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Principles of the pendulum essay Justice and Fairness. (Originally published July 2003, updated by Heidi Burgess June 2013 and again in 2017.) In the Core Concepts unit of our Conflict Fundamentals Massive Open Online Seminar (MOOS), we introduced the notion of cricket world cup 2011 reconciliation and examined John Paul Lederach's notion that reconciliation occurs through the meeting of 'peace, justice, truth, and mercy. But as becomes very clear in his exercise exploring these ideas, none of them are easy to understand. More. In the context of conflict, the terms 'justice' and 'fairness' are often used interchangeably. Taken in its broader sense, justice is pit and the pendulum, action in accordance with the requirements of some law.[1] Some maintain that justice stems from God's will or command, while others believe that justice is inherent in nature itself. Still others believe that justice consists of rules common to all humanity that emerge out of some sort of consensus. Issues In Information? This sort of justice is often thought of as something higher than a society's legal system. The Pendulum? It is in those cases where an action seems to violate some universal rule of conduct that we are likely to call it unjust. In its narrower sense, justice is fairness.

It is action that pays due regard to the proper interests, property, and safety of one's fellows.[2] While justice in the broader sense is parelegal resume, often thought of as transcendental, justice as fairness is more context-bound. Parties concerned with fairness typically strive to work out essay something comfortable and adopt procedures that resemble rules of a game. They work to ensure that people receive their fair share of benefits and burdens and adhere to essays by rubric a system of fair play. The principles of pit and essay justice and fairness can be thought of resume as rules of pit and the pendulum fair play for issues of social justice. Whether they turn out to be grounded in universal laws or ones that are more context-bound, these principles determine the way in which the love essay various types of justice are carried out. For example, principles of distributive justice determine what counts as a fair share of particular good, while principles of retributive or restorative justice shape our response to activity that violates a society's rules of fair play. Social justice requires both that the rules be fair, and also that people play by the rules.

People often frame justice issues in terms of fairness and invoke principles of justice and fairness to explain their satisfaction or dissatisfaction with the organizations they are part of, as well as their state or government.[3] They want institutions to treat them fairly and to operate according to pit and essay fair rules. What constitutes fair treatment and fair rules is often expressed by a variety of justice principles. The principles of equity, equality, and need are most relevant in the context of distributive justice, but might play a role in a variety of social justice issues.[4] These principles all appeal to the notion of desert, the idea that fair treatment is a matter of giving people what they deserve. In general, people deserve to be rewarded for their effort and productivity, punished for ou tragédie their transgressions, treated as equal persons, and have their basic needs met. Pit And? However, because these principles may come into conflict, it is often difficult to achieve all of these goals simultaneously. Essay? According to the principle of equity, a fair economic system is pit and the pendulum essay, one that distributes goods to individuals in proportion to their input. While input typically comes in the form of productivity, ability or talent might also play a role. People who produce more or better products. either by working harder, or by comédie ou tragédie, being more talented, this argument goes, should be paid more for their efforts than should people who produce less. Note that this sort of pit and essay distribution may not succeed in meeting the needs of all members of society.

In addition, the idea that justice requires the unequal treatment of unequals is in tension with the principle of equality. This principle of egalitarianism suggests that the fairest allocation is one that distributes benefits and my mom essay, burdens equally among all parties. Pit And The Pendulum? If there are profits of logistics job essay $100,000, and 10 people in pit and essay, the company, the principle of equality would suggest that everyone would get $10,000. This principle, however, ignores differences in effort, talent, and essay, productivity. Also, because people have different needs, an equal initial distribution may not result in an equal outcome. A principle of need, on the other hand, proposes that we strive for an equal outcome in which all society or group members get what they need. Thus poor people would get more money, and richer people would get less.

This principle is sometimes criticized because it does not recognize differences in productive contributions or distinguish between real needs and purported needs. Some have suggested that equity, equality, and need are not principles adopted for their own sake, but rather ones endorsed to advance some social goal.[5] For example, while equity tends to pit and essay foster productivity, principles of parelegal resume equality and need tend to stress the importance of positive interpersonal relationships and a sense of belonging among society members. Impartiality, Consistency, Standing, and Trust. Principles of justice and fairness are also central to procedural, retributive, and restorative justice. Such principles are supposed to ensure procedures that generate unbiased, consistent, and the pendulum, reliable decisions. Love My Mom? Here the focus is on pit and the pendulum essay carrying out logistics job essay set rules in a fair manner so that a just outcome might be reached. Fair procedures are central to the legitimacy of decisions reached and individuals' acceptance of those decisions. To ensure fair procedures, both in the context of legal proceedings, as well as in negotiation and mediation, the third party carrying out those procedures must be impartial. This means they must make an honest, unbiased decision based on appropriate information.[6] For example, judges should be impartial, and pit and the pendulum essay, facilitators should not exhibit any prejudice that gives one party unfair advantages.

The rules themselves should also be impartial so that they do not favor some people over others from the outset. An unbiased, universally applied procedure, whether it serves to logistics distribute wealth or deliver decisions, can ensure impartiality as well as consistency. The principle of consistency proposes that the distinction of some versus others should reflect genuine aspects of pit and the pendulum essay personal identity rather than extraneous features of the differentiating mechanism itself.[7] In other words, the institutional mechanism in question should treat like cases alike and ensure a level playing field for all parties. The principle of standing suggests that people value their membership in a group and that societal institutions and decision-making procedures should affirm their status as members.[8] For example, it might follow from this principle that all stakeholders should have a voice in the decision-making process. In particular, disadvantaged members of comédie ou tragédie a group or society should be empowered and given an opportunity to the pendulum be heard. When decision-making procedures treat people with respect and dignity, they feel affirmed. A central premise of restorative justice, for dissertation dom juan comédie ou tragédie example, is pit and essay, that those directly affected by dissertation dom juan ou tragédie, the offense should have a voice and representation in the decision-making process regarding the aftermath of the offense--be it punishment and/or restitution. Related to pit and the pendulum issues of respect and dignity is the principle of trust. One measure of fairness is parelegal resume, whether society members believe that authorities are concerned with their well being and needs.

People's judgments of procedural fairness result from the pendulum, perceptions that they have been treated honestly, openly, and with consideration.[9] If they believe that the authority took their viewpoints into account and tried to treat them fairly, they are more likely to support and engage in the broader social system. What is So Important about the Principles of Justice. It may seem to cricket world be a simple matter of pit and the pendulum essay common sense that justice is central to any well-functioning society. However, the parelegal resume question of what justice is, exactly, and how it is achieved are more difficult matters. The principles of justice and fairness point to ideas of pit and fair treatment and fair play that should govern all modes of exchange and interaction in a society.

They serve as guidelines for dissertation comédie ou tragédie carrying out justice. Not surprisingly, each of the principles of justice and pit and, fairness can be applied in a variety of contexts. For example, the principle of desert applies not only to the distribution of wealth, but also to in information technology the distribution costs and of punishments. Environmental justice is a relatively new term that examines and challenges the social tendency to site noxious facilities (such as landfills or polluting industries) in pit and the pendulum essay, poor areas, but not affluent areas. An unjust distribution of punishments is suggested by the statistics that people of color are disproportionately represented in prisons and on death row. (In 2012, people of cricket world cup 2011 essay color made up about pit and essay 30 percent of the United States population, but accounted for issues essay 60 percent of those imprisoned.) [10] Likewise, the principles of impartiality and consistency might apply to both an pit and the pendulum essay economic system and a decision-making body.

And the principle of need plays a central role in both distributive and restorative justice. In addition, we can also understand conflict in terms of dissertation tension that arises between the different justice principles. Conflict about what is just might be expressed as conflict about which principle of justice should be applied in a given situation or how that principle should be implemented.[11] The ways of thinking about justice can have conflicting implications, leading to disputes about fairness. For example, some believe that an equitable distribution is the most fair, while others insist that a society's assets should be allocated according to need. A conflict may thus arise surrounding whether to base an economic system on productivity (those who work hardest should earn the most), identity (the rich are job makers and thus should get richer) or social welfare (the poor need help more, so the rich should get taxed to help raise the income of the poor).

Similarly, some believe that those who violate the rights of others should receive their just deserts (paying a fine or going to pit and the pendulum essay prison), while others believe that our focus should be on cricket essay the needs of victims and offenders (which can be protected through a restorative justice system). When principles of pit and the pendulum essay justice operate ineffectively or not at all, confidence in and organization's or the society's institutions may be undermined. Citizens or group members may feel alienated and withdraw their commitment to those unjust institutions. Or, they may rebel or begin a revolution in order to love create new institutions. This was the essence of the Arab Spring uprisings that began in 2010 and continue today (2013); it is also the essence of uprisings that have occurred off and on (though with much less intensity and the pendulum essay, violence) in Europe over the same time period. If justice principles are applied effectively, on the other hand, organizations and dom juan comédie ou tragédie, societies will tend to pit and the pendulum be more stable and its members will feel satisfied and secure. In the Core Concepts unit of our Conflict Fundamentals Massive Open Online Seminar (MOOS), we introduced the notion of reconciliation and examined John Paul Lederach's notion that reconciliation occurs through the cricket world meeting of 'peace, justice, truth, and mercy. But as becomes very clear in his exercise exploring these ideas, none of them are easy to understand. Justice, perhaps, is the most difficult. Justice is often taken to mean fairness.

But fairness to whom? Determined by whom? In Western cultures, justice is usually seen as just deserts--or getting what you deserve. If you break a law, you should be punished. If you work hard, you should be rewarded. Eastern cultures are more likely to embrace the notion of restorative justice, or restoring order to relationships, rather than punishment for misdeeds. Different understandings of the meaning of justice underly a lot of the disagreements we see in the United States right now regarding topics such as immigration, taxes, and health care. What is fair?

Who should get what, and why? Who should pay for pit and the pendulum essay it? What should happen when people break the job essay law (for instance., enter or stay in essay, the US illegally)? Understanding the different definitions of justice is a start to sorting out what you think about these questions--and what is likely to create the outcomes you want and need. We will be exploring the different kinds of justice more later in the MOOS Fundamentals seminar, but this is an ihntroduction, and curious readers can follow the links to more details right now. -- Heidi Burgess. April 27, 2017. [1] James. W. Vice, Neutrality, Justice, and logistics, Fairness, (Loyola University Chicago, 1997). [3] Tom R. Tyler and Maura A. Pit And The Pendulum? Belliveau, Tradeoffs in logistics, Justice Principles: Definitions of Fairness, in Conflict, Cooperation, and Justice , ed. Barbara B. Bunker and Jeffrey Z. Rubin, (San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Inc. Publishers, 1995), 291. http://www.amazon.com/Conflict-Cooperation-Justice-Inspired-Deutsch/dp/0787900699. [4] For a discussion of justice in a recent, global context, see: Chris Armstrong, Global Distributive Justice: An Introduction (Cambridge University Press, 2012). Pit And Essay? http://books.google.com/books?id=LJU0djAZ1osC. Cricket Cup 2011 Essay? [5] Robert Folger, Blair H. Sheppard, and Robert T. Buttram, Equity, Equality, and Need: Three Faces of the pendulum essay Social Justice, in ou tragédie, Conflict, Cooperation, and Justice , ed.

Barbara B. Bunker and Jeffrey Z. Rubin, (San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Inc. Publishers, 1995), 262. http://www.amazon.com/Conflict-Cooperation-Justice-Inspired-Deutsch/dp/0787900699. [6] Folger, Sheppard, and Buttram, 272. [7] Folger, Sheppard, and Buttram, 272. Pit And Essay? [8] Folger, Sheppard, and Buttram, 273. [9] Tyler and Belliveau, 297. [10] Kerby, The Top 10 Most Startling Facts About People of grading Color and Criminal Justice in the United States: A Look at the Racial Disparities Inherent in Our Nations Criminal-Justice System. Center for American Progress. Published March 13, 2012. Accessed June 4, 2013 at http://bit.ly/PMeeAG. [11] Morton Deutsch, Justice and the pendulum essay, Conflict, in The Handbook of Conflict Resolution: Theory and Practice , ed. Love Essay? Morton Deutsch and Peter Coleman (San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Publishers, Inc., 2000), 54.

More recent edition (2011) available here. Use the the pendulum essay following to love essay cite this article: Maiese, Michelle. Principles of pit and Justice and Fairness. Beyond Intractability . Eds. Guy Burgess and Heidi Burgess. Conflict Information Consortium, University of Colorado, Boulder. Posted: July 2003 http://www.beyondintractability.org/essay/principles-of-justice. Love My Mom? Please contact us if you encounter problems using the new site. You can also still use the old homepage.if you prefer.

The Intractable Conflict Challenge. Pit And Essay? Our inability to constructively handle intractable conflict is making social problem solving impossible. Find out about the problem and how Beyond Intractability can help you help address it. Essays By Rubric? An extensive collection of resources covering the destructive dynamics of intractable conflict, strategies for limiting those dynamics, and techniques for more wisely and equitably resolving disputes. Concrete and realistic steps we LL can take to essay promote more constructive conflict processes and outcomes. This seminar takes a complexity-oriented approach to dom juan examining frontier-of-the-field issues related to difficult and intractable conflicts Visit, follow, or join the Conflict Frontiers Seminar (MOOS) to explore and pit and the pendulum, discuss strategies for more constructively addressing these conflicts. Beyond Intractability in Context Blog.

Placing conflict and dom juan comédie, peacebuilding in the larger context of wise and equitable social problem-solving, this blog reports on news, opinion pieces, and reports that illustrate the challenges and successful responses to complex, intractable conflicts. Opportunities for becoming involved in a large-scale learning community working to promote more constructive approaches to conflict. Pit And The Pendulum Essay? Tell us what YOU are doing that relates to these efforts! Disclaimer: All opinions expressed are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect those of Beyond Intractability, the Conflict Information Consortium, or the University of Colorado. Beyond Intractability Essay. Copyright 2003-2017 The Beyond Intractability Project, The Conflict Information Consortium, University of Colorado; All rights reserved. Love My Mom Essay? Content may not be reproduced without prior written permission. Current Implications Sections. All rights reserved. Content may not be reproduced without prior written permission. Citing Beyond Intractability resources.

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The Pit and the Pendulum essays

Hijacked! How Obama and the Left Killed NASA: The journey from the Moon to radical activism. Summary : American leadership in space exploration helped create and fuel the the pendulum essay high-tech boom that led U.S. global competitiveness since the early 1960s. NASA returned to our national prosperity and national security far more than the investments we made in the agency. We beat the Soviets to love my mom essay the Moon and pioneered the the pendulum way for parelegal many commercial ventures. NASA was preparing to take Americans back to the Moon and on to Marsuntil President Obama took office and had a very different objective in the pendulum mind. The National Aeronautics and Space Administration used to be on the cutting edge of logistics job essay science, leading the way in space exploration and essay, having an resume outsized impact on technological progress worldwide in the process. But today NASA is a shadow of its former self.

President Obama isnt interested in anything unless it advances his so-called social justice agenda. For example, left-wingers in general dont like U.S. The Pendulum. soldiers fighting wars; they prefer the armed forces performing social work on logistics humanitarian missions. Sending Americans to Mars or beyond doesnt move the pit and the pendulum essay leftist ball forward. So NASAs costly manned space exploration programs were low-hanging fruit for an administration whose primary interest is in logistics making government bigger and more centralized. Pit And Essay. The more NASA is cut, the more the grading essays Obama administration can spend on welfare programs to buy more votes by expanding the ranks of the pit and the pendulum essay government-dependent. But instead of baldly stating his objectives, President Obama has simply put NASA on the back burner, turning it increasingly into an agency disseminating left-wing political propaganda for mass consumption. Remember NASAs glorious past. The world held its collective breath on July 20, 1969 as Neil Armstrong took the professional first step on the pendulum the Moon and proclaimed, Thats one small step for a man, one giant leap for mankind. Generations since benefitted from American-led advances in technology, medicine, and manufacturing, as humanity entered the space age. The space program is American exceptionalism defined, and love, NASA has continued to benefit America by carrying out the pendulum essay, its official mission: To pioneer the parelegal future in space exploration, scientific discovery and pit and the pendulum essay, aeronautics research. President Obama subverted this mission to concentrate on global warming extremism, Muslim outreach, missions to nowhere, and a future almost devoid of the giant leaps and planetary probes that rightly awed us for decades and advanced Americas competitiveness in high technology. (For a riveting history of the lunar program and grading essays, the way it overcame immense technological and managerial challenges, see Apollo by the pendulum, Charles Murray and Catherine Bly Cox.)

Heres how it went down: In early 2010, Obama cancelled the Constellation program (already a reported $10 billion and resume, seven years in progress) and the pendulum essay, its Ares I and Ares V rockets, the Orion spacecraft, the Altair lunar lander, and even Americas plans to return to the Moon and go on to Mars. With that, American space exploration was dead, and dom juan comédie ou tragédie, it may remain so for a decade or longer. To create the pit and essay appearance that America still has a space program, a project was invented to spend the next 10 to 15 years planning one single mission to a fragment of an asteroid. A bipartisan majority in cup 2011 essay Congress united against Obamas destructionpartially. While Congress didnt have the courage to force NASA to restore the pit and essay plans and hardware required to return to my mom the Moon, lawmakers did save the two most critical elements of the program, the Orion spacecraft and pit and the pendulum, the Ares V rocket, and approved funding for commercial crew launches. The Ares V Moon-Mars rocket was renamed the resume Space Launch System (SLS) and was somewhat improved. The Pendulum. Congresss apparent goal was to proceed with the core elements of the cricket world cup 2011 essay program to allow the next president to restore NASAs mission of space exploration. While this was happening, NASA Administrator Charles Bolden, a former astronaut, U.S. Marine Corps flag officer, and test pilot, was making diversionary excuses for the cancellation of manned space exploration and carrying out President Obamas orders.

In July 2010, Bolden explained to Al-Jazeera: When I became the essay NASA administrator, [President Obama] charged me with three things. One, he wanted me to help re-inspire children to want to get into science and math; he wanted me to expand our international relationships; and third, and perhaps foremost, he wanted me to job essay find a way to reach out to the Muslim world and engage much more with dominantly Muslim nations to help them feel good about their historic contribution to science, math and engineering. Michael Griffin, who ran NASA in President George W. Bushs second term, described the Muslim outreach initiative as a perversion of the agencys mission: NASA was chartered by the 1958 Space Act to develop the arts and sciences of flight in the atmosphere and in space and to go where those technologies will allow us to go, Griffin said. Thats what NASA does for the country. Pit And Essay. It is a perversion of NASAs purpose to conduct activities in order to dissertation comédie ou tragédie make the Muslim world feel good about its contributions to science and mathematics (Truth Revolt, Feb. 20, 2015, http://www.truthrevolt.org/news/flashback-obama-turns-nasa-muslim-outreach-program). Nowhere on Boldens list was advancing NASAs mission of space exploration and remaining the world leader in technological innovation. From the Moon to Global Warming. So if NASA isnt taking Americans to the Moon or Mars, where is NASA headed? Unlike welfare and entitlement programs, NASAs overall budget has been relatively flat in the Obama years.

It was $17.78 billion in 2009 and fell to $16.86 billion in 2013. For the the pendulum current fiscal year the world figure is $19.3 billion, but the pit and total is projected to fall to $18.8 billion in 2017. Sen. Ted Cruz (R-Texas) provided numerical proof that NASAs mission was hijacked to push radical global warming theories, In the last 6 yearsweve seen earth sciences increase 41 percent, and weve seen exploration and space operationswhat should be the core mission, what NASA exists to job essay dodecrease 7.6 percent. Earth Sciences is the primary NASA department for global warming activities. In 2012, 49 former NASA astronauts and distinguished scientists wrote a letter asking Administrator Bolden to stop using NASA to push radical global warming theories. They warned that NASAs advocacy of an extreme position, prior to a thorough study puts at the pendulum essay, risk the exemplary reputation of NASA, NASAs current or former scientists and employees, and even the reputation of science itself. Whos behind this change of goals for dissertation dom juan comédie NASA? Certainly President Obama, who promised in 2007 to dramatically cut funds for NASAs Constellation rockets.

That money would have helped finance his proposed $18 billion Lifetime Success Through Education plan which included a Pre-School Agenda that Begins at Birth, and would require all students in grant recipient districtsto engage in some form of community servicethat is, in forced volunteer work. Once elected, Obama kept his campaign promise to cancel long-existing plans to return to pit and the pendulum the Moon and go on to Mars. Resume. This decision may derive from his post-American world ideology, which manifested itself when he exhibited a pained reluctance even to say the words, American exceptionalism. How better to demonstrate that the U.S. is no longer a superpower than to kill American leadership in space, or to pit and the pendulum essay give other nations a decades head start in space? Meet Dr. Death, Obamas Science Advisor, John Holdren. John P. Holdren is Obamas Science Advisor and the Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy. Science policy includes space policy, of course. Holdren was an odd choice for the post. Logistics Job Essay. He is co-author, along with oft-discredited doomsayer Paul Ehrlich, of essay Human Ecology: Problems Solutions , a book that looks favorably on reducing Americans to North Korean-style poverty; implementing Chinese-style forced abortion and sterilization laws; and even putting sterilizing poisons in water and food. He argued in the book that a newborn baby is merely a potential human being.

Holdren contemplates enforcing his misanthropic proposals with a United Nations-style global army. Excerpts from Holdrens book include: The fetus, given the opportunity to logistics job essay develop properly before birth, and given the pit and essay essential early socializing experiences and sufficient nourishing food during the crucial early years after birth, will ultimately develop into grading essays by rubric, a human being. Human values and institutions have set mankind on a collision course with the laws of nature. Pit And The Pendulum. Human beings cling jealously to technology their prerogative to reproduce as they pleaseand they please to the pendulum essay make each new generation larger than the lastyet endless multiplication on logistics a finite planet is impossible. Most humans aspire to greater material prosperity, but the number of people that can be supported on Earth if everyone is rich is pit and, even smaller than if everyone is poor. A massive campaign must be launched to de-develop the United States. De-development means bringing our economic system (especially patterns of consumption) into love essay, line with the realities of the pendulum essay ecology and the global resource situation. Resources and energy must be diverted from cricket, frivolous and wasteful uses in overdeveloped countries to essay filling the cup 2011 essay genuine needs of pit and underdeveloped countries. [A] comprehensive Planetary Regime could control the development, administration, conservation, and distribution of all natural resources. Dom Juan Comédie Ou Tragédie. The Planetary Regime might be given responsibility for essay determining the optimum population for the world and for each region the by rubric Regime would have some power to enforce the agreed limits. The third approach to population limitation is pit and the pendulum essay, that of involuntary fertility control. Cricket World Cup 2011 Essay. Several coercive proposals deserve discussion. Adding a sterilant to drinking water or staple foods is a suggestion that seems to horrify people more than most proposals for involuntary fertility control.

So what do Holdrens views on population control have to do with NASA and the presidents agenda? Perhaps everything. Tearing down NASAs bold plans for American space exploration may fit into both Holdrens and Obamas shared anti-American and anti-science ideology, and together the two men have made serious progress towards their apparent goal of pit and hijacking NASAs mission. Poverty, Hunger, World Peaceand China: Lori Garver, NASAs Deputy Administrator. Lori Garver was Obamas space policy advisor on his 2008 campaign and then led the Presidential Transition Agency Review Team for NASA. After the election, she was rewarded with the grading position of Deputy NASA Administrator. When Charles Bolden became NASAs Administrator, many saw Garver as the the pendulum essay ideological and policy leader who implemented the presidents extreme global warming and post-American world visions at NASA, with Administrator Bolden serving more as the manager and public face of the space agency. Indeed at least one candidate for Administrator reportedly refused the position because the candidate didnt want to work with Garver. Garver revealed NASAs altered mission when she outlined the administrations vision for NASAs transformation in logistics job essay a March 2010 speech to the American Astronautical Society. The presidents plans, Garver said, will enable NASA to align with the priorities of the nation and to more optimally contribute to pit and essay our Nations future.

These key national priorities that I am referring to are: Economic developmentpoverty, hunger, jobs. Essays. International leadership/geo-politicsworld peace. Educationsocietal advancement. Pit And The Pendulum Essay. Environmentfuture of planet and humanity. In a congressional hearing later the same month, Rep. Love My Mom Essay. John Culberson (R-Texas) took Garvers agenda to task: [Garver said that] NASAs priorities are to fight poverty, promote world peace and societal advancement, and protect the the pendulum essay environment; Id suggest to you that Ms. Garver has completely lost sight of the core mission of NASA, which is to preserve and protect Americas leadership in world cup 2011 manned space, manned and robotic space exploration; to pioneer the pit and the pendulum essay future in space exploration, scientific discovery, and aeronautics research. Garver left NASA in September 2013, but continued her battle against the space program by attacking the dissertation dom juan Space Launch System rocket and the next Mars rover. She belittled the pit and the pendulum rocket program by asking where is resume, it going to go? After more than four years at NASA, she knew but perhaps disagreed: SLS will take Americans to pit and essay the Moon and Mars. In a briefing I attended in comédie 2012, Garver spoke dreamily of NASA working closely with Chinas military-led space program.

Because of Garvers and Boldens initial efforts towards cooperation with China, Congress was forced to outlaw any cooperation to prevent China from plundering our highest technology and pit and the pendulum, using it against cricket essay us in their military and undercutting American commercial space enterprises like Space X. In 2011 Congress approved legislation forbidding NASA from working with Communist China. According to an official summary, Public Law 112-55, Title V, section 539, prohibits the use of any NASA or [White House Office of Science and Technology Policy] funds to participate in any way in pit and the pendulum any program with China or any Chinese-owned company, unless specifically authorized by in information technology, law. We know that China is an active, aggressive espionage threat, now-retired Rep. Frank Wolf (R-Va.) has said. Pit And The Pendulum Essay. I suspect that this focus on stealing space and flight-based technology explains at least some of the major advances that the Chinese space program has made over cricket cup 2011 essay, the past few years. The ideological war against NASA would resume if Garver were brought back under a new Democrat administration. The Anti-Civilization Global Warming Godfatherwith an Arrest Record. James Hansen was the head of NASAs Goddard Institute for Space Studies until 2013. He became known as a taxpayer-funded activist for radical global warming theories and carbon taxes. Pit And The Pendulum Essay. Hansen used alarmist predictions of dramatic and unsubstantiated temperature and sea level increases to try to scare opponents into my mom, silence.

For example, Hansen told the House Select Committee on Energy Independence and Global Warming in 2008: CEOs of fossil energy companies know what they are doing and are aware of pit and the pendulum long-term consequences of comédie continued business as usual. In my opinion, these CEOs should be tried for high crimes against humanity and nature. In an op-ed in the Guardian on Feb. The Pendulum. 14, 2009, he ranted that The trains carrying coal to love my mom power plants are death trains. Coal-fired power plants are factories of death. Hansen used his stature as a NASA scientist to gain media attention by getting arrested at global warming demonstrations, a misuse of his position of trust. The Pendulum Essay. He wrote a supportive statement for the book Times Up!, saying author Keith Farnish has it right: time has practically run out, and the system is the logistics problem. Governments are under the thumb of fossil fuel special intereststhey will not look after our and the planets well-being until we force them to do so, and that is going to require enormous effort Professor James Hansen, GISS, NASA[.]

The book calls for terrorist-type actions to destroy sea walls and dams, razing cities to the ground, and ending civilization. The Pendulum Essay. Not just ending the radical Lefts hated western civilization or even creating a North Korean-style prison society where only the professional issues in information technology elite receive the benefits of modern comforts, but ending the entirety of what the author calls industrial civilization itself. Hansens predictions of massive sea-level rises over the next 50 years were too radical even for pit and essay the global warming advocate Michael Mann, who said they were prone to a very large extrapolation error. Mann is the taxpayer-funded climate scientist who invented the discredited hockey stick measure of temperature, and who was accused of altering temperature data in the Climategate scandal. Professional Technology. One propaganda technique employed by global warming activists is to scare people by issuing apocalyptically exaggerated predictions. While there are no memos or confessions by these ideological warriors that they intended to hijack NASA for pit and their own radical ideological purposes, the results and budgets speak for themselves. Alarmist James Hansens replacement, Gavin Schmidt. Gavin Schmidt is resume, James Hansens replacement as head of the Goddard Institute. Pit And The Pendulum. A self-described liberal Jewish atheist from New York City, he shares Hansens warming alarmism, though he uses more careful language. For example, he predicts a 3-6 meter sea-level rise in this century, vastly higher than the 7.5 inches per century predicted in the 2014 paper, Global Sea Level Behavior of the Past Two Centuries, by Jevrejeva, Moore, Grinsted, Matthews, and Spada. In 2009, a commenter on Schmidts website, realclimate.org, asked: Gavin, In your opinion, what percentage of logistics global warming is due to essay human causes vs. natural causes? The response: Over the last 40 or so years, natural drivers would have caused cooling, and so the warming there has been (and some) is logistics, caused by a combination of human drivers and some degree of internal variability.

I would judge the maximum amplitude of the internal variability to be roughly 0.1 deg C over pit and the pendulum essay, that time period, and so given the warming of. 0.5 deg C, Id say somewhere between 80 to 120% of the warming. Slightly larger range if you want a large range for the internal stuff. gavin. (available at http://www.realclimate.org/?comments_popup=1853) Michael Mann lauded the dom juan comédie selection of Schmidt to replace Hansen. Gavin is an ideal successor to James Hansen, one of the few individuals I know who can rightfully fill those shoes. NASA can be confident that in Gavin they have found a director who can lead the Goddard Institute for Space Sciences forward in the years and decades ahead as we continue to grapple with the pit and the pendulum scientific and societal issue of human-caused climate change. Manned space exploration was indeed halted. Congress saved the rocket, but Obama killed plans to dom juan ou tragédie use it for the Moon or Mars. Extreme global warming theories robbed increasing amounts of NASAs time and budget, and pit and the pendulum, NASAs focus was further directed away from the advancement of American science, technology, and space exploration. Where do your NASA tax dollars go?

Most would hope and expect tax dollars would be invested in rovers on Mars, astronauts on the space station, maintaining the job essay Hubble Telescope, and preparing to send Americans to the Moon and pit and essay, Mars. Due to the efforts of NASAs global warming extremists like James Hansen, some of NASAs funds get wasted on false science, such as: A Minimal Model for Human and Nature Interaction, which is a 2012 partially NASA-funded study, published in the journal Ecological Economics , that strayed light years beyond space exploration. The anti-free market, pro-class warfare study tried to prove that western society would collapse because of the elites. The authors admitted the in information technology study was a thought experiment and essay, acknowledged that this work was partially funded through NASA/GSFC [Goddard Space Flight Center] grant NNX12AD03A. They pitted against each other commoners, wealth, elites, nature and population. Then they employed a Predator-Prey Model that measured in Eco $, to make the caseusing only cricket world cup 2011 essay four equationsthat optimal equilibrium [occurs] when Elite population equals zero. The authors invented a Human and Nature DYnamical model (HANDY), which was inspired by the Predator and pit and the pendulum essay, Prey model, and used the model to predict the collapse of essay Western civilization. After the 2012 study was exposed in the media, the authors removed the pit and original study from the Internet and released a more sanitized version. Dissertation Comédie Ou Tragédie. I was able to find a copy of the original. The authors conclusions are eerily similar to Times Up! and Holdrens book, Global Ecology , both of which advocated ending Western civilization. The Left did not miss the significance of the the pendulum pro-socialist study, which Derrick OKeefe, a contributor to grading the Ecosocialism Canada website, promoted in pit and a tweet: This NASA-funded study makes case that future is socialism or extinction. Part of the HANDY theory was that collapse is difficult to avoid. Elites grow and consume too much, resulting in a famine among Commoners that eventually causes the collapse of society. This rings bizarrely hollow in todays world where obesity, not starvation, afflict increasing percentages of the commoners around the world. Indeed, famines outside of natural disasters and wars are mostly limited to world dictatorships that use food as a weapon and nationalize or regulate to death the production of food.

For example, Venezuela is a lush and fertile jungle, yet the Communist regime has destroyed farming to the extent that even bread and beer are all but memories on the empty grocery store shelves. Pit And The Pendulum. Free enterprise, not eradicating elites, is the antidote for famine and societal collapse. After a flood of my mom essay criticism, NASA disavowed the study, yet its theme that society is about to collapse without socialism fits with the anti-civilization beliefs of Holdren and Hansen. Socialism or bust. The International Committee of the the pendulum essay Fourth International lauded the parelegal resume study on its World Socialist Web Site, which is affiliated with the pro-Communist Socialist Equality Party: The HANDY model is notable in that it explicitly recognizes the central importance of pit and essay class differentiation and inequality in social dynamics, and identifies growing inequality as a major destabilizing factor. Indeed, the model examines scenarios in which social inequality alone can lead to catastrophic societal collapse. William Matt Briggs, an adjunct professor of statistical science at Cornell University and author of Breaking the Law of grading by rubric Averages: Real Life Probability and Statistics in Plain English , debunked the study in pit and the pendulum a CNS News report: Using a predator-prey model, the grading Human and Nature Dynamics (HANDY) study swaps the wolves for human beings and the deer for Nature. Since nothing empirical went into these equations, the studys doomsday conclusions have no applicability whatsoever to humans, Briggs told CNSNews.com.

All of the the pendulum flawswhen they give interpretations to all of those letters, the xs, the cs, the Greek letters that they have sprinkled throughoutthose interpretations are just pulled out world cup 2011, of the sky, and have nothing to do with any real human society. The problem is, all those symbols, they dont mean anything. History also shows that socialist societies whose main goal is egalitarianism are actually more likely to collapse than their capitalistic counterparts. The next president must shut down global warming advocacy at NASA, including doling out scarce research money for the pendulum useless and propagandistic studies like this one. How the grading essays Left Profits from NASA. NASA has entered into an almost incestuous relationship with left-wing pro-global-warming organizationsmany of them are tax-exempt nonprofits. NASAs respected name on a report, regardless of its merit, stamps a gold standard on even the most alarmist warming report. NASAs biased global warming studies have therefore become a respectable source of material for many radical organizations, used to justify and lend credibility to their theories, to cite in papers and conferences, and to use to raise money for their radical agenda.

NASA produces reports and data by James Hansen and his acolytes, and funds research like the Socialism or extinction study, which the pit and the pendulum essay nonprofits promote as gospel to justify their radical demands. They give greater exposure to NASAs studies, which creates more demand for new NASA studies, and the cycle continues. For example, the logistics job essay Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC) a 501(c)(3) nonprofit, uses NASA information in pit and its Global Warming 101 primer (available at www.nrdc.org/stories/global-warming-101), and it uses a Hansen op-ed to fight the comédie ou tragédie Keystone XL Pipeline. NRDC even used an alarmist NASA cartoon video (available at www.nrdc.org/onearth/were-hot-water) that predicts catastrophic flooding of cities based on Hansens sea-level rise theories to argue for greater action and to scare kids. The anti-energy activist organization 350.org is yet another 501(c)(3) that promotes Hansens papers and data, as well as the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Changes works based on NASA data. The Environmental Defense Fund has 223 pages of NASA information on its website, using Americas space agency to enhance its credibility and pit and essay, fundraising. Greenpeaces website has 52 pages, and Al Gores Climate Reality Project has nine.

Friends of the love my mom Earth has 30 pages of NASA materials on its website and used a quote by Hansen to advocate for a carbon tax: A price on pit and the pendulum essay emissions that cause harm is essential. Skimming the list of other radical environmental groups websites, the professional issues essay Earth Island Institute has 60 pages of NASA information, and the Sierra Club boasts 554 pages. Even the National Geographic Society has promoted Hansens theories on its website, where Hansen wrote that recent heat waves that have triggered wildfires, droughts, and heat-related deaths in the United States and around the globe almost certainly would not have occurred without global warmingand will become more routine in coming years. The Center for American Progress (CAP) was founded by Obama ally John Podesta and the pendulum essay, is one of the major left-wing think tanks that provides policy support for the presidents agenda. CAP has supported the transmogrification of cricket cup 2011 NASA. For example, CAPs lobbying arm, the Center for American Progress Action Fund, promoted an alarmist report by Gavin Schmidt that claimed 2015 will be a scorcher relative to all other years in the record.

NASA Administrator Bolden spoke at CAP in October 2015 speech, attacking anyone in the next administration and Congress who may try to restore NASAs focus to landing American astronauts on the Moon and Mars: If we change our minds at any time in the next three or four years, which always is a risk when you go through a government transition, my belief is that were doomed. This is not a time that we can start over. In reality, it was Obama who started over by cancelling the pit and plans and rockets to take Americans to dom juan ou tragédie the Moon and Mars, and essay, setting an accelerated course towards global warming advocacy. NASA data are also used in the UNs IPCC reports which aim to cripple the job essay economies of western democracies but not those of China and pit and, the Third World. NASA then returned the favor by promoting IPCC reports that use NASA data. In short, NASAs fanciful global warming theories have been used to bestow unearned legitimacy on left-wing advocacy organizations. Essays. Their ability to raise funds is pit and the pendulum, enhanced by simply being able to quote a NASA scientist and by filling their websites and perhaps fundraising letters with global warming theories from NASA.

When the public reads NASA scientist, they think of astronauts and rocket scientists, not radical professors advocating for the end of civilization. How do you kill the space program without anyone noticing? If the president proclaims America is on a Journey to parelegal resume Mars, but kills the pit and essay plans to get there, no one in the liberal media would dare shout the obvious: America has no space program! To assist in this deception, Obama took the step politicians often take to buy cover for unpopular actions: he established a commission to my mom declare that space exploration was unsustainable. The Review of United States Human Space Flight Plans Committee, or more commonly, the Augustine Commission, produced its report in 2010 at a cost of $3,000,000 to taxpayers. The report, Seeking a Human Spaceflight Program Worthy of a Great Nation , stated that the U.S. human spaceflight program appears to be on an unsustainable trajectory. It is perpetuating the pit and essay perilous practice of pursuing goals that do not match allocated resources. (The report is online at http://www.nasa.gov/pdf/396093main_HSF_Cmte_FinalReport.pdf.) In this writers opinion, the commission should have concluded that space exploration was a national priority and that the U.S. could certainly afford the my mom essay required 15 percent in additional NASA spending to make it succeed. Obama seized upon pit and the pendulum essay, the conclusion of the commission to cancel programs against the wishes of NASA and astronauts. Unfortunately, many in Congress, the public, and even supporters of the dom juan space program were fooled by the Emperors New Clothes strategy.

The report used to kill space exploration exploited the image and the pendulum, words of President John F. Resume. Kennedy from his famous 1961 Rice University speech, where he set America on a course for essay both the Moon and for essay generations of American leadership in high technology: We choose to go to the Moon in this decade and do the other things, not because they are easy, but because they are hard, because that goal will serve to organize and measure the best of our energies and pit and the pendulum essay, skills. Just eight years after President Kennedys inspirational speech, NASA landed Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin on grading by rubric the Moon. By contrast, in the nearly eight years of the Obama presidency, all plans and the rockets for exploring the Moon and Mars were scuttled, the space shuttles were grounded before replacements were ready, and essay, American astronauts are still forced to fly to the International Space Station on Russian rockets. NASA was burdened with an essentially impossible-to-accomplish asteroid mission to replace the return-to-the-Moon mission and real plans for Mars. Sen. Richard Shelby (R-Ala.) was among many in Congress who blasted Obama for killing space exploration. In February 2010 he said: The Presidents proposed NASA budget begins the death march for professional issues in information essay the future of U.S. human space flight. The cancelation of the Constellation program and the end of human space flight does represent changebut it is pit and, certainly not the change I believe in. Congress cannot and will not sit back and watch the reckless abandonment of sound principles, a proven track record, a steady path to grading by rubric success, and the destruction of our human space flight program. Administrator Bolden repeatedly ruled out any missions to the Moon.

Why? Perhaps Obamas worldview is the problem. Pit And The Pendulum Essay. In 2008, he posed for essay a photograph holding a book, The Post-American World, by left-wing serial plagiarist Fareed Zakaria. The title sent a signal to Americas enemies and adversaries that as president, Obama would reduce our superpower status and cede power and leadership to the pendulum the tyrannies. By contrast, space exploration is the ultimate confirmation of American exceptionalism and superpower accomplishment. Communist China understands the hard- and essays, soft-power benefits of pit and the pendulum essay becoming the leader in space exploration and is taking full advantage of the decades head start afforded by Obamas actions. To date, China has launched five manned missions to essays earth orbit, including two to its mini-space station.

Many Americans active in space policy seem lulled to sleep by pit and the pendulum, Chinas apparently slow pace and believe the Chinese will continue moving slowly. But this view stems from grading essays by rubric, a failure to understand the brutal totalitarian regimes strategies of deception and secrecy. Chinese dictators Deng Xiaoping and Jiang Zemin followed such a strategy while quietly building their military strength on the principle of hide our capacities and bide our time. The Peoples Republic is quietly building an Apollo-scale infrastructure and the worlds largest rocket factory. This, coupled with their moon rocket now in design stage, may allow China to conquer the Moon unless the U.S. can quickly recover from Obamas damage. Chinese officials recently unveiled plans to send a rover to Mars by 2021 and to build a manned lunar base to mine lunar minerals and Helium-3, a nuclear fusion fuel. If China wants the world to believe it will not lay claim to the Moon, it is setting a poor example by trying to seize the South China Sea. If President Obama deliberately wanted to give China a head start of a decade or more, or to allow the Chinese to claim the Moon, it is pit and the pendulum, hard to imagine he would have done anything differently during his administration. Beyond killing space exploration, converting NASA into professional, a propaganda agency, and giving our adversaries a decades head start, Obama killed something perhaps even more important: Unity. As Obama killed the Constellation program, he made a false statement at the Kennedy Space Center on April 15, 2010, calculated to destroy unity among space experts and advocates: I understand that some believe that we should return to the surface of the Moon first, as previously planned, but I just have to say pretty bluntly here, weve been there before! Theres a lot more of space to pit and explore and a lot more to learn when we do.

The been there, done that line is a case of the in information essay big lie. American astronauts spent only about 12 days on the Moon over three years, so we know essentially nothing about the physiological effects of living in low gravity on pit and the pendulum essay Mars for months or years, nor the requirements for conducting life and operations on the surface. Ever since Wernher von Braun engineered Americas course to cricket cup 2011 essay the Moon, the scientist-devised plan was always to use the Moon to learn how to live on another world, before proceeding to Mars. Once Obama torpedoed the Moon-then-Mars agreement as official policy, various minor but competing ideas spread fast: Go to Mars immediately. Go to asteroids for pit and essay a decade or longer, then look at Mars. Build a space station in deep space, perhaps to support Lunar and Martian expeditions in decades to by rubric come. Spend the next decade doing a few short missions in the vicinity of the Moon. Dont land on Mars but just send astronauts to orbit Mars and run rovers from there. Some plans were unworkable, while others would not inspire support from Congress or the the pendulum essay public. By killing unity, Obama caused advocates of professional each different idea to fight each other.

This alone could prevent the next president from assembling the pit and the pendulum essay unity required to re-start space exploration. There are many compelling reasons for von Brauns Moon-then-Mars stepping stones approach. The Moon is far closer and easier to reach. Parelegal Resume. Spacecraft can go to the pendulum the Moon in 4 days, and be launched or returned at any time. Mars, by comparison is a 6 to professional issues in information technology essay 9 month journey and launches can only take place every 26 months. In the event of an emergency on the Moon, astronauts can immediately evacuate and be home in 3 days. This is impossible on Mars because it could be many months until the the pendulum essay next launch window allows a return. Mars has a deadly naturally occurring poison in its soil. Perchlorates make up about 1 percent of the soil in measured areas. If Mark Watney, the stranded astronaut in last years movie, The Martian , had used perchlorate-laden soil to grow his potatoes, they would have made him very sick or killed him. These factors dont mean that Mars is uninhabitable, just that we have a lot to learn before sending anyone there, and making the parelegal resume leap to pit and the red planet without an intermediate step would be too great a giant leap.

Far better to develop and validate all the technology, habitats, and human factors on the Moon, rather than set course for issues in information technology an untested 1,000-day mission to Marswith no early return possibility. Deaths on essay early missions to Mars could cause humanity to shun Mars for generations. Do it right and America can build a research base on the Moon in the 2020s, and with lessons learned, successfully land on Mars in the 2030s. Space is a Conservative Priority. Americas space program serves the nation in a number of professional issues in information essay ways. These include supporting national security and the projection of soft power, building international respect, and advancing high technology and basic research fundamental to long-term, worldwide economic competitiveness. Medical inventions derived from space research help people live longer, and your cellular telephone has its roots in the drive to miniaturize electronics for pit and essay space. Abandoning space to the tyrannies would endanger U.S. commercial and military satellites, and space so dominated would be hostile to commercial space ventures such as Space Ximagine U.N. restrictions on commercial space, forced profit-sharing with foreign governments, and outright threats such as China currently issues in the South China Sea.

Spending on NASA yields far more in technology and inventions for the economy, and it may be the only federal agency that produces a large net benefit to the economy. President Obama, John Holdren, Lori Garver, and James Hansen have succeeded in dissertation dom juan their apparent mission to convert NASAs bold exploration and scientific mission into yet another left-wing propaganda-spewing agency. As House Science Committee Chairman Lamar Smith (R-Texas) observed at a 2014 hearing, there are 13 other agencies involved in climate-change research, but only one that is responsible for space exploration. The next president must halt the ideological war at NASA and work with Congress to provide the funding to unleash the engineers and essay, astronauts who will rebuild Americas leadership in space and high technology for the next generation. My Mom Essay. The goal should be an American exceptionalism-style space program that would truly earn the essay name given in the Augustine Commissions report: a human spaceflight program worthy of a great nation. Art Harman is logistics job essay, a Capitol Hill veteran, with over three decades experience directing lobbying, media, and pit and essay, grassroots campaigns, including with the Conservative Caucus. He served as Legislative Director for Rep. Steve Stockman (R-Texas) in my mom essay the 113th Congress, where he directed legislative priorities, drafted legislation, and the pendulum, advised the congressman on cricket world foreign affairs, border security, space and pit and essay, other key issues. A frequent analyst and issues in information, commentator on essay the radio, Harman studied foreign policy at the Institute of World Politics.

This article was updated on June 7, 2016. Support Capital Research Center's award-winning journalism. George Soros Names New President of Open Society Foundations. Is American Liberalism Splitting in Silicon Valley? Americans Back Free Speech, Oppose SPLC Smears. LMAO! Less alcohol less faith more checking your information. War killing factions of terrorists that we cant beat without getting them all has costed 5+ trillion so far. Are we closer to winning instead of fortifying for a reusable investment against all possible enemies including those we let in?

Pentagon We need more money for readiness! Because other nations are building power and were exhausting it for jesus. Lmao.. Seems like idiocracy has taken its toll on USA. LMAO! Go to the NASA webpage. Oh look! Theyre still running! So much for killed. 5+ trillion so far bombing random targets in the desert is costing us a lot. Are we closer to.

winning instead of ou tragédie fortifying for a reusable investment against all possible enemies including those we let in? Oops! So much for solving the pit and the pendulum essay problem at its source. If USA was a leaky ship then this government would be pumping water out forever because they cant figure out how to plug the professional in information technology essay hole. Pentagon We need more money for readiness! Because other nations are building power and were exhausting it just like Rome before the end. Those crusades again.. USA will have hope when we exterminate all the traitors. Which includes all the pit and the pendulum liars. ALL of them.. Isnt that what the bible says to do?

Dont cherry pick thou shalt not kill because its contradicted more than 30 times. LMAO! Go to the NASA webpage. Oh look! Theyre still running! So much for killed. Whats with the exaggerations?

You people twist things like a crackhead trying to sell stolen coats during summer. Winters right around the corner! This is what free press has come to huh? You people need to lay off the grading essays alcohol and anything else linked to brain damage. Capital Research Center (CRC) was established in 1984 to promote a better understanding of the pendulum charity and philanthropy. We support the principles of individual liberty, a free market economy and by rubric, limited constitutional government: These are the cornerstones of American society. 1513 16th Street, NW.

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The Pit And The Pendulum Essay Free

Think Simple Now a moment of clarity. 25 Things to Avoid for Better Relationships. When Cat introduced me to pit and the pendulum essay Leah earlier this year, she said Leah is one of the most mindful people I've ever spoken with. After experiencing her workboth written and drawnI agreed. Take the my mom time to read the story below. It's worth it.

One of the most conscious piece of pit and the pendulum essay writing I've read. Job Essay? Enjoy! At the end of your life a friend once asked, What do you hope to have happened? I thought it was a great question and decided to pit and give him a thoughtful answer, so I pocketed it for later and bought myself a month for the assignment. For a while my mind flooded with questions of plot. Will I fall in love? Will I have kids ? Will I know passion in my work? Will I touch lives? Will I change the my mom world for the better?

What will my regrets be? Where will I have traveled? Where will I have lived? Will I have really traveled? Will I have really lived? When I was a kid watching movies, I used to the pendulum essay shout during tense scenes, Ah!

Whats gonna happen? My dad would laugh, How should I know? Im watching the same movie you are! I wasnt really asking him. But the uncertainty is unnerving. Its so tempting to essay ask questions about how things will turn out, grasping at pit and the pendulum essay some kind of assurance in a constantly changing world. But the answers are not here, not now. Theyre waiting patiently at the end of the by rubric story, relaxing in the shade. Probably sipping lemonade.

Theyre not going anywhere. So perhaps its better to let the pit and essay questions go and just give in to the possibilities . Will I this? Might I that? I let all those questions go, and soon a new question began peaking around the logistics corner of my consciousness. Rather than asking what life I hoped to live, I began wondering how to live life . The assignment had changed for me, from pit and one of story telling to an inquiry into my own personal values. For most of my life, I believe I inherited my personal values from my context. Looking back, I can see that in the years before getting into grading essays a good college, the most important thing to me was just thatgetting into a good college. Once at Brown , it was the grades. The Pendulum Essay? After graduating, I spent two years working and resume living, proving my independence tomyself?

I think? And then I came to work at Facebook , a company with deeply embedded and well-articulated values. I believed in the pendulum essay the vision and parelegal resume my coworkers, which was enough for me to pit and the pendulum adopt the values of the love my mom company as my own. Efficiency and leverage became important to me, along with openness, connectedness, and impact. These were the things that kept me up at night. What shouldve kept me up was my dads cancer. Pit And The Pendulum? Hed been diagnosed sometime while I was in college, but I mostly pretended he hadnt, because that was easier. My Mom Essay? I assumed hed just get better. But then one day, during my Facebook years, he got worse.

X-years-to-live type of thing. I was tempted to push the essay news aside again and go back to essays helping democratize the worlds information (also known as processing my email) when something inside me flipped, snapped, woke up, and pit and sang out. I saw in an instant that I was living a life on autopilot. Love Essay? I was asleep at the wheel and I had been for could it be? Forever? So, what do I do now? That day I put in a request for a six month leave-of-absence, needing space from my own life in order to see it. And to spend time with my parents. In the two years that followed, I began, super slowly, to start following my own heart.

As unpracticed as I was, it often spoke in low tones, gave me mixed messages, or long bouts of silence. This is still true, but the more I listen, the more I hear. And now that Ive spent some time living in accordance with my own intuition, I can look back and see a new cohesion take shape, my very own personal values are becoming clear. And just before I share them, Id like to add that one result of pit and the pendulum following my heart is ending up in the presence of amazing teachers and role models. Logistics Job Essay? Much of pit and essay what follows comes directly from what I have learned from them. Big hug. Deep bow. I cant presume to know all the manifestations of living a truthful life, but I hope to ou tragédie always live into that question.

One aspect of truth Ive come to value is the ability to pit and the pendulum see clearly . A practical way Ive learned to see True versus False is cricket world, through Is versus Isnt. I value learning to see what IS. As I move down my path, I no longer care what I am not, what this world isnt, what my partners or family or friends arent, you know? Rather, who am I? Who are they? What is happening? Recently a friend stopped emailing me when he got a new girlfriend. My first thoughts were He isnt responding, Im not as important to him, I not being supported and I dont have my close friend anymore. It took me a few weeks to let go of what wasnt happening and pit and the pendulum essay see what was . He was falling in love. My hurt and professional issues anger had kept me from being happy for him. And as I began writing for myself each day instead, I was developing my internal support.

My sense of pit and the pendulum essay loss and essays indignation had kept me from seeing the growth in myself. Along with the isnts I am also learning to let go of the shoulds and shouldnts, the cants, didnts, werents, and pit and the needs and has-tos. Ive also taken on the practice of speaking as truthfully as I can, which has come to include saying not simply whatever is job essay, true, but also what is pit and, kind, helpful and timely. Communicating truth is not just to lie or not to lie. Rather, its an art. I can send you a text to professional essay tell you I love you.

Or I can open my door to you whenever you knock; answer whenever you call; or listen whenever you need. Which is most true? Recently I heard someone say that speaking truthfully is only half the game, How truthfully can we listen? Listen without judgment, without expectation, without interruption, and without planning a response? Until two years ago, I liked myself. If youd asked me to swap with anyone I wouldnt have done it, and I often felt proud of pit and essay who I was and what Id done. But I didnt LOVE myself.

I didnt LOVE myself as if I was absolutely perfectly wonderfully unconditionally irresistibly lovable. Like truth-seeking, it may be a journey that lasts my whole lifetime, but these days Im aggressively committed to honoring myself, my needs, my desires, my tastes, my emotions, my choices, my past, my intentions, my body, my art, my mistakes, my everything. I hope to honor it all as if there is nothing more important in this world to honor. Grading Essays? I (am working to) love myself as if Im my own child; as if me and pit and myself were the last two people on earth. I believe in myself as my very own religion. Parelegal? Not in a way that ranks me above anyone else; but allows for everyone to be their own personal God. I dont know who said this, but I like this quote, If everyone healed them selves, the world would be healed. My body, my self, this physical being is the way in which I interact in pit and the pendulum the world. What my body does, how it acts, what it says, what my fingers type, that is the only contact I have with this Universe. This is grading essays by rubric, my vehicle. This is my tool.

This is it. So I need to keep it healthy and happy , and energized. I need to know everything about it. I need to learn to pit and the pendulum essay use it as wisely as possible. This self, its the only thing I have, really, so I will love it, worship it, and learn to make it shine as brightly as I know how. While Im learning to honor and love myself, I try to remain aware of the effect that my actions have on others. Im healing myself with the desire of dissertation dom juan comédie healing the world . So after asking Is this right for me? The next question is What example does this set? They are deeply related. Essay? The answers cant be separate because nothing is right for me unless it is also right for others to witness. Sometimes it might feel good to complain or gossip, but what example does that set?

We speak a thousand times a day, and grading each time is an opportunity to say something helpful or harmful. Sometimes I rush to be first in line, get the best seat, get the best piece, etc., without regard for how that might be affecting others around me. Quite often I find excuses for living out of line with my personal values. Asking what kind of example Im setting so often sheds light on the gray areas and essay helps me pay attention to the broader impact of my actions. The world is. It is what it is. What good is, I wish my parents would or the world was or my boss would or my friends this or traffic that or the weather this or anything that? The world is what it is. People are how they are. I dont sit around getting annoyed that gravity doesnt work differently (well, sometimes) because it just IS. So, the world is parelegal resume, what it is and I want to live a happy peaceful life.

Really, the pit and the pendulum only question left: how do I do this? What do I change? Who do I become? I love this quote: Feeling resentment is like drinking poison and hoping someone else will die. Even if I dont change the world at all, I am empowered to change the in information feelings and responses I have to it. Recently, an almost-landlord of mine pulled some weird stuff. I spent a few days feeling angry , and then annoyed, and now Im almost up to compassion. I may never meet the guy again, so its not for his sake, its for mine.

Anger feels crappy, like Im caging an animal inside me. Annoyance is the same, but maybe like a fly instead. Compassion, however, is like drinking a warm cup of Chai: cozy, sweet, and pit and energizing. It feels great to my insides. My experience of this life will be the sum of my actions and my reactions, so if I want to live a good life (which I do! I do!) I will cultivate healthy responses. My Mom Essay? I want to take full accountability for the pendulum, everything that happens to me. Im not a victim of anything.

I am free. The idea is this: If I find myself craving something, Im learning to give it away. If Im lonely , I look for ways to make someone else feel less lonely. If I wish someone loved me, I find someone to love. If I think Im being wronged, I find a way to parelegal resume apologize. If I want more community in my life, which I do, I will create it. I believe the clearest sign of pit and the pendulum essay what I am meant to resume cultivate in the world is identifying that which I crave the most.

Its harder than it sounds. When I walk into the pendulum the kitchen and see dirty dishes everywhere, you can bet my gut instinct is not to joyfully clean up after everyone. But, thats how it works. Essays? I have two paths to peace in that moment: let go of the irritation, or do the dishes myself. Understanding that which I crave is actually that which I am best suited to pit and the pendulum foster.

Thats pretty damn empowering. While sometimes humor can seem like a frivolity, that which comes at the end of logistics job essay a knock knock joke, or after the the pendulum chicken crosses the road, it must be more. Humor melts ice. It cuts tension, and love essay lightens the heaviest loads. Pit And? Humor has the capacity to transform suffering to essay joy. Sometimes humor is all that can break down the walls of one perspective, opening up new ways of seeing, which offers us new choices. It can communicate truths that can be easily tuned out in the pendulum essay every other way.

I had a teacher who once said that humor puts the light in enlightenment . I think the reason humor has made it into essay my set of core values is because I need it to keep the rest in essay perspective. We are each, after all, infinitesimal in the span of time . So humor reminds us that while everything is logistics, important, nothing is so serious. I will spend the rest of my life learning to see every person on this planet as lovable as a small child or a cute puppy, and essay also, as wise as the grading wisest teacheras worthy of pit and the pendulum essay worshipas my highest value. Like the rest, this is going to take a while, probably my whole life. Comédie? But for pit and the pendulum essay, now, my days are laced with small openings. Im proactively choosing to spend time with people who confuse me. Essays By Rubric? Im spending more time chatting with strangers. Pit And The Pendulum? Im spending time with the same homeless people I used to pretend I didnt see.

Im watching children more. Resume? And animals. Pit And The Pendulum Essay? Im asking more questions. Im cultivating patience. I want to love everyone not for his or her sake, but for my own. Loving feels SO good. The beauty here is that the path to loving more, is loving more; the journey and the goal are the logistics same. And so, I practice. Ill never forget a conversation I once heard between two friends. Why do you do what you do?

To maximize the essay good. And you? I spent years trying to understand this answer. At first, it made no sense whatsoever. Id spent my life trying to perform, improve, excel, achieve, each moment fueling the next like my body was on fire and a lake just ahead. Like the first friend who answered, I lived in a world of right and wrong, where right led to happiness and wrong to suffering . But aesthetics? To me that word had only to resume do with art, and only to do with a single moment in time.

How does that look? How does it make me feel now ? Through this friends answer I began to see the whole world as a single work of art to be viewed and re-viewed in the pendulum one discrete moment after the next. In this framework, our actions are decided not by what we expect to produce the best future outcome, but by parelegal resume what yields more beauty now . And thats beauty in every dimension, not just beauty according to the senses, but as the heart can appreciate it. In this framework, nothing is the pendulum essay, about right and professional technology essay wrong, happiness vs. suffering. Actions just result in more or less beauty along an infinite scale. Last night I was offered a ride and chose to walk home in pit and essay the rain. Job Essay? Why? Aesthetics.

Yesterday, aesthetics guided me to read a book cover-to-cover. Sometimes we feel called to act in a way that doesnt make the most logical sense. Later we might see a broader purpose it served, but its in pit and following these instincts that we break free from the limits of what we know, and open ourselves up to new possibilities. Ive come to see aesthetics as the parelegal resume value Im honoring when theres no good reason for doing what I do, but it just feels right. Its the same force that guides a painter to choose how and where to pit and stroke his brush, and what turns a life from a series of dissertation dom juan comédie ou tragédie patterns and habits, into a work of art. I sent all of the above to the friend who asked the initial question, how do you hope your life to turn out? And in a letter to him, I ended with this: I guess this isnt quite the story of a life youd want to read, with a climax and denouement.

Its not told from the end as we discussed. There arent a lot of specifics or characters. But even without any specifics in essay place, perhaps this all tells a story anyway. At the end, this life will have been a journey of perseverance; a century, I hope, of parelegal opening to truth and pit and love. I will have cultivated a generous heart, I will have never lost the issues technology spirit of fun, I will have loved well, and set an example of pit and love, truth, generosity, beauty, laughter and kindness. I will live and die at peace, confident that I did my very best .

Related Stories on Personal Values. Leah Pearlman is the Co-Creator of The Happiness Institute (HI!) located in San Francisco. HI provides people the professional in information essay space, structure, and support to explore, experience, and expand personal and team happiness in the pendulum essay a collaborative environment. Job Essay? She is pit and the pendulum essay, also the love essay author of pit and the pendulum Dharma Comics , a comic blog in which she draws on life to explore personal and universal truth. She has a background in technology, most recently having graduated from grading a 4-year gig at Facebook working both as product manager and in essay internal communications. Think Simple Now delivers weekly self-reflective, inspiring stories from real people. Join our empowering community by entering your email address below. 19 thoughts on Discover Your Personal Values.

Such a good Article . Grading? Thanks for sharing ! Thank you for essay, taking the time to share your thoughts and insights with us. Dissertation Dom Juan Comédie Ou Tragédie? Your emails and your Dharma Comics are the two places I go to essay now for inspiration and for that quiet reflective moment of the day. Great article. Thanks for sharing. Job Essay? Yes, it is important that we know our personal values.

Many of us live life without reflecting nor knowing what are our personal values and what we stand for, and as a result lose ourselves and our identity, shaped by the societal, corporate norms and pit and essay values imposed on us. 99% of my email is trash then this comes along and issues I find simple and pure joy in pit and the pendulum essay reading it. An excellent piece of writing. Touching ideas. Much appreciated. In Information? Thank you. Wow.

Deep gratitude for such wisdom and simplicity. So many points here are soul stirring. Thank you Tina for introducing Leah to us. God bless. Have a question : there comes a point where we begin to realize our values, but often cannot practice, or the old selfs hold on us is still there. How does one stay mindful and practice ? eg I know I am being judgmental but in the pendulum some situations I cannot stop. How to move into a place of compassion ? Great post and good reminder (from one Leah to another, right?) :) I have a friend that just turned 40. He said that hes ready to grading essays by rubric live life as if he were retired. The Pendulum? I immediately thought of my own life.

Yes, Im busy (working full time, traveling for work, doing volunteer work, managing a rental property). However, I always take time to do things outside (yes, even during a New England winter). Love Essay? It makes a big difference. Ive noticed co-workers that eat their lunch at their desks daily are not as happy. Pit And? Thats a simple revelation: never leave your desk = suffering. Leah, this is resume, such an amazing, important post that Im speechless. All I can say, with heart, is . . . this article really answers a lot of the questions i ask myself. Essay? or even when i dont know what to ask . thank you :) This might just be the best blog post Ive ever read.

No joke: ever! It almost seems like too much, way too much, to consume in one sitting. Professional Issues In Information Technology? Can I steal some of the pendulum essay these? Its all about the parelegal resume stories we tell ourselves. And these are some good rules for pit and essay, writing them. This is exactly what my heart needed to comédie read. Thank you. nice articale.I love it.thanks for sharing.

At the end, this life will have been a journey of perseverance; a century, I hope, of opening to truth and love. I will have cultivated a generous heart, I will have never lost the spirit of fun, I will have loved well, and pit and the pendulum essay set an example of love, truth, generosity, beauty, laughter and logistics job essay kindness. I will live and die at peace, confident that I did my very best. I like to spice up reading by reading out loud louder for the pendulum essay, emphasis, quieter for gravity, and struggling at emotional points but with this quote at the end, my voice utterly crumbled and disappeared. I might be wrong, but I think this is a moment that has changed my life. I am truly starting to love essay understand the beauty of the pit and the pendulum essay journey, and essay how life can bloom and prosper through that lens. Thank you Leah, Tina, and Cat from the bottom of my heart for pit and essay, sharing this gem with the world (and me)! Its funny, because the thing that touched me the most here was that when you try to listen to your heart, you learn to hear it, but when you first try, its sometime not clear what its trying to comédie ou tragédie tell you, but you just keep listening attentively until you tune in, kind of like finding the frequency of a radio station where you can listen really clearly :-) Your post reminded me of what is important in life. Your words inspire.

They are full of wisdom. Thanks for taking me along in your journey by sharing this. The Pendulum Essay? Your kindness is much appreciated. We all belong together here. Thanks for extending out your helping hand. Great article!

Most people that end up really hurting in life are only there because they lost their values somewhere along the road. Grading Essays? Thanks again. Thank you for such a great article. Pit And Essay? Its brilliant. I read it 3 times already and i felt moved each time.

This is great, these are all really well thought out values to aspire towards. I like the bit about resume Understanding that which I crave is the pendulum essay, actually that which I am best suited to foster. Thats pretty damn empowering. I completely agree 100% :) Who cares what will have happened at the end of your life? Itll be in the past move on.

Knowing our personal values definitely help us to grading essays live life in a more improved manner.

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The Pit and the Pendulum- Theme

History Department Essay Writing Guide. Pit And The Pendulum. This guide is intended to provide you with information about the skills of essay writing, including how and when to use footnotes or endnotes, presentation requirements and ou tragédie how to reference different kinds of pit and essay sources (books, articles or web pages, for instance) and with more general advice about planning, introducing and developing your essays as coherent and effective arguments. The most important point to remember in working through this guide is that writing good essays and communicating your ideas effectively are skills you can learn, develop and grading by rubric build. One of the most important skills developed in an Arts degree is the ability to communicate your ideas in writing clearly and effectively. This involves numerous other skills, including the ability to summarise and paraphrase the work of essay other writers, the resume development of arguments and conclusions, and the effective use of evidence to support a case. Essay. Essay writing in History is particularly aimed at helping you progressively develop your skills in research, analysing different forms of source material, using different kinds of evidence, and writing strong, critical and world cup 2011 essay clear arguments. In most History subjects, you will be asked to pit and the pendulum produce different kinds of dissertation comédie writing. Short tutorial and document exercises usually address specific skills or tasks (locating sources, analysing a documents point of view, or assessing how particular images or words help us understand historical context, for instance), while examinations assess your knowledge of the content covered in particular subjects. Essays provide you with an opportunity to explore a particular issue or theme in pit and, more depth.

In general, the functions of an essay are: to introduce an argument, or contention, based upon job essay the question or problem you choose to tackle; to develop and defend that argument or contention by discussing and analysing a range of the pendulum essay appropriate evidence, and by critically assessing the interpretations of dissertation ou tragédie other historians; and to pit and the pendulum propose conclusions. The best essays have a clear line of dissertation argument, and they present a thesis. In other words, they state a position, defend that position, and arrive at strong, clear conclusions. They have a well-defined introduction which identifies the central problem or issue and introduces the argument, a body which logically develops the argument point-by-point, and a conclusion which sums up the argument. There are no simple instructions for good essay writing. As you progress through your university course, you should be developing skills in research, analysis and the pendulum essay communication which will not only allow you to write good essays, but to effectively communicate your ideas in other situations as well. Job Essay. The tutors assessment of your essays provides you with feedback on pit and the pendulum essay, your progress in these different skills. The desired outcomes of essays in third-year subjects include formulating research projects and acquiring independent research skills; presenting a sustained argument, based mainly on substantial primary sources; placing secondary sources in their cultural, ideological and epistemological context by showing where they fit into the current state of historical knowledge; and greater awareness of the ongoing debates about the philosophy and resume practice of history. The desired outcomes of essays in second-year subjects include developing skills in the use of bibliographies and pit and the pendulum other reference material, critical reading, putting more independent thought and resume reflection into essays; greater understanding of documentary criticism and interpretation, and the critical analysis of secondary interpretations by other historians.

The desired outcomes of essays in first-year subjects include: helping you learn to argue your own position against pit and the pendulum essay, other points of view; development of the conventions of good historical essay writing, such as rigorous documentation and grading essays by rubric footnoting; awareness of the pit and the pendulum essay variety of resume representations of the past; familiarity with the different ways historians use evidence; and the ability to recognise, analyse and summarise an the pendulum essay, historical argument. Do not assume that you should target your arguments for particular lecturers or tutors. Love My Mom Essay. For a start, your predictions may be inaccurate. Moreover, arguing what you think you ought to argue is a lot more complicated and a lot less interesting than arguing what you come to believe as you gather information, review different interpretations, and form your own perspectives on an issue or problem. Any teacher can tell you that some of the best essays they read develop arguments they don#8217;t agree with at all, or arguments which challenge their own interpretations. Writing is easier if you imagine an audience: a person you want to convince of something, a person who wants to know about your ideas and perspectives. Your task, however, is pit and, not to tell your audience what they think, but to tell your audience what you think, and cup 2011 essay give them reasons and evidence which show why your conclusions are significant, interesting and convincing.

3. Choosing and comprehending the question or topic. Choose a topic or question you find interesting and challenging: it is easier and much more enjoyable to develop and defend a strong argument on something which interests and intrigues you than on pit and the pendulum essay, something you find boring or simple. Writing is not the outcome or the finished product of learning: it is parelegal resume, a vital part of learning. It is a way of pit and the pendulum essay sorting out and clarifying your interpretations, trying out grading essays your ideas, and discovering new ways of thinking about an issue. Think about the the pendulum essay question or topic in these ways: what is the problem it suggests? what is the parelegal resume #8216;angle#8217;, the issue, which makes it interesting? what is my first reaction to the question: yes, no, maybe? do I agree or disagree with the contention or interpretation the the pendulum essay topic suggests? what ideas and issues can I explore by answering this question? is there a simple answer, or might it be more complex than it looks? what kinds of information is the question asking me to use? what themes can I explore? It is also important to look at the question and ask yourself: do I understand what the question or topic is asking me to technology essay do? Have I interpreted the question correctly?

If you are not sure, or if you want to check that the approach you are taking does address the question, talk to your tutor. Essay topics are designed to draw on the pendulum, the subject content developed in lectures and tutorials, and on reading you have completed. Reading the works of other historians, such as those suggested in reading lists, will help you see how others have approached that problem or issue. Historians often disagree on the importance or the meaning of events of evidence, or use different kinds of evidence to challenge and amend prior interpretations. Cricket World Cup 2011. They will take different approaches to the same question, and pit and essay suggest different ways of examining an issue, be it gender relations in issues technology essay, medieval Europe or the reasons for pit and essay the collapse of the Soviet Union or the impact of colonial rule in comédie, India. What you will see, however, is that all of these writers state a position. They address a problem. They answer a real or implied question. Pit And The Pendulum Essay. You should trace their strategies for developing arguments and parelegal resume drawing conclusions.

As you do your introductory reading, review your lecture notes, and read more widely, think about your point of view, your own position in relation to other writers, and your own response to a problem. Examine and evaluate the evidence: what conclusions can you draw? Which interpretations do you think best fit the available evidence? Your interpretations and conclusions do not have to be new to be original, challenging, and convincing. You should argue the case which you think emerges most clearly from the evidence and from your critical review of other historians work. You#8217;ve read the books and articles recommended in the pendulum essay, the handbook or by your tutor. Issues In Information Technology. You#8217;ve come up with some ideas about how you might approach the question, and you#8217;ve got a pretty good idea about how other historians have interpreted the issues and addressed the topic.

You#8217;ve collected some evidence from a range of different sources and you#8217;ve tried mapping out some preliminary ideas and arguments on paper. You#8217;ve looked again at pit and essay the major themes of the subject and thought about how you might address them in this essay. In order to plan your essay, you now need to love my mom essay come up with an pit and, argument, a point of view which will guide your writing towards a conclusion. Would you agree with the argument that respect for love my mom essay the natural environment is pit and the pendulum, a recent discovery for residents of Mars? Having read a variety of parelegal resume sources, you should be able to state your thesis (your answer) in a sentence or two. Yes, because prior to pit and the pendulum the environmental movements of the 1960s, the majority of cricket world cup 2011 Martians were more interested in exploiting than respecting the the pendulum essay natural environment. No, because Martians have persistently respected their version of the natural environment, because natural environments are always viewed in a romanticised and idealised form. No, it is difficult to draw a simple, general conclusion on this issue, as the evidence suggests that different groups of world cup 2011 Martians have interpreted and viewed the environment very differently over time, and no clear trend is visible even now.

When you begin planning your essay, you should always be able to state your thesis in a fairly straightforward way, based on your initial reading and research for the topic. This sentence or two states your case. Broadly, your essay is the pit and exposition and defence of that case: it shows the reader how, and why, you have arrived at those conclusions. Love Essay. To write a good essay, you must first decide what your central argument is going to be, and then plan your essay to develop that argument. Of course, as you write your first draft, you may find that the argument changes and develops in a direction you did not anticipate. Few writers are completely sure of essay their final conclusions before they begin drafting: the task of writing down and defending the argument often reveals unanticipated problems, or challenges and changes your first thoughts, or leads you toward one interpretation more than another. Often, too, you might need to go back to your sources, read through some of your notes, or do some further reading to clarify and expand an emerging point.

However, the basic thrust and content of your argument or thesis should be clear enough to allow you to plan the dissertation dom juan comédie stages of your argument before you begin drafting. Perhaps the single best way of ensuring a successful essay is essay, having a good plan . The plan should lay out your argument, for parelegal resume instance in point form, and you can also use it to indicate where you will use certain items of evidence and supporting arguments. introduction: state the case for pit and the pendulum essay no: Martians have persistently respected their version of the natural environment, because natural environments are always viewed in a romanticised and job essay idealised form explain the thrust of the argument : dispute recent discovery, my essay focuses on previous century to show that respect for the pendulum environment is always based on historically variable assumptions and parelegal resume preconceptions about beauty, usefulness and worth of nature explain idealisation/romanticisation of the natural environment (summarise Smith#8217;s theory of pit and idealisation, discuss paintings, use examples from Connor and Jones) list and give examples of different idealisations of natural environment in the nineteenth century and show different assumptions about beauty and usefulness behind each one (use examples from Green and Brown) show how these different ideals were sometimes contradictory or came into conflict (use example of forestry in Mars Forest) case study: the logistics job essay Martian garden legend (discuss the garden stories); argue that an pit and, environment under exploitation also increasingly romanticised (review the different interpretations of love Green and Red, show why I think Green fits better with the evidence) summarise above points about previous century; what is respected in the pendulum essay, the recent past: argue that this is dissertation dom juan comédie ou tragédie, another idealisation (evidence: Martian tourist brochures); conclusion: restate the case , and pit and the pendulum essay argue that understanding respect for natural environment always means analysing the idealisation of natural environments. In the short essays common in first year, your plan is likely to be less complex, and may only love my mom have four or five main points. As you progress into second and third year, you are expected to develop more sophisticated arguments, which makes good planning even more important. 6a. Introducing and developing the argument. In your introduction , you should state your case and, as in the example above, set out the basic structure of your argument . You might also briefly summarise two or three of your main points. If you have decided to pit and the pendulum essay adopt a particular focus (for instance, using case studies from logistics job essay a particular time or place, or narrowing the topic to concentrate on a particular theme), you should explain this in the introduction as well. Essay. Developing the argument : The example above shows how an argument is resume, then developed towards its conclusion. Basically, each stage of your argument should be developed and defended in turn, by pit and the pendulum showing your interpretation of the appropriate evidence, by critically reviewing the work of other historians, and by using example, case study and explanation. A good way of thinking about this is to parelegal resume imagine that you are building your argument in blocks . Each paragraph is a block which builds your argument towards a conclusion.

Each block is introduced and described, and the pendulum then its place in the whole structure is shown. Block 1: stage of the argument. On Mars in the 1850s, the beauty of nature was usually associated with wild, untouched landscapes. Painters rarely drew human figures. If there were humans, nature towered over them, as in professional technology, Rembrandt#8217;s Martian Mountains. In her book Environmental Perception on Mars, Joan Brown argues that painters in the 1850s focused on how nature was being conquered. However, Ash clearly shows that mid-nineteenth-century Martians usually depicted an idealised nature which was to be protected from the threats posed by civilisation. Essay. Block 2: next stage of the argument.

The most crucial changes occurred after the parelegal resume Martian titanium rushes of the 1870s showed the potentially lucrative returns of mineral exploration and exploitation. Certainly, by the 1880s, most representations of the natural environment showed nature being tamed and civilised. Even mining sites appeared in nature paintings, and pit and essay the work of Joseph Smith is issues essay, a good example of how even the most intensive forms of exploitation were represented as beneficial intrusion for the landscape. Pit And The Pendulum. Block 3: brief summary, and introducing the world next stage of the argument. By the 1880s, therefore, the idealised untouched nature of the 1850s had been invaded by the pendulum essay humans, and an ideal natural landscape was now represented as one which was productive and bountiful. Humans did not threaten nature; they unleashed its potential.

It was important for Martians, Smith argued in 1883, to feel relaxed and comfortable about the past and future of the Martian environment. Yet representations of an ideal environment as one conquered and populated by humans never completely replaced the older tradition of mourning the degradation of another form of ideal environment, the Martian garden. This alternative version became popular again in the 1890s. The body of your essay, therefore, uses evidence, examples and explanation to develop your case point by point. Each paragraph has a point to issues essay make, and occasional summary sentences guide the reader through the argument. 6b. Using different kinds of evidence. In developing your case, you will need to make decisions about the the pendulum essay kinds of sources you will refer to, and the best ways to use them. Dissertation. Sources can generally be defined into two broad types: primary or documentary sources (usually written at the time by pit and the pendulum essay an eyewitness, direct participant or close observer) secondary or scholarly sources (usually interpretations and cricket world cup 2011 essay explanations written after the fact by someone analysing the primary or documentary sources) For example, a book containing the collected speeches of Charles de Gaulle is a primary source; an analysis of them by the pendulum a political scientist or historian is a secondary source. Parelegal. An article in the Age of pit and the pendulum essay 30 June 1900 about the bubonic plague epidemic which affected Sydney during that year is a primary source; an article in the Age on 30 June 1990 discussing the impact of the epidemic on public health policy in Australia is a secondary source.

Broadly, the primary or documentary sources are the raw material used by historians , the subject of your argument, while the secondary or scholarly sources provide examples of how others have analysed and interpreted the my mom problem or issue at hand. The distinction is not hard and fast, and the pendulum there will always be exceptions. For instance, if you are writing an essay about historians#8217; representations of race in Britain, the secondary sources of the historians are in fact your primary documentary source. In most essays, you will be expected to critically analyse the grading interpretations of the pendulum other historians in this way. In any event, these different types of sources should both be read critically: analysed for their point of view, for the assumptions, ideas and understandings which inform them, and for the strategies writers use to advance their arguments. Don#8217;t take anything on trust: be a critical reader of all kinds of dissertation dom juan comédie ou tragédie sources and texts , and use your critical analysis of essay both primary and secondary sources in your essay. You also need to make decisions about how to cricket cup 2011 essay use evidence: in the form of the pendulum essay quotation, or in essay, the form of summarising. It is best to use quotation strategically and sparingly : quote phrases or passages which best illustrate the point you are trying to make, or which really help you give your reader the flavour of the evidence you are using. If you use a quotation, make sure it fits with the stage of the pit and the pendulum argument you are advancing. Refer to grading essays the language, analyse the assumptions or strategies it reveals.

In other words, use quotation when the actual words are the single best way of the pendulum providing the evidence and developing your case. If the quotation is less than about thirty words, combine it with your text, as in this example where I am quoting the following phrase which is not very long. Love. #8220;You must always use quotation marks to indicate the separation between your words and the words of the pendulum essay someone else.#8221; If it is longer than this, you should separate it from the text, and essay indent it: This is an example of a much longer quote. It contains a few sentences, and needs to be distinguished from the body of the essay. When you are indenting a quote like this, note that you do not have to use quotation marks; as it is already separated, there is the pendulum essay, no need to indicate that by the use of such symbols. In general, use very little quotation from secondary or scholarly sources. It is better to say what you mean in your own words, quoting another historian or interpreter only where the phrase is particularly wonderful or where you need to show precisely how that writer made their point in order to criticise, defend or develop it. In all other cases, it is best to dom juan comédie summarise. Write reflective summaries of what others have written, relating those interpretations to your argument. You might find that the example paragraphs on the previous page gives you a more concrete idea of how a writer can use a mix of summary and direct quotation from different kinds of sources to develop their argument. In your conclusion, you should restate your case strongly and clearly by summarising your main points.

It is also possible to raise issues and problems in your conclusion, especially broader questions which are beyond the scope of your essay. You might reflect on what your interpretation implies for contemporary debates or discussions, write briefly about the broader implications of your position, or consider what your interpretations tells us about the role and nature of history itself. Use your conclusion to argue for the significance of your argument and the pendulum essay your interpretation. Be careful, though: a poorly developed argument followed by sweeping speculations on the nature of the universe or the human condition is unlikely to dissertation dom juan be either effective or convincing. Essay. Again, as you develop your skills in formulating, developing and defending arguments, you will also develop your ability to dissertation comédie write more reflectively and to use essays to open up these kinds of complex questions. 7. Writing clearly and effectively. The best single rule is to always use clear expression: write simply and with clarity and avoid complex sentence constructions . Use definite, specific and concrete language. Don#8217;t use unnecessary words, and pit and the pendulum make sure you understand the professional issues in information words you are using. Writing problems often occur when people try to use very complex language and syntax.

A better idea is to essay establish a simple and clear style first, and then gradually develop more complex sentence forms and parelegal means of expression. As you develop your writing skills, vary your sentence structures and lengths to add variety. Short sentences often add emphasis to a particularly important point. Spelling, punctuation and grammatical errors detract from an argument, whatever its quality: careful editing of your draft is very important. It is also important to use accurate language, which is one good reason for using non-discriminatory language. For instance, the statement that men adapted themselves to these new conditions should lead any critical reader to ask what women were doing at that time. It is a reasonable and accepted convention that all forms of public communication, including journalism, business language and pit and academic writing, should use non-discriminatory language. There are at least five effective ways of improving your writing. Always read your own work. what is my main idea, my contention, my argument? am I getting it across to the reader?

Take responsibility for critically assessing your own writing . Look at the comments made on your previous essays, and work out whether this one repeats the strengths and overcomes the weaknesses of your previous work. If you need to, speak to technology essay the person who assessed your work, and ask them for more guidance. Reading other writers. As you read, evaluate the styles of different writers. Pit And The Pendulum. What makes them more or less effective? What is most important to essays by rubric you as a reader, and what makes good writers better to read?

Practice. Like any other set of skills, writing improves with practice and essay with constructive assessment, by yourself and by parelegal resume others. Read your own work out loud . You do not need to comprehend the rules of pit and the pendulum essay grammar or the cricket world intricacies of syntax to know when something sounds clumsy, or when a sentence needs punctuation, or when a long paragraph has completely lost its drift. Reading your draft out loud is pit and the pendulum, also a good way to add variety and oomph to your language. If its boring you to tears, or if you have no idea what it means, it might be time for redrafting. Let other people read what you write . It is logistics, particularly good to the pendulum give your essay to professional issues technology someone who is the pendulum essay, not an expert in the area you are writing about. If it doesn#8217;t make sense to them, your argument might need clarification. If they struggle to read it, you might need to edit more carefully. University teachers will not usually be able to read drafts of dissertation dom juan ou tragédie students work, but there are plenty of other people who can give you feedback. Swap essays with fellow students.

Get the people you live with to read them. Distribute them on essay, buses. 8. Referencing Instructions for Essays. Parelegal. Decisions about when to cite sources can be difficult. The Pendulum. Effective referencing is another writing skill your university work aims to grading by rubric develop.

The reader should, in the pendulum, theory, be able to retrace your steps in gathering evidence for your argument. Cricket World. In other words, you provide citations as a kind of road map that shows readers how you came to essay these conclusions, shows readers where you derived your information and, if relevant, shows readers where you derived the ideas or interpretations that you are paraphrasing, adopting or challenging. Cricket Cup 2011. Therefore, you need to provide citations in the following instances: where you directly quote someone else#8217;s words; where you are directly summarising someone else#8217;s argument and ideas; where you are summarising arguments and ideas derived from a number of sources; to point your readers to the source of information; to translate words or phrase in a foreign language that a reader cannot reasonably be presumed to understand. In general, you need to provide sources for statements that are problematic or debatable in the context of your argument, or that a reasonably well-informed person would not be expected to know. Pit And. Again, the ou tragédie ability to the pendulum successfully make these judgements is a skill you will develop with practice and experience. Logistics. If you offer a translation of a word or phrase in a foreign language, the basis of your decision should be whether a reader could reasonably be presumed to know the the pendulum essay meaning of the phrase or word already. There is no need to logistics translate coup d#8217;etat or Sultan or Blitzkrieg, for pit and the pendulum instance. The use of citation to refer readers to love my mom essay the work of other writers is occasionally useful, but for the pendulum the most part, your citations refer only to books, articles and other material you have used directly.

Only cite information that you have actually looked at yourself, or: always SIGHT what you CITE . It is fine to use a second-hand reference (like a quotation or a summary in a book from a source to which you do not have access), but you should indicate that in your citation. An example of how to do this is provided in the next section. Logistics Job Essay. You can also use citations to clarify specific points, or add a small amount of additional information or supporting evidence. You should not use footnotes or endnotes as a sort of second argument, nor to provide paragraph after paragraph of new information. If it is not important enough to put into the body of the essay, then leave it out. 8b.

Numbering and placement of footnote and the pendulum essay endnote numbers. When providing footnotes or endnotes, number notes consecutively throughout the text. Resume. Put these numbers at pit and the pendulum the end of sentences, if at all possible, and distinguish them from the text either by love my mom superscripting (raising above the line) or placing them in brackets. If you use material from two different sources in the same sentence, it is often possible to combine the two citations in one footnote, using a semi-colon to separate them. Usually, you will refer to information or material at particular places in a larger work so you will need to show the page (p.) or pages (pp.) on which the material is located. This text produces the following footnotes: On Mars in the 1850s, the #8216;beauty#8217; of nature was usually associated with wild, untouched landscapes. Painters rarely drew human figures. If there were humans, nature towered over them, as in Rembrandt#8217;s #8216;Martian Mountains#8217;. 1 In her book Environmental Perception on the pendulum, Mars , Joan Brown argues that #8220;painters in dissertation comédie, the 1850s focused on how nature was being conquered#8221;. 2 However, Ash clearly shows that mid-nineteenth-century Martians respected an pit and the pendulum essay, idealised nature which was to be kept separate from civilisation. 3. 1 K. Float (ed.), The Magical World of Ken Rembrandt , New York, 1965, p. Dissertation Dom Juan Ou Tragédie. 68.

2 Joan Brown, Environmental Perception on Mars , Sydney, 1995, p. 13. 3 Ann Ash, Joan Brown is Wrong , Sydney, 1996, pp. 1-23. 8c. Pit And The Pendulum. Citing different kinds of parelegal sources. The following rules should help you through most situations.

The absolute rule is to be consistent. Inconsistency drives readers crazy, and is not a good tactic when you are attempting to convince those readers of the pit and the pendulum accuracy of your interpretations and arguments. There are also specific rules for the citation of classical texts like the Bible, the Koran and so on. If you are studying subjects in which these texts are used, your tutor will provide you with the information you need to cite correctly. Please note: Some areas of history, especially those published by European and English publishing houses (and now more often Australian publishers), follow the parelegal conventions set out in the MHRA (Modern Humanities Research Association#8217;s) Style Guide (available electronically at http://www.mhra.org.uk/Publications/Books/StyleGuide/download.shtml, see section 10.2.2). Pit And The Pendulum. The guide differs to the above in that it adds the publisher to the publication details, and is formatted differently. For example: Peter Burke, The European Renaissance: Centres and Peripheries (Oxford: Blackwell, 1998), pp.

54-56. Parelegal. It is pit and essay, now common practice to use full stops only where the abbreviation of the resume word does not contain the last letter of the word. So, editor becomes ed., but editors becomes eds. Doctor is Dr, but Professor is pit and essay, Prof.. Love Essay. Also, where an abbreviated title is used very commonly, you do not need to put in full stops: for instance, ALP, ACTU or UNESCO . Primary or documentary material cited by another author.

If you need to the pendulum refer to a quote or to a piece of love evidence which you accessed in the pendulum essay, a secondary or scholarly source rather than the original source, use these examples as a guide: R. G. Menzies, speech in the House of Representatives, 23 March 1943, cited in Judith Brett, Robert Menzies Forgotten People, Melbourne 1992, p. 47. Letter from Lewis Mumford to comédie ou tragédie Frederic Osborn, 2 April 1937, cited in Alison Ravetz, Remaking the Urban Environment, London 1980, pp. Pit And The Pendulum. 148-9. Logistics Job Essay. The general rule is that if the pit and essay original source is available, you should go to and use that original source, rather than borrowing your evidence from another writer. Author of document (first name, last name), name of document (use italic or underline), in my mom, editor (ed.) or editors (eds), title of essay collection (use italics or underline), place and date of publication, page or pages. John of Salisbury, Policraticus , trans. J. Dickinson, in J.B. Ross and M.M. McLaughlin (eds), The Portable Medieval Reader , Harmondsworth, 1977, pp. 251-2. (Note: #8216;trans.#8217; is the abbreviation for parelegal #8216;translated by#8217;.) If your area of history follows the MHRA Style Guide , this item in your bibliography would follow the same convention outlined earlier, namely: John of Salisbury, Policraticus , trans. J. Dickinson, in essay, The Portable Medieval Reader , ed. by J.B.

Ross and professional essay M.M. McLaughlin (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1977), pp. 251- 2. If the document was not published but has a title (for instance, an pit and the pendulum essay, unpublished paper or a speech or an article), use single inverted commas around the name of the document. If it was not published and has no title (a letter, for instance), there is no need for any marking. For instance: Friederich Engels, #8216;The evils of capitalism#8217;, in K. Kharkov (ed.), The Collected Speeches of Engels , Moscow, 1954, pp. 23-8.

Yves of Narbonne, letter to logistics Gerald of Mallemort, c. 1241, in Walter L. Wakefield and pit and Austin P. Evans (eds), Heresies of the High Middle Ages , New York, 1991, pp. 185-7. If you are going to be using documents in archives, or other unpublished material, consult your tutor for assistance with citation rules. If you are referring to normal newspaper writing (news of events, editorials, and so on), you need only provide the name of the newspaper and the date: The Age , 25 April 1996. If you wish to refer to professional issues in information a specific article, usually by an invited contributor, or to a significant special feature (say, a four-page special report or a report in a weekly magazine), use the same format as for articles in journals or magazines. Author (first name, last name), title (use either italics or underline), place and date of publication, page (p.) or pages (pp.) of the information to pit and the pendulum which you are referring. My Mom. So: Tim Bonyhady, The Colonial Earth , Melbourne, 2000, p. 13. These publication details are always on pit and, one of the essay first pages of the book (and usually on the page after the main title page): these details list the publisher and the place of publication, and give other information, most of which you don#8217;t need to provide (though see the note below). The Pendulum Essay. It is important to check if this is the first edition of the book, as subsequent editions may contain major revisions, which your reader will need to know in dissertation dom juan comédie ou tragédie, order to follow your research trail.

If the book is a second or subsequent edition, put that information behind the title. Some further examples: Joanna Bourke, Dismembering the Male: Men#8217;s Bodies , Britain and the Great War, London, 1996, pp. Pit And The Pendulum Essay. 98-104. John Kasson, Houdini, Tarzan, and the perfect man: the white male body and the challenge of modernity in America , New York, 2001, p. 231. Thompson, Paul, The Voice of the Past: Oral History , 2nd ed., Oxford, 1988, pp.

53-76. Again, for those following the MHRA style of referencing (see above), the publisher is dom juan, included in the publication details. For example: Peter Burke, The European Renaissance: Centres and Peripheries (Oxford: Blackwell, 1998), pp. 54-56. Place of publication is always a city or town, not a state, province, region, nation or continent. The Pendulum. Author (first name, last name), title of chapter (use single inverted commas around title, lower case), in logistics, editor (ed.) (or editors (eds)), title of book (use either italics or underline), place and date of pit and the pendulum essay publication, pages to which you are referring. Roger Cooter, #8216;War and dom juan ou tragédie Modern Medicine#8217;, in W. F. Bynum Roy Porter (eds), Companion Encyclopedia of the History of Medicine , London, 1993, p. 156. E. Zinkhan, #8216;Louisa Albury Lawson: feminist and patriot#8217;, in the pendulum essay, D. Adelaide (ed.), A Bright and Fiery Troop , Melbourne, 1988, 27-8. Estelle Freedman, #8216;#8221;Uncontrolled Desires#8221;: The Response to the Sexual Psychopath, 1920-1960#8217;, in Kathy Peiss Christina Simmons (eds), Passion and Power: Sexuality in History , Philadelphia, 1989, pp.

187-99. Please note: for those following the MHRA Style Guide (see above), and are including the name of the publisher, a footnote reference would be styled like this example: Eve Salisbury, #8216; #8220;Spare the Rod and Spoil the Child#8221;: Proverbial Speech Acts, Boy Bishop Sermons, and Pedagogical Violence#8217;, in Speculum Sermonis , ed. by Georgiana Donavin, Cary J. Nederman, and love Richard Utz (Turnhout: Brepols, 2004), pp. 141-55 (p. 153). (Here #8216;pp. 141-55#8217; indicate the page span of Salisbury#8217;s contribution to the volume, and the bracketed #8216;(p. 153)#8217; indicates the pit and the pendulum specific page reference.) Articles in journals or magazines. Author (first name, last name), title of article (use single inverted commas around title, lower case), title of journal or magazine (use either italics or underline), volume or number, year of by rubric publication, pages covered by the article, specific page(s) to which you are referring. Phil Scraton, #8216;Policing with Contempt: The Degrading of Truth and Denial of Justice in the Aftermath of the Hillsborough Disaster#8221;, Journal of Law and Society , vol. 26, 1999, pp. 273-97, p. 275.

Emily K. Abel, #8216;Valuing Care: Turn-of-the-Century Conflicts between Charity Workers and Women Clients#8217;, Journal of Women#8217;s History , vol. 10, 1998, pp. 32-52, pp. Pit And. 34-5. You will find information about volume number on logistics job essay, the title page of each journal. If there is both a volume and an issue number, just the volume number will usually do (for instance, American Historical Review , 102 (1995), or Australian Historical Studies , 26 (1994-5)). Most journals continue numbering pages throughout one volume, even if that volume has several separate issues or numbers. So a reference would read: Katherine Lowe, #8216;Elections of Abbesses and Notions of Identity in Fifteenth- and Sixteenth-Century Italy, with Special Reference to Venice#8217;, Renaissance Quarterly , 54 (2001), 389-429 (p. 390). Director (last name, first name), dir, Name of the film (use either italics or underline), year of release. Hicks, Scott, dir, Shine , 1996.

Hitchcock, Alfred, dir, The Birds , 1963. Name of the program (in single inverted commas) and, if this program is part of a series, the specific title of the program and pit and the pendulum the name of the series (use either italics or underline), location of the program, date of the program. Aboriginal Land Rights: A Special Report, ABC Radio National, 11 December 2002. Interview with John Howard, 3LO, 8 February 2003. Cricket World Essay. #8216;Golly Gee, I#8217;m Interviewing a Famous Person#8217;, Sixty Minutes , Nine Network, 13 February 2001. #8216;The Reckoning#8217;, The Frontier House , ABC Television, 27 April 2003. Author of the document (if known), name of the document (if relevant), date of the the pendulum essay document (if known), at full WWW address, date on which you accessed the page. #8216;Social Conditions in Seventeenth-Century France#8217;, at http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/17france-soc.html, accessed 31 March 2003. #8216;Suffragists Picketing the White House, January 1917#8217; (photograph), at http://teachpol.tcnj.edu/amer_pol_hist/thumbnail291.html, access 17 April 2003.

Sojourner Truth, Narrative of Sojourner Truth, a Northern Slave, Emancipated from Bodily Servitude by logistics the State of New York, in 1828 (1850), at http://docsouth.unc.edu/neh/truth50/truth50.html, accessed 16 April 2003. Using Resources From the Internet and WWW. Pit And. While there are some very useful sites for historians, including homepages describing research, or containing documents, photographs and interpretive materials, or providing primary documents like speeches, transcripts or debates, you need to be as critical and professional in information technology careful in your use of WWW resources as in your use of any other kind of evidence . A good deal of the material on the web is not #8216;screened#8217; in essay, any way: it is not edited, reviewed by others, or subject to any control. This is my mom essay, its greatest strength and pit and the pendulum essay its greatest weakness as a medium, and makes the task of critically assessing and using sources even more important. Grading By Rubric. For the citation, you need to give your reader enough information so that they can easily locate your source: in this case, the full web site information. You also need to pit and the pendulum tell your reader when you accessed the page: because web pages are updated, the information may have changed location or been removed.

In fact, it is a good idea to print out a copy of the page(s) you are using: you can use them more easily, and you have a copy of the information should it subsequently disappear from the web. Citing something for by rubric the second time: use of abbreviations and short titles. Pit And Essay. Once you have given full information in the first footnote, you should use abbreviations and short titles to refer to the same source again. What will usually suffice is the authors last name and a short title (i.e. the first few significant words of the title, as below). Ibidem (always abbreviate as Ibid.) indicates in the place just described, but it must follow directly from the previous citation. 1 Joanna Bourke, Dismembering the Male: Men#8217;s Bodies, Britain and the Great War , London, 1996, pp. 98-104. 3 Roger Cooter, #8216;War and Modern Medicine#8217;, in W. F. Bynum Roy Porter (eds), Companion Encyclopedia of the History of Medicine , London, 1993, p. 156. 4 Bourke, Dismembering the parelegal Male , pp. Pit And. 126-9. Dom Juan. 5 Cooter, #8216;War and pit and the pendulum essay Modern Medicine#8217;, p. My Mom. 158.

In endnote 6, the information is essay, contained on the same page as endnote 5, and logistics therefore you do not need to repeat the page number. Again, keep in mind the pit and essay principle of giving the reader the amount of information they would need to find the material for themselves. Logistics Job Essay. There may be particular conventions which you should observe for particular units: you will be provided with these where necessary. In general, historians do not use the Harvard referencing system. Archaeology students, whose discipline does employ this system when referencing, should follow the norms of pit and history referencing when writing history essays. Similarly, history students should use the Harvard referencing system when writing archaeology essays.

Students need to be aware that in archaeology/ancient history a variety of styles is world, used: Harvard, Oxford and MHRA. Students in the pendulum, the Centre for Archaeology and Ancient History must be able to use all of them correctly; they also use unpublished materials of the types outlined for essays by rubric history and reference them in footnotes. In the end, it is a matter of the pendulum communicating your understanding of cricket world cup 2011 essay your evidence in the style appropriate for your discipline and task. Unit coordinators will advise you if you are unsure. 9. Forming a bibliography and an annotated bibliography. Your essay should include a bibliography of all sources. If you have used a wide variety of pit and different types of sources, it is helpful to put them into different sections: for instance, the documents or texts (primary sources) you have used might be separated from the historical scholarship (secondary sources). Dissertation. In general, follow the same conventions described above with the exception that authors#8217; surnames precede their forenames/initials to allow for easier alphabetisation (as in the example below). List your sources alphabetically within each section. However, you do not need to include the pit and page numbers for specific information or citations in your bibliography. Cup 2011. Films, television and radio shows and documents from web sites should be included: if there is no author, put them at the front of the list and order them alphabetically by title.

Newspapers should be listed, but you do not need to provide the dates. Note: those following the MHRA conventions will include the publisher#8217;s name, along with slightly different formatting, as given in examples above (e.g. Burke, Peter, The European Renaissance: Centres and essay Peripheries (Oxford: Blackwell, 1998)). Contemporary documents and texts. John of Salisbury, Policraticus , trans. J. Dickinson, in J.B. Cricket World Cup 2011 Essay. Ross and M.M. McLaughlin (eds), The Portable Medieval Reader, Harmondsworth, 1977. Truth, Sojourner, Narrative of the pendulum essay Sojourner Truth, a Northern Slave, Emancipated from comédie ou tragédie Bodily Servitude by the State of New York, in 1828 (1850), at http://docsouth.unc.edu/neh/truth50/truth50.html, accessed 16 April 2003.

The Birds, dir. Alfred Hitchcock, 1963. #8216;The Reckoning#8217;, The Frontier House, ABC Television, 27 April 2003. Abel, Emily K., #8216;Valuing Care: Turn-of-the-Century Conflicts between Charity Workers and Women Clients#8217;, Journal of Women#8217;s History, vol. 10, 1998, pp. 32-52. The Pendulum Essay. Kasson, John, Houdini, Tarzan, and the Perfect Man: The White Male Body and the Challenge of Modernity in America, New York, 2001. All sources which you have used in order to assist your interpretation of your evidence (the historical scholarship, or secondary sources), should be annotated, when an annotated bibliography is required in the unit.

Annotation tells the reader what role a particular source played in developing your argument. A statement of grading essays two or three sentences is usually ample. For instance: Joanna Bourke, Dismembering the Male: Men#8217;s Bodies, Britain and the Great War, London, 1996. Bourke#8217;s argument about the changing meaning of #8216;disability#8217; provided a very important perspective on the links between wartime and postwar debates over masculine vulnerability. Her interpretation of what #8216;shell-shock#8217; taught doctors about manhood was particularly valuable for my argument, as was her discussion of dress reform movements during the 1920s. One of the most important skills in effective communication is formatting and presenting your work in ways which help rather than hinder your reader. The impression of pit and the pendulum clarity, fluency and organisation created by resume good formatting is very important; conversely, a good essay written without regard for the eye as well as the mind is an ineffective piece of communication. Some general guidelines: observe the word length, or at least a margin of pit and essay error of about 10 per cent: one of the skills of writing is to write to love a target, and to pit and tailor your argument to suit the demands of that target. A short 1500 word essay on logistics, wartime politics in Nazi Germany or criminality in nineteenth-century Australia is meant to be a short essay, not a major thesis. Adapt your case, and the ground you will cover, so that you can write something effective and convincing within the word length; include a word count with your essay. type, print or handwrite the essay on one side of the paper only, using standard A4 paper, and number each page. For essays of 1500 words or more, it is reasonable for your tutor to expect a typed or printed copy, though handwriting is pit and essay, fine for shorter exercises; double or one-and-a-half spacing is parelegal, required, because it leaves more room for comments and corrections; leave a 4cm margin on the left hand side, and a 1.5cm margin on the right, again for comments and the pendulum essay ease of reading.

Ensure that you use at least a 12-point font. attach a cover sheet (standard cover sheets are available in the pigeonholes under the counter of the parelegal School of Historical Studies#8217; General Office, W604). You must tick all the boxes on the reverse side of the cover sheet before signing off under the plagiarism and collusion statement on the front of the sheet. ensure that your essay stays together: staples, paper clips, a plastic folder, whatever (we do not grade essays by weight, so go easy on the staples).

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Free Essays on Family Reunion Speech. Kim concert, that was interested in putting up the money needed to keep the show on the road. Essay! In the essay, meantime Melvins wife was paying all of the family bills and a weekly allowance to Tyler so that he would not have to pit and the pendulum essay live out of grading by rubric, his car. Melvin went to Miami to get $100k from the guy that was investing. The Impact of Madea, Comedy, and Music of pit and, Madeas Big Happy Family 1 English 1302 26 May 2011 The Impact of Madea, Comedy, and Music of Madeas Big Happy Family In the play Madeas Big Happy Family writer and director Tyler Perry displays a show of comedic and resume, musical talents embraced by the cast in a way that it define who the characters where and how.

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Chinese New Year, people will pour out their moneyh to buy presents, decoration, material, food, and clothing. By Rubric! It is the pendulum also the tradition that every family cleans the dissertation dom juan ou tragédie, house to sweep away any ill-fortune in hopes to make way for good incoming luck, they usually clean their house on the days before the New. 10/29/2011 Food in pit and the pendulum, my family English: 1841 I come from a very diverse ethnic background, with many variations of what maybe considered cultural foods. I have many fond memories of family reunions and all the interesting. Family Fun! Organizing family reunions doesnt seem too hard does it? Its basically planning a full-size party for family members only. Logistics! The most basic thing to do is to make a list of everything that needs to be done and to get some other family members to help you out pit and, with the entire reunion. Welcome speech Dear Professor Wuqinghui, Dr. Andy Feng, Ms.A and cricket cup 2011, all of our classmates, welcome. We are delighted to the pendulum essay have all of you here to participate in the 30th class reunion . Thank you for coming.

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Ida, a woman of family values, and a woman that is deeply rooted in her culture said to me, I have. Michelle Obamas Speech Michelle Obamas speech at the Democratic National Convention focuses on historical situations that influenced the creation of dissertation dom juan, her speech . This paper will focus on the pendulum, the audiences, situation, her reputations, the tradition of the speech , and the rhetorical purposes and problems. A presidents inaugural address is not just a celebratory speech . It is an American tradition that often sets the stage for cup 2011 essay, an entire presidency. An inaugural address is the presidential speech given which inform the essay, people of the presidents intentions as a leader. As we have witnessed, Barack Obama. The Kings Speech (2010) Cast: Colin Firth, Geoffrey Rush, Helena Bonham Carter, Guy Pearce, Timothy Spall, Derek Jacobi, Jennifer Ehle, Michael Gambon Director: Tom Hooper In this historical drama, Colin Firth plays the parelegal resume, role of King George VI who has had a stuttering problem since his childhood and. Church's Shock Tactics Another Test to Free Speech. Lindsay Wrobel Professor Owens Bus-201-05 11/27/07 Church's shock tactics another test to free speech In the USA Today, November 26, 2007 article, the case of the pendulum, Albert Snyder versus Fred Phelps, the founder of the cricket world cup 2011, Westboro Baptist Church of Topeka was sued in March 2006 over funeral demonstrations. distinguish the pit and the pendulum essay, difference between decent white people and racist. After graduating he moved to Mexico to reconnect with his natural father. The brief reunion did not work out well as father and son disagreed on Hughes career choice.

His father wanted him to go to school for engineering while Hughes. and restlessness upon returning to his kingdom, Ithaca, after his far-ranging travels. Facing old age, Ulysses yearns to explore again, despite his reunion with his wife Penelope and professional issues in information technology, son Telemachus. The character of Ulysses (Greek: Odysseus) has been explored widely in literature. The adventures of Odysseus. It Takes Time to be a Perfect Dad in a Broken Family. It Takes Time to be a Perfect Dad in a Broken Family According to Pope John XXIII, It is easier for a father to have children than for children to have a real father. This quote makes sense because people know that men can have children if they want, but some of them do not know how to act as a real.

Exemplification Essay detailed description about trip to grnadma's house with family/ family reunion and pit and the pendulum essay, relate to feelings. Exemplification Essay Every year my dad's side of the family gathers for a family reunion at issues my god-mother's house. My god-mothers house located far out in the warm, dry, deserted neighborhood in pit and, dusty Lemon Grove, where my family anticipates the grand event about to be rekindled once again, but I wasn't. Campaign Speech Analysis During Senator John McCains speech , he seems to talk to the crowd as a whole. As Sen. McCain speaks he sounds Confident about what he is saying, and he seems that he is confident that he can lead this country. Sen. John McCain Seems to speak clearly and cut to his points and. Tells the story of Pope Urban and his speech at the Council Of Clermont. credit for initiating The First Crusade. Some individuals might say that Peter the Hermit is responsible.

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Education worthless without free speech ? by Nagla Rizk Cairo - Last month I was invited to participate in The Doha Debates, a televised forum where experts debate the regions most controversial topics, to discuss the motion: Education is worthless without freedom of speech . At the outset, one would jump. John F Kennedy Rise in Steel prices speech. the cost of steel rise, but the cost of pit and the pendulum essay, steel is imitated by the rest of the industry making it more expensive for everyday items for an American family . It will also make it more difficult for the United States to withstand competition from foreign imports and ultimately lead to difficult problems. Giving Your First Speech Preparing your personal experience speech 1. Choose your topic. Dont try to give your whole life history; instead, focus on one or two experiences in your life which have helped define who you are. 2. Find a creative way to develop your storycould it be any of these. Reflection on Literature and Community. people tell stories they tend to be about what they know. One thing that most people know is the environment around them. They pick up habits from grading, their family , friends, and neighbors. They begin to talk like them using dialect and slang inherent to their region.

Also, it is the pendulum essay not uncommon for people to write. did you always want? Do you remember what an ice cream cone cost when you were a child? What does one cost today? What kind of car did your family have? Describe how people dressed when you were a child. Describe your favorite outfit as a child, and as a youth. How were children expected. Dreams: Addiction and Informative Speech. ? Speech Name _________________ Today silently read Chapter 14, The Informative Speech , on pages 321-353.

Then label your paper and do one of the following: *Define the terms listed on page 349 and write answers to the Review Questions on page 350 for an A. *Write answers to. 1950, in Lansing Michigan. After spending his youth in the Detroit suburbs, he moved to Chicago, Illinois with his family at the age of 13 (his father was a salesman). The Hughes family lived at the much-scorned outskirts of a wealthier suburban-Chicago neighborhood, which permanently cemented his loathing. ?The Freedom of Speech or The Freedom of Equality College is parelegal resume a time when most individuals are experiencing major changes and begin to explore new perspectives. The key factors in changing the perspective of an individual are the transition in becoming more independent, creating new insights and peer. Our First and the pendulum essay, Eight Amendments in our constitutions, protects any citizen from cruel and unusual punishment and to gives us the right to professional issues freedom of speech and religion. Pit And Essay! But Trials awaiting prisoners or people who have been sentenced lose some of their rights, such as freedom of movement, but they keep. responsible for the displacement and death of millions of people in Africa and should be a cause for concern world wide, not in just Africa.

In my speech I will explain to you the cause of this war, who the victims of this civil war are, and what the current situation is. The LRA has now changed from. 22-year-old Perry. It included Christian themes of forgiveness, dignity and self-worth, while addressing issues such as child abuse and dysfunctional families . The musical initially received a less than stellar reception and was a financial failure. Professional Issues! Perry persisted, and over pit and essay, the next six years he rewrote.