombian Institute for Higher Education (ICFES), and only 1 % took the requisite state exams that would allow them to enroll in university programs [ 50 : 4]. As is often the case with occupational activities, educational programs serve primarily as the means to shorten prison stays rather than serving as the foundation for rehabilitating inmates so that they may become productive members of society. The most worrying trend is the increasing number of prisoners who are neither working nor studying in the past decade (particularly from 2007), becoming the majority of the prison population in the girls in their dresses analysis, 2012: in 1999, 34 % of the inmate population did not participate in any rehabilitation programs; the percentage of which dropped to 25.97 % in 2005, and to 19.65 % in December, 2005. But from December, 2007 the number of not occupied inmates has increased steadily from 24.77 to glencoe grader 38.67 % in December 2012.
The average percentage of the girls in their analysis unoccupied inmate population between 2002 and 2012 was 28.98 % [ 25 , 27 , 31 ] (See Table 3 , Chart 5 ). Therefore, the statistics cited above clearly indicate that the rehabilitation programs proclaimed as institutional pillars of the resume series 7, penitentiary system from the time of its creation, have failed. The Girls Essay! Prison neither reforms nor educates. We may ask then: What kind of person and crimes does the Colombian penal system tend to punish? Does it operate in a selective manner, affecting certain social groups and specific illegal activities more severely? These questions will be answered in the following section. Personal profiles and crimes committed by glencoe grader, those who go to prison. Length of the girls analysis inmates’ prisons sentences (number of prisoners) (1999–2013-April). Source: INPEC [ 26 , 30 , 31 ] Length of inmates’ prisons sentences (percentages) (1999–2013-April). Formal Essay! Source: INPEC [ 26 , 30 , 31 ] In April, 2013, out of a total inmate population of 117,015, when grouped by gender, 92.42 % were men and 7.58 % were women.
Even though there has been an increase of the in their dresses essay analysis, proportion of women inmates (in 2008 94 % were men and 6 % women), this proportion has remained constant over time: between 1989 and 2008 there was practically no variation [ 6 : 41; 27 ]. Inmate education levels (1989–2013). Source: INPEC [ 31 ] Lastly, the percentage of repeat offenders has stayed relatively stable during the last decade (where data is available). According to INPEC data the average percentage of repeat offenders among the Colombian inmate population between 2002 and 2013 stands at 15.02 %. The foregoing data confirm a worldwide tendency regarding the demographic features of the prison population: in the overwhelming majority of contemporary capitalist societies, those who end up in prison are almost always young men, who often come from urban centers and marginalized environments, with scant education, and, as a rule, are unemployed or working in student essay, the informal economic sector [See 19 : 1160–1161; 20 : 90–93; 21 : 5; 60 , 61 , 63 , 66 ; for the case of the girls summer dresses analysis Latin America, See 14 , 15 , 39 , 62 ]. Crime statistics, prisoners’ profiles and the crimes for which they are imprisoned are useful in understanding the selective manner in which the criminal justice system works, and for essay on chores which the penitentiary provides the final phase and receptacle. Statistics serve to identify which crimes are the most likely to be prosecuted by the state and the girls summer essay what kind of research variables in thesis individuals will most probably end up in the girls summer dresses, prison. Total number of crimes reported per 100,000 inhabitants (1994–2011). Source: Colombian National Police Force [ 9 ] Prison population per 100,000 inhabitants (1994–2011). Resume Series 7! Source: INPEC [ 30 ] Percentage break-down of summer essay crimes committed by essay on chores, Colombian prisoners (1977–2013). Source: Colombian Ministry of Justice [ 6 ], INPEC [ 27 , 31 ] By 1989, 33.75 % of the inmate population had been imprisoned for in their analysis crimes against property and 30.75 % for homicide and aggravated assault; 1.5 % was being held on a combination of both types of formal clue crime.
Consequently, in 1989, 66 % of Colombian prisoners were behind bars for homicide, aggravated assault and crimes against property (Ibid.: 83, 84). Analysis! Drug-trafficking accounted for 15.5 %, followed by crimes against state security forces (such as terrorism and related offenses, and the illegal possession of resume series 7 weapons) at 3.25 %; sexual assaults made up 2.5 %, and crimes against the rule of constitutional law (particularly rebellion and sedition) comprised 0.25 % of the total (Ibid.: 87) (See Chart 11 ). In December, 1999, the majority of prisoners in Colombian corrections facilities had been accused or sentenced for homicide, aggravated assault (31.09 %), or crimes against property (28.59 %), which came to a combined total of 59.68 % [ 27 ]. Next, were those crimes related to drug-trafficking (10.2 %), those committed against state security forces- -which include terrorism and related offenses- (7.08 %), sexual assaults (5.45 %), crimes against individual liberty -mainly kidnapping- (5.33 %), and crimes against the rule of constitutional law -especially, rebellion-(2.33 %). (Ibid.) (See Chart 11 ). In 2008, homicides and aggravated assault along with crimes against property continued to rank first and second at the girls in their dresses, 26.66 %, and 24.82 % of the essay on the signalman, total, respectively. Subsequently, when added together they represented more than half (51.48 %) of all crimes that had been committed by inmates in Colombia in in their summer analysis, that year [ 27 ]. The list continued with drug-trafficking (17.18 %), sexual assault (9.54 %), crimes against formal essay, public security forces -including terrorism and related offenses- (8.45 %), crimes against individual liberty -including kidnapping and summer dresses forced disappearance- (5.59 %), and crimes against the constitutional rule of law -in particular, the crime of affiliation with illegal armed groups (3.03 %) [ 27 ] (See Chart 11 ).
By April 2013, the same pattern continued -crimes against property (22.16 %) together with homicide and 2008 junior high assault (17.34 %) made up the majority of crimes that ended up in prison (39,50 %), even though is worth noting that they no longer make up more than half of crimes. This is due to the important increase of drug-trafficking (which doubled with respect to 2008, with 14.50 %) and the larger proportion of offenses against individual liberty (7,98 %) [ 31 ] (See Chart 11 ). As the summer essay analysis, abovementioned numbers reveal, starting in 1989 the proportion of resume series 7 inmates being held for homicide and assault as well as for drug-trafficking and terrorism went up conspicuously as a result of the country’s armed conflict and the girls summer dresses the war on drugs, most notably against the Medellin cartel -from the on the, latter part of the eighties until the first part of the nineties- a group notorious for violent and terrorist acts, and which was in the throes of in their summer its demise [ 36 ]. The growth of cocaine-trafficking has also intensified the variables in thesis, armed conflict in summer essay, Colombia as it provides immense capital resources which both the essay crossword, guerrilla and paramilitary militias use to procure arms for their troops, to battle one another and to maintain control over most of the coca growing regions in the country [See 4 , 48 , 54 ]. Essay! On the basis of the foregoing, it can be concluded that, in general terms, the intensification of resume series 7 violence and in their essay armed conflict coupled with the social and economic crisis that held sway during the decade of the nineties is student, reflected in Colombia’s prison statistics, made up primarily of individuals indicted on and sentenced for crimes related to these calamities (crimes against in their dresses essay, property, homicide and aggravated assault, drug-trafficking and offenses against law enforcement). The abovementioned data, which cover three different decades, reveal the glencoe student essay grader, fact that those imprisoned for homicide and aggravated assault, as well as for crimes against property, constantly comprise the largest portion of the Colombian inmate population (between 39.50 and in their 75 %). These categories are persistently followed by that which includes individuals accused of resume series 7 or sentenced for drug-trafficking (nearly 15 % of the in their summer, total inmate population), whose numbers doubled during the eighties -precisely when all-out war was declared on drugs- going from 6.91 % of the total inmate population in 1977 to 15.5 % in 1989, and again between 2008 and 2013, and which rose as a consequence of the repressive criminal justice policy upon which the essay on chores, state instituted its war on drugs, organized crime and the various illegal militias operating within the the girls in their, country [See 36 ]. It is essay on chores, also worth noting the significant increase of inmate held for sex crimes (which increased from 2.50 % in 1989 to 7,65 % in 2013 -the proportion trebled). Sex Crimes, in the girls summer analysis, Colombia as elsewhere, have become a common target of penal populism [see 63 : 209–239]. The selectivity of the Colombian penal system and its relation to resume series 7 authoritarian liberalism. On the basis of the statistics analyzed in the section above, it may be concluded that the Colombian inmate population has not significantly varied during the analysis, past three decades, neither its basic features: it is a relatively young population, overwhelmingly masculine, with scant education and unemployed or working at research variables, low-paying jobs before entering prison. Hence, it is apparent that the the girls in their dresses essay analysis, majority of the inmate population comes from high, marginalized sectors of Colombian society, where high levels of summer essay analysis exclusion and poverty prevail. Government policies directed towards that part of the populace deemed delinquent, which Feeley and Simon [ 16 ] label as the New Penology , aim not to reduce crime and eliminate its causes, but rather to manage and control social groups looked upon essay signalman as problematic.
Additionally, this approach to government has tended to be associated during the the girls in their summer essay, past two decades, in the Global North as well as in the Global South, with the neoliberal agenda. That is to say, it is based upon the free market and deregulation of the essay on chores, economy, along with the dresses essay, downsizing of the essay clue, welfare state which provides social benefits to marginal social sectors, and the broadening of the prison state, which through a system of punishment, maintains control over these same sectors [ 63 : xviii]. 3. Some authors, particularly from the Global North, as Lacey [ 41 : 789], suspect that, since Latin American countries are more economically dependent upon and share closer political ties with the United States, they are probably more susceptible to being pressed into implementing the same corrections policies as those in use in dresses essay analysis, the United States. More detailed research on particular Latin American countries, such as Sozzo’s analysis of the Argentinian case [ 59 ], show that, even though the influence of variables neoliberalism in political, cultural and economic aspects of Latin American societies is undeniable, the features and transformation of in their essay their crime control fields respond to the particular and local dynamics of essay on chores each society, rather than the summer essay, influence or pressure exerted by the United States. Furthermore, the last two decades have witnessed important transformations in essay on the, Latin America, particularly in the political landscape, the most important being the political realignment of Latin American countries between left and right. Venezuela, Bolivia, Ecuador, and Nicaragua are undergoing intense political processes under the in their, lead of leftist governments, which, at least at the discursive level, defend socialism in radical terms. On the other hand, countries like Colombia, Mexico, Peru, and El Salvador have been led mostly by right-wing governments with a neoliberal tendency and a with a political and economic interest in signalman, having close ties with the United States.
At the centre of the the girls in their summer dresses essay analysis, political spectrum there are countries like Brazil, Argentina, Uruguay, and Chile that have been ruled by leftist governments that have accepted market capitalism rules and resume series 7 principles as part of their political and economic agenda [ 37 ]. Considering all these important transformations, it is very likely that crime control fields have undergone important changes in the girls dresses analysis, countries like Venezuela, Bolivia, Ecuador, and Nicaragua, which are experiencing intense social and essay on the signalman political conflicts that affect violence and crime rates, 4 as well as penal policies and imprisonment rates. The Girls Analysis! Actually, in many of the countries that are undertaking structural leftist reforms, imprisonment rates have increased, even though official data has become hard to get in many of resume series 7 these (like Venezuela, Ecuador, Nicaragua, and Bolivia). 5. Even if most of Latin American countries share a common history and display cultural, economic, political and social similarities, they also have their own historical trajectories, which merit a detailed and the girls in their summer dresses nuanced analysis in order to establish resemblances as well as differences. Thus, compared and variables case study analyses on Latin American crime control fields 6 are needed in dresses, order to assess the similarities of these fields (such as high crime –and particularly homicide- rates, increasing imprisonment rates, the resume series 7, hardening of criminal policies), how they came into being, their connections, as well as an explanation of their differences and divergent trajectories [ 37 ]. For the same reasons, though it may be reasonable to say that there is a certain drift towards penal convergence –and a harsh one, in many of the the girls in their essay, Latin American countries, regardless their political leaning to the right or left, there remains the task to explain to which degree such convergence is on the signalman, due to shared or different political and economic processes, or maybe to a combination of both. Regarding the global debate on the expansion of neoliberalism, the the girls dresses analysis, previous thoughts should warn us against the notion that, because of the influence of neoliberalism in resume series 7, political, cultural and summer dresses analysis economic aspects of Latin American societies, the features and transformations of their crime control fields respond exclusively or mainly to the influence or pressure exerted by neoliberal policies and doxa -US style. Such caution is of special interest for the analysis of the Colombian case, for Colombia has had close political and economic ties to resume series 7 the United States, something that is summer dresses essay analysis, evident in the configuration of the Colombian crime control field during the last three decades, in great measure due to the US led war against drugs [ 36 ]. Thus, it is not surprising that neoliberal technologies and discourses regarding crime control have influenced the Colombian crime control field [ 35 , 36 , 37 , 38 , 52 , 53 , 56 ]. Variables In Thesis! But, at the same time, one should bear in mind that Colombia, like every other Latin American country, has its own historical trajectory, and that the configuration of its crime control field, even though influenced by neoliberalism and close cooperation with the United States, predates it and presents its own features and processes. Elsewhere [ 35 , 36 , 38 ] I have used the term authoritarian liberalism as a concept that synthetizes the main features of the Colombian crime control field during the second half of the Twentieth century and the first two decades of the Twentieth First century. These basically point to the intensive use of punishment discourses and technologies to uphold, through violent means, a highly exclusive political and economic order to the benefit of in their dresses elite groups of Colombian society.
Although this may be regarded as a long-lasting feature of the Colombian crime control field, authoritarian liberalism strategies, discourses and practices have changed over the years and have not been left untouched by the changes experienced by junior contests, an increasingly globalized world. Authoritarian liberalism has changed and adapted to different political, economic, and social circumstances throughout late modernity, just as the Colombian political system and society have undergone fundamental transformations. Though positive changes have occurred during this period of time, authoritarian liberalism stubbornly remains. Governments of different political persuasions, be they conservative or liberal, have resorted insistently to punishment and penal institutions to the girls in their essay defend the essay on the signalman, establishment from the girls summer analysis, what it perceives as threats to its interests, and even to its very existence. Nevertheless, the essay on the signalman, politics of penal institutions have responded through time to different social, economic, and political contexts, as well as framing different enemies.
For explanatory purposes the politics of the Colombian crime control filed during the last three decades shall be organized in three distinct historical periods – the eighties, the nineties and the new millennium [ 35 , 36 ]. The eighties in Colombia were marked by the war against drugs. The Girls Summer Dresses Essay Analysis! The virulence of drug cartels -as well as US pressure- persuaded Colombian governments to concentrate their efforts on fighting the illegal drugs trade [ 36 : 80–87]. The Colombian and in thesis US governments regarded narcotrafficking as a serious criminal problem that also threatened the summer dresses essay, national security of both countries. According to such a view, ruthless criminal organizations were the on the signalman, cause of the drugs problem and they had to essay be neutralized through repressive means. This interpretation of narcotrafficking as both a criminal issue and a matter of national security, led to the war on resume series 7 drugs rhetoric, and the consequent conflation of penal and military technologies to fight it. The crime control field was the site where both techniques blended, resulting in a highly repressive penal system where the subjugation of the enemy, rather than the establishment of penal responsibility under the the girls summer dresses, rule of law, was the main objective. Nevertheless, most of the people who ended up in prison under drug trafficking offences, were the rank and essay signalman file of drug cartels or minor scale dealers, mostly young men from dresses essay analysis, urban ghettos, hardly connected to drug kingpins, and on the who most of the times resorted to drug dealing as a way of in their dresses analysis survival in formal essay clue, an informal market.
During the late eighties and early nineties Colombia experienced important political and economic transformations. On the one hand, legal and constitutional reforms, spearheaded by the 1991 Constitution, led to the girls essay analysis the strengthening of democratic institutions and research in thesis the rule of law. In Their Summer! On the other hand, the Barco (1986–1990) and Gaviria (1990–1994) administrations undertook economic reforms that liberalized the Colombian economy and essay on chores placed it in the sphere of globalization and neoliberalism. The democratization of Colombian politics and the adoption of the neoliberal model intensified the fractures and struggles of Colombian society. For one thing, alternative political parties and social movements that entered the political scene and clamored for their rights, enshrined in the new Constitution, threatened the political hegemony, particularly of local and regional elites. For another, the new economic model mainly benefited the upper classes while excluding the most vulnerable and marginalized social groups, which in Colombia make up almost half of the in their essay, population. Thus, poverty remained unchallenged and social inequality increased [ 36 : 115–153]. During the last two decades the Andres Pastrana (1998–2002), Alvaro Uribe (2002–2010) and signalman Juan Manuel Santos (2010–2014) administrations have embraced neoliberalism, though with different political and ideological leanings, as the prevailing political and economic model of the new global order.
Furthermore, they may be seen as the peak in the development of such a model in the girls in their summer essay analysis, Colombia’s late modern history. Pastrana’s Plan Colombia to fight narcotrafficking, which included drug cartels, guerrillas and paramilitaries [ 36 : 179–227], Uribe’s Democratic Security to defeat the guerrillas, narcotrafficking and terrorism (ibid: 229–304), and Santos Democratic Prosperity, as he called his plan to consolidate the previous government’s achievements on security (while reaching for peace and the post-conflict), though supposed to be democratic in the sense of protecting all citizens without distinction, are actually different policies with a similar aim: protecting investment, wealth, and economic growth, which mainly favor a minority of the population. Reported Robbery Acts 2004–2013. Source: Ministry of Defence [ 44 ] Murder rates per 100,000 inhabitants (2004–2013). Source: Ministry of Defence [ 44 ] Both the Uribe and Santos administrations have used very similar measures, which rely on zero tolerance and the hardening of the student, penal system through the criminalization of conducts, the increase of prisons sentences, and the reduction of penal benefits, particularly access to alternative measures to prison, such as probation and parole, house detention, and electronic surveillance. Regarding law and order ( seguridad ciudadana ) policies, the Uribe government passed to the girls in their summer analysis Congress two main proposals, which became Law 890 of 2004 and Law 1142 of 2007.
Law 890 of resume series 7 2004 raised minimum sentences by the girls dresses essay, one third and maximum sentences by half for all kinds of legal offences. Thus, the maximum prison sentence in Colombia went from glencoe student essay, 40 to 50 years, and to 60 years for multiple crimes. Law 1142 of 2007 ( Ley de Convivencia y Seguridad Ciudadana ) granted greater flexibility in the girls summer dresses analysis, determining what constituted sufficient grounds for preventive detention. All that may be necessary is for the presiding judge to take into account the gravity ( gravedad ) and means ( modalidad ) by which the punishable conduct was carried out when determining the presumptive danger of the essay, accused, independent of any extenuating circumstances or of the defendant’s profile and in their summer dresses essay analysis background [ 24 : 245]. This law also restricted the essay on chores, possibility of substituting prison detention for other forms of detention, such as house arrest, with the argument that the 21 offences for which such alternatives were prohibited (including among others domestic violence, theft and grand larceny, and fraud) “gravely affected the foundations of essay coexistence and public safety” [ 24 : 239–240]. Resume Series 7! Similarly, Law 1098 of 2006 declared that for the girls in their summer dresses essay analysis any person accused of resume series 7 committing sexual crimes against the girls in their essay analysis, a minor, the only detention measure permitted would be that of preventive imprisonment. Research! The same measure was included in Law 1474 of summer dresses essay analysis 2001 (the Anticorruption Statute) to high essay contests be applied to the girls in their essay a number of offences, particularly those related to public administration. Law 1142 of 2007 also raised minimum sentences for twelve offences for which there had formerly been no preventive detention (including domestic violence, usury, threats and voting fraud).
As to Santos, after taking office in 2010, he claimed that his criminal and security policies would make a special emphasis on essay signalman fighting urban common criminality, which was a main concern of urban voters, whose perception was that security levels were decreasing in in their, the main cities, especially in regards to crimes against property and personal integrity (robbery, assault, injuries). Thus, the essay on chores, Santos government passed a law through Congress, which became Law 1453 0f 2011 ( Ley de Seguridad Ciudadana ). Following on the steps of Law 1142 of dresses essay 2007, this statute also eased the requirements to research impose prison detention and limited the access to penal benefits for several offences and for summer dresses essay analysis individuals with previous convictions. For instance, sex offenders, people convicted for drug related offences, aggravated conspiracy to commit a crime, terrorism, illegal possession of weapons, and money laundering, were completely excluded from parole (they would have to serve the research variables, full prison sentence). Simultaneously, the law established that parole could be granted only after serving two thirds of the prison sentence, instead of the in their summer dresses, three fifths previously established, which means longer periods of incarceration for all the sentenced population. According to INPEC, between June 2011 (when the law was enacted) and 2008 high February 2014, the prison population under Law 1453 of the girls in their summer dresses essay analysis 2011 increased 13.4 % (5632 inmates), mainly for drug related offences (2701 inmates) and illegal possession of essay on chores weapons (2457 inmates) (INPEC [ 32 ]). According to the girls summer analysis a report by the Grupo de Derecho de Interes Publico (Public Interest Law Group) –G-DIP, of the Law Department of Universidad de los Andes, the changes introduced by research variables in thesis, Law 1453 of 2011 meant that approximately 21 % of the prison population (25,058 inmates) sentenced for the girls in their essay four different types of essay on chores offences, would have to serve their full prison sentences, for they were excluded from parole and electronic surveillance. (G-DIP 2013). These policies have led to a spectacular increase of the prison population and the girls summer analysis overcrowding levels during the last 12 years; a situation that is due not only to the fact that inmates spend longer terms in glencoe essay grader, prison, but also to the fact that criminal suspects are more frequently held under preventive detention.
In 2002, when Uribe took office, the prison population was 51,276 inmates (overcrowding was 15.6 %); by the end of Uribe government, the prison population was 79.730 -an increase of 55,5 % (28,454 new inmates), and an overcrowding level of 40 %, even though this administration built 10 new prisons which created around 12,597 new places (INPEC [ 32 ]). After four years of the Santos administration, the Colombian prison population is the girls dresses analysis, made of 118,968 inmates, with an historic peak in the overcrowding level of glencoe 56.16 %. The Girls In Their Dresses Analysis! Thus, under the Santos administration, prison population in Colombia increased 49.2 % (39,238 more inmates) in just four years -very similar figures to those of the Uribe government. All these things considered, it may be said that a closer scrutiny of the crime control policies of the Santos administration places it, in the best of cases, as a center- right government, compared to the extreme right-wing stance that Uribe embodies. Therefore, authoritarian liberalism, though it has undergone important changes over the last twenty years, is still a key feature of the Colombian crime control field and has expanded its scope for its rhetoric and methods are no longer restricted to fighting organized crime and illegal armed groups but also common urban criminality, under a zero tolerance stance akin to that imposed in other countries with a neoliberal political economy. In the Colombian case, it may be claimed that the establishment of a political economy with a neoliberal leaning during the essay signalman, last 25 years has had a negative impact on social and summer essay economic equality and on the signalman its crime control field, which has become even more punitive and exclusionary, particularly towards the urban poor young males, who have become a prime target of law and order policies [ 13 , 35 , 36 , 38 , 51 , 52 , 53 ]. The social and political policies, as well as the neoliberal state models that have tended to take hold in Colombia and significant parts of Latin America with the aid of hegemonic capitalistic globalization, have heightened exclusion and reduced opportunities for specific social groups, particularly for the very poor, who are the the girls in their dresses analysis, most vulnerable. The opening up of the Colombian economy to international markets has affected its social structure [See 34 : 100–116]. The impact of these policies, which were instituted during the nineties, is very telling: the country’s political and economic elite has benefitted from market liberalization, whereas poverty, inequality, social instability, and economic crisis have hit the most vulnerable social classes the hardest -precisely those social groups who are excluded from financial and labor markets, as well as from public assistance programs [See 2 ].
During the first decade of the new millennium, the essay, poorest 20 % of the population received 2.5 % of national income, whereas 20 % of the the girls in their essay analysis, richest received 61 % [ 65 ]. Out of essay on chores a total population of 41.2 million inhabitants (10.3 million of whom lived in rural areas), 2313 individuals (around 1.08 % of the total number of property owners) possessed 53 % of rural land [ 49 : 16], and some 300 stockholders own 74 % of the girls summer essay shares traded on the Colombian stock market [ 3 ]; the ten largest companies in the country consumed 75 % of financial market resources, which constitutes a Gini equity coefficient (which measures the concentration of equity ownership) of 0.93 [ 49 : 17]. Inequality, which has always been pronounced in Colombia, has gone up even more during the variables, recent past: between 2002 and 2005, the percentage of the national income for the poorest 40 % fell from 12.3 to 12.1 %; meanwhile, over the same period, the percentage for the richest 10 % rose from 38.8 to 41 % [ 3 ]. The traits listed above show that key aspects of the neoliberal model were introduced in Colombia from the nineties and that such model fitted well with the essay, political economy of essay on the authoritarian liberalism. The neoliberal agenda, like authoritarian liberalism, pursues the dresses essay analysis, development of essay on the free markets and protects financial capital by implementing, among other institutional tenets, an expansive and intrusive penal system which employs drastic disciplinarian power over the girls summer dresses analysis these social sectors marginalized from 2008, labor and financial markets. It follows under this authoritarian penal dogma, that those who belong to marginalized groups should be given harsh treatment, since they alone are presumed to summer essay analysis be responsible for their criminal acts, independent of the context and motives [ 63 : 306–309]. Such tropos of individual responsibility has become the dominant viewpoint in criminal policy as well as in a significant part of Colombian scholarship. During the eighties, the sociological perspective, defended by scholars leaning towards a leftist ideology, explained violent acts (political and common), and the crime associated with them, as the result of the high levels of poverty, inequality and exclusion that typified Colombia [See 10 , 23 : 22]. Starting in the late nineteen eighties, this theoretical model came under fire, particularly on the part of those who advocated analyzing crime and violence from the student essay grader, economic standpoint. According to in their summer dresses this latter group of economists –many of them educated in US elite universities during the 2008 junior high essay contests, nineties, the sociological point of view made claims that were not sufficiently backed by empirical data, and which therefore did not provide a realistic picture of the the girls in their summer analysis, situation.
Subsequently, they stressed that the equation: ‘the greater the poverty, the greater the crime’, is misleading when the pertinent variables are scrutinized. The rational economic-actor model is commonly applied to these kinds of studies; according to which an individual decides to commit an unlawful act based upon a cost/benefit analysis. Such studies come to clue the conclusion that the high rates of crime and violence in dresses analysis, Colombia are primarily due to the state’s weak response (by law enforcement and the criminal justice system) to lawlessness; therefore, these responses should be tougher and/or more efficient, meaning that, the price for crime should go up [See 55 : 111; 22 : 14, 15]. More of the same: the expansion of the essay on chores, corrections system. As it has been shown in previous pages, the configuration of the Colombian crime control field, under the the girls in their summer dresses, spell of authoritarian liberalism and its upgraded version of neoliberalism during the last 25 years, has resulted in student essay grader, the vertiginous increase of the prison population. In order to confront such critical condition of the corrections system, Colombian governments have opted to increase prison quotas, by enlarging those facilities now in service and by building new ones, for the girls summer essay which $523.5 billion Colombian pesos (approximately $US242.5 million dollars) were allocated in formal essay crossword, the national budget between 1998 and 2003, and with which 16,443 new places for prisoners were created (See National Council on Social and Economic Planning—CONPES—2004: 8,12). Although the corrections system has expanded significantly, it is still unable to essay house a large number of prisoners (as witnessed by the high percentage of overcrowding which in 1998 was 31.1 % and in 2010 had reached 40 %), whose ranks have constantly swollen during the past ten years (from 43,259 prisoners in 1998 to junior high essay contests 79,730 in 2009--an increase of 84.3 % in just one decade) (See Table 1 and Chart 1 ). Faced with high rates of prison overcrowding, in 2006 the Colombian government was forced to reassess its strategy. Under the new plan, 24,731 new places for inmates (3131 in existing facilities and 21,600 in eleven new penitentiaries) were created [ 11 : 19; 12 : 6–7] at summer dresses, a lower cost. However, the funds allocated for the plan were reduced in 2004 7 since it was felt that it would be cheaper to commission prison construction under public works rather than through concession to private contractors [ 12 : 6–7].
The most questionable aspect of this situation is that the expanded corrections facilities have not alleviated (not even in research in thesis, terms of space) the living conditions of the analysis, great majority of inmates; due to the fact that the new places have arrived too late and have been too few to house the multiplying prison population. As of essay on the signalman December, 2006, only 5992 new places of the girls summer essay analysis which “5046 (84.2 %) were built in existing facilities and the remaining 946 (15.8 %) in new complexes included in previous expansion plans (Apartado in on the signalman, Antioquia) or as part of the Justice and Peace Program (Tierra Alta in the girls essay analysis, Cordoba)” [ 50 : 7]. Additionally, out of the 2008 junior high essay contests, new places created in 2008, 3441 had not been adequately used “due to a lack of the girls in their dresses essay requisite foresight, planning, and budgeting to put them in service” (Ibid). Of the nine new prisons planned for 2004, only six were under construction in 2007 and in September of essay on chores that same year, the average progress on construction was at 4.66 % (Ibid: 8). In the plan’s final stage, the Uribe administration promised to construct 10 new prisons that would create 23,000 new inmate places.
In March, 2010, President Uribe presided over the opening of two of these prisons (in Yopal and Cucuta, which added up to 2222 new places) and the girls analysis he promised to finish construction of the others before the end of his term (in August, 2010). Essay On Chores! 8. The expanding penitentiary program, which dominates the rhetoric on corrections policy, pushes firmly ahead, despite its inefficiency and the girls in their dresses detriment to prisoners’ basic rights. As Ariza points out 2008 junior high, [ 1 ], in Colombia this program has been dubbed the new penitentiary culture , whose guiding ideological principles and financial backing are provided by the US government, whose main objective is to base the growth of corrections facilities on the girls in their analysis administrative efficiency. Consequently, instead of endeavoring to ensure inmates’ basic rights, such a system strives to enhance the availability of resources and training for prison personnel and to comply with international ISO quality standards (which apparently correspond to market dictated parameters).
These efforts, in turn, lead to the efficient and economical control of prisoners. In light of the foregoing, and in student grader, spite of the the girls, fact that the Uribe administration promised a sweeping reform of the Colombian corrections system by constructing new prisons and resume series 7 bringing overcrowding down to 0 %, the the girls summer dresses, future of Colombia’s prisons and their inhabitants is none too promising. Colombia’s criminal justice system seems not only to be enraptured by the need to punish, but with the idea that incarceration should rule (for those accused as well as those tried and sentenced) as the means to incapacitate prisoners and essay on chores extract social revenge on them, instead of collectively rehabilitating and pardoning them. As long as the number of individuals behind bars continues to constantly rise, there will not be enough prisons in which to lock them up. Such a policy is shallow and expensive both in social and economic terms. What is more, even though the number of dresses prisons may someday be sufficient, they would still be illegitimate and unjust since, given the characteristics of Colombian society, punishment will continue to be heaped upon the poor who are excluded in a disproportionate and research variables in thesis vengeful way.
While social and economic status, or race and ethnic origin, remain factors that ratchet up the probability of being sent to prison, punishment based on such factor will never be morally or politically justified. So that this situation may change, first, society’s economic relations must change, along with its power structure, not just simply the corrections system. Although the summer essay analysis, latter is essay, a fundamental social institution it alone cannot be changed without also changing the environment wherein it is planted. According to INPEC (National Bureau of Colombian Prisons) statistics, the average number of inmates during the eighties came to 28,000; the average number in the nineties was 38,391; from the year 2000 to 2014 (March) the in their dresses analysis, average was 72,906. See, INPEC [ 25 , 27 , 32 ].
For example, while imprisonment rates have quadrupled in resume series 7, the United States during the past three decades, crime rates have tended to go down during the past twenty years. In England, the inmate population has gone up considerably, by some 60 % over the girls dresses analysis the past three decades; however, crime rates have tended to go down since 1990 [See 20 : 208–209]. Considerable discussion is taking place in the fields of criminology and sociology on the neoliberal state and its relationship to essay signalman highly punitive and in their essay exclusionary corrections systems. Loic Wacquant’s book, Punishing the Poor: the Neoliberal Government of Social Insecurity [ 63 ] has provoked international debate on the subject. Resume Series 7! For example, an issue of the journal, Theoretical Criminology 14 (1), 2010, was dedicated to critical analysis of Wacquant’s writings by writers from several different countries. Venezuela is a case in point.
The murder rate has increased from 8 per the girls in their summer dresses essay analysis 100,000 inhabitants in formal, 1996, to 33 in the girls in their dresses, 2000, 44 in 2003, 45 in glencoe, 2006, and 79 in 2013 (the third highest in the world after Honduras and El Salvador). Between 1998 (when Chavez rose to power) and 2013, the murder rate in Venezuela quadrupled [ 47 ]. Since the rise of Chavismo , the imprisonment rate also increased notably, from 97 inmates per 100,000 inhabitants in 1998, to 169 in 2011 -the latest official data available. In Nicaragua it increased from 85 in 1992 to 119 in 2007; in Ecuador, from 75 in 1992 to 127 in 2007; in summer essay, Uruguay from 100 in 1992 to glencoe student 257 in 2010; in Brazil from 107 in 1995 to 253 in 2010; in Argentina from 62 in 1992 to in their summer dresses analysis 153 in 2011; in Bolivia from 69 in 1996 to 92 in 2010 [see Table 2 and 33 ]. Sozzo’s analysis of the Argentinian case [ 59 ] is a good example. From Col$1,456,448 billion pesos (nearly US$675 million dollars) to Col$972,293 million pesos (nearly US$450.5 million dollars) [ 12 : 6–7]. See “Uribe Opens New Prisons in Yopal and Cucuta”, in El Tiempo (01-04-2010). I would like to extend special thanks to Steve Bayless who translated a previous version of this article from essay crossword, Spanish into English, and to Leonardo Martinez who helped me gathering the data included in this paper. Open Access This article is the girls analysis, distributed under the terms of the essay crossword clue, Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.
Manuel Iturralde 1 Email author 1. In Their Summer Dresses Essay! Law Department Universidad de los Andes Bogota Colombia. .RIS Papers Reference Manager RefWorks Zotero. .BIB BibTeX JabRef Mendeley. .RIS Papers Reference Manager RefWorks Zotero. .BIB BibTeX JabRef Mendeley.
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How Much Homework Do American Kids Do? Various factors, from the race of the student to the number of years a teacher has been in the classroom, affect a child's homework load. Two Dark American Truths From Las Vegas. Did Manafort Use Trump to Curry Favor With a Putin Ally? Why Did the Islamic State Claim the Las Vegas Shooting?
In his Atlantic essay, Karl Taro Greenfeld laments his 13-year-old daughter's heavy homework load. As an in their summer dresses essay eighth grader at resume series 7 a New York middle school, Greenfeld’s daughter averaged about three hours of dresses essay analysis, homework per night and adopted mantras like “memorization, not rationalization” to help her get it all done. Tales of the homework-burdened American student have become common, but are these stories the exception or the rule? A 2007 Metlife study found that 45 percent of students in grades three to 12 spend more than an hour a night doing homework, including the six percent of glencoe essay grader, students who report spending more than three hours a night on their homework. In the 2002-2003 school year, a study out of the University of the girls, Michigan found that American students ages six through 17 spent three hours and 38 minutes per week doing homework. A range of factors plays into how much homework each individual student gets: Older students do more homework than their younger counterparts. This one is 2008 essay contests fairly obvious: The National Education Association recommends that homework time increase by the girls dresses essay ten minutes per year in school. (e.g., A third grader would have 30 minutes of homework, while a seventh grader would have 70 minutes). Studies have found that schools tend to resume series 7 roughly follow these guidelines: The University of Michigan found that students ages six to eight spend 29 minutes doing homework per night while 15- to the girls in their summer 17-year-old students spend 50 minutes doing homework.
The Metlife study also found that 50 percent of students in grades seven to 12 spent more than an hour a night on homework, while 37 percent of students in grades three to six spent an hour or more on their homework per night. The National Center for Educational Statistics found that high school students who do homework outside of school average 6.8 hours of homework per week. Metlife Survey of the American Teacher. Race plays a role in how much homework students do. Asian students spend 3.5 more hours on average doing homework per week than their white peers. However, only glencoe essay, 59 percent of in their dresses analysis, Asian students’ parents check that homework is done, while 75.6 percent of Hispanic students’ parents and 83.1 percent of black students’ parents check. National Center for Educational Statistics. Teachers with less experience assign more homework. The Metlife study found that 14 percent of teachers with zero to five years of teaching experience assigned more than an hour of homework per research, night, while only the girls in their summer dresses, six percent of teachers with 21 or more years of teaching experience assigned over formal essay crossword clue an hour of homework. Metlife Survey of the American Teacher. Math classes have homework the the girls essay analysis, most frequently.
The Metlife study found that 70 percent of students in grades three to 12 had at least one homework assignment in math. Resume Series 7! Sixty-two percent had at least one homework assignment in a language arts class (English, reading, spelling, or creative writing courses) and 42 percent had at the girls summer least one in a science class. Regardless of how much homework kids are actually doing every night, most parents and glencoe student essay, teachers are happy with the way things are: 60 percent of the girls in their summer dresses, parents think that their children have the “right amount of homework,” and essay on chores, 73 percent of teachers think their school assigns the right amount of homework. Students, however, are not necessarily on board: 38 percent of students in grades seven through 12 and 28 percent of students in grades three through six report being “very often/often” stressed out by the girls in their summer dresses essay their homework. What If Everyone Ate Beans Instead of Beef? What can an individual do about climate change? The easiest answer: make this one dietary switch.
Two Dark American Truths From Las Vegas. On the certainty of more shootings. Beyond the formal crossword clue, scores of people who have been killed and the hundreds who have been wounded in Las Vegas today, thousands of other people, though not visibly or directly injured, have had their lives changed forever. Children and parents. Husbands and wives. Brothers and sisters. Something is instantly and permanently gone from their lives.
Co-workers and friends. Members of churches or sports leagues or the PTA. Customers and clients and students. The Girls In Their Dresses Essay Analysis! Neighbors and casual acquaintances at resume series 7 the coffee shop or the bar. The Girls Summer Dresses Essay! Their lives will be different and shadowed because of this massacre today. “Children, I want to crossword explain why Coach Franklin won’t be leading our soccer team any more. Something bad happened, and . The Girls In Their Summer Analysis! ” Did Manafort Use Trump to Curry Favor With a Putin Ally? Emails turned over to signalman investigators detail the former campaign chair's efforts to please an the girls in their summer oligarch tied to resume series 7 the Kremlin.
On the the girls in their summer dresses analysis, evening of April 11, 2016, two weeks after Donald Trump hired the political consultant Paul Manafort to lead his campaign’s efforts to wrangle Republican delegates, Manafort emailed his old lieutenant Konstantin Kilimnik, who had worked for him for a decade in the Ukrainian capital, Kiev. “I assume you have shown our friends my media coverage, right?” Manafort wrote. “Absolutely,” Kilimnik responded a few hours later from Kiev. “Every article.” “How do we use to get whole,” Manafort asks. Resume Series 7! “Has OVD operation seen?” According to a source close to Manafort, the summer, initials “OVD” refer to resume series 7 Oleg Vladimirovich Deripaska, a Russian oligarch and the girls summer dresses essay, one of Russia’s richest men.
The source also confirmed that one of the individuals repeatedly mentioned in the email exchange as an essay on chores intermediary to in their summer essay Deripaska is an aide to the oligarch. Why Did the Islamic State Claim the Las Vegas Shooting? Assessing the group’s puzzling statement. This morning, the Islamic State’s semi-official news agency, Amaq, took credit for resume series 7 the Las Vegas massacre, which killed 58 and wounded another 515. The likely killer, identified by police as 64-year-old Stephen Paddock of in their dresses, Mesquite, Nevada, was not known to essay on chores be a supporter of the Islamic State, or indeed a Muslim of any type.
For now, the only evidence that the Islamic State was involved is its own assurance—first a press release announcing that a “soldier of the Islamic State” executed the the girls dresses essay analysis, concertgoers, and a follow-up for the baffled, explaining that he converted to Islam months ago. Essay On The! The FBI has stated that it doesn’t believe the attack was related to international terrorism. The sun has barely risen on Las Vegas, and there may be blood still slick on the Strip. Speculation about mass shootings in the hours after they occur is not just a fool’s game but an impatient fool’s. Evidence will be forthcoming, and these assertions by the Islamic State will be tested against reality. But already I hear a familiar chorus of doubt: The Islamic will “take credit for anything,” it says, “even hurricanes.” “If he does remain, it will be yet another sign of the collapse of self respect among those who are now willing to serve in senior positions in government.” There is nothing more to be said about the depth of Donald Trump’s ignorance or his more consequential lack of in their summer essay analysis, character—his selfishness, his cruelty, his caprice, his vanity, his vindictiveness, his malignant narcissism. We know all that. Formal Crossword! What is more interesting is what it will yield.
Last Friday, he kicked off his weekend by firing off a set of abusive tweets at in their dresses essay analysis Carmen Yulin Cruz, the student essay, beleaguered mayor of San Juan, Puerto Rico. The explanation was not hard to glean: the U.S. territory is a disaster zone in the wake of the devastation wrought by Hurricane Maria; he had not paid much attention to summer analysis the sufferings of on the signalman, several million Americans for the girls dresses reasons easily guessed, and took a bludgeoning in the media for his negligence. And so after Cruz insisted that the plight of her city wasn’t “a good news story,” Trump decided to heap abuse on essay grader the strained leader of the girls summer, a suffering city. Essay On Chores! A decent president who thought Mayor Cruz’s reproaches unjustified would have gently ignored them, and perhaps pointed out the girls dresses essay analysis what the federal government has done and can do for Puerto Rico. But then again, a decent man would not have repeatedly sneered at and damned an 81-year-old war hero with a lethal cancer. Republican strategists have come to the unnerving conclusion that no one in their party—not even Donald Trump—has absolute influence over the unruly populist movement that swept him into office. Seven years after Republicans first seized on the unruly rise of the Tea Party as a vehicle for winning elections, GOP leaders are confronting a stark reality: They have lost all control and comprehension of the populist movement they were supposed to essay on chores be marshaling—and they may soon be facing a mutiny. The volatile dynamic inside the Republican Party was thrown into sharp relief last week when Roy Moore—a fringe relic of the fading religious right—emerged victorious in Alabama’s GOP Senate primary, defeating the establishment incumbent President Trump had endorsed. With the dust still settling, many Washington Republicans are mystified—and alarmed—by the fact that not even Donald “Drain the Swamp” Trump had enough populist cred to swing a primary race to in their summer dresses analysis his candidate in deep-red Alabama. Clue! While the GOP’s class of professional strategists are generally ambivalent at best when it comes to the president, they had taken a certain comfort in believing that he was fully in the girls in their dresses analysis, command of his base.
The assumption allowed them to draw conclusions about what his voters wanted, how to resume series 7 cater to them—and how to avoid drawing their wrath. A small group of programmers wants to change how we code—before catastrophe strikes. T here were six hours during the the girls summer, night of April 10, 2014, when the entire population of Washington State had no 911 service. People who called for help got a busy signal. One Seattle woman dialed 911 at least 37 times while a stranger was trying to break into resume series 7 her house. The Girls! When he finally crawled into her living room through a window, she picked up a kitchen knife. The man fled. The 911 outage, at the time the largest ever reported, was traced to essay on the software running on a server in the girls in their essay, Englewood, Colorado. Operated by a systems provider named Intrado, the server kept a running counter of how many calls it had routed to 911 dispatchers around the country. Intrado programmers had set a threshold for how high the counter could go.
They picked a number in the millions. Why Trump Humiliated His Own Secretary of State. It’s not really about Rex Tillerson. It’s about the president’s need to cast somebody in the role of feckless wimp. Why, on essay crossword Sunday morning, did Donald Trump humiliate his secretary of state by tweeting that Rex Tillerson “is wasting his time trying to negotiate with Little Rocket Man”? In policy terms, it makes no sense. Summer Dresses Analysis! If Trump wants to break off diplomatic discussions with North Korean leader Kim Jong Un (which is in itself lunatic, but that’s a different column), why not inform Tillerson privately? Why destroy Tillerson’s already meager credibility and thus render him useless as a negotiator in the future? The most plausible answer lies in the realm not of policy but of image. Signalman! Trump, by the girls summer essay analysis his own admission, rarely reads.
He knows little about domestic or international affairs. But he loves movies and according to formal essay crossword clue one estimate, watches five hours of the girls essay, television a day. For 14 years, he starred in a reality TV show. How did Josh Tetrick’s vegan-mayo company become a Silicon Valley darling—and what is he really selling? O n a recent Friday morning, Josh Tetrick, the 37-year-old CEO and co-founder of Hampton Creek, fixed his unblinking blue eyes on a job candidate.
The pair was sitting at 2008 high contests a workstation near the in their dresses essay analysis, entrance to the company’s warehouselike San Francisco headquarters, where Tetrick frequently holds meetings in plain view of the company’s more than 130 employees. Essay On Chores! Around Tetrick—a muscular ex-linebacker in jeans and a T-shirt—was even more Tetrick: a poster of him watching Bill Gates eat a muffin, a framed photograph of him with a golden retriever, an in their employee’s T-shirt emblazoned with “What would you attempt if you knew you could not fail?”—one of essay contests, Tetrick’s many slogans. (Others include “What would it look like if we just started over?” and “Be gorilla.”) The Worst Mass Shooting in Modern American History. A gunman opened fire during a country-music show at the Mandalay Bay Resort and Casino in Las Vegas, killing at least 58 people and injuring hundreds more. At least 58 people have died and hundreds have been injured Sunday night at the girls essay analysis a country-music concert in Las Vegas, the worst mass shooting in U.S. Essay! history, the the girls summer, Las Vegas police department said. Clark County Sheriff Joseph Lombardo said during a press conference that two police officers are in the hospital, one in critical condition and essay clue, one with minor injuries.
At least one other off-duty officer has died. Essay Analysis! As for 2008 high those injured, “we are using the number of the girls summer dresses essay, 515,” Lombardo said on resume series 7 Monday morning. “As you can tell, as the hours go by, that number continues to the girls analysis increase.” The Las Vegas Police Department confirmed early Monday the suspected shooter is Stephen Paddock, age 64, who is dead. Essay Crossword! A police statement said Paddock was found dead when a SWAT team breached the in their dresses, hotel room on the 32nd floor of the Mandalay Bay Hotel from where Paddock had opened fire on the crowd of more than 22,000 who were attending the Route 91 Harvest Festival concert across the street. Police also located a female “companion” to the shooter named Marilou Danley. They later said Danley was located out of the country and essay crossword, was “no longer being sought out as a person of interest.” During an earlier press conference, Lombardo described the suspected shooter as “a lone-wolf-type actor.” The foundation of Donald Trump’s presidency is the the girls dresses essay, negation of Barack Obama’s legacy. It is insufficient to state the on the, obvious of Donald Trump: that he is a white man who would not be president were it not for the girls in their this fact. With one immediate exception, Trump’s predecessors made their way to high office through the passive power of whiteness—that bloody heirloom which cannot ensure mastery of all events but can conjure a tailwind for most of them. Land theft and human plunder cleared the variables, grounds for Trump’s forefathers and barred others from it.
Once upon the field, these men became soldiers, statesmen, and scholars; held court in Paris; presided at Princeton; advanced into the Wilderness and then into the White House. Their individual triumphs made this exclusive party seem above America’s founding sins, and the girls in their summer analysis, it was forgotten that the former was in student essay, fact bound to summer dresses analysis the latter, that all their victories had transpired on cleared grounds. No such elegant detachment can be attributed to Donald Trump—a president who, more than any other, has made the variables in thesis, awful inheritance explicit. What If Everyone Ate Beans Instead of Beef? What can an individual do about climate change? The easiest answer: make this one dietary switch.
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