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biography website The Beethoven biography starts with his baptism. He was baptized on essays on patriot, December 17 th 1770 at Bonn. His family originated from Brabant, in Belgium. His father was a musician at the court of Bonn, with a definite weakness for alcohol. His mother was always described as a gentle, retiring woman, with a warm heart. Beethoven referred to her as his “best friend.” The Beethoven family consisted of truman, seven children, but only the three boys survived, of whom Ludwig was the eldest. find on this site: On March 26 th 1778, at essays, the age of 7 ½, Ludwig Van Beethoven gave his first public performance at Cologne.
His father announced that he was 6 years-old. Because of this Beethoven always thought that he was younger than he actually was. Marfan Syndrome Citations? Even much later, when he received a copy of his baptism certificate, he thought it belonged to his brother Ludwig Maria, who was born two years before him and died as a child. find on this site. In 1782, before the age of 12, Beethoven published his first work, 9 Variations in C Minor for piano on a march by Earnst Christoph Dressler (WoO 63). On Patriot? The following year, in 1783, Neefe wrote in the Magazine of Music , about us about yourself, his student. “If he continues like this, he will be, without a doubt, the new Mozart.” In June 1784, on essays, Neefe’s recommendations Ludwig Van Beethoven was appointed organist of the court of Maximillian Franz, the Elector of Cologne.
Beethoven was 14 years old. This post enabled him to frequent new social circles, other than those of essay writing service uk reviews, his father and family. Here he met people who were to remain his friends for the rest of his life: The Ries family, the Von Breuning family, and the charming Elenore, Karl Amendathe violinist, Franz Gerhard Wegelera doctor, and on patriot, a dear friend who also went to Vienna. At home, little by little, Ludwig replaced his father. First of all financially, because Johann, who was often under the influence of tell us about, alcohol, was less and less capable of keeping up his role at the court. The young Beethoven felt responsible for on patriot his two younger brothers, an idea he kept for the rest of his life, sometimes to truman, the extent of essays on patriot, being excessive.
Ludwig van Beethoven Music. Prince Maximillian Franz was also aware of Beethoven's music and so he sent Beethoven to Vienna, in 1787, to meet Mozart and further his musical education. Vienna was, after all, the capital city in resume tips terms of culture and music. There exist only texts of essays, disputable authenticity on the subject of this meeting between Mozart and Beethoven. Yourself Mba Essay? Mozart is thought to have said “don’t forget his name you will hear it spoken often!” A letter called Beethoven back to Bonnhis mother was dying. The only person in his family with whom he had developed a strong and loving relationship with, passed away on July 17 th 1787. Five years later, in 1792, Ludwig Van Beethoven went back to Vienna, benefiting from another grant, for two years, by essays on patriot, the Prince Elector, again to pursue his musical education. Essays Citations? He never went back to the town of his birth. His friend Waldstein, wrote to him, “you shall receive Mozart’s spirit from Haydn’s hands” At Vienna, the on patriot, young musician took lessons with Haydyn, then with Albrechtsberger and Salieri. He captured the attention of, and astonished Vienna with his virtuosity and marfan with citations, his improvisations on piano.
In 1794, Beethoven composed Opus 1, the Trios for Piano. The following year, Ludwig Van Beethoven made his first public performance at Vienna (an “Academy”) where each musician played his own work. Then followed a tour: Prague, Dresden, Leipzig, and Berlin, before leaving for a concert in Budapest. listen to on this site. Beethoven made numerous acquaintances at Vienna. Everybody in the musical and aristocratic world admired the young composer. These music-lovers were Beethoven’s greatest supporters.
He became angry regularly with one or another of essays, them, often making honorable amends soon afterwards. His talent excused his excessive, impulsive behavior. Ifrs? In 1800, Beethoven organized a new concert at Vienna including, notably, the essays, presentation of his first symphony. Although today we find this work classical, and high essay, close to the works of Mozart and essays, Haydn, at 2008 high essay, the time certain listeners found the symphony strange, overly extravagant, and even risqué’. This genius, Beethoven, who was still a young, new composer, was already pushing the established boundaries of music. find on this site. Beethoven wrote his third symphony in honor of a great man, Bonaparte. He was seen as the liberator of the people, opening a door to hope during the French Revolution. When the First Consul declared himself Emperor, Beethoven became enraged and scowled out Bonaparte’s name from the score. On April 7 th , 1805, the Eroica symphony was played for the first time. read and listen on this site.
In the years that followed, the creative activity of the composer became intense. He composed many symphonies, amongst which were the Pastoral, the essays, Coriolan Overture, and the famous Letter for Elise. He took on many students that he found young and attractive, and marfan citations, he therefore fell in love with several of them. The Archbishop, Rudolph, brother of the essays, emperor, also became his student, his friend, and eventually one of his benefactors. In 1809, Beethoven wanted to truman coursework, leave Vienna, at the invitation of Jerome Bonaparte. His long-standing friend, the Countess Anna Marie Erdody, kept him at Vienna with the help of essays on patriot, his wealthiest admirers: the Archbishop Rudolph, the Prince Lobkowitz, and the Prince Kinsky. These men gave Beethoven and annual grant of 4,000 florins, allowing him to live without financial constraint.
The only condition was that Beethoven was not to leave Vienna. Beethoven accepted. This grant made him the world's first independent composer. Before this contract musicians and ifrs, composers alike (even Bach, Mozart, and Haydn), became servants in the houses of essays, wealthy aristocratic families. They were thus part of the domestic staff, with no more rights than any other, but with the added task of composition and performance. Thus, for the musician of the day, Beethoven had outstanding circumstances and he was free to write what he wanted, when he wanted, under command or not, as he pleased. Truman Show Coursework? find on this site. At the end of July 1812, Beethoven was introduced to Goethe by Bettina Brentano. These two great men admired each other, but didn’t understand each other. The composer found the poet too servile, and the poet thought that Beethoven was “completely untamed.” Beethoven admired Goethe; he put music to on patriot, several of his poems. There will always be regret that Beethoven was not better understood by truman show coursework, Goethe. Then one of his benefactors, the Prince Lobkowitz, fell into essays on patriot financial difficulty and the Prince Kinski died from falling off his horse.
Kinski’s descendant decided to junior high essay, put an end to the financial obligations towards Beethoven. On Patriot? This started one of the composer’s many attempts at saving his financial independence. The Czech, Johann Nepomuk Maelzel, contacted Beethoven. Genius inventor and probable inventor of the marfan essays citations, metronome, Maelzel had already met Beethoven and had created various devices to help Beethoven with his hearing: acoustic cornets, a listening system linking up to the piano, etc. Essays? In 1813, Beethoven composed “The Victory of essay about a kitchen, Wellington,” a work written for a mechanical instrument made by Maelzel, the “pan harmonica” (or “pan harmonicon”). But it was above all the metronome, which helped evolve music and Beethoven, who had taken interest straight away, noted scrupulously the on patriot, markings on his scores, so that his music could be played how he wished. The academy of 1814 regrouped his work, as well as the seventh and eighth symphonies. Truman Show Coursework? This was also the time of the re-writing of Lenore as Fidelio, Beethoven’s only opera. This work eventually became successful with the on patriot, public. Then the Congress of Vienna met, which brought together all the essay, heads of state to essays, decide the future of Europe after Napoleon.
This was one of Beethoven’s moments of glory. He was invited to play many times, bringing him recognition and admiration which made him very proud. Beethoven Bio Dramatic Life Changes. On November 15 th 1815, Kaspar Karl, Beethoven’s brother, died. He left behind his wife, whom Ludwig referred to as “The queen of the night” due to her activities, as well as a 9 year old son, Karl. Here Beethoven’s life was to change dramatically. Marfan Syndrome Citations? His brother had written that he wished Karl’s guardianship to be exercised by both his wife and his brother, Ludwig.
Beethoven took this role very seriously, but the 45 year-old celibate, who could no longer hear, found it difficult to live with and understand a child and then a young man. This cohabitation was the cause of a new trial against the mother of the on patriot, child, a generation conflict and numerous troubles. Tell? In 1816, Carl Czerny (future teacher of essays on patriot, Franz Liszt and once Beethoven’s student) became Karl’s music teacher, but didn’t find as much talent in show the boy as Beethoven hoped he would possess. At this time he ended his cycle of lieder “To the distant loved one, and on patriot, drafted the first theme for his ninth symphony. Two years later, the Archduke Rudolph became Cardinal and Beethoven began composing his mass in tell us about yourself mba essay D. Essays On Patriot? It was never ready for tips the intonation, but the work was rich beyond compare. Gioachino Rossini triumphed in Vienna in 1822, where he met Beethoven again.
The language barrier and Beethoven’s deafness meant that they could only exchange brief words. The Viennese composer tolerated Italian opera only in essays on patriot moderationhe found it lacked seriousness. How many symphonies did Beethoven write? May 7 th 1824 was the date of the first playing of the ninth symphony and despite the writing, musical difficulties, and problems in the sung parts, it was a success. Unfortunately it was not financially rewarding. Financial problems constantly undermined the composer. He always had money saved, but he was keeping it for his nephew. Then began the essays, period of the last quartets of Beethoven music, which are still difficult even for truman show coursework today’s audience, who knows how to interpret his other works. He started to compose his tenth symphony.
Biography of Beethoven His Final Year. In 1826, Beethoven caught a cold coming back from his brother’s place, with whom he had argued again. The illness complicated other health problems that Beethoven had suffered from all his life. He passed away surrounded by essays, his closest friends on March 26 th 1827, just as a storm broke out. Truman? The funeral rites took place at the church of the essays, Holy Trinity.
It is estimated that between 10,000 and 30,000 people attended. Franz Schubert, timid and a huge admirer of Beethoven, without ever having become close to him, was one of the descriptive about, coffin bearers, along with other musicians. On Patriot? Schubert died the next year and was buried next to Beethoven. Essay Service Uk Reviews? The actor, Heinrich Anschutz, read the funeral prayer written by essays on patriot, Franz Grillparzer, a great writer, in front of the doors of the Wahring cemetery, now Schubert Park.
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Short Essay on Patriotism - Important India
Sesame (Sesamum indicum) seeds and essays, oil meal. Sesame, benne, beni, beniseed, benneseed, gingelly [English]; sesame [French]; ajonjoli, sesamo [Spanish]; gergelim, sesamo [Portuguese]; sesam [Afrikaans]; sezam [Croatian]; Ri?i [Hausa]; wijen [Indonesian]; Indiski sezam [Serbian]; Susam [Turkish]; V?ng [Vietnamese]; ??? [Amharic]; ?????? [Arabic]; ??? [Bengali]; [Bulgarian]; ?? [Chinese]; ???? [Farsi]; ??????? [Greek]; ?? [Gujarati]; ?????? [Hebrew]; ??? [Hindi]; ?? [Japanese]; ?? [Korean]; ????? [Malayalam]; ??? [Marathi]; ??? [Punjabi]; [Russian]; ??? [Tamil]; ?? [Thai] Product names : sesame meal, sesame oil meal, sesame oil cake, til oil cake, sesame press cake, expeller sesame oilcake, sesame expeller meal. Sesamum mulayanum N. C. Ifrs Resume. Nair, Sesamum orientale L. Sesame ( Sesamum indicum L.) is a tropical and subtropical plant cultivated for its seeds, which yield about 50% of on patriot a high quality edible oil. Resume Tips. Sesame oil meal, the by-product of sesame oil extraction, is used as a feed ingredient. Sesame is an annual, or occasionally perennial, species which can grow to 50-250 cm in height (Sun Hwang, 2005). Its morphology is extremely variable.
The sesame plant can be branched or unbranched. The leaves vary in shape and size, and may be alternate or opposite (Oplinger et al., 1990). The growing sequence is essays on patriot, indeterminate, with leaves, flowers and seeds being produced as long as the weather permits. At maturity, leaves and stems turn yellow to red in colour (Oplinger et al., 1990). Tell Us About. It normally takes 125 to 135 days for on patriot, unimproved sesame to us about, reach maturity, but commercial varieties only require 90-120 days (Hansen, 2011). Sesame has an extensive root system that makes it very tolerant of drought. The stems are green, erect, quadrangular, longitudinally furrowed and essays, densely hairy. The leaves are hairy, ovate, 3-17.5 cm long x 1-7 cm broad, and dull green in colour (Sun Hwang, 2005). Truman Coursework. White to pale pink bell-shaped flowers develop at on patriot the leaf axils along the stems.
Sesame flowers are self-pollinated though some cross-pollination may occur. 2008 Junior Contests. Only flowers borne 30 to on patriot, 60 cm off the tell ground develop into fruits. The fruit is a deeply grooved capsule, 2.5-3.5 cm long, parallelepipedic in shape and on patriot, containing 8 rows of seeds (about 100-150 seeds in total). Truman Coursework. The fruits of older varieties usually shatter, splitting open at essays fruit maturity and releasing seeds. A non-shattering mutant cultivar with reduced seed losses has been developed. Four to six weeks are necessary for seeds to mature. Essay. The seeds are variable in colour, small and flat with a point at essays on patriot one end.
A 1000 seeds weigh is about 32 g. Show Coursework. Lighter coloured seeds are considered of higher quality (Hansen, 2011; Myers, 2002; Sun Hwang, 2005; Oplinger et al., 1990). White seed varieties are produced in Mexico, Guatemala and on patriot, El Salvador. Truman Coursework. Black seed varieties are grown in China and Thailand (Hansen, 2011). Breeding programmes focus particularly on 2 traits: the antioxidant factor in sesame oil (sesamol), and non-shattering high yielding potential (Hansen, 2011; Oplinger et al., 1990). Sesame is primarily grown for its edible seeds and oil, with 65% of the seeds being used for oil extraction and 35% for food. Sesame seeds have outstanding amounts of essays oil and a desirable nutty flavour after cooking. Junior Essay. For these reasons, they are much appreciated in bakery, the candy industry and for essays, other food specialties (Hansen, 2011). Sesame seeds are mainly used for marfan syndrome essays citations, their high oil content. They have a high polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) content and essays on patriot, rank 4th after safflower, soybean and maize for their PUFA content.
Sesame oil contains about 47% oleic acid and 39% linoleic acid (Oplinger et al., 1990). Junior High Contests. It is essays on patriot, rich in tocopherols and lignans (notably sesamin and sesamolin) that provide exceptional oxidative stability compared to ifrs resume tips, other edible oils (Sun Hwang, 2005). There are two main types of sesame oils: the first is essays on patriot, pale yellow, has a grain-like odour and a nutty taste, and is used for salad dressing and deep frying. The second is obtained from roasted seeds, and descriptive a kitchen, is amber-coloured and used in cooking as a flavouring agent (Hansen, 2011). Due to essays, its stability, sesame oil can be used in margarine production where refrigeration equipment is lacking (Hansen, 2011).
Sesame oil is truman coursework, used in essays pharmaceutical preparations as a vehicle for drug delivery, in essays insecticides and cosmetics. Numerous medicinal properties have been reported (Hansen, 2011; Monteiro et al., 2014). Sesame oil meal (or sesame oil cake) is the essays protein-rich by-product obtained after oil extraction. Depending on the way oil has been extracted, sesame oil meal can be food grade (from dehulled sesame seeds), or used as a feed for livestock, especially ruminants and poultry (from undecorticated sesame seeds). Truman Coursework. It is a valuable source of protein for animals (Hansen, 2011; Oplinger et al., 1990).
Unlike other oil meals, sesame oil meal is usually obtained by mechanical extraction only (rather by mechanical extraction followed by solvent extraction) and its residual oil content is high. The hulls resulting from the dehulling of sesame seeds are discarded and can be used as fodder for ruminants or poultry (Mahmoud et al., 2015; Abdullah et al., 2011). Sesame is on patriot, one of the oldest oil crops, its use being recorded in Babylon and Assyria 4000 years ago. It spread from the marfan essays with Fertile Crescent and is now found in many tropical and subtropical areas. It has been cultivated commercially in the USA since the essays 1950s. The worldwide seed production was 5.5 million t in 2014 (FAO, 2016; Hansen, 2011; Myers, 2002; Sun Hwang, 2005; Oplinger et al., 1990). Most sesame is produced in Africa (3.0 million t) and Asia (2.3 million t). India, Sudan, China, Myanmar and service, Tanzania account for 80% of world production. Essays On Patriot. China, India, Taiwan, Vietnam and Mexico are the main users (FAO, 2016).
In Ethiopia, sesame cake is sold in local markets (Gebremedhin et al., 2009). Sesame grows well in areas with long, warm seasons, from the ifrs resume tips equator to 40° North or South in both hemispheres, under conditions similar to those of the cotton crop (Sheahan, 2014; Sun Hwang, 2005). It does well in on patriot most soils but prefers those that are well-drained. It is marfan citations, particularly tolerant of drought and extreme heat, though it requires good soil moisture for its establishment (Sheahan, 2014; Hansen, 2011; Sun Hwang, 2005). On Patriot. A minimal seasonal rainfall of tell us about mba essay 500 to 700 mm is essays on patriot, necessary for optimal seed yield. Water requirements are particularly high during seedling and flowering. Sesame is intolerant of waterlogging. Rainfall or winds during late growth may impair seed yield as they increase shattering. Moisture occurring at maturity increases fungal attacks. Sesame yield and oil content are positively correlated with photoperiodism (Hansen, 2011; Myers, 2002; Sun Hwang, 2005; Oplinger et al., 1990).
Sesame has moderate tolerance to salinity (Sheahan, 2014; Hansen, 2011; Oplinger et al., 1990). Because of tips its deep root system, sesame scavenges nutrients at a greater depth than most crop root systems. It has low input requirements and often grows under conditions where few other crops can survive. These attributes make sesame an excellent candidate for on patriot, low-input sustainable food systems (Sheahan, 2014). Sesame seeds have good viability and can be stored for syndrome essays with citations, about 5 years at room temperature. However it is important to dry them down to 8-6% moisture in order to prevent heating and rancidity. Essays On Patriot. Frost might hamper seed quality (Hansen, 2011; Oplinger et al., 1990). Several processes exist to extract sesame oil, depending on descriptive essay a kitchen, the end product required and the region of production. The seed may be dehulled, cooked or roasted, and the oil extracted by mechanical pressure, resulting in a feed-grade, oil-rich sesame cake. Essays On Patriot. Further extraction with solvent results in a feed-grade, low oil sesame flour. Dehulling is 2008 high essay contests, common in essays on patriot India, where sesame meal is an important food, and can be performed manually at village level or mechanically in descriptive essay conventional oil mills.
In East Asia (China, Japan, Korea), where sesame oil is the main product, the whole seeds are roasted, ground and cooked before expeller extraction. Essays. In North China, seeds are soaked, roasted, dehulled and milled to truman show coursework, make sesame paste, and the oil (called small mill sesame oil) is separated by essays on patriot centrifugation or gravitation (Sun Hwang, 2005). In Africa, farm-level extraction is performed by crushing with a grindstone and by tell adding boiling water to skim off the oil, resulting in a crude, low quality oil. A more sophisticated process uses hand-operated presses and a 3-step extraction: the on patriot first extraction is done at room temperature and resume, produces high grade oil; the essays resulting press cake is ifrs, then heated and pressed to on patriot, yield a coloured oil; this can then be refined to give a non edible oil (Mkamilo et al., 2007). Sesame oil meal (usually from non-dehulled seeds) is fed to ruminant livestock and poultry (Hansen, 2011; Oplinger et al., 1990). Sesame should be planted after the last sharp frost when soil temperature is above 21°C.
It requires a well-prepared weed-free seedbed with a good moisture content. Sowing sesame just after rain or irrigation is recommended. Sesame seeds should be shallow planted at 2-3 kg/ha (Myers, 2002). Careful weeding is necessary for it to grow (Hansen, 2011; Myers, 2002; Oplinger et al., 1990). 2008 High Contests. High density sowing reduces late weed growth, which may be troublesome at essays on patriot harvest.
Sesame is frequently intercropped in smallholder fields. Strip cropping with maize and descriptive essay about a kitchen, sorghum is essays, also common, and protects sesame from citations, strong winds (Mkamilo et al., 2007). Sesame is ready to harvest 90 to 150 days after being sown. Because frost is deleterious to seed quality the harvest should be done before the on patriot first sharp frost (Hansen, 2011). Harvest of non-shattering varieties can be done with a combine harvester provided all holes have been sealed to prevent losses of small seeds. Essay Writing Uk Reviews. As sesame seeds are fragile, it is preferable to on patriot, use a low cylinder speed (half that for syndrome, cereals). Essays. In shattering varieties, it is recommended to cut the 2008 high plants when the on patriot stems are still green, and then to show coursework, stack them in vertical piles (Hansen, 2011; Oplinger et al., 1990). Seed yields are about on patriot 400-500 kg/ha (FAO, 2016).
Cover crop, soil improver, green manure and weed/pest control. Because of its extensive root system, sesame provides valuable cover to the soil and has a positive effect on soil structure, moisture retention and tilth (Langham et al., 2008; Myers, 2002). Descriptive About A Kitchen. Sesame has a higher C:N ratio than most legume covers, making it a valuable green manure. Essays On Patriot. It vigorously outcompetes weeds (Creamer et al., 2000). In some cases, it has been reported to have some potential to become weedy (Sheahan, 2014). Sesame can successfully reduce root-knot nematode populations in subsequent crops and help regulate cotton bollworm/maize earworm (Pimbert, 1991; McSorley, 1999; Sipes et al., 1997; Rodriguez-Kabana et al., 1988). Sesame attracts beneficial insects and truman show, is a source of essays feed for ifrs tips, songbirds, quail and doves (Sheahan, 2014; Creamer et al., 2000). Sesame plants have been reported to essays on patriot, accumulate and truman show, remove from the soils the organochlorine pesticide lindane, a neurotoxin that can persist in the soil for many years (Abhilash et al., 2010). Sesame oil meal is a protein rich by-product. Expeller sesame meal has a protein content of about 45% of on patriot DM, ranging from 32 to tips, 53%, whereas solvent-extracted sesame meal contains about 48% protein. Essays. Expeller sesame oil meal is rich in residual oil, and thus in energy, though the oil content depends on the process and service, may be very variable, from on patriot, 5 to ifrs, 20%.
The fibre content (crude fibre 4-12%) is relatively low compared to other oil meals except soybean meal. Lignin content is also low (below 2%). On Patriot. Sesame oil meal from tell us about yourself mba essay, dehulled seeds should have a higher nutritional value, but it is normally a food product. Sesame oil meal has a peculiar amino acid profile being low in essays on patriot lysine and rich in marfan syndrome sulphur-containing amino acids. Unsaturated fatty acids (mostly oleic acid C16:0 and essays, linoleic acid C18:1) constitute 80% of the total fatty acids. Sesame seeds are mainly characterised by their large oil content (about 50% of DM, ranging from 35 to 55%). They are also rich in protein (22-27%). The fibre content appears to be extremely variable with some varieties containing small quantities of syndrome citations fibre (crude fibre 4-8% of essays DM) while others are much more fibrous (13-20% of DM) (Sun Hwang, 2005). Sesame seeds have a high content of phytic acid (about 5%) and the hulls contain oxalates (2-3%) (Graf et al., 1990; Sun Hwang, 2005). Descriptive. As phytic acid reduces calcium availability, diets with significant amounts of sesame hulls, whole sesame seeds or non-dehulled sesame oil meal may need to be supplemented with calcium (Aherne et al., 1985; Gohl, 1982). Large amounts of oxalic and phytic acids may have adverse effects on on patriot, palatability.
Dehulling alleviates the problems raised by oxalates, but it has little effect on phytates (Ravindran, 1990). Though sesame oil is very stable, oil-rich sesame oil meal will eventually become rancid (Gohl, 1982). Sesame oil meal is a valuable protein and energy source for ruminants. Reported in vitro OM digestibility is high (83% in ADAS, 1988; more than 75% in Chandrasekharaiah et al., 2002). However, lower values have been reported (69% in vitro DM digestibility in Innaree, 1994).
In Egypt, it has been used in the control diet of comparative studies on protein supply in goats (Kholif et al., 2015). Several processes have been tested to improve the nutritional value for ruminants. Treatment with 1.5-2% formaldehyde decreased rumen protein degradability with no effect or a positive effect on nutrient intake (Bugalia et al., 2008; Pani et al., 1998), and a positive effect on Ca and P balance (Pani et al., 1998). Marfan Syndrome Essays With Citations. Formaldehyde treatment increased the essays digestibility of crude fibre and lipids, as well as indices of post-partum reproductive efficiency (Bugalia et al., 2008). Heat treatment of sesame oil meal at 140°C, 150°C or 160°C for 1, 2 or 3 hours increased bypass protein, with the most efficient heat being 150°C (Mahala et al., 2007). In Thailand, sesame oil meal introduced at 14 to 42%, substituting for soybean meal, in the diets of lactating crossbred cows, reduced DM digestibility, but did not result in uk reviews significant differences in milk production, milk constituents, feed consumption and on patriot, body weight (Innaree, 1994).
In Iran, including 15% sesame oil meal in the diets of marfan essays with lactating dairy cow did not affect DM intake and increased milk fat, but decreased milk yield and feed efficiency compared to the control diet (mixture of on patriot soybean and cottonseed meals) (Shirzadegan et al., 2014). In Egypt, sesame oil meal included at 17.5% of the diet was found suitable for ifrs resume, feeding lactating dairy buffaloes as it resulted in on patriot milk yield similar to high essay contests, that obtained with soybean meal and cottonseed meal (Mahmoud et al., 2014a). In Eritrea, in Barka cattle fed on a urea-treated sorghum stover based diet, DM intake was increased (6.13 vs. 5.81 kg/head/day) as was daily weight gain (741 g vs. 650 g) and feed efficiency when they were supplemented with sesame oil meal rather than fish meal (Mehari et al., 2010). In Egypt, mixtures of nigella meal ( Nigella sativa ) and sesame oil meal used as a total replacement for concentrate in calf diets had higher DM, lipid and crude fibre digestibilities, resulting in higher intake, higher daily weight gain, improved feed conversion ratio, and increased profitability (Mahmoud et al., 2014b). In Gambia, in young grazing N'Dama bull calves, sesame oil meal was fed as a protein supplement for 4 months at levels up to 400 g/day.
Fed at this level, the essays on patriot sesame oil meal not only increased daily weight gain (271 vs. 169 g/d for the control diet) during the experiment, but also resulted in higher growth (217 vs. 158 g/d) after it (Little et al., 1991). In Ethiopia, sheep fed teff straw, with sesame oil meal at syndrome essays with up to 30% of the diet, had a higher weight gain, enhanced carcass parameters, and overall profitability was increased (Fitwi et al., 2013). In Eritrea, male sheep fed a urea-treated sorghum stover diet had higher DM intake (847 vs.
826 g/head/d) and essays on patriot, higher daily weight gain (134 vs . 115 g) when they were supplemented with sesame oil meal rather than fish meal (Mehari et al., 2010). In Sudan, sesame oil meal and groundnut meal ranked higher than cottonseed meal or sunflower meal as a supplementary protein for desert lambs over a 7 week fattening period. Ifrs Tips. The lambs had a higher daily weight gain and a better feed efficiency (Suliman et al., 2007). An earlier experiment done with yearling desert lambs ranked sesame oil meal 2nd after sunflower meal for essays on patriot, growth rate (Ahmed et al., 2005). In Egypt, mixtures of nigella oil meal and sesame oil meal used as a total replacement of concentrate in lamb diets decreased total digestible nutrients, but no significant difference was observed between the two diets in descriptive final weight and average daily gain. It was concluded that a mixture of on patriot nigella oil meal and sesame oil meal could replace a commercial concentrate in growing lambs (Mahmoud et al., 2014b). In Ethiopia, Abergelle goats grazing on natural pasture were profitably supplemented with different ratios of sesame oil meal and Faidherbia albida pods.
The 1:1 ratio (105 g of each feed) yielded better intake and daily weight gain (80 g/d) (Weldemariam, 2015). Sesame meal has a high protein and energy content, but its deficiency in lysine, its fibre content and the presence of phytate and oxalates are limitations for its use in pigs. Early trials found that sesame oil meal could be used in growing-finishing pigs at up to truman coursework, 15% of the essays on patriot diet with satisfactory results (Squibb et al., 1951). However, later studies demonstrated that it is preferable to associate sesame oil meal with a source of lysine such as soybean meal or animal by-products (Ravindran, 1990). Ifrs Resume. Sesame meal could only on patriot, replace 10% of soybean meal in maize-soybean meal based diets for growing-finishing pigs and 2008 junior high contests, sows (Seerley, 1991). Generally, it has been advised to adapt the essays on patriot level of sesame oil meal in the diet according to marfan syndrome essays, the type and quantity of the other protein sources of the diet (Ravindran, 1990; Cunha, 1977). Ileal digestibilities of most of its amino acids tended to decline as the inclusion of sesame oil meal increased in essays on patriot pig diets, and mba essay, daily weight gains and feed efficiency were hampered as the level of sesame oil meal increased from 0 to 12% (diet DM) (Li et al., 2000).
When the formulation of on patriot pig diets took into descriptive account the apparent ileal digestibility of protein and amino acids, up to 10% sesame oil meal (DM basis) could be included in the diet without causing significant changes in total feed intake, average daily gain and feed conversion ratio (Tartrakoon et al., 2001). Due to potential palatability problems caused by essays oxalates, it has been recommended to limit the inclusion of sesame oil meal to 5% in starter diets (Ravindran, 1990). Sesame seeds are known to have a role as a natural antioxidant. About. In Vietnam, where small-scale farmers use diets based on non-defatted rice bran, which is prone to rancidity and to essays, loss of palatability during storage, it was shown that the inclusion of marfan syndrome essays citations 1-3.5% of ground sesame seeds limited peroxidation and enhanced feed intake and essays on patriot, feed conversion ratio in service pigs (Yamasaki et al., 2003). Sesame oil meal is rich in protein and energy but, due to its low lysine content and high methionine and cysteine contents, it is used as a supplementary source of protein with other oil meals such as soybean meal (Yasothai, 2014). Large differences in the quality and nutritional value of sesame products can be observed (Cheva-Isarakul et al., 1993). Phytates and oxalates are an issue for poultry feeding and on patriot, can limit the use of sesame oil meal in practice. Amino acid digestibilities are high but processing at truman coursework excessive temperatures can decrease amino acid levels and availability (Yasothai, 2014).
Studies on the use of sesame oil meal in broiler diets tend to conclude that sesame oil meal can be used at moderate levels, usually below 10% (Mamputu et al., 1995; Rahimian et al., 2013; Daghir, 2008). Performance decreased at essays on patriot higher inclusion levels (Mamputu et al., 1995; Rahimian et al., 2013). Us About Yourself Mba Essay. Some effects on essays on patriot, broiler metabolism and intestine mucosa characteristics were observed (Yamauchi et al., 2006; Rama Rao et al., 2008). However, in some cases dietary levels as high as 20% sesame oil meal sustained good growth (Jacob et al., 1996; Rama Rao et al., 2008). Feed intake is generally not affected by sesame oil meal in the diet, suggesting that palatability is not an issue. Adequate values for metabolizable energy and amino acid digestibility should be used since local products can vary significantly from those presented in international feed tables (Kang et al., 1999; Yasothai, 2014).
Phytase addition improved performance in some cases (Sterling et al., 2001), although this effect was not constant (Rahimian et al., 2013). The general recommendation is to ifrs tips, take great care on feed formulation when using sesame oil meal in broiler diets to avoid inadequacies in amino acids (lysine) and minerals (Ca, P, etc.), which can occur if inappropriate values are used. In these conditions, the on patriot use of relatively low levels (5-8% of the diet) should be safe, while higher levels (10-15%) can be tested with high quality sesame oil meal, or if lower growing rates are acceptable. In layers, laying performance and feed efficiency were affected by levels of sesame oil meal above 4% of the diet (Mamputu et al., 1995; Cheva-Isarakul et al., 1993). High levels (15-20%) of sesame oil meal led to significantly reduced laying rates, feed efficiency and weight gain (Jacob et al., 1996). Essay About. Differences between the essays on patriot performances obtained with sesame oil meals of different origins have been observed, possibly due to amino acid content or protein quality (Cheva-Isarakul et al., 1993). In pullets, the use of tell sesame oil meal above 5% of the diet led to reduced growth and uniformity in the flock, and delayed initiation of lay (Tangtaweewipat et al., 1992).
Sesame oil meal should be used with care in layers, and essays, only at low levels. Resume Tips. In particular attention should be paid to feed formulation, particularly to essays on patriot, the amino acid content (lysine). In growing Japanese quails, up to 15% sesame oil meal was used in the diet without adverse effects on growth and marfan syndrome with, carcass characteristics (Sina et al., 2014). In laying quails, the use of sesame oil meal decreased egg production and feed efficiency, and is thus not recommended (Tangtaweewipat et al., 1992). The use of raw sesame seeds at 5 to 15% in diets for essays on patriot, broilers reduced body weight gain and 2008 junior high essay contests, feed efficiency. Feed intake was less affected but tended to decrease (Olaiya et al., 2015; Ngele et al., 2011). Technological treatments can alleviate this negative effect to some extent. Toasting was the most efficient treatment, followed by soaking and boiling (Olaiya et al., 2015). However, even when toasted, sesame seeds led to essays on patriot, performance below that obtained from control diets (Jiya et al., 2014; Ngele et al., 2011). In layers, the optimal level of soaked sesame seeds in the diet was 3%, which gave an improved laying rate with unchanged feed intake. Truman. With more than 6% sesame seeds, egg production and on patriot, egg weight decreased, leading to a lower egg mass and feed efficiency (Diarra et al., 2008).
The use of descriptive essay a kitchen 1 to 2% sesame seeds improved laying rate in quails, without affecting body weight and feed intake. Fertility and hatchability were also improved (Al-Daraji et al., 2010). In broilers the use of sesame hulls at up to 10% of the on patriot diet, with adequate feed formulation, tended to slightly improve feed intake and growth, with no effect on feed efficiency (Nikolakakis et al., 2014; Mahmoud et al., 2015). In chicks, sesame hulls led to a decrease in tell us about mba essay growth performance, with a stronger effect at 12% inclusion than at 6 or 8% (Farran et al., 2000). Egg production decreased above 14% sesame hulls in the diet. At 7 to 14% sesame hulls inclusion, laying rate slightly decreased but egg weight increased, leading to a constant egg mass and feed efficiency. Essays On Patriot. In all cases, sesame hulls decreased body weight gain in layers (Farran et al., 2000). Sesame oil meal has long been a traditional source of protein for rabbit feeding (Templeton, 1937; Benoit et al., 1948). Marfan Syndrome Essays With. Its high digestibility was established in the 1940s, with values up to 91% for crude protein and essays on patriot, 90% for gross energy, corresponding to 15.05 MJ DE/kg DM (Voris et al., 1940).
Sesame oil meal is included at 10-20% in the control diets of many experiments (Roy et al., 2002; Salma et al., 2002; Ibrahim, 2007; Fasiullah et al., 2010). Truman. In trials, sesame oil meal has been introduced at on patriot up to essay service uk reviews, 38-39% of the diet of growing rabbits without any health problems or alteration of performance (Colin et al., 1977; Colin et al., 1978), and in one trial at up to 56% (Lebas, 1973). If sesame oil meal is to be considered as a suitable protein source for rabbits (Colin et al., 1974; Colin et al., 1978), its deficiency in lysine, which covers only 50% of the requirements of growing rabbits, must be corrected (Lebas, 2013). Thus, the utilisation of sesame oil meal in balanced rabbit rations requires a source of lysine, such as legume seeds or industrial lysine. Whole toasted sesame seeds were introduced safely in rabbit diets at essays up to tips, 12%, but their utilization in balanced diets was limited by the very high lipid content of the on patriot seeds (52%). The best growth and carcass quality were obtained at 8% of the diet (Njidda, 2010). Due to the lack of ifrs tips experiments at the time of writing (2016), it is not known whether toasting is necessary for the use of sesame seeds in essays on patriot rabbit feeding. Sesame oil meal has been found to have a value similar to that of ifrs resume tips soybean meal for carnivorous fish, and has been used successfully as a fish meal protein substitute without negatively affecting growth. About 50% of fish meal was replaced with sesame oil meal in diets for on patriot, rainbow trout ( Oncorhynchus mykiss ) (Nang Thu et al., 2011), and European sturgeon ( Huso huso ) (Jahanbakhshi et al., 2012).
Avg: average or predicted value; SD: standard deviation; Min: minimum value; Max: maximum value; Nb: number of values (samples) used. Sesame meal, mechanical extraction. The asterisk * indicates that the average value was obtained by us about an equation. Last updated on 08/09/2016 10:34:32. The asterisk * indicates that the on patriot average value was obtained by an equation. Last updated on 08/09/2016 01:00:13. The asterisk * indicates that the average value was obtained by an equation. Last updated on 08/09/2016 01:12:22.
Heuze V., Tran G., Bastianelli D., Lebas F., 2017. Sesame (Sesamum indicum) seeds and oil meal . Feedipedia, a programme by INRA, CIRAD, AFZ and FAO. https://feedipedia.org/node/26 Last updated on June 22, 2017, 16:08. Feedipedia - Animal Feed Resources Information System - INRA CIRAD AFZ and FAO © 2012-2017 | Copyright | Disclaimer | Editor login.
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All or Nothing#039;, or #039;Black and essays, White#039; Thinking and Depression. Show? MOST life events are not 'completely disastrous' or 'absolutely wonderful' but contain elements of both good and bad. Depression makes people think in absolutes. All or Nothing, or 'Black and White' thinking is the thought pattern that allows us to generate a flight or fight response to danger. It is still needed in the world today, but not many times a day in essays, relation to non-life-threatening stress, as so often happens with depression. Because All or Nothing thinking is emotionally arousing, it causes over-dreaming and maintains depression, as described in about, the page on understanding depression.
All or Nothing thinking and essays, depression. All or Nothing thinking is found in depressed people all over show coursework, the World. This is because it is part of the most primitive of human responses: The Fight or Flight Response . When faced with a life-threatening situation, we must make a snap decision and act on it. There is essays no time for 'maybe this', or 'maybe that'. Essay? Either decision will create an emotional reaction to allow us to fight or flee to the maximum of our ability. Earlier in the Depression Learning Path, we talked about the importance of tolerating uncertainty when looking to overcome depression. All or Nothing thinking is the opposite of this. In a survival situation, there is no room for uncertainty, we simply have to decide to essays, either run away or fight. Uncertainty causes hesitation, which would increase our chances of being killed.
But these responses evolved for times that were much more physically threatening. These days they are rarely required, at junior high least not to that extent. Since All or Nothing thinking is essays another thinking style strongly linked with depression, learning not to always think in 'all or nothing' terms but to see shades of gray is tell mba essay immensely helpful in tackling depression. It greatly reduces, or stops the essays on patriot emotionally-arousing thoughts that are necessary to maintain the depressed state. Essays With? The more we polarize our thinking the more likely we are to essays, become depressed because extreme either/or thinking stimulates the emotions much more. Statements like I'm a terrible person! or She's perfect; she's a saint! or I'm just a failure! oversimplify life and essay writing, cause massive emotional swings. Few marriages, holidays or jobs were 'complete disasters' but had different elements within them.
From this, you would expect that people prone to on patriot, depression also get much 'higher' when positively excited. And indeed this is marfan syndrome true, research shows that people who suffer from depression often need less stimulation to get really 'up'. For a healthy emotional life, it's not more extreme happiness we need, but balanced emotions. More Calmness = Less Depression Research shows clearly that people who experience extreme emotions ('positive as well as 'negative') are much more prone to depression.(1) So, if you are 'addicted' to essays, getting high levels of truman coursework, emotional stimulation from experiences, conversations, relationships and so on, it could be time you started doing with less. For less depression, it's not more happiness we need, it's more calmness.
As an ongoing way of perceiving reality, All or Nothing thinking is emotionally and physically damaging. If you spot yourself using this style, challenge yourself to think differently. There are particular words that people often use when thinking in this way. You can learn to spot them. Of course, thinking and talking in an 'All or Nothing' way is much more emotionally exciting, and so may be difficult to give up. However, we all talk like this at on patriot times, particularly when excited or angry.
To look at how we can begin to incorporate the gray, take for resume tips, example a child failing a math exam. Essays? They could say to themselves: 'I'm just plain stupid!' or they could say: ' I'm bad at essay writing uk reviews math but I'm pretty good at English' (or sport, art, making people laugh or whatever it happens to be). The first statement is Black or White while the second focuses on lots of different elements and is not indicative of depressive thinking. (Note how this ties in with Explanatory Styles earlier in on patriot, the Depression Learning Path.) We can all make inner statements about ourselves but that doesn't make them true. Essays? Consider the following questions: Can I be basically an essays on patriot intelligent person and still do something stupid? Can I love my children and still get angry with them sometimes? Can my partner love me but sometimes be insensitive? Can one part of my life be difficult and other parts be easier and more enjoyable? Can a part of truman show coursework, my life be difficult now but in the future get easier? Can some parts of an experience (such as a social engagement or vacation) be awful and other parts of it be OK?
Becoming less rigid in our thinking allows us to avoid using All or Nothing statements to depress ourselves without examining their validity. Using this 'cognitive' technique will literally allow you to essays on patriot, spot what you are doing and therefore challenge its accuracy. Remember: A major reason people depress is because of the way they perceive reality. Once this begins to contests, broaden, depression has little to cling on essays to and will start to lift. Depression often centers around one recurring belief, such as I'm just not the sort of person other people like. Deliberately challenging this and 2008 essay, coming up with alternative evidence starts to break down the depression. This can often be easier with the help of a friend or properly-trained therapist. An important note: trauma (PTSD) and depression. On Patriot? People who suffer from truman show post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) may find that they become depressed. On Patriot? The symptoms of PTSD are intrusive, terrifying 'flashbacks' to the original tramua, which keep the brain in a high state of emotional arousal. In this state, it is uk reviews extremely difficult to think in a balanced way, because as we have already seen, when emotionally aroused, the brain's default mode of thinking is 'all or nothing'.
In addition, the thought that life will always be as difficult as it is when experiencing traumatic flashbacks is a depressing one in itself. Happily, we can now stop flashbacks in a single session using the 'rewind' technique (a version of the essays neuro-linguistic programming (NLP) 'fast phobia cure.) (2) Critical incident debriefing, the tell most widely available approach to treating trauma often makes the essays on patriot condition worse.(3,4) Often, removal of syndrome, PTSD in essays on patriot, depressed people is enough in itself to lift their depression. Next article: Understanding Depression Summary. Martin, P. Marfan Syndrome Essays? (1997) The Sickening Mind: brain, behaviour, immunity and disease. HarperCollins. Guy, K. and Guy, N. (2003) The fast cure for phobia and essays, trauma: evidence that it works. Human Givens, 9, 4, 31-35 Wessley, S., Rose, S. and 2008 junior, Bisson, J.A. (1999). A systematic review of brief psychological interventions (debriefing) for the treatment of immediate trauma-related symptoms and the prevention of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Tehrani, N. (1998) Debriefing: a safe way to defuse emotion? The Therapist, 5, 3, 24-29. The Depression Learning Path was created by Mark Tyrrell and Roger Elliott of on patriot, Uncommon Knowledge.
Mark and Roger have also written and recorded over 800 hypnosis sessions at Hypnosis Downloads, the essay a kitchen web's busiest hypnosis site where you can get a cutting-edge hypnosis session for almost any situation. 17 audio sessions 200 page work book Free depression eBook Instant depression help. Take our FREE quiz - it only take a couple of on patriot, minutes. Understand precisely how depression makes you feel so bad, and what you can do to with citations, fight back today.
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capps essays Benjamin Franklin Capps was born June 11, 1922, in on patriot Dundee, Texas, in the West Texas country he writes about. He grew up on essays citations, a ranch near Archer City, Texas. After graduating from Archer City High School in May 1938, at essays on patriot age fifteen, Capps left home to attend Texas Technological College in syndrome essays with Lubbock. After a year of college he served one year in the Civilian Conservation Corps. Capps then worked as a surveyor for essays, the U.S. Department of Engineering in the construction of airfields in Colorado and Texas, and as a truck driver in the building of Lake Texoma. In 1942 he married Marie Thompson, whom he met in Colorado, and entered the U.S. Army Air Force.
During World War II he flew forty bombing missions as the navigator of a B-24 Liberator in the Pacific and attained the rank of first lieutenant. Thanks to the GI Bill, Capps was able to attend The University of truman Texas at Austin after the war. He graduated in 1948 with a B.A. in English and essays on patriot a Phi Beta Kappa key, and in 1949 he received his M.A. in English. Truman Show. After graduation Capps taught English and essays on patriot Journalism for two years at Northeastern State College in Tahlequah, Oklahoma. Teaching was time-consuming and did not allow him time to write and be with his family. Essays Citations. In 1951, Capps left teaching to write full-time in Paris, Texas. A year later, his savings exhausted, he took a job as a machinist after he moved the on patriot family to Grand Prairie, Texas. He reasoned that such work would be different enough from writing fiction that it would not drain his creativity. During the years as a machinist and tool-and-die maker, he continued to write and publish short stories and articles in addition to accumulating a wealth of material on the Old West. Coursework. With the help and support of his family, Capps left his mechanical trade in 1961 to become a full-time writer.
In 1976 he returned briefly to teaching as the first writer-in-residence at UTA, where he taught a senior writing workshop and served as a consultant to the English Department. That year he co-edited, with Dr. Thomas Sutherland, the first book UTA published, Duncan Robinson: Texas Teacher and essays Humanist . Capps' first novel, Hanging at Comanche Wells , a Ballantine paperback, was published in 1962. It related the tale of a valiant deputy helping to marfan keep peace in a town awaiting the essays on patriot execution of a convicted hired gun. The Trail to Ogallala was Capps' first hardcover novel and established him as a major chronicler of the West. The story realistically dramatized a trail drive by 2008 essay focusing on moving a herd of cattle 1,500 miles to essays market.
The novel received a Spur Award from the Western Writers of America and the Levi Strauss Golden Saddleman Award for show, its outstanding contribution to western literature in on patriot 1964. 2008. It was selected by the National Association of Independent Schools as one of the ten best books that year for pre-college readers. It was also selected as one of thirty-one books placed in the White House Library that year by the American Booksellers Association. Another novel, Sam Chance , profiled a West Texas cattle baron and won the Spur Award for 1965. In 1969, The White Man's Road , the story of a Comanche half-breed trying to find his place in the world of western Oklahoma, won Capps his third Spur Award. Essays. It also won the truman show coursework Wrangler Award from the National Cowboy Hall of Fame and Western Heritage Center for the best western novel of the year. Essays On Patriot. The True Memoirs of descriptive about a kitchen Charley Blankenship (1972) and Woman Chief (1980) were each one of three finalists for the Spur. Essays. True Memoirs is the light-hearted story of a runaway who went west as a boy and came back a man.
Woman Chief is about based on the story of a captive Gros Ventre girl who became a warrior chief in on patriot a band of the Crow tribe. The Warren Wagontrain Raid won the Wrangler Award in 1974 for the best western book of non-fiction and was also a finalist for the Spur. Other Capps books include: The Brothers of Uterica (1967), which portrayed a common but almost forgotten ingredient of Western settlement, the marfan syndrome socialist colony, and A Woman of the People (1966), the story of a white girl and her sister captured by Comanches. The Heirs of Franklin Woodstock , published in 1989, is Capps first contemporary novel. Set against West Texas ranch life, it explores the relationship between grown children and aging parents. Tales of the Southwest , a collection of short stories written over essays a span of forty years, was published in essay 1991. In addition to western novels, Capps is essays on patriot recognized as one of America's authorities on Indian life and culture. He produced two works on the American Indian for Time-Life Books, The Indian and The Great Chiefs . Capps is also the author of numerous published short stories, articles, essays, and book reviews. In 1991 he won the Western Writers of America Spur Award for one of his short stories, Cimarron, The Killer. He writes on many subjects and does not consider himself only ifrs tips, a western writer, even though his greatest successes were western novels.
However, he is primarily interested in the past and its influence on us today. Much of essays his writing's appeal lies in tell yourself his knowledge of the Old West's folklore. According to essays Capps, his writing's aim is to be authentic and to 2008 junior essay contests probe the essays human nature and human motives involved in his stories. Essay Writing Service Uk Reviews. His works are painstakingly researched for historical accuracy and generally explore lesser known facets of the American frontier. The Western Literature Association honored Capps with the Distinguished Achievement Award in October 1986. Benjamin Capps died December 23, 2001. Clayton, Lawrence. Benjamin Capps and on patriot the South Plains: A Literary Relationship . Texas Writers Series. Denton: University of North Texas Press, 1990. Truman Show. Speck Ernest B. Benjamin Capps . Boise State University Western Writer Series, Number 49., Boise, Idaho: Boise State University, 1981.
Selected Bibliography Works by Benjamin Capps: Fiction: The Brothers of Uterica . New York: Meredith Press, 1967; reprint, Popular Library, n.d.; Dallas: Southern Methodist University Press, 1988. Hanging at Comanche Wells . On Patriot. New York: Ballantine Books, 1962. The Heirs of essay writing service Franklin Woodstock . Fort Worth: Texas Christian University Press, 1989. Sam Chance . New York: Duell, Sloan and Pearce, 1965; reprint, New York: Ace Books, n.d.; Dallas: Southern Methodist University Press, 1987. Tales of the essays on patriot Southwest . New York: Doubleday, 1991. Ifrs Resume Tips. The Trail to on patriot Ogallala . New York: Duell, Sloan and Pearce, 1964; reprint, New York: New American Library, 1965; Fort Worth: Texas Christian University Press, 1985. The True Memoirs of Charley Blankenship . Philadelphia: J.B. Truman Coursework. Lippincott, 1972. The White Man's Road . New York: Harper and Row, Publishers, 1969; reprint, New York; Ace Books, n.d.; Dallas: Southern Methodist University Press, 1988.
Woman Chief . Garden City, New York: Doubleday and Company, Inc., 1979. reprint by essays on patriot Ace Books, c.1982. A Woman of the People . New York: Duell, Sloan and 2008 high essay contests Pearce, 1966; reprint Greenwich, Connecticut: Fawcett Publications, n.d.; Albuquerque: New Mexico University Press, 1985. Non-fiction: Duncan Robinson: Texas Teacher and Humanist . Essays On Patriot. Arlington, Texas: UTA Press, 1976. (co-edited with Dr. Tips. Thomas Sutherland) The Great Chiefs . New York: Time-Life Books, 1975. The Indians . New York: Time-Life Books, 1973. The Warren Wagontrain Raid: The First Complete Account of an Historic Indian Attack and Its Aftermath . New York: The Dial Press, 1974; reprint, Dallas: Southern Methodist University Press, 1989.
This second acquisition of Benjamin Capps Papers, 1946-1993, overlaps and essays on patriot supplements the earlier acquisition of his papers in 1977. They were developed since the late 1970s and include some material that has been in storage since the 1940s. Ifrs Tips. The inclusive dates of Capps' papers do not reflect the dates of research materials, but rather the dates during which he produced and collected the materials. There are six and on patriot one half linear feet in sixteen document storage boxes of correspondence, legal and essay service financial documents, manuscripts, typescripts, research materials, notes, galleys, and printed material. The collection was organized into essays seven series: diaries, correspondence, plagiarism case files, reviews, literary works, printed materials, and oversize materials. Series I, Diaries, 1946-1979, are notebooks in which Capps describes his feelings and experiences as a rookie schoolteacher, machinist, and full-time writer. They also contain a manuscript publication record in which he lists expenses and income related to writing, descriptions of family activities, studies of writing techniques, character descriptions, letter drafts, a biographical outline, and the story draft for Pilgrimage of a Writer, a fictional autobiography.
Series II, Correspondence, 1968-1993, contains letters exchanged with Henry Allen (pen name, Will Henry), Lawrence Clayton, Don Graham, Dorothy M. Johnson, Elmer Kelton, and C.L. Sonnichsen as well as officers and members of the Western Writers of ifrs resume America. On Patriot. Earlier correspondence with some of yourself these writers can be found in his other collection. Of special interest is the essays on patriot correspondence with writers Henry Allen and Dorothy Johnson with whom he discusses the writing of western literature, other authors and their works, current projects, and his plagiarism case. Series III, Plagiarism Case Files, 1980-1988 (bulk 1981-1983), is the second largest series.
It contains the widest variety of materials, correspondence, legal and truman financial documents with accompanying exhibits, and printed materials. Essays On Patriot. A few letters are from people who read Capps' work and noticed the similarity between his writings and the novel Sacajawea , by Anna Lee Waldo. With Citations. Most of his time and energy from 1981 through June 1983 was involved in the most outrageous case of plagiarism in the history of this country, according to on patriot Capps. Waldo and the publisher, Avon Books, were sued by Capps for copyright infringement of parts of several of his works that were used in Sacajawea . Capps has stated that the case exhausted him and truman show caused him to be hospitalized for major surgery. A long recovery period was necessary.
The settlement was finalized in June 1983. Capps agreed not to publicize the essays on patriot case, but because several scholars knew about it before the final agreement was settled, Capps believes that the details of the case should be available specifically for scholarly research. The bulk of the correspondence in syndrome with series III is between Capps and his attorney, Richard S. Pastore of Albert, Pastore Ward, P.C., New York City, and his literary agent, Al Hart, of The Fox Chase Agency, New York City. Much of the correspondence with his agent, attorney, and friends discuss possible settlement amounts. The letters and contracts that reflect the final agreement are closed at this time for research to prevent them from being used by the news media until after Capps' death. An agreement stipulates that the parties agree to keep confidential the terms of this agreement, including the essays amount of any payment or payments made Included are the various court documents, proofs, essays, interrogatories, financial records, and comparisons of text (which Capps calls paste-ups) between his work and Lee's novel as well as text from other well-known authors, especially Jack London, James Michener, John Steinbeck, and Andrew Garcia. Also included is a copy of a 1986 M.A. Essay About A Kitchen. thesis by Mary C. Simpson, Benjamin Capps and the Sacajawea Plagiarism Case . Series IV, Reviews, 1951-1992, are primarily in the form of clippings. They include general publicity about essays on patriot Capps, the writer, reviews of Capps' work in whole or in part, and reviews by Capps of other western writer's work. The general publicity files contain biographical information and an oral interview transcript by Joanna Gibson conducted in March 1978. The reviews of Capps' work are organized by the title of the work with a collection of essays about several of tips his works organized according to the journal title in which they appeared. Reviews by Capps of essays other authors' work is organized by the newspaper or journal in essay writing which they were published.
Included there is a file of early rejection slips, 1951-1962, primarily for short story submissions to various publishers. Series V, Literary Works, 1946-1991, the largest series, contains manuscripts, typescripts, galley sheets, research materials from essays on patriot, published sources and various libraries, notebooks, printed material, letters, and clippings. The literary material is arranged in chronological order by publication date. Early unpublished materials, short stories, published and unpublished are arranged alphabetically by title. Tell Yourself. Most of the materials in the collection were created and published during the late 1970s to 1991. However, many early works that had been in storage are included. Short stories, essays, and classroom assignments for English and Journalism classes dominate the early materials. On Patriot. This material overlaps and repeats some of the same material from Capps first collection of papers, although they are, in many cases, different versions or drafts of those same stories. Class notes and ifrs exams for classes that Capps taught at essays Northeastern State College at Tahlequah, Oklahoma, demonstrate his philosophy of teaching and writing.
Notes and research materials for Brothers of Uterica , Sam Chance , and The Warren Wagontrain Raid appear in this collection and in junior high essay contests AR309. Parts of essays on patriot two unpublished novels, short stories, published and junior high essay unpublished, are in both collections of his papers. On Patriot. Manuscripts, typescripts, galley sheets, notebooks, outlines, plans, and 2008 junior contests drafts pertaining to three novels published after 1979, Woman Chief , The Heirs of Franklin Woodstock , and on patriot Tales of the Southwest are included. Ten notebooks placed at the end of the literary series did not fit exclusively into any of the previous categories. The notebooks contain a mixture of story plans, notes, essays, character descriptions, ideas, biographical information, and letter drafts pertaining to two or more of his works.
Letter drafts in junior high essay contests the notebooks include letters regarding the on patriot plagiarism case, reviews, and junior essay letters for which there is likely a typed copy in the appropriate series. Series VI, Printed Materials, includes three award certificates, 1965-1991, and two editions of Sacajawea published in 1978 and 1980. Series VII, oversize materials, 1865-1989, contains photocopies of research materials, photostatic copies of post returns, 1871, and maps, 1869-1875, legal documents, printed materials, and galley proofs taken from other series and placed here due to the size limitations of the containers. Biographical information about Capps, his works, and writing experiences can be found throughout the collection; in his diaries, in reviews, and essays general publicity clippings, in marfan syndrome essays with his letter files, in his literary files, and in his notebooks. Although they defy catagorizing, the on patriot notebooks should not be ignored by the serious Capps researcher. They contain a wealth of information about Capps' life, the development of his style, and his methods.
These papers are of great value for law students, journalism students, and students of descriptive essay about a kitchen literature and essays on patriot creative writing. Open for research. Permission to publish, reproduce, distribute, or use by tell yourself mba essay any and all other current or future developed methods or procedures must be obtained in on patriot writing from Special Collections, The University of 2008 high essay Texas at Arlington Library. All rights are reserved and retained regardless of current or future development or laws that may apply to fair use standards. Approval to publish unpublished material from the Benjamine Capps Papers in Special Collections should come from Mrs. Marie Capps.
See also collection AR309, the Benjamin Capps Papers, acquired by the Special Collections Division in 1977. There is essays overlap in the correspondence, publicity, and literary works files of the two collections. Books, Booklets, journals, and article reprints transferred from the Benjamin Capps Papers to Special Collections. The American West in Fiction edited with a general introduction and prefaces by Jon Tuska. New York: New American Library, © 1982m (A Mentor Book). (Includes The Slaughter by coursework Benjamin Capps. An Assortment of Effusions by Ernest B. Speck . On Patriot. Hobbs, New Mexico: Hawk Press, © 1989. Benjamin Capps by 2008 high contests Ernest B. Speck. Boise State University Western Writers Series, number 49.
Boise, Idaho: Boise State University, © 1981. The Brothers of essays Uterica by Benjamin Capps with a new Preface by Benjamin Capps and an Afterword by C.L. Sonnichsen. Dallas: Southern Methodist University Press, © 1967, 1988. Cattlemen's Association by Barbara Neal Ledbetter. Reprint from The Quarterly, Local History and ifrs Genealogical Society , Dallas, Texas, volume XII, Number Two, June 1966.
Signed by author. Das Endlose Treiben by Benjamin Capps. Munich: Wilhelm Heyne Verlag, © 1964, 1972. (German reprinted of essays on patriot The Trail to Ogallala .) Elm Creek Raid in Young County, 1864 by Kenneth F. Show Coursework. Neighbours. Reprinted from the West Texas Historical Association Yearbook , volume XL, October 1964, Abilene, Texas, 1965. The Fifty Best Books on Texas by A.C. Greene. Dallas: Pressworks Publishing, 1982. (Lists A Woman of the People by Capps.) The Fort Belknap of Yesterday and Today, 1851-1963 compiled by Barbara Neal Ledbetter. Newcastle, Texas: Barbara N. Ledbetter, © 1963, Signed by essays on patriot author.
Fort Sill Centennial, 1869-1969 . (Fort Sill, Oklahoma) The Heirs of Franklin Woodstock by Benjamin Capps. Fort Worth: Texas Christian University Press, 1989. (Autographed by Capps) Imagining Texas: The Literature of the Lone Star State by William T. Pilkington. Boston: American Press, © 1981. (Includes section Tom Lea, Benjamin Capps and Others) Die Legende von Woman Chief by Benjamin Capps.
Munich: Wilhelm Heyne Verlag, © 1979, 1981. Roundup: An Anthology of Great Stories by the Western Writers of America edited by essay contests Stephen Overholser. New York: Doubleday Company, 1982. (Includes the on patriot Disgraceful Affair of Turpentine Jackson by marfan essays with citations Capps.) Sam Chance by Benjamin Capps with a new Introductiion by Benjamin Capps and an Afterword by Elmer Kelton. Southwest Life and Letters. Dallas: Southern Methodist University Press, © 1965, 1987. Tales of the Southwest by Benjamin Capps.
A Double D Western. New York: Double D Western. New York: Doubleday, © 1990, 1991. A Texas Christmas: A Miscellany of Art, Poetry, and Fiction . Edited by John Edward Weems. Dallas: Pressworks, © 1983. (Includes the Night Old Santa Claus Came by Capps.) The Trail to Ogallala by Benjamin Capps with a new Introduction by Benjamin Capps and an Afterword by Don Graham. Essays. Number Three in the Texas Tradition Series. Essay. Fort Worth: Texas Christian University Press. © 1964, 1985. The Warren Wagontrain Raid: the First Complete Account of an Historic Indian Attack and its Aftermath by Benjamin Capps. New York: The Dial Press, © 1974. (Autographed by Capps.)
The White Man's Road by Benjamin Capps with an Afterward by James Ward Lee. Southwest Life and Letters. Essays. Dallas: Southern Methodist University Press, © 1969, 1988. Who Was Saint-to-Hoodle Goombi? by Barbara Neal Ledbetter. Tell Us About Yourself. Reprinted from the West Texas Historical Associatiion Yearbook , Volume XLI, October, 1965. Abilene, Texas, 1965.
Woman Chief by Benjamin Capps. New York: Doubleday Company, © 1979. (Autographed by Capps.) Zacharia Ellis Coombes, the Samuel Pepys of the Texas Frontier by Barbara Ledbetter. Reprinted from West Texas Historical Association Yearbook , Vol. XLIV, October 1968. Abilene, Texas. Cross Timbers Review . Cisco: Cisco Junior College, vol. 1, no. Essays. 1, May 1984. (Contains `Mesquite Country': Benjamin Capps's Unpublished First Novel by Don Graham) The Roundup . Official Organ, Western Writers of America.
Bradenton, Florida, v. XXII, no. 9, October 1974. (Contains Overture to Ogallala by Capps, also see pp. 13, 19 for a review of The Old West: The Indians , and writing service a photo of Ben and on patriot Marie Capps). Vol. XI, no. Essay. 12. Contains Texas Mistreated Indians. by Capps.
Additional issues: December 1963; February 1985; November-December 1985. Southwest Review . Dallas: Southern Methodist Press, Summer 1980. (Contains article Old and New Cowboy Classics by Don Graham in which he compares Capps' Trail to Ogallala with other works especially The Log of a Cowboy .) The Texas Literary Tradition edited by Don Graham, James W. Lee, and William T. Pilkington. Austin: The College of Liberal Arts, The University of Texas at Austin and the Texas State Historical Association, © 1983. (Capps' works are discussed in the various essays. Inscribed to on patriot Capps by author Jim Lee.) Texas Literary Quarterly . Marfan Syndrome Essays Citations. Austin: Texas Literary Quarterly, v. 1, no. 2, Autumn 1948. Essays On Patriot. (Includes short story, Blind Man's Buff by Capps and a poem by his brother, Joe Capps.) Texas Monthly . Sesquicentennial Collector's Issue. Austin: Texas Monthly, v. 14, issue 1, January 1986. (Contains story by Capps, Centennial!) Benjamin Capps Papers, AR363, Box Number, Folder Number, Special Collections, The University of Texas at Arlington Library.
The Benjamin Capps Papers were purchased by The University of Texas at Arlington. Gerald D. Saxon, Assistant Director for essay contests, Special Collections, received the materials from Benjamin Capps at his home in on patriot Grand Prairie, Texas, on June 10, 1993. Finding aid prepared by Shirley R. Rodnitzky, February 1995. Revised 2002. A list of books and periodicals that were removed from the collection to be cataloged individually for Special Collections can be found in ifrs resume the Materials Removed List. The collection was originally contained in twenty-one boxes of varying sizes. Correspondence, plagiarism case files, reviews, short stories, and manuscripts were received in labeled folders, one certificate was framed, maps were rolled, and post returns were folded. Several documents, research materials, photocopied articles, the diaries, notebooks, and galley sheets, as well as printed materials such as books, flyers, periodicals, and booklets, were received packed in boxes but unfoldered. Original folder titles were retained, and essays the remaining materials were placed in folders and combined with related materials. The series were organized by the processor by document-type and subject as developed by descriptive about a kitchen the creator.
Basically, this collection is organized similar to AR309, Capps' earlier papers. Personal material such as diaries, correspondence, and the plagiarism case files were placed before Capps' literary works and materials related to those works both published and unpublished. Oversize materials from all series were placed in on patriot larger containers at descriptive the end of the essays collection. Document out sheets in the original locations show the original placement of these documents. Contents of all files were arranged in chronological order. Several files, especially in truman coursework the plagiarism case series were very large. On Patriot. These files were divided into two or sometimes three smaller files.
Large documents and the rolled maps were humidified and flattened before they were housed. Duplicate photocopied letters and documents, and clippings were discarded. Most of these duplicates appeared in the plagiarism case series. Clippings were photocopied on acid-free paper and the originals were discarded.