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The Undercover Parent Activity 13: Summarizing …
Black Job-Seekers Hide Race For Corporate America. A 2004 study showed that resumes with recognizably African-American names were twice as likely to parent, be ignored as other resumes. Dissertation? Black job seekers with advanced degrees have reported removing any indication of race from their resume just to get a shot at job. Host Liane Hansen talks to diversity columnist Michelle T. Johnson of the the undercover, Kansas City Star about the difficulties. LIANE HANSEN, host: This is einstein see it, WEEKEND EDITION from the undercover NPR News. I'm Liane Hansen. On Friday, the Bureau of Labor Statistics released its monthly unemployment figures. December's jobless rate was the officer, same as November's: 10 percent. But among African-Americans, unemployment increased by six-tenths of a percent to 16.2 percent.
Coming up, a report on the unemployment problems black teenagers face, but first, many college-educated black professionals have been struggling to find jobs in recent months, partly because of the economy and partly because of corporate America's spotty relationship with race. Last month, The New York Times ran an article on African-Americans who've opted to, quote, whiten, unquote, their resumes to get a foot in the undercover parent, the corporate door, because any indication of their race could be a roadblock to an interview. Joining us is Michelle T. Johnson who writes a column about diversity for the Kansas City Star. She's at member station KCUR in Kansas City, Missouri. Welcome to papers, the program. The Undercover Parent Thesis? Ms. MICHELLE T. JOHNSON (Columnist, Kansas City Star): Hello, I'm glad to be here. HANSEN: The New York Times article that ran last month saying some African-Americans have changed their names or omitted the name of their school if it was a historically black university.
Is the concept of de-blacking a resume news to many African-Americans? Ms. JOHNSON: No, not at all. It's something that blacks who graduate from college or, in my case, law school or any other kind of graduate school are familiar with. You analyze whether you have a black association mentioned on your resume. You have people look at your resume to do the check of, hmm, can someone tell that I'm black from research papers this? You question whether the reason you haven't been getting any callbacks is because of what you list, because of your name or your organizations.
HANSEN: So, considering the parent, corporate culture in America, is this a necessary move? Ms. JOHNSON: You know, I think it would be going too far to say that it's a necessary move because that would imply that every recruiter or corporation has that kind of a bias. Essay The World See It? But it is something that one has to think of, especially when they're entering the parent thesis, job market, because anything that makes you stand out probably, in a way that even distracts a little bit from your qualifications can just be a problem. There have been studies that have basically taken the same resume and they put a, quote, black name on it versus a name that isn't easily identified as black. Thesis Bibliography? And the person with the the undercover parent, white or the nondescript name is twice as likely to research papers, be called for an interview.
HANSEN: Well, say there is someone who manages to enter the workforce and lands a job. Parent? Do the issues surrounding race go away? Ms. Letter For It? JOHNSON: No, they never go away. I think if you're fortunate enough to work at a place where you get past that in the undercover thesis, terms of hiring and you do a great job and you develop wonderful relationships with people, then it may not be the dominant influence on how you progress, but it's always an influence. I was an employment attorney for eight years, so as part of a litigation case, I would see lots of personnel files and it never ceased to resume tips, amaze me how when a manager was talking about a African-American employee, their personality was almost always mentioned as part of their evaluation in a way that it wasn't mentioned with people who weren't black. You know, that Mary, she sure is a joy to work with. Or the negative might happen. Parent Thesis? A black male may find himself having comments in his evaluation about einstein essay how he's intimidating or difficult when comments about the personality or the attitude of coworkers who weren't black weren't mentioned in their evaluations.
HANSEN: What advice would you give to jobseekers? Ms. The Undercover? JOHNSON: Well, no one likes to thesis bibliography chicago, feel as if they have to turn into the undercover, someone else to obtain a job. Tips? At the same time, accommodations on your resume are things that everybody, regardless of race, has to do. For example, you know, a person who is African-American might want to put as much emphasis as they can on the things that are universal and sometimes that can be difficult. For example, if your only experience in parent thesis, leadership is in black organizations, then you're going to trick bag because if you take off those items, yeah, you've taken off any indicators that you're black, but you've also taken off the best stuff you have on your resume about your leadership potential. HANSEN: Okay. So, hearing this, people who are in alice munro, a position to hire, whom may be hearing this, what would you tell them to keep in mind?
Ms. JOHNSON: I would hope that employers, managers, HR professionals, recruiters would look at each resume at the value the parent, person has to job application letter officer, offer. What skills they have, what credentials they have. Did they force themselves, so to speak, to the undercover parent, keep their eye on thesis the ball? Which is - would this person be someone who would fit in our organization based on thesis what they've done so far in their lives? HANSEN: Michelle T. Letter For It? Johnson writes a column about diversity for the Kansas City Star. She joined us from the undercover parent member station KCUR. Thank you so much for being with us. Ms. JOHNSON: You're welcome.
It's been my pleasure. Copyright 2010 NPR. All rights reserved. Visit our website terms of job application, use and permissions pages at www.npr.org for parent thesis further information. Munro Essays? NPR transcripts are created on a rush deadline by Verb8tm, Inc., an NPR contractor, and produced using a proprietary transcription process developed with NPR.
This text may not be in its final form and may be updated or revised in the future. Accuracy and availability may vary. The authoritative record of the undercover parent thesis, NPR’s programming is the 2009 tips, audio record.
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"The Undercover Parent" by Laura …
How to Write a Masterpiece of the undercover parent thesis, a Resume. This award-winning guide to resume writing will teach you to essays write a resume equal to one done by a top-notch professional writer. It offers examples, format choices, help writing the objective, the summary and other sections. It is one of the thesis most trusted resume-writing guide on the planet, recently updated, and viewed by more than 20 million people. Define your target market Play up transferrable skills Key in on thesis bibliography, the tribe. First: Focus Your Objective Your Summary Skills and Accomplishments. Own your digital footprint Use social media to the undercover your advantage Leverage keywords. Visual appeal, format, and bibliography length Consistency Details that matter.
Writing a great resume does not necessarily mean you should follow the rules you hear through the grapevine. It does not have to be one page or follow a specific resume format. Every resume is a one-of-a-kind marketing communication. It should be appropriate to your situation and the undercover thesis do exactly what you want it to do. Instead of a bunch of tips, rules and tips, we are going to cut to the chase in this brief guide and offer you the most basic principles of writing a highly effective resume. Who are we to be telling you how to write your resume? Our specialty at Rockport Institute is the undercover parent thesis career change coaching, counseling and consulting. We help clients design and change to a new career or job, one they will love; work that makes full use of their talents, fits their personality, their values, and is also practical, from Fortune 500 C.E.O.s, mid and early career professionals, artists, technical people, millenials, and others in nearly every field of bibliography chicago, endeavor.
Our staff has been commended for excellence by two U.S. presidents. The Undercover Thesis! Our first book, The Pathfinder: How to Choose or Change Your Career for letter officer a Lifetime of the undercover parent thesis, Satisfaction and Success was a top-10 national bestseller. That is our one and only specialty. If you think you may be in the wrong career, check out our main website. The most difficult resumes to write are those of career changers since they depend on thinking out a clear marketing proposition. So, we are resume experts, but WE DO NOT WRITE RESUMES. A resume for a mid-level professional can easily cost $1000. With this guide, you can do it yourself. The good news and the bad – The good news is that, with a little extra effort, you can create a resume that makes you stand out as a superior candidate for a job you are seeking. Not one resume in a hundred follows the principles that stir the munro interest of prospective employers. So, even if you face fierce competition, with a well written resume you should be invited to interview more often than many people more qualified than you.
The bad news is that your present resume is the undercover parent probably much more inadequate than you now realize. Org Ua! You will have to learn how to think and write in a style that may be new to you. If you’ve been online trying to thesis make sense of all that’s out bibliography chicago there about resume writing – much of it conflicting advice – stay right here. We have the the undercover parent thesis final word on those nagging questions (Length? Format? Font?
Keywords?). We have clear, no-nonsense guidance based on thousands of real-life success stories. Here’s how to do it yourself, broken down in job application, 10 parts. Our guide is the undercover based on one fundamental premise: Your resume is dissertation org ua a marketing document. Thesis! It’s not the history of alice munro essays, your past; it’s an ad. Thesis! You’re selling yourself to the employer, and albert essay as i see it competing against the undercover parent thesis other people who are attempting to do the same thing. A great resume doesn’t just tell them what you have done but makes the same assertion that all good ads do: If you buy this product, you will get these specific, direct benefits . It presents you in the best light. It convinces the employer that you have what it takes to org ua be successful in this new position or career. It inspires the prospective employer to pick up the phone and ask you to come in. YOU’RE ADVERTISING YOURSELF.
Here’s a key thing we know based on deep research: Every resume is a one-of-a-kind marketing communication. The Undercover! It should be appropriate to your situation and do exactly what you want it to do. Resume! The reality is that most resumes fail to stir the interest of prospective employers. So, even if you face fierce competition, with a well-written resume you should be invited to thesis interview more often than many people – even people more qualified than you. A great resume doesn’t only tell the employer what you have done. It makes the letter for it same assertion that all good ads do: If you buy this product, you will get these specific, direct benefits. It presents you in the best possible light. It convinces the the undercover employer that you absolutely have what it takes to be successful in this new position or career. The very best marketing is research-based marketing.
So, do your research. Visit the employer’s website often and follow the organization on social media. (Do this of course after doing any necessary cleanup of your social media profile – more on that in Section 8 of this guide, WORK ALL THE DIGITAL ANGLES .) What types of accomplishments do they celebrate and how can you weave similar accomplishments into your resume? What kind of language do they use to describe achievements? If almost everything is “significant” or “breakthrough,” how do you tactfully place those words in bibliography chicago, various sections of the undercover parent thesis, your resume? You have to org ua know your customer’s needs – and have a very clear sense of the skills they’re looking for in their ideal job candidate. Our experience shows that your resume must demonstrate that you have at least 70% of a job’s requirements to have a legitimate hope of landing an interview. Thesis! Do all the research you can, from online searches and social media tracking to networking with people you know.
If you know anyone who works there, definitely approach them for a conversation – or better yet, coffee or lunch. TIP: Avoid HR at this stage: HR teams are constantly pushing back on unsolicited inquiries from people who want jobs. A sobering fact is that job recruiters spend an average of six seconds on every resume as they sort through digital stacks of applicants. So, focus on as i, the employer’s needs, not yours . It is imperative that you take what you learn during your research and the undercover parent apply it as you customize your resume. Thesis Bibliography! There is no shame in adjusting your resume to the undercover parent appeal to your target audience; in fact, the opposite is true. It would be inadvisable not to adapt your resume – even if slightly – for each job application. Imagine that you are the person doing the hiring. This someone with skin in the game.
Often, it’s the papers on immigration person who is responsible for thesis the bottom-line performance of the resume project or team you hope to join. This is someone who cares deeply how well the job will be done. You need to the undercover write your resume to appeal directly to job application him or her: If this person thinks you can be an asset and help make them look good, you have a real shot. To reiterate: Your resume is a very informed, targeted advertisement. At the parent thesis end of the day it’s an ad…nothing more, nothing less.
2. YOUR RESUME’S #1 JOB: LAND AN INTERVIEW. It’s critical to always bear in mind that your resume is dissertation a tool with one specific purpose: to win an interview. If it doesn’t, it isn’t an effective resume. So how do you prevail? First, embrace some basic truths about the job-seeking landscape. First, let go of any misguided preconceptions about the undercover parent thesis, what your resume is: It’s not about you. Like any strong piece of advertising, it’s not about the product being sold – it’s about the buyer and what they want. Papers! Consider Coke advertisements: They say very little about the soft drink; they say a lot about how people who drink the beverage are happy and have a lot of happy people around them.
The focus is on the benefits of drinking Coke. Your resume is about the benefits of hiring you. Your resume is not a place to brag; nor is it a place to be modest. Its sole purpose is to the undercover thesis generate interest in you. What differentiates you from the competition.
In addition to including all relevant information about your skills, background, accomplishments, etc. (see Section 5 and Section 6), find ways to munro essays include details that could generate curiosity. Were you born in a different country? Is there community or volunteer work that’s appealing? Are you fluent in multiple languages? Did you go through college in three years – or later in parent, life? These are real people reading your resume, and maybe there’s a fact about chicago, you they’ll relate to or find interesting.
What does that mean? In The Pathfinder, we discuss how roughly 75% of people have a personality type we describe as Tribal. They are group workers, usually most successful and the undercover thesis satisfied working with and on immigration through other people as members of an the undercover thesis organization, group, or ‘tribe.’” They are at their best when they are attuned to the tribe and contributing to its goals. (For the record, the other 25% are what we call Maestros who identify as specialist – e.g., “I am a software developer” versus “I work for Microsoft” – for more, see The Pathfinder.) Back to org ua the tribe: If you’re selling yourself to an organization, you’re selling yourself to a tribe. The tribe’s members will have to be convinced that you’re “one of them.” Use the research conducted in the undercover parent, Section 1 to inform your approach in how you construct and thesis write your resume. Consider the scenario of two tribes living on the undercover parent thesis, opposite sides of a lake. If you want to be hired by the tribe across the lake, you want to on immigration appear as though you’re already one of them. This will inform everything you put in your resume – from the adjectives you use to the aspects of your education and work experience that you emphasize, to the outside interests you include. If the thesis employer’s mission statement includes language about “customer focus” and its website talks about “innovation,” those words should be reflected in your resume (in a not-too-obvious way). If the employer is “results-driven” and cares about “sustainable solutions,” make it clear that you are results-focused and 2009 resume tips understand the parent importance of sustainable progress.
You have to learn how to write powerful but subtle advertising copy. An effective way to do this is to think of it as telling an the world introductory story. When you meet someone, you want to know “their story,” right? It’s the same for that hiring manager looking at your resume. It’s important that all of the information you present fits together cohesively, and helps the parent thesis hiring manager understand your background, skills and capacities, and for it officer the educational and work experiences that have led to the undercover you to where you are today. While you are selling a product, you shouldn’t “hard sell” or make any claims that are not true.
Most employers respond to resumes that are both impressive as well as credible. They are not fond of hyperbole; they also have no way of knowing if you’re being overly-modest. Alice Munro! It’s a balancing act. 3. KNOW EXACTLY WHAT KIND OF RESUME YOU’RE WRITING. There are three basic types of resumes: Chronological, Functional, and “Combined” Chronological – Functional. Generally speaking, we prefer the Combined approach – but this decision should be informed by the type of job you’re seeking and the type of employer you’re seeking to impress.
For example, if you’re applying for a job in a more traditional field such as law, science, or engineering, a Chronological approach would be best. The Undercover Parent Thesis! If you are changing your career or returning to the job market after a break, a Functional resume is the way to dissertation go. A Combined approach offers the most flexibility; and if you’re in a creative field, you might make modifications to a Combined format that showcase your artistic eye or style. At the the undercover parent end of the thesis day, it’s all about generating the best marketing copy to sell yourself. The chronological resume is the more traditional resume structure.
The Experience section is the the undercover parent focus of the resume; each job (or the last several jobs) is described in some detail, and there is no major section of skills or accomplishments at the beginning of the resume. Letter For It Officer! This structure is parent primarily used when you are staying in the same profession and in the same type of work. It is also commonly used in certain fields such as law and academia. We recommend that the chronological resume always have an Objective or Summary for resume the reader. Advantages: This approach may appeal to more traditional readers and may be best in the undercover parent thesis, conventional or conservative fields. Alice Munro! It makes it easier to parent understand what you did in what job, and for it officer may help the name of the the undercover thesis employer stand out (if it’s impressive).
The disadvantage is that it is much more difficult to highlight what you do best. This format is rarely appropriate for chicago someone making a career change. The functional resume highlights your major skills and accomplishments from the very beginning. It helps the reader see clearly what you can do for them, rather than having to read through the the undercover parent job descriptions to find out. Actual company names and positions are in a subordinate position, with no description under each.
There are many different types of formats for functional resumes. The functional resume is a must for resume career changers, but is very appropriate for generalists, for those with spotty or divergent careers, for those with a wide range of skills in their given profession, for students, for the undercover thesis military officers, for homemakers returning to the job market, and for those who want to make slight shifts in their career direction. Advantages: It will help you most in reaching for a new goal or direction, and job application for it it is highly recommended for such purposes. The disadvantage is the undercover parent that it isn’t easy for the employer to chicago quickly discern exactly what you did in each job (which could be a problem for some conservative resume reviewers). A combined resume includes elements of both the chronological and functional formats. It may be a shorter chronology of job descriptions preceded by parent thesis, a short “Skills and dissertation org ua Accomplishments” section – or with a longer Summary including a skills list or a list of the undercover parent thesis, “qualifications”). It can also be a standard functional resume with the accomplishments under headings of different jobs held. There are important advantages to this combined approach: It maximizes the advantages of both kinds of resumes, avoiding potential negative effects of either type. One disadvantage is job application for it that it tends to the undercover parent thesis be a longer resume.
Another is that it can be repetitious: Accomplishments and skills may have to papers be repeated in both the the undercover parent “functional” section and the “chronological” job descriptions. 4. Officer! GUIDANCE FOR A CAREER CHANGE RESUME. Clearly, career change has become a new norm of thesis, working. As we noted in Section 3, a career-change job search calls for a Functional resume. DEFINE YOUR TARGET MARKET. “Target market” in advertising refers to people a company aims to alice munro essays turn into customers. In your career-change job search, your target is the collection of specific organizations that might hire you to do what you want to do…where you want to do it. The Undercover Thesis! Start with geographic requirements – is the world…. or Seattle? Within that geographic area, target the type of organization that interests you: profit-making, non-for-profit, or government? What kind of research on immigration, business or industry? What size organization?
Once you have your parameters, identify specific employers and thesis learn all you can about them. What is their history? What do they emphasize in their messaging? Who are the job application letter for it officer decision makers? What is their hiring philosophy? What kind of work culture is it? In addition to the undercover parent digging around online and in social media, use your networking skills to learn all you can to help inform how you customize your resume. PLAY UP TRANSFERRABLE SKILLS. Jobs in bibliography chicago, very different professional fields can often have a number of thesis, similar requirements. Let’s say that you want to go from thesis, a marketing position in a pharmaceutical firm to a fund-raising role for a not-for-profit.
What are the skills you’ve already demonstrated that are applicable? They may be more than you think. Consider these possibilities: Time management Project management Collaboration Persuasive communicating Strong decision-making Composure under pressure Innovative problem-solving. You should also be prepared to speak to your motivation for a career change.
You can weave a little of parent, this into your Objective, then also be prepared to write about it briefly in your cover letter, and then of course speak to it when you land an interview. As a career changer, you are effectively moving from one tribe to another. Within the bounds of integrity, the story you tell has to explain why the on immigration tribe you now want to enter is really the right one for you (and not the thesis other one). Thesis Chicago! This is another instance where research is critical. Go to LinkedIn and similar sites and the undercover parent thesis take a look at a good number of resumes of people seeking similar jobs. Also, tap into your circle of colleagues, friends, and papers on immigration family. Tune into the axis we call the Quality of Transactions in The Pathfinder. The basic premise of this model is thesis that the closer you are to connections that are “hot” (e.g., someone high up in the organization is willing to go to bat for you) versus “cold” (no connections and a basic resume submitted), the more likely you are to have quality transactions that can result in getting you hired. Even somewhere in the “warm” range – maybe you know someone who knows someone in a position to job application help – is highly preferable to thesis coming in cold.
And create partners: Scan the connections of your connections on LinkedIn. Then follow up energetically (more on this in Section 7 on Digital Angles). TIP: There tends to research be higher scrutiny of career changers, so the extent to which you can gain traction within the tribe is parent thesis of fundamental importance. 5. THE JUICE: YOUR ASSERTIONS SECTION. In most cases, a great resume has two main sections. In the resume tips first, you make assertions about your abilities, qualities, and achievements. You write powerful, but honest, advertising copy that grabs the reader’s attention. (Exceptions to this are resumes targeting generally conservative fields such as law, science, or engineering.) The second section, the evidence section, is parent thesis where you back up your assertions with evidence that you actually did what you said you did. This is munro essays where you list and describe the jobs you’ve held, your education, etc. And if you have opted to pass on the undercover, an Assertions section, you have to dissertation org ua build a powerful evidence-based resume that builds the case for the undercover parent thesis you as a candidate – with especially compelling skills and albert einstein the world accomplishments summarized in the top half of the the undercover parent thesis first page. The real juice in your resume is what you assert about yourself right up front.
This is where you shine. Einstein Essay The World! The hard truth based on research: Only one interview is granted for parent every 200 resumes received by the average employer. Research also tells us that your resume will be quickly scanned, rather than read. Research Papers! You have only seconds to the undercover parent persuade a prospective employer to read further. The top half of the first page of your resume will either make or break your chances.
Ask yourself: What does the employer really want? How would you fill those shoes? What would set a truly exceptional candidate apart from research, a merely good one? If you are not sure what would make someone a superior candidate, you can gather intel from the job postings you see, and/or from people who work in the same company or the same field. You could even call the the undercover thesis prospective employer and job application letter ask them what they want. Don’t make wild guesses. Write down everything you have ever done that demonstrates that you’re the right fit for thesis the job and the prospective employer.
You don’t have to confine yourself to work-related accomplishments. TIP: Use your entire life as the palette to paint with. Job Application For It! The point is to cover all possible ways of thinking about and communicating what you do well. What are the talents you bring to the marketplace? If you are making a career change or are a new to the job market, you are going to have to be especially creative in getting across what makes you stand out.
This initial brainstorming focus will generate the the undercover parent thesis raw material from 2009 resume, which you craft your resume. So many resumes we see make a gallant effort to inform the parent reader. But we don’t want the albert essay the world employer to be informed; we want them to be interested and curious. In fact, it’s best to leave your reader with a few questions they would like to parent thesis ask you. In your assertions section, state your Objective – your intended job.
Ideally, your resume should convey why you are the dissertation org ua perfect candidate for parent one specific job or job title. Resume Tips! There is debate out the undercover there about for it officer, whether to state an Objective, but generally speaking, we think it’s a good idea. The Undercover Parent! If you’re in org ua, a creative field or have gained insights suggesting that the employer would prefer an outside-of-the-box approach, perhaps you forego an Objective. Keep it to the point, and keep the employer front and the undercover parent thesis center as your write. Consider this example. The owner of a small software company advertises for an experienced software salesperson. A week later they have 500 resumes. The applicants have a bewildering variety of essay as i, backgrounds, and the employer has no way of knowing whether any of them are really interested in selling software. Then the employer spots a resume that starts with the following: “OBJECTIVE – a software sales position in an organization seeking an extraordinary record of generating new accounts, exceeding sales targets and the undercover enthusiastic customer relations.” This is a fit . Bibliography! Not only the undercover thesis does this candidate want the job application letter officer job, they want to the undercover parent make a real contribution. Job-seekers often make the mistake of research papers, saying something like, “a position where I can hone my skill as a scissors sharpener.”
Examples follow. In all of these examples, the the undercover parent thesis underlined words and phrases could be interchanged with words and phrases relevant to your expertise, industry, and the type of role you are seeking. In this example, the statement is alice not preceded by the word “Objective.” Experienced IT professional offering more than five years of parent thesis, hands-on experience in programming , web development , and IT trouble-shooting , and seeks leadership role in alice essays, leading digital organization. In this example, you see a collection of brief descriptions versus a formally stated objective in a grammatically complete sentence. Strategic thinker and communicator . Expert storyteller . A decade of deadline -driven on-air reporting . Ready to pivot to executive producer role.
In this example, the applicant uses a first-person approach to a creative role. “If the client wants a logo people will remember, I give them one people will never forget. If they want their brand to communicate , I make it sing .” In this example, the job-seeker approaches a traditional job role with a traditional string of the undercover thesis, statements. CPA and CIA with 15 years of experience in dissertation, financial services for parent global organizations. Financial strategist with track record for onsidered and decisive recommendations , as well as thorough compliance with all federal, state, and internal regulations . Excels at individual as well as collaborative efforts.
Known for work ethic and integrity. In this example, you see a more traditional approach by a recent graduate seeking an entry-level role in a conventional job sector. OBJECTIVE: A starting position in an engineering organization where leading-edge skills and deep commitment to every project would be an asset to research papers the company and its people. TIP: The point of parent, using an Objective is to create a specific psychological response in the mind of the reader. Albert Essay As I See It! If you are making a career change or have a limited work history, you want the employer to immediately focus on where you are going, rather than where you have been. If you are looking for another job in your present field, it is more important to the undercover parent thesis stress your qualities, achievements and org ua abilities first. It is sometimes appropriate to include your Objective in the undercover, your Summary section rather than have a separate Objective section. The “Summary” or “Summary of Qualifications” consists of several concise statements that focus the reader’s attention on your most important qualities, achievements, and abilities. (NOTE: If you are on LinkedIn, it is important that the summary in your resume be reflected in alice munro, what you have in your LinkedIn summary.
You have a lot more space to work with in LinkedIn, so they needn’t match exactly, but they should be close enough that they show consistency. You should be recognizable as the parent thesis same person!) The things you mention should be the most compelling demonstrations of why you should be hired – not the other candidates. This is your brief window of opportunity to highlight your most impressive qualities – the spiciest part of your resume. In fact, this may be the only section fully read by the employer, so it must be strong and convincing. The Summary is the one place to include professional characteristics (highly energetic, a gift for dissertation org ua solving complex problems in a fast-paced environment, a natural salesperson, exceptional interpersonal skills, committed to excellence, etc.). Gear every word in the Summary to your goal: getting that interview. Here are the most common ingredients of a well-written Summary. A short phrase describing your profession Followed by a statement of broad or specialized expertise Followed by two or three additional statements related to any of the following: breadth or depth of skills unique mix of skills range of environments in which you have experience a special or well-documented accomplishment a history of thesis, awards, promotions, or superior performance commendations One or more professional or appropriate personal characteristics A sentence describing professional objective or interest. You would not necessarily use all these ingredients in alice, one Summary. Parent Thesis! Use the ones that highlight you best. The examples below show how to org ua include your objective in the Summary section.
TIP: If you are making a career change, your Summary section should show how what you have done in the past prepares you to do what you seek to the undercover do in einstein essay the world as i, the future. If you are new to the undercover thesis the job market, your Summary will be based more on ability than experience. A few examples of Summary sections: Highly motivated, creative and versatile real estate executive with seven years of experience in property acquisition, development and albert einstein construction, as well as the the undercover parent management of large apartment complexes. Especially skilled at building effective, productive working relationships with clients and org ua staff. The Undercover Thesis! Excellent management, negotiation and public relations skills. Seeking a challenging management position in for it, the real estate field that offers extensive contact with the public.
Over 10 years as an parent thesis organizational catalyst/training design consultant with a track record of producing extraordinary results for more than 20 national and community based organizations. A commitment to human development and community service. Energetic self-starter with excellent analytical, organizational, and creative skills. Financial Management Executive with nearly ten years of experience in banking and international trade, finance, investments and economic policy. Innovative in thesis bibliography, structuring credit enhancement for the undercover parent corporate and municipal financing. Albert Essay! Skilled negotiator with strong management, sales and marketing background. Areas of expertise include (a bulleted list would follow this paragraph.) Health Care Professional experienced in management, program development and parent policy making in the United States as well as in several developing countries. Expertise in dissertation org ua, emergency medical services. A talent for the undercover parent thesis analyzing problems, developing and dissertation org ua simplifying procedures, and finding innovative solutions.
Proven ability to motivate and work effectively with persons from the undercover parent thesis, other cultures and all walks of life. Skilled in working within a foreign environment with limited resources. Thesis Chicago! Commander – Chief Executive Officer of the U.S. The Undercover Parent! Navy, Atlantic Fleet. Expertise in all areas of management, with a proven record of research, unprecedented accomplishment. History of the the undercover thesis highest naval awards and rapid promotion. Proven senior-level experience in executive decision-making, policy direction, strategic business planning, Congressional relations, financial and personnel management, research and development, and aerospace engineering.
Extensive knowledge of government military requirements in the world, systems and equipment. Committed to the highest levels of professional and personal excellence. The Undercover Thesis! Performing artist with a rich baritone voice and unusual range, specializing in classical, spiritual, gospel and the world see it rap music. Featured soloist for two nationally televised events. Accomplished pianist. Extensive performance experience includes television, concert tours and thesis club acts. Available for commercial recording and live performances. SKILLS AND ACCOMPLISHMENTS. In this final part of the assertions section, go into more detail.
In the summary, you focused on your most special highlights. Now you tell the rest of the best of letter officer, your story. Let the employer know what results you produced, what happened because of your efforts, what you are especially gifted or experienced at doing. TIP: Don’t tell them everything you’ve ever done. The Undercover Parent Thesis! It’s okay – in fact, advisable – to leave to dissertation org ua your readers wondering about a thing or two in a positive way. Sometimes the the undercover parent “Skills and Accomplishments” section is a separate section. 2009 Resume! In a chronological resume, it becomes the first few phrases of the descriptions of the various jobs you have held.
We will cover that in a few minutes, when we discuss the the undercover thesis different types of resumes. Alice Munro! When it is a separate section, it can have several possible titles, depending on your situation: SKILLS AND ACCOMPLISHMENTS ACCOMPLISHMENTS SUMMARY OF ACCOMPLISHMENTS SELECTED ACCOMPLISHMENTS RECENT ACCOMPLISHMENTS AREAS OF ACCOMPLISHMENT AND EXPERIENCE AREAS OF EXPERTISE CAREER HIGHLIGHTS PROFESSIONAL HIGHLIGHTS ADDITIONAL SKILLS AND ACCOMPLISHMENTS. There are options for how to structure your “Skills and Accomplishments” section. Whichever you choose, put your skills and accomplishments in order of the undercover thesis, importance for the desired career goal. If you have many skills, the last skill paragraph might be called “Additional Skills.” TIP: Be sure to use action-oriented words.
These include words such as Delivered; Created; Solved; Boosted; Designed; Transformed; and Elevated (for more see our Section 9 on Power Words). Here are a few ways you could structure your “Skills and Accomplishments” section: A listing of resume tips, skills or accomplishments or a combination of both, with bullets. SELECTED SKILLS AND ACCOMPLISHMENTS. Raised $1,900 in 21 days in parent thesis, canvassing and advocacy on job application officer, environmental, health and the undercover parent consumer issues.
Conducted legal research for four Assistant U.S. Attorneys, for the U.S. Attorney’s office Coordinated Board of Directors and Community Advisory Board of community mental health center. Later commended as “the best thing that ever happened to that job.” A listing of major skill headings with accomplishments under each. Bibliography Chicago! The accomplishments can be a bulleted list or in paragraph form. The material under the headings should include mention of accomplishments which prove each skill. National Training Project / Conference Management.
Director of Outreach on Hunger, a national public education/training project funded by the undercover thesis, USAID, foundations and all the major church denominations. On Immigration! Designed, managed and promoted three-day training conferences in cities throughout the U.S. Planned and managed 32 nationwide training seminars and a five-day annual conference for university vice-presidents and business executives. Program Design: Universities. Invited by Duke University President Terry Sanford to develop new directions and programs for the University’s Office of Summer Educational Programs, first Director of Duke’s “Pre-college Program,” first editor of “Summer at Duke.” Designed and successfully proposed a center for the study of creativity at The George Washington University. A list of bulleted accomplishments or skill paragraphs under each job (in a chronological resume).
Director of Sales and parent Marketing. DELAWARE TRADE INTERNATIONAL, INC. Letter For It Officer! Wilmington, DE. Promoted from Sales Representative within one year of joining company to Director of Sales and Marketing. Responsible for the undercover parent international sales of raw materials, as well as printing and graphic arts equipment. Oversaw five sales managers.
Was in charge of direct sales and marketing in research on immigration, 17 countries throughout Europe and the Middle East. Recruited, trained and the undercover parent thesis managed sales staff. Developed marketing strategy, prepared sales projections and established quotas. Selected and contracted with overseas sub-agents to achieve international market penetration. Negotiated and as i finalized long-term contractual agreements with suppliers on behalf of clients. Oversaw all aspects of transactions, including letters of credit, international financing, preparation of parent, import/export documentation, and shipping/freight forwarding. Planned and administered sales and dissertation marketing budget, and maintained sole profit/loss responsibility.
Within first year, doubled company’s revenues, and the undercover produced $7-9 million in annual sales during the next eight years. 6. Thesis! THE NITTY GRITTY: YOUR EVIDENCE SECTION. The evidence section includes some or all of the following: experience, education, and possibly additional items such as awards, affiliations, and publications. While this section is parent thesis secondary to your assertions section, it is still incredibly important. TIP: Think of it as the foundation holding up your assertions so they can shine. If this section isn’t strong enough, the resume doesn’t hold together and the hiring manager will question the credibility of your assertions. List jobs in reverse chronological order. Don’t go into detail on research papers, the jobs early in your career; focus on the most recent and/or relevant jobs. (Summarize a number of the earliest jobs in one line or very short paragraph, or list only the bare facts with no position description.) Decide which is, overall, more impressive – your job titles or the names of the firms you worked for the undercover thesis – then consistently begin with the more impressive of the two, perhaps using boldface type.
You may want to describe the employer in thesis bibliography chicago, a phrase in parentheses if this will impress the reader. Include military service, internships, and major volunteer roles if desired; because the section is parent labeled “Experience.” It does not mean that you were paid. Other possible headings here include: “Professional History,” “Professional Experience”–not “Employment” or “Work History,” both of which sound more lower-level. A note about dates throughout the evidence section: Be honest but also strategic. 2009! Generally speaking, put dates in italics at the end of the job to de-emphasize them. Don’t include months, unless the job was held less than a year.
If you’re old enough to have considered botox, consider what you might “botox” in your resume. The year you earned your degree(s) doesn’t have to be included. Thesis! And as you summarize your early career, there is no need to include dates in this information. If there are gaps in your recent professional experience, use years versus months. Don’t put down anything that isn’t true – it’s too easy for employers to check information and discover mistruths. Munro Essays! But be prepared to speak to any gaps in a way that supports the overall story you’re telling about yourself. List education in reverse chronological order – degrees or licenses first, followed by certificates and advanced training. Set degrees apart so they are easily seen. Put in boldface whatever will be most impressive.
Don’t include any details about college except your major and distinctions or awards you have won, unless you are still in the undercover, college or just recently graduated. Include grade-point average only if over 3.4. List selected coursework if this will help convince the 2009 resume reader of your qualifications for the targeted job. Include advanced training, but be selective with the information, summarizing the information and including only what will be impressive for the reader. No degree yet? If you are working on an uncompleted degree, include the degree and the undercover parent afterwards, in research papers, parentheses, the expected date of completion: B.S. (expected 20__). The Undercover Parent! If you didn’t finish college, start with a phrase describing the field studied, then the school, then the dates (the fact that there was no degree may be missed). Other headings might be “Education and albert einstein Training,” “Education and Licenses,” “Legal Education / Undergraduate Education” (for attorneys).
If the only awards received were in school, put these under the the undercover Education section. Mention what the chicago award was for if you can (or just “for outstanding accomplishment” or “outstanding performance”). If you have received awards, this section is almost a must. If you have received commendations or praise from some very senior source, you could call this section, “Awards and Commendations.” In that case, go ahead and quote the source. Professional Affiliations. Include only parent those that are current, relevant and impressive. Include leadership roles if appropriate. Essays! This is a good section for communicating your status as a member of a minority targeted for special consideration by employers, or for showing your membership in an association that would enhance your appeal as a prospective employer.
This section can be combined with “Civic / Community Leadership” as “Professional and Community Memberships.” Languages. Being fluent in more than one language is definitely something to include. The Undercover Parent Thesis! Civic / Community Leadership. This is good to include if the leadership roles or accomplishments are related to the job target and can show skills acquired, for example, a loan officer hoping to become a financial investment counselor who was Financial Manager of dissertation org ua, a community organization charged with investing its funds. Any Board of Directors membership or “chairmanship” would be good to the undercover thesis include. Be careful with political affiliations, as they could be a plus or minus with an job application for it officer employer or company. Publications.
Include only if published, and provide links where you can if you think the work is impressive and relevant. Summarize if there are many. Comments from Supervisors, Clients, other Professional Elite. Include only if very exceptional. Heavily edit for key phrases. The Undercover Thesis! Personal Interests. Tread thoughtfully here. While personal interests tend to feature prominently on social media platforms such as LinkedIn, you should weigh how much it can help you when applying for a job—ideally on a case-by-case basis. It you include a section like this, keep the following in mind. Advantages: Personal interests can indicate a skill or area of knowledge that is related to the goal, such as photography for someone in public relations, or carpentry and on immigration wood-working for someone in the undercover thesis, construction management.
This section can show well-roundedness, good physical health, or knowledge of a subject related to the goal. It can also create common ground or spark conversation, and/or help a hiring manager see you as someone who would fit in their tribe. Disadvantages: Personal interests can be irrelevant to the job goal and purpose of the resume. Listing such interests can also have unintended negative consequences. For example, if you’re highly athletic and the people interviewing you aren’t physically fit – or perhaps eve self-conscious about munro essays, that – the fact that you’re super-fit might not play in your favor.If in doubt, do not include a Personal Interests section. Your reason for including it is parent thesis most likely that you want to tell them about 2009 resume, you. But, as you know, this is an ad. If this section would move the employer to understand why you would be the best candidate, include it; otherwise, forget about parent thesis, it.
This section may also be called “Interests Outside of tips, Work,” or just “Interests.” References. You may put “References available upon parent thesis request” at the end of your resume, if you wish. This is a standard close (centered at bottom in italics), but is not necessary: It is usually assumed. Do not include actual names of references. Org Ua! You can bring a separate sheet of references to the interview, to be given to the undercover parent thesis the employer upon request. 7. WORK ALL THE DIGITAL ANGLES. Social media venues offer valuable possibilities for powering your job search, as well as a few potential downsides. Be sure your digital footprint is an dissertation asset as you prepare your resume. OWN YOUR DIGITAL FOOTPRINT. Social media is a primary vehicle for communication. You will want to include at least one of your social media accounts on your resume.
Be sure that any e-mail addresses and social media handles look and sound professional. If not, get new ones. You want to be [emailprotected]; not [emailprotected] Understand that most employers – 65% or more – use social networks to research candidates. Roughly half of them do so to thesis see if the 2009 candidate is likely to the undercover parent be a “good fit” for their culture – in other words, right for their tribe. It is documented that employers regularly review social media to see if there are reasons not to hire an applicant. So, it is imperative that you review all of your social media postings and clean up any content that you wouldn’t want a prospective employer to dissertation see. And keep an the undercover thesis eye on your accounts so that you can monitor and remove comments from org ua, friends that don’t serve your professional image. Social media posts that employers cite as detrimental include evidence of drug use or excessive drinking, bad-mouthing of previous employers, and discriminatory language.
TIP: Be sure that information on your various social media accounts is parent thesis consistent. You can’t assume that an employer will only albert einstein as i see it check out parent your LinkedIn page. Officer! They may also look for you on Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, or Google+. It is thesis a good rule of thumb with social media posts to ask yourself whether what you are posting is research something that you would be delighted for everyone in the world to the undercover thesis see. USE SOCIAL MEDIA TO YOUR ADVANTAGE. Remember that you’re marketing yourself. Owning your digital footprint is also about taking advantage of an additional opportunity to make a good impression. Make an effort beyond any clean-up activity to create a strong social media profile.
This is an opportunity for thesis bibliography you to appear thoughtful, well-rounded, positive, a strong communicator – the kinds of things employers are generally seeking. In addition, be active on social media in a way that advances your professional interests and possibilities. Engage on networking sites to parent thesis increase your visibility and searchabilty with prospective employers. And while you’re active on social media, to accommodate search engines, be sure that you are using a consistent version of as i, your professional name. If you’re “Robert L. The Undercover Thesis! Smith” on LinkedIn, you should be Robert L. Smith in your resume and on your other social media accounts – not Rob Smith here and there. Your professional “screen name” is probably your most important keyword. As mentioned earlier, follow your prospective employer on Twitter, Facebook, Instagram, and the like. Think of what you see as an research papers aggregated news feed about the employer. It doesn’t take long to begin to get a real sense of the organization’s culture, values, and work environment intel can help you prepare the most thoughtful resume possible – and can also help you immensely as you later prepare for an interview. And bear in parent, mind: The beauty of Social Media is that you can gain access to thesis bibliography people you otherwise might not. If you see someone within your connections who is connected to parent thesis a person of interest to thesis you.
Perhaps they are in the field in which you are seeking work; perhaps they work for a company you wish to get in to – then ask your contact to introduce you. TIP: LinkedIn offers the parent opportunity for people to alice post recommendations. Be sure to ask people to provide recommendations for you, in parent thesis, particular those people who can speak to the strengths that you most want to be emphasized. In addition to your professional name, there are many other keywords to consider. Many employers routinely digitally scan resumes for keywords relevant to their companies and cultures, as well as field of work. You should assume that this is being done. Use keywords that are customized for the kind of job application letter for it officer, position you’re seeking as well as your job field. For example: Consider that your current title is “Program Assistant.” But when you search online, you don’t see that title much. What you do see with high frequency on Indeed, LinkedIn, etc. is “Administrative Assistant.” It’s not a misstep in integrity to parent thesis list your current title as “Administrative Assistant” if that’s accurate, and it will increase your find-ability for recruiters and hiring managers searching online.
Similar guidance holds true for skills and on immigration accomplishments. The Undercover! When customizing your resume for research a specific position, take careful note of the skills required and parent use any number of those words in bibliography, your resume. If you think of the undercover thesis, yourself as someone who “leads stakeholder communications,” but the employer uses the phrase “stakeholder engagement” – that’s right, you’re now an expert in stakeholder engagement. Research Papers! If you have “increased website and social media traffic” in the undercover parent thesis, your current job, but your prospective employer’s website discusses “online presence” – your resume should note that you “elevated online presence.” Then use this same approach to dissertation find more keywords that will appeal to parent thesis that hiring manager. After conducting your research on the employer’s website and social media pages – as well as media articles about the organization – comprise a list of research on immigration, words and phrases that appear regularly. Be sure that these words and phrases appear in your resume, but in the undercover parent, a way that doesn’t seem forced or like overkill. You have a bit of a fine line to walk – these have to be words and org ua phrases you can own in the context of selling yourself through your introductory story. Think of your resume as a visually appealing piece of art.
This your masterpiece! No matter how closely you follow the guidance we’ve delivered here so far, if you fall short on the presentation of what you’ve written you do yourself a tremendous disservice. A note here about using images or video. Of course, there have been instances where applicants have been hired after using creative visuals or creating “video resumes.” This kind of approach is highly situational, and parent thesis should be carefully considered based on what you know about the job and 2009 tips the tribe. For instance, if you’re a graphic designer, why not show off your stuff to a certain extent? Or if you’re applying to a video production firm or a start-up with a culture that would accommodate a video submission – go for it. That said, we also recommend that a more traditional PDF with written information accompany your video. VISUAL APPEAL, FORMAT, AND LENGTH. Everyone freely gives advice on resume length. There is parent thesis no universal right or wrong. Dissertation! Our rule of thumb is that shorter is better, as long as the resume contains all of your most relevant information.
If you’ve been in the undercover thesis, the workforce for a while or have many accomplishments or publications to letter officer list, you might need to exceed a page – but only if the content warrants it. And whether it’s one page or more, the same rules apply in terms of the front end of the resume being your big, brief chance to make an parent thesis impression. Use a simple, clean, symmetrical structure. Don’t make it to crowded with text; conversely, don’t have so much white space that it looks oddly sparse. A good rule of thumb is sections of writing that are no more than six lines, and shorter if possible. Be sure to design elements to dissertation your advantage. The Undercover! For example, if there is information you want to highlight, consider using boldface. You can also draw the dissertation org ua eye to something by thesis, ensuring there is thesis bibliography ample white space around it. The Undercover! Order information in a way that draw attention to your strengths; readers tend to focus on the first and last items listed.
NOTE: If you’re considering an infographic resume, be sure you give it very careful consideration. Dissertation Org Ua! While one might make you stick out in a digital stack of resumes, I have never read one that didn’t make me work harder to get the information I wanted. The Undercover Parent Thesis! Unless you are an infographic designer looking for that kind of research on immigration, work (or something close), I would veer away from this route. Your resume must be error-free. There are no spelling errors, no typos. No grammar, syntax, or punctuation errors.
There are no errors of the undercover parent, fact. Chicago! Any recruiter or hiring manager will tell you that such errors make it easy to parent thesis weed out a resume immediately. List information in a consistent way. For instance, every job should list this information in this order: Title, Name of Employer, City and State, and letter the years. Parent Thesis! Use boldface, underlining, and italics consistently. If you decide to bold one job title, all titles are in boldface.
If you underline one section heading, underline them all. In addition, there is uniformity in the use of capital letters, bullets, dashes, hyphens, etc. Albert Einstein Essay The World See It! So, if there is a period after one set of the undercover, job dates, there is a period after all job dates. If one degree is in bold, all degrees are in 2009, bold. If one job is lasted as 1999-2001 (versus 1999 – 2001 or 1999 to the undercover thesis 2000). Whatever you decide about such things stylistically, be absolutely consistent. There are any number of essays, details that really matter. Consider all of the following.
Font. The Undercover Parent! Use a font that’s universally readable such as Arial, Calibri, Garamond, Georgia, Times New Roman, Helvetica, or Didot (a good choice for creative industry). Thesis Bibliography Chicago! Whatever font you select, use it consistently. Parent! And use a font size that’s readable, but not distractingly large: 12-point is the way to go with some fonts, but sometimes 11-point can get the job done just as well. PDF. Save your resume file as a PDF. You don’t want to job application letter for it officer risk what can happen if someone opens your Word document using a different version than you have, which can disrupt your careful layout, formatting, and more. File name. When saving your PDF file, be sure you give a distinctive and relevant name.
Definitively don’t give it a number (e.g., NickSmith_V3.pdf) and don’t call it NicksResume.pdf. If Nick is applying for a Marketing Director position, a great file name would be NickSmith_MarketingDirectr.pdf). Keep track. The Undercover Parent Thesis! As you customize your resume for each application, keep track of which resume you send to which employer. If you’re called for an interview you will want to show up with nicely printed hard copies of thesis chicago, that precise document. Don’t mix first-person and third-person. Use either the first person (“I) or third person (“he,” “she”) point of the undercover parent thesis, view, but do so consistently. Letter! Watch your verb tense. If the parent thesis accomplishment is papers completed, it should be past tense.
If the parent task is job application letter for it still underway, it should be present tense. Thesis! If the skill has been used in the past and will be used again in the future, use present tense – e.g., “conduct presentations on recruitment to professional and trade association.” Experience first. Experience sections should come before Education. This is because your qualifications are more related to your experience than your education. Einstein The World As I See It! Exceptions would be (1) if you have just received or are completing a degree in a new field, (2) if you are a lawyer, (3) if you are an undergraduate student, or (4) if there’s something particularly impressive about your education – for example, a Rhodes Scholarship or an MBA from Harvard. Sell yourself – first and foremost.
Always bear in mind the needs of your customer – the employer. What do they need to know to assess that you’re right for the job and will deliver for thesis them? Customize your resume for each job application. Officer! Use keywords selected with your prospective employer in mind. Parent! Be sure you can back up what you say (pumping up is fine but within the bounds of integrity). Job Application Letter For It! Use dynamic, high-energy language. Tighten up sentences where you can. Space is at a premium. Use quantitative information when possible as you describe accomplishments (e.g., ($1 million portfolio, increased sales 30%, double revenues).
Look at everything you’ve written in your resume and add action verbs wherever possible. Make your resume long enough to include all relevant information. Be sure any e-mail addresses and social media handles shared are appropriate (not unprofessional). Use the same version of your professional “screen name” consistently. Be unduly modest.
You are selling yourself, period. Wing it. Real preparation and homework is required – no matter how lucky you’ve been in the past. Include information – even if you’re proud of it – that could be construed as controversial or possible be off-putting to the employer (e.g., fringe personal interests, religious activity, political affiliation). List everything you’ve ever done. The Undercover Parent! It’s better to leave an einstein the world as i employer a little curious and the undercover thesis more apt to interview you. Include salary information. It is appropriate for bibliography chicago you to provide this information only the undercover when asked. Mention reasons for leaving jobs. You can have tactful, professional reasons ready for interviews. Include references.
Provide them when requested, and be sure your references know that an inquiry is on the way. Research Papers! Try to be funny or cute – no matter how great your personality, these things don’t translate on the undercover, paper. Include every single piece of information about yourself – this is not your resume’s job. If the employer wants to research on immigration know more about you, they’ll ask you for an interview. Get wordy. Don’t use three examples when one will suffice. Be hyperbolic. Don’t use more than one power word or adjective in one sentence. Underestimate the power of reading the job posting carefully and doing all of your homework.
An astute hiring manager will recognize that you’ve done your advance work and will respect that about you. 10. USE YOUR WORDS (POWER WORDS) This isn’t about using fancy or unique words. It’s about using words that connect with your customer.
Remember: This is customized ad copy. accelerated accomplished achieved acquired addressed administered advanced advised advocated aligned allocated amplified analyzed answered appeared applied appointed appraised approved arbitrated arranged assembled assessed assigned assisted assumed assured attained audited authored authorized awarded. blocked boosted bought briefed broadened brought budgeted built. campaigned capitalized cascaded cataloged caused changed chaired charted clarified classified closed coached collected combined commented communicated compared compiled completed computed conceived conserved concluded conducted conceptualized considered consolidated constructed consulted continued contracted controlled converted conveyed convinced coordinated corrected counseled counted created critiqued cultivated cut. dealt decided decreased defined delegated delivered demonstrated described designed determined developed devised diagnosed digitized directed discovered discussed distributed documented doubled drafted. earned edited educated effected elevated eliminated endorsed enforced engineered enhanced enlarged enlisted ensured entered established estimated evaluated examined exceeded executed expanded expedited experienced experimented explained explored expressed extended. facilitated filed filled financed focused forecast forged formulated fostered found founded. gained gathered generated graded granted guided.
halved handled headed up helped hired. identified illustrated implemented improved incorporated increased indexed initiated influenced informed innovated inspected inspired installed instituted instructed insured integrated interpreted interviewed introduced invented invested investigated involved issued itemized. launched learned leased lectured led leveraged licensed lifted listed lobbied logged. made maintained managed mapped matched maximized measured mediated merged met mobilized modified monitored motivated moved. named navigated negotiated. observed opened operated optimized orchestrated ordered organized outperformed overhauled oversaw. participated partnered perceived performed persuaded pioneered planned prepared presented processed procured produced programmed prohibited projected promoted proposed provided published purchased persuaded promoted pursued qualified. qualified quantified questioned.
raised ranked rated reached realized received recommended reconciled recorded recruited redesigned reduced refined refocused regulated rehabilitated related reorganized repaired replaced replied reported represented researched resolved responded restored restructured revamped reviewed revised revitalized. saved scheduled secured selected served serviced set set up shaped shared showcased showed simplified sold solved sorted sought sparked spearheaded specified spoke staffed standardized started streamlined strengthened stressed stretched structured studied submitted substituted succeeded suggested summarized superseded supervised surpassed surveyed sustained systematized. tackled targeted taught terminated tested took toured traced tracked traded trained transferred transcribed transformed translated transported traveled treated trimmed tripled turned tutored. umpired uncovered understood understudied unified united unraveled updated upgraded used utilized. verbalized verified visited. waged weighed widened won worked wrote. ability capable capability capacity competence competent complete completely consistent contributions demonstrated developing educated efficient effective effectiveness enlarging equipped excellent exceptional expanding experienced global increasing knowledgeable major mature maturity nationwide nuanced outstanding performance positive potential productive proficient profitable proven qualified record repeatedly resourceful responsible results significant significantly sound specialist substantial substantially successful stable thorough thoroughly versatile vigorous well-educated well-rounded worldwide. 10124 Lakewood Drive.
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Planning and the undercover thesis conducting a dissertation research project. This guide addresses the task of chicago, planning and conducting a small research project, such as for an undergraduate or masters’ level dissertation. It aims to help you develop a clear sense of direction early on in the project, and to support you in organising, planning, and monitoring your project. The companion guide Writing a dissertation focuses on the preparation of the written report or thesis. A dissertation is a particular kind of academic task. You will usually be asked to generate a topic for yourself; to plan and execute a project investigating that topic; and to write-up what you did and the undercover thesis what your findings were. Important stages in the dissertation process include: choosing a topic; developing a research question; effective planning of the research; being organised and resume tips methodical while conducting your research; and reporting the research.
While some students come to their research project with a clear research question to address, many others arrive at this point with several ideas, but with no specific research question. The Undercover Parent Thesis? In view of the officer, pressure to parent, get started fairly quickly, this can cause anxiety and even panic. It is, however, a common situation to job application for it officer, be in. There are several ways forward: Remember that a research study can:
This list is the undercover parent thesis not exhaustive, and resume you need to the undercover parent, check whether your department has a preference for particular kinds of research study. Discuss your proposed topic with a member of 2009, academic staff who you think might be appropriate to supervise the project. Provided they feel that they know enough about the subject to supervise it, and parent thesis provided that it can be interpreted as falling within the broad fields of your degree subject, academic staff are generally open to suggestions. You should think realistically about the albert einstein the world, practical implications of your choice, in terms of: For example, a project on the undercover parent, coal mining in research on immigration, the North East of England may require you to the undercover, visit Newcastle’s Record Office, or to interview coal miners from the region. Is this something that you are prepared and munro able to do?
If the practical considerations associated with your research ideas are unrealistic, you need to parent thesis, consider whether you are willing to modify or reconsider your project. Once your topic has been accepted by your department, you need to begin the process of refining the job application letter for it officer, topic and turning it into something that is focused enough to guide your project. Try describing it as a research problem that sets out: It is important that you establish a research problem at, or close to the start of, your project. It is one of the key tools you have, to ensure that your project keeps going in the right direction. Every task you undertake should begin with you checking your research problem and asking “will this help me address this problem?”. You should be willing to revise your research problem as you find out the undercover thesis more about your topic. You may, for example, discover that the data you were hoping to analyse is not available, or you may encounter a new piece of information or a new concept while undertaking a literature search, that makes you rethink the basis of your research problem.
You should always talk to your supervisor before you make any substantial revision to your plans, and explain why you think you need to 2009 resume, make the change. Effective planning of the research. A research proposal is a more detailed description of the project you are going to undertake. Some departments require you to submit a research proposal as part of the the undercover parent thesis, assessment of your dissertation, but it is worth preparing one even if it is not a formal requirement of your course. It should build on the thinking that you have done in defining your research problem; on the discussions that you have had with your supervisor; and on early reading that you have done on thesis chicago, the topic.
A comprehensive research proposal will make you think through exactly what it is that you are going to do, and will help you when you start to write up the project. You could try outlining your project under the following headings (Booth, Williams, Colomb, 2003. The craft of research. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.): You may find that some of parent thesis, these headings are difficult to albert essay the world as i see it, fill in right at the start of your project. However, you can use the gaps to help identify where you need to begin work. If, for example, you are unsure about the limitations of your methodology you should talk to the undercover thesis, your supervisor and dissertation read a bit more about the undercover parent, that methodology before you start. A dissertation is an for it officer extended project that asks you to manage your time and the undercover undertake a variety of tasks. 2009 Resume Tips? Some courses schedule the thesis, dissertation at the end, while others have it running along concurrently with other modules. Whichever way your course is organised, it is essential that you create a plan that helps you allocate enough time to each task you have to complete.
It is useful to research, work out how many weeks you have until you need to submit your completed dissertation, and parent draw a chart showing these weeks. Block out the letter officer, weeks when you know you will be unable to work, and mark in the undercover, other main commitments you have that will take time during this period. Then allocate research tasks to the remaining time. It is very important to be realistic about how long each task is likely to take. Some focused thought at resume the beginning, then at the planning stage of each phase, could save hours later on.
Write down the resources needed for each stage. It could be time in the library; the resource of your working hours; or the use of equipment or room space that needs to be booked in thesis, advance. Some people find that they procrastinate more than they would like. This is a common problem, so it is probably best to be well-prepared to identify it and alice deal with it if it does start to parent thesis, happen. People procrastinate for various reasons for example: poor time management dauted by tips the scale of the task negative beliefs loss of motivation perfectionism difficulty concentrating need to feel under pressure personal problems. Early identification of the signs of procrastination will give you the thesis, best chance of 2009 resume tips, minimising any negative effects. Once you suspect that you are procrastinating, it can be helpful to review what you are expecting of yourself, and parent thesis check that those expectations are realistic. This is where planning is vital.
To improve the bibliography chicago, prospect of completing on time, and avoiding procrastination, you need to: Your research plan should also include information about what equipment you will need to complete your project, and any travel costs or other expenses that you are likely to thesis, incur through the pursuit of your research. You should also think about whether you are dependent on any one else to complete your project, and alice munro essays think about what you are going to do if they are unable to help you. Once you have created your plan it is a good idea to show it to someone else. Ideally you will be able to show it to a member of academic staff or bring it to the Learning Development, but talking it over with a friend may also help you to spot anything that you have forgotten or anywhere that you have been unrealistic in your planning. Being organised and methodical while conducting your research. Although a dissertation is an opportunity for you to work independently, you will usually be allocated a member of the undercover parent thesis, academic staff as a supervisor. Supervisors are there to help you shape your ideas and papers on immigration give you advice on how to conduct the research for your dissertation. They are not there to teach you the topic you have chosen to investigate: this is your project. They are, however, one of the the undercover parent thesis, resources that you can call on during your research.
Academics are busy people, so to get the most out of your supervisor you will need to resume tips, be organised and to parent thesis, take responsibility for the relationship. It is not your supervisor’s job to chase you into completing your dissertation, or to tell you how to letter for it officer, manage the different stages of the project. To ensure that you get the most out of your supervisor you need to: If you are not happy with the way you are being supervised, explain why to your supervisor or discuss the the undercover, issue with your personal tutor. Regardless of research papers, whether you have been given a dissertation topic or you have developed your own ideas, you will need to be able to demonstrate the rationale for your research, and to describe how it fits within the parent thesis, wider research context in your area. Thesis? To support you in doing this you will need to undertake a literature review, which is a review of material that has already been published, either in hard copy or electronically, that may be relevant for your research project.
Key tools that are available to the undercover thesis, help you, include: It is a good idea to for it, make an appointment to see the librarian specialising in your subject. An information librarian should be able to give you advice on your literature search, and on how to manage the information that you generate. You will probably generate more references than you can read. Use the the undercover parent, titles and abstracts to decide whether the reference is bibliography worth reading in detail. Be selective by concentrating on references that: Once you start reading, ensure that you think about what you are trying to parent thesis, get out of each article or book that you read. Albert Einstein Essay The World? Your notes should enable you to write up your literature search without returning to the books you have read. Refer to the guides Effective Note Making, Referencing and Bibliographies, and Avoiding Plagiarism, for further help with note-making. For most research projects the data collection phase feels like the the undercover parent, most important part.
However, you should avoid jumping straight into this phase until you have adequately defined your research problem, and the extent and limitations of your research. If you are too hasty you risk collecting data that you will not be able to use. Consider how you are going to store and retrieve your data. You should set up a system that allows you to: There are many systems that support effective data collection and retrieval. These range from card indexes and cross-referenced exercise books, through electronic tools like spreadsheets, databases and bibliographic software, to discipline-specific tools. You should talk about how you plan to store your data with your supervisor, an information librarian, or a study adviser in resume, the Learning Development. Parent Thesis? As you undertake your research you are likely to come up with lots of essays, ideas. Parent? It can be valuable to keep a record of letter, these ideas on index cards, in a dedicated notebook, or in thesis, an electronic file. You can refer back to this ‘ideas store’ when you start to write. They may be useful as ideas in themselves, and may be useful as a record of how your thinking developed through the research process.
A pilot study involves preliminary data collection, using your planned methods, but with a very small sample. It aims to test out your approach, and identify any details that need to alice essays, be addressed before the main data collection goes ahead. The Undercover Parent? For example, you could get a small group to fill in albert essay the world see it, your questionnaire, perform a single experiment, or analyse a single novel or document. When you complete your pilot study you should be cautious about reading too much into the results that you have generated (although these can sometimes be interesting). The real value of your pilot study is what it tells you about your method. Spend time reflecting on the implications that your pilot study might have for your research project, and make the necessary adjustment to your plan. Even if you do not have the time or opportunity to run a formal pilot study, you should try and the undercover parent thesis reflect on your methods after you have started to generate some data. Once you start to generate data you may find that the dissertation, research project is not developing as you had hoped. Do not be upset that you have encountered a problem. Parent Thesis? Research is, by its nature, unpredictable.
Analyse the 2009 resume tips, situation. Think about what the problem is and thesis how it arose. Is it possible that going back a few steps may resolve it? Or is albert the world as i see it it something more fundamental? If so, estimate how significant the problem is to answering your research question, and try to calculate what it will take to thesis, resolve the situation. Changing the title is not normally the answer, although modification of some kind may be useful. If a problem is job application officer intractable you should arrange to meet your supervisor as soon as possible. The Undercover? Give him or her a detailed analysis of the problem, and always value their recommendations. The chances are they have been through a similar experience and can give you valuable advice.
Never try to ignore a problem, or hope that it will go away. Also don’t think that by seeking help you are failing as a researcher. Finally, it is worth remembering that every problem you encounter, and successfully solve, is potentially useful information in writing up your research. Letter For It Officer? So don’t be tempted to skirt around any problems you encountered when you come to the undercover parent thesis, write-up. Rather, flag up these problems and bibliography chicago show your examiners how you overcame them. As you conduct research, you are likely to realise that the topic that you have focused on is more complex than you realised when you first defined your research question. The Undercover? The research is still valid even though you are now aware of the alice essays, greater size and complexity of the problem.
A crucial skill of the researcher is to define clearly the boundaries of their research and to stick to them . You may need to refer to wider concerns; to a related field of literature; or to alternative methodology; but you must not be diverted into spending too much time investigating relevant, related, but distinctly separate fields. Starting to write up your research can be intimidating, but it is essential that you ensure that you have enough time not only to write up your research, but also to review it critically, then spend time editing and improving it. The following tips should help you to thesis, make the transition from research to writing: Remember that you can not achieve everything in your dissertation. A section where you discuss ‘Further Work’ at the end of your dissertation will show that you are thinking about the job application for it officer, implications your work has for the academic community.
The companion study guide Writing a Dissertation focuses on the process of thesis, writing up the research from your research project. Share this page: You can make an appointment to come and see us about essay as i see it, any study-related queries you have. (if you are a University of Leicester student please use your university e-mail address)
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Essay about Undercover Parent - 830 …
30 Best Free Resume Templates For Architects. We all know first impressions count. Professionally, our resumes are often the first impression a potential employer gets of the undercover parent thesis, us. In the same way that it’s important to your chances of bibliography, landing the job to be well-groomed and dressed like you’re serious, so should your resume. The Undercover! Your CV is the only chance to make a favorable first impression on recruiters before the interview, so it’s crucial to polish it from all angles. While the munro, first and foremost thing to focus on is definitely content, you can’t neglect the importance of parent, its structure and look. Designing a resume might take a lot of job application for it, time to get spacing and formatting right, and that’s time better served focusing on the content, getting in parent thesis, touch with your network, and contacting employers. So we thought it would help you out by putting together these 30 free resume templates to give you a running start. Inspired by some beautiful examples we found across the web, these templates should help you get started no matter what your industry.
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Essay on The Undercover Parent - 406 …
The Pros and Cons of Music Lessons Via Skype or Google+ The age of virtual music lessons is here. The computer geek music teacher is parent, no longer the only type of teacher who gives distance lessons. Catherine Saint Louis wrote a good article yesterday in The New York Times (With Enough Bandwidth, Many Join the Band), and the enthusiasm of responses by readers shows that this subject is one that still carries a lot of novelty and excitement. Music teacher conferences such as MTNA’s national conference have offered technology sessions that address distance lessons for several years now.
Many teachers are doing it, and it’s filling a much-needed gap in society’s need for lessons, especially for students in papers on immigration rural areas who don’t have access to music teachers. I have taught students from Mexico to Tasmania using Skype. So far, I have yet to see any complete pros and the undercover, cons list regarding distance lessons, so to the best of my ability, I made my own. I feel that part of my duty to prospective distance students is to make sure they’re fully aware of all benefits and drawbacks of these types of job application letter lessons. First, the pros! Quality of the teacher: I believe it is better to have Skype lessons with an excellent teacher than it is to have in-person lessons with a mediocre teacher. Skype gives students even more options to parent, choose from when looking for thesis a teacher since they are not restricted to their small local region. Weekly Convenience: Students don’t have to travel 10 or 20 minutes to their teacher’s studio.
Also, when a student is 5 or 10 minutes late, I give them a courtesy call in case they forgot, but if they live 15 minutes away and parent, they have a 30 or even 45 minute lesson, it’s hardly worth it for them to papers on immigration, come late. The Undercover Parent Thesis. Lessons online means no missed lessons due to forgetfulness since the student and teacher can connect 30 seconds after the munro essays, courtesy call. The Undercover Thesis. Convenience of Recording Lessons: While students always have the papers on immigration, option to record their face-to-face lessons, that never happens (at least, in the history of parent my teaching). But students can easily record Skype and Google+ lessons for review at a later time with software like Evaer and SuperTinTin (audio only: Pamela, MP3 Skype Recorder, and VodBurner). Immediate Practicing: (added 1/13/12) While face-to-face students must drive home before practicing what they learned (which eats up time and tires people out), distance students can practice immediately after the lesson when ideas are fresh and bibliography, when energy levels are still high. (Thanks to the undercover parent, Joy Morin for pointing this out.) This is an extra practice session most students will get. The first practice session will always be of higher quality when it is thesis bibliography chicago, done immediately than if it were done the next day, and the first practice session is the most important session of the entire week. Siblings Don’t Have To Wait: (added 1/13/12) Kids can do their own thing while their siblings have lessons, while in the undercover thesis the private studio, they are held hostage until their siblings are done. Einstein Essay The World See It. Warming Up: Students can warm up at the undercover thesis, the piano before their lesson, only stopping seconds before the lesson begins.
The piano student also gets to research papers on immigration, play their own instrument. Thesis. This would let the job application letter for it officer, student show off their best playing to the undercover parent, their teacher each week instead of their worst. (This can also be seen as a con – see below.) Less off-task behaviors: According to this study in 2010, off-task behaviors took up 36% more time in face-to-face lessons than in distance lessons. I suspect part of this might be due to dissertation, an awkwardness factor that I think we all feel when talking through a webcam. It’s harder to parent, feel and act as we normally would in front of a webcam than it is when face-to-face. The study also finds that eye contact during distance lessons is more frequent, and this is probably for the same reason. Increased student performance: The same study indicates that students spend 22% more time performing during distance lessons than in face-to-face lessons.
Some Problems More Quickly Diagnosed: Sometimes the technical or musical problems students experience in their lesson can be an unexpected artifact of their unique instrument or practice environment at home. For example, perhaps the student is afraid to play too loud because of living in an apartment or because family members are asleep (both of chicago these scenarios describe a couple students I’ve taught before). These factors would come out immediately in a webcam lesson, but it might take a few face-to-face lessons for a teacher to figure out why the student doesn’t seem to ever “play out.” Don’t Have To Be In The Same Room: Students won’t need to cancel lessons because they had the the undercover thesis, stomach flu two days before (stomach flus can be contagious for up to two weeks after symptoms have passed). There is also less suffering for everyone: students won’t suffer if their teacher ate onion rings for lunch, and bagpipe teachers have the option of muting their computer speakers while their students play. No ability to physically work with hands: Sometimes the most efficient way to job application letter for it officer, achieve technical results with a students is to parent, physically manipulate their wrists, fingers, elbows, etc. Job Application. while their hands are at the keyboard. (Note: according to the study referenced above, touching hands occurred less than 1% of the total duration of the undercover thesis face-to-face lessons.) Dependent upon Internet connection: The student and thesis, teacher must both have a fast Internet connection, and even if they do, sometimes there are days when Internet backbones are lagging, ISPs are having trouble, etc., although that’s a rare occurrence. Family members at the student’s house (and at the teacher’s house) must refrain from using the Internet during the parent, lesson unless the Internet connection is extremely fast.
Glitches still happen sometimes with Skype and Google+. Sound quality: Even with a fast Internet connection, sound quality is not even remotely close to albert einstein, the quality of the undercover thesis a CD or even an audio cassette tape recording, let alone the quality of einstein as i hearing the student in person. Having said that, I feel that I’m still able to judge tone quality acceptably well. No recitals: A teacher with students scattered all over the place cannot expect students to buy a plane ticket once or twice a year to perform in a live recital. Group webcam sessions could be organized, but certainly not on thesis the scale of 30 students and 100 people in dissertation the audience. Videos could be e-mailed to parent thesis, the teacher and combined into one performance video simulating a recital, but being able to try as many times as they want to essays, get the “perfect” recording is not the same experience as having only thesis, one chance on stage to get it right. No teacher duets: Beginning method books all have duet parts written for teachers to play along with kids when they’ve finished their pieces.
This is not possible over a lagging webcam (and all webcam sessions experience lag). No student duets: Unless the Skyping teacher just happens to have two students of similar level who live with or near each other, students will not be able to have any duet experiences with each other, again because of webcam lag. 2009. Double sheet music copies: The teacher must always have their own copy of the music the the undercover parent, student uses. That means students can’t just spontaneously “bring in” music they’re learning – they must first e-mail it to the teacher, buy it for the teacher, or the teacher must obtain their own copy. No ability to thesis bibliography, point to student’s music: Sometimes the most efficient way to solve a rhythmic problem is to have the student “follow the bouncing pen” (teacher taps the student’s music much like the bouncing ball in some kids’ TV shows), and this would be impossible in a distance lesson. (Note: according to the study referenced above, pointing in the student’s music occurred less than 1% of the total duration of face-to-face lessons.) No ability to mark student’s music: Sometimes teachers must do a little editing in students’ music (marking in or circling finger numbers, changing dynamic/articulation markings, etc.), and occasionally they must do a lot of thesis editing (such as with an urtext Bach edition that has no articulation or dynamics marked). In this case teachers would have to mark their own copy and alice, e-mail it to the student, or if they don’t want to mark my copy (I prefer to keep my library “clean”), the the undercover thesis, student would have to alice essays, e-mail the teacher their music, the teacher would print it out and mark it up, then scan and e-mail it back to the student. (Note: according to the undercover thesis, the study referenced above, marking students’ music occurred less than 1% of the essay, total duration of face-to-face lessons.) No real-time coaching: Sometimes teachers help students count out loud by parent counting with them while they play, but sync issues over distance lessons will make this impossible. Sometimes a teacher might say, “Good.
Yes. Ok, louder now, and the world, now peak right here on this note,” etc. The Undercover Parent Thesis. as the student plays (perhaps even singing along sometimes to encourage certain dynamic or articulative expression), and this also becomes impossible. Thesis Bibliography. Music theory hassle: Students would need to hold their completed theory assignment up to the webcam, and their teacher will have to tell them what to circle and fix for next week. Some of my students are working in the undercover parent thesis The Practice of Harmony , a very heavy college theory textbook/workbook combo, and some of those pages can take a solid two or three minutes to correct (e.g., one page might have students identify 120 major, minor, augmented and diminished chords). In that case, the 2009 resume tips, students may need to parent, scan their homework each week and e-mail it to me. Teacher Modeling: According to the same study as referenced above, teacher modeling in face-to-face lessons occurred 28% more often than in distance lessons. Teacher modeling is what happens when a teacher demonstrates and the student strives to make themselves sound like the teacher. Looking from a different angle: Sometimes (but not very often), I will walk to the other side of the alice essays, piano in order to see what the student’s hands look like from the other side, in cases where I have to look specifically at the undercover thesis, the left hand thumb or the right hand pinky (my piano is to the left of my student piano).
Since I can’t do that in a distance lesson, students would have to reposition their webcams. Numbered measures: Both copies of the sheet music must always have numbered measures (except for very short beginning pieces that are only 8 or 16 measures long). No teacher accompanying: Advanced students who perform concertos will not be able to letter for it officer, benefit from thesis their teacher’s free accompanying in research recitals, festivals and competitions – they’ll have to thesis, hire a separate accompanist. Note-taking: The student must take notes in their notebook. Younger students (and especially very young students) are slow note-takers, which would make it necessary for the parent to take notes. Teachers could overcome this by typing the student’s practice goals each week into letter for it an e-mail to the student during the lesson (Microsoft OneNote on a tablet PC could be a good solution for this since OneNote combines writing and thesis, typing). Up-Front Cost: Students should purchase high-quality webcams so that the research, teacher can see as much detail as possible, and should probably consider purchasing a microphone as well, such as the Yeti Blue Microphone. Warming Up: It could be seen as a bad thing that the thesis, student has their lesson immediately after warming up, because almost every performance situation students encounter (whether playing at munro, the homes of friends and family or playing in recitals) involves playing when not warmed up. Traditional lessons simulate this experience every week. Similarly, playing on the teacher’s piano gives students the valuable experience of adjusting to the undercover parent thesis, different instruments, which is what happens at alice, others’ homes, recitals, festivals and competitions.
Distractions: (added 4/16/12) Students may be more distracted at home by noises made by siblings, animals, neighbors, etc. (Thanks to Lyle Compton for pointing this out in a comment below.) It’s worth noting that these last two points (warming up and distractions) would also apply to the face-to-face teacher who travels to students’ homes. Both Google+ and the undercover parent, Skype are free, and both offer the ability to research papers, connect to thesis, multiple people at the same time. This presents the possibility of going over music theory, music history, etc. with a group of students at the same time. This is munro essays, also why “No Group Lessons” did not make it onto the cons list above: with Google+ Hangouts or Skype group calls, teachers can put together group sessions in thesis which students can perform live for each other. Research Papers On Immigration. That said, I think Skype still has better control over echo effects caused by parent thesis having your speaker turned up past a certain volume, which makes your chat partner hear their own voice as an echo. It’s also worth noting that piano lessons take up more “room” spatially than harmonica or oboe lessons since they involve the alice munro, full length of a keyboard. A harmonica teacher only parent thesis, needs to see the org ua, face of the player, while a piano teacher needs to see the the undercover thesis, entire body and keyboard from a good angle. They need to get a good view of the pedals, and the webcam needs to thesis chicago, be placed sufficiently above the keyboard so that arms don’t get in the way of hands. I will definitely add to the undercover parent thesis, this list if any reader comments point out munro essays factors I may have overlooked.
The most personally relevant drawbacks for me in giving Skype lessons are the following: Draining: Everything takes more energy over Skype than in the undercover parent person. If the student starts playing in the wrong measure, I have to research papers on immigration, verbally describe where to start. The Undercover. Things that would only take a couple seconds in an in-person lesson take 15, 20 or 30 seconds when working over Skype, and this effect is felt throughout the entire lesson. It also didn’t help that I had to dissertation org ua, do a lot of prep work before each lesson, turning on the undercover the laptop on the piano, setting up the webcam, bringing up my e-mail to bibliography, see theory assignments and print out the undercover parent thesis sheet music, etc. Audio normalization: Skype is not designed for music, it is designed for speech. On Immigration. Quiet speech is the undercover, amplified to a normal volume, and loud speech is de-amplified to a normal volume. Audio engineers know this as “normalization”, and this is the worst thing you can possibly do to music. I can still tell the difference between piano and forte, but hearing the difference between mezzo-forte and forte, or piano and pianissimo, takes a level of conscious focus on my part that is taxing.
I have to concentrate so much on the timbre of the piano instead of being able to just rely on munro essays the decibel level like we can do in real life, and this distracts me from thinking about bigger issues in the music. Duplex and lag awkwardness: In telecommunications, duplex is the the undercover thesis, type of connection that is required to allow parties to transmit audio data at the same time. Unfortunately, Skype is only half-duplex. In real life, when two people start to talk, they quickly stop and resume tips, figure out the undercover thesis who should go. When it happens over Skype, only one of the people is heard.
They must finish speaking before they can be interrupted. Skype lag complicates this further, because if you need to 2009, stop someone, they get your message delayed, and because they’re transmitting, they may not get your message at all. And it’s kind of funny when both people are trying to figure out who should talk first: they both see that each other is parent thesis, patiently silent, so they both decide to talk. Alice Essays. But since they are seeing an image that is anywhere between 0.5 and parent thesis, 4 seconds delayed, they don’t realize that they both started to job application, talk at the same time until these seconds have passed. Of course, nearly all the “cons” in the above list are felt as well, and it is the accumulation of all these limitations that make Skype lessons so much more challenging than in-person lessons. I especially notice the decrease in the undercover parent my own “teacher modeling” to students. Because of all the dissertation, extra time and energy required to accomplish things in Skype lessons, I always have a sense of needing to be as fast and efficient as possible, leaving less time for demonstration.
There may also be a small part of me that believes the modeling would be less helpful when they’re hearing me demonstrate through Skype rather than hearing it in person. Having said that, I’ve done Skype lessons at thesis, a very advanced level before (with good supporting technology and fast Internet connections), as well as with an early intermediate adult, and it felt doable. For reasons that I will outline in great detail in a distant blog post, advanced students are easier to work with than beginners. Perhaps the added ease of albert einstein as i see it working with an the undercover thesis advanced student counteracts a lot of the extra energy needed to albert the world as i see it, make the limitations of distance lessons work. What a thorough list! I’ve only one addition to the undercover, suggest for the PRO list: My students have found that they like being able to practice right after the lesson while things are fresh. I used to do this at college at the suggestion of my professor. Our private students can’t do this if they have a commute home to make after the lesson. But Skype/Google+ students can!
Yes, of course! That’s a big one. 2009. Thanks, and the undercover, I’ll credit you for thinking of it. Distraction, in the form of a TV or sound system playing in another room, siblings running and dissertation, shouting elsewhere in the home while the student tries to concentrate, babies crying, even cooking smells drifting in to make the mouth water, pets wandering in and demanding attention or feeding, all are potential downsides to teaching in a student’s home. I would imagine that at least some of the same situations would apply to Skype/Google students, even if they are using headphones. Another good one – thanks. Added to the end of the “cons” list.
I’ve found those exact distractions at the undercover thesis, one my trumpet teacher’s home! But an understandable challenge all the same. Great Article. I have been kicking the tires on introducing SKYPE and GOOGLE+ lessons to resume tips, Lessons In Your Home (our in-home music school). But I think we are going to take the plunge. The Undercover Parent. I guess one aspect i can’t get over munro essays, is starting beginners, which we do often. I have 0 experience teaching “distance” lessons. I am assuming incorrectly that the con list gets mush bigger when focusing on just beginners. I’m thinking of the undercover aspects like: A. how to hold, handle, manipulate, and research papers on immigration, approach your instrument. B. Posture (not sure how much you can see)
C. Feel, is there a key, pad or valve that’s sticking. Jay, I suspect you’re right about that. I do suspect that self-directed learners are easier to the undercover, teach via Skype than beginners, so I think it’s extra critical that the parent be present, to thesis bibliography chicago, the point where they’re almost taking lessons too. The Undercover Thesis. Of course, self-directed learners are also easier to teach in person than beginners too. #128578; Chad, thank you for taking the munro, time to create this marvelous infolist!
I’m just thinking about trying this, and will look into the Google method. I just know that you’ve taken a lot of the rocks out of the road for a teacher just starting to the undercover parent, try this out! I will definitely require a parent present, which I actually require for regular lessons, anyway. Research Papers. I think I’ll actually try it with a teacher friend first, too! Beverly Holt Guth. thanks for the extensive and the undercover parent thesis, informative list. Resume Tips. I am a student and my teacher has moved to the US. We will try online teaching and hopefully it works.
It is possible when playing an electrified instrument to plug an output from the amp (using the effects loop) directly into the mic input of the laptop. this would improve sound quality- but then you need to find a work around for the voice mic- which is automatically disabled. thanks again. My experience with “long-distance” learning is that no beginner can succeed. There are simply too many bad habits and bad practices that can’t be communicated even via Skype. Parent. The only success I’ve ever had with teaching folks at a distance was with those that already played pretty damn well and were able to follow directions. Hmmm…what about a combination of half live and half Skype? Do you think that’d be more doable and realistic to dissertation org ua, achieve? Hi Penny, even doing all Skype lessons is “realistic to achieve” – it’s just a matter of opportunity cost for you and your students (i.e. how much are your students missing out on each time they have a Skype lesson, and thesis, how much are you missing out on when you give them).
Pingback: Singing Lessons Via Skype or Google+ - Celeste Siciliano. Now tell me, [ before this semi pro adult, begins taking again next tuesday via sype] Does the few second delays ”mess with the inter-action” between out of state teacher and myself/. It just seems like we interupt one another be the question/ That last part of your message doesn’t make any sense to me – perhaps resubmit your comment and I’ll take a stab at answering it… Also please be more specific about what you mean by “interaction” – talking? Playing? What are you asking specifically? What kind of webcam do you and your students use? Do you have problems with lag or with choppy frames?
thanks for thesis chicago the pros and cons list. Parent. I’m moving to Germany soon and looking to keep a few of my piano students. I’m going to invest on job application the cam and mic you recommend. Quick question about your webcam set-up: do you toggle between overhead and side-cam? What is your ideal placement?
Also- what is your mic placement like with the Yeti? Wow, good luck on the move to Germany! That’s quite a move. I thought moving across the country from the undercover Reno to Pittsburgh was a big deal… I don’t toggle between overhead and side cam, but that would be awesome if I could. I’m sure there’s an easy way to albert essay the world see it, do that, but I just haven’t looked into parent thesis it.
I place my webcam on the music rack of the piano my students use during lessons – I teach on two pianos. My piano is to dissertation, the left of the student’s piano (so it would be “secondo” in a two-piano piece). I prefer students place their webcams as close to the undercover thesis, where my head normally is when I teach. We get used to certain views of things, and I think it helps our intuition to not have to job application for it officer, change our point of view. I think the Yeti can be placed just about the undercover thesis anywhere. Alice Essays. I place mine on top of my piano. thanks Chad. I’m looking forward to testing out the undercover thesis scenarios. A really helpful analysis of pros and cons, thank you! I have had trouble with Flute sounding as though it’s blowing overtones on Skype, and dissertation, dropping out, causing me to have to abandon the the undercover parent, call in the end.
Moreover, the time lag means I cannot play along as accompanist in Full Duplex. That said, I am able to do Half Duplex successfully for most purposes, such as for a Piano less and no problem with anything involving Orchestration, Composition, Music Technology. For Music Tech, I’ve found it’s essential that the student use a mobile device so it can swing round to show the resume, computer screen, and the undercover parent, other parts of the studio. Can be tricky if they’ve not got Skype on their phone yet, or their wifi is slow, and I’ve spent hours getting this going, that cannot be charged for. Tips. Obviously it’s necessary to use screensharing for detailed computer work, since the resolution on Skype is too fuzzy. Awesome list. The Undercover Parent. I teach piano and voice online and have a lot of research papers on immigration trouble with the voice lessons because of the audio normalization as well as the fact that while they are singing I can’t sing or play piano at parent, the same time and 2009 tips, actually hear anything they are singing.
I keep hoping for someone to write some better software of the undercover fix Skype. On the other hand piano lessons are great and like you said it’s really difficult to hear the difference between p and research papers on immigration, mp or f and ff. It was good to the undercover thesis, see this list to know that it’s not just me having these issues. Nice List. Thanks. Great list as I’m thinking about trying this. Another “pro” that I’m hoping will be the case. Essay As I See It. . .Continued lessons with the same great teacher you started with. The Undercover Parent Thesis. I’ve have a student whose family will be making a military move.
He has Aspergers Syndrome, so establishing the resume tips, social connection was the the undercover, challenge for albert him. He is 12 so totally into technology. . .so we’ll give it a try. Am considering teaching Skype lessons and have a question. Do teachers need to be extra careful when taking on Skype students, in respect to their practise committments? I’m guessing it’s much harder to thesis, handle the non practisers here, cos they tend to have more problems with rhythm and technique? I’d say that everything that is a problem in org ua normal in-person lessons is parent thesis, amplified when giving Skype lessons because of the extra challenges of communication, inability to research papers on immigration, play with the student, inability to point to their music, etc. In terms of mental fatigue, after each Skype lesson I feel like I’ve given 1.5 normal lessons. But since my Skype students have generally been adults, non-practicers haven’t really been a problem – adults tend to beat themselves up when they don’t practice, so you know they’re already doing their best to make time for practicing but can’t always manage.
Do you have to have two webcams, one in the laptop and a second USB one? – as a teacher I want to be able to see their fingers/keyboard and their face when I’m talking to them. Second questions – other websites mention an app called Music reader where you can annotate and the undercover thesis, both of you can see the same music. Dissertation Org Ua. Have you or anyone used this yet? Hi Heather, in the past I have not used two webcams, but I know that would certainly be helpful. The Undercover Parent. I haven’t used Music Reader yet, but I’m sure if anyone here has, they will chime in. Well after all that over-thinking it, over-researching it, I have a pupil in the US (I’m in the UK – he wanted to carry on with me) so I had to org ua, take the plunge. The Undercover Thesis. All that worry! Whe it cam down to it, all we ‘re using is my laptop on bibliography chicago a high stool, and he is using a tablet hitched onto a goose-necked holder attached to the undercover parent thesis, an ironing board. And everything works fine – no headphones, no speakers, no extra webcams.
Oh, all that worrying I did! I find that it takes me more time both before and after the lesson – any music we might want to do I need to org ua, think ahead and have it scanned and emailed. Any duets I have to play and record the duet part so he can play along at home – and not playing duets live is a BIG miss, I must say; I use them so much in face-to-face lessons. And I write up all the lesson notes and email them – in a face-to-face lesson I’m writing in the pupil’s notebook as we go along. But apart from those things, the sound is fine, the not-talking-at-the-same-time is getting better, I can see his fingers and parent thesis, if I do need to see the LH little finger, say, I ask him to re-position. Mother is dissertation, there all the time – but always has been, so that’s a big help. In response to Jay’s post (about five years ago!) I think and agree with many that teaching beginners is the undercover parent thesis, not something that I would try to research, do. I do spend a lot of time in the undercover face-to-face lessons moulding little fingers, helping wrists and arms float etc and I think putting all that into words and demos over Skype would be just too difficult. Maybe with parent there…but it does sound very tricky.
To be honest, I don’t enjoy it as much as a face-to-face lesson; possibly because of the dissertation, talking thing. I think I like to have a banter and a joke and parent, it’s harder over thesis chicago, Skype. But it’s working great with minimal equipment. Thanks again for thesis your article. Can a person teach lessons on an acoustic piano simply through Skype or does one need to org ua, hook the the undercover, internet up to albert essay, a keyboard?