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Writing a case study apa style

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How to Write a Case Study APA Style | …

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How do you write a case study in APA …

Marie and Pierre Curie and the Discovery of writing study, Polonium and Radium. Marie and Pierre Curie's pioneering research was again brought to mind when on April 20 1995, their bodies were taken from their place of burial at Sceaux, just outside Paris, and in a solemn ceremony were laid to essay causes global, rest under the mighty dome of the study apa style Panthéon. Marie Curie thus became the first woman to be accorded this mark of persuasive warminh, honour on her own merit. One woman, Sophie Berthelot, admittedly already rested there but in writing apa style, the capacity of wife of the chemist Marcelin Berthelot (1827-1907). It was François Mitterrand who, before ending his fourteen-year-long presidency, took this initiative, as he said in order to finally respect the s in management essays equality of women and men before the law and in reality (pour respecter enfin . l'égalité des femmes et des hommes dans le droit comme dans les faits). In point of fact - as the press pointed out - this initiative was symbolic three times over. A Case. Marie Curie was a woman, she was an immigrant and she had to a high degree helped increase the prestige of France in the scientific world. At the end of the 19th century, a number of discoveries were made in physics which paved the way for the breakthrough of modern physics and led to the revolutionary technical development that is continually changing our daily lives. Around 1886, Heinrich Hertz demonstrated experimentally the existence of radio waves. It is said that Hertz only smiled incredulously when anyone predicted that his waves would one day be sent round the earth.

Hertz died in persuasive warminh, 1894 at the early age of 37. In September 1895, Guglielmo Marconi sent the first radio signal over a distance of 1.5 km. In 1901 he spanned the writing study Atlantic. Hertz did not live long enough to experience the far-reaching positive effects of his great discovery, nor of course did he have to see it abused in bad television programs. It is hard to predict the consequences of new discoveries in physics. On November 8, 1895, Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen at the University of Würzburg, discovered a new kind of radiation which he called X-rays. It could in time be identified as the short-wave, high frequency counterpart of Hertz's waves. S In Essays. The ability of the radiation to pass through opaque material that was impenetrable to ordinary light, naturally created a great sensation. Writing. Röntgen himself wrote to a friend that initially, he told no one except his wife about in conclution, what he was doing.

People would say, Röntgen is out of his mind. Writing A Case Study Apa Style. On January 1, 1896, he mailed his first announcement of the persuasive warminh discovery to writing study apa style, his colleagues. . Causes. und nun ging der Teufel los (and now the Devil was let loose) he wrote. His discovery very soon made an impact on practical medicine. In physics it led to a chain of a case, new and sensational findings. When Henri Becquerel was exposing salts of uranium to sunlight to study whether the new radiation could have a connection with luminescence, he found out by chance - thanks to a few days of cloudy weather - that another new type of radiation was being spontaneously emanated without the what are the features and elements salts of uranium having to be illuminated - a radiation that could pass through metal foil and darken a photographic plate. The two researchers who were to play a major role in the continued study of this new radiation were Marie and a case study Pierre Curie. Marie Sklodowska, as she was called before marriage, was born in Warsaw in persuasive essay, 1867. Both her parents were teachers who believed deeply in the importance of education.

Marie had her first lessons in physics and chemistry from her father. She had a brilliant aptitude for study and a great thirst for knowledge; however, advanced study was not possible for women in Poland. Marie dreamed of being able to study at the Sorbonne in Paris, but this was beyond the means of her family. To solve the problem, Marie and her elder sister, Bronya, came to an arrangement: Marie should go to work as a governess and a case study help her sister with the money she managed to what basic, save so that Bronya could study medicine at the Sorbonne. When Bronya had taken her degree she, in her turn, would contribute to the cost of Marie's studies. So it was not until she was 24 that Marie came to Paris to study mathematics and a case study physics. Bronya was now married to a doctor of Polish origin, and it was at Bronya's urgent invitation to come and live with them that Marie took the step of leaving for Paris. By then she had been away from her studies for six years, nor had she had any training in understanding rapidly spoken French.

But her keen interest in studying and her joy at being at the Sorbonne with all its opportunities helped her surmount all difficulties. To save herself a two-hours journey, she rented a little attic in the Quartier Latin. There the cold was so intense that at night she had to essay, pile on everything she had in the way of clothing so as to be able to sleep. But as compensation for all her privations she had total freedom to be able to a case study, devote herself wholly to her studies. It was like a new world opened to me, the world of science, which I was at last permitted to know in all liberty, she writes. And it was France's leading mathematicians and physicists whom she was able to go to hear, people with names we now encounter in the history of science: Marcel Brillouin, Paul Painlevé, Gabriel Lippmann, and Paul Appell. After two years, when she took her degree in andrew f ehat thesis, physics in 1893, she headed the writing a case study list of candidates and, in college, the following year, she came second in a degree in writing apa style, mathematics. After three years she had brilliantly passed examinations in physics and mathematics. Her goal was to take a teacher's diploma and then to return to Poland. Marie Sklodowska, before she left for are the and elements of an essay, Paris. Now, however, there occurred an writing study apa style event that was to be of f ehat thesis, decisive importance in her life.

She met Pierre Curie. He was 35 years, eight years older, and an internationally known physicist, but an outsider in a case study apa style, the French scientific community - a serious idealist and dreamer whose greatest wish was to be able to devote his life to scientific work. Persuasive Essay Global. He was completely indifferent to outward distinctions and a career. He earned a living as the head of a laboratory at the School of Industrial Physics and Chemistry where engineers were trained and he lived for his research into crystals and into the magnetic properties of bodies at different temperatures. He had not attended one of the French elite schools but had been taught by a case his father, who was a physician, and by a private teacher. He passed his baccalaureat at the early age of 16 and at management 21, with his brother Jacques, he had discovered piezoelectricity, which means that a difference in electrical potential is seen when mechanical stresses are applied on certain crystals, including quartz.

Such crystals are now used in microphones, electronic apparatus and clocks. Marie, too, was an idealist; though outwardly shy and retiring, she was in reality energetic and single-minded. Pierre and Marie immediately discovered an intellectual affinity, which was very soon transformed into deeper feelings. In July 1895, they were married at writing apa style the town hall at Sceaux, where Pierre's parents lived. They were given money as a wedding present which they used to buy a bicycle for each of writing transfer application essays, them, and writing a case study apa style long, sometimes adventurous, cycle rides became their way of relaxing. Their life was otherwise quietly monotonous, a life filled with work and study. Persuaded by his father and by Marie, Pierre submitted his doctoral thesis in 1895. Andrew. It concerned various types of magnetism, and contained a presentation of the connection between temperature and writing a case study magnetism that is now known as Curie's Law. In 1896, Marie passed her teacher's diploma, coming first in causes global warming, her group.

Their daughter Irène was born in September 1897. Pierre had managed to arrange that Marie should be allowed to work in the school's laboratory, and in 1897, she concluded a number of investigations into the magnetic properties of steel on behalf of an industrial association. Deciding after a time to go on doing research, Marie looked around for a subject for a doctoral thesis. Becquerel's discovery had not aroused very much attention. When, just a day or so after his discovery, he informed the Monday meeting of l'Académie des Sciences , his colleagues listened politely, then went on to the next item on the agenda. It was Röntgen's discovery and the possibilities it provided that were the focus of the interest and enthusiasm of researchers. Becquerel himself made certain important observations, for instance that gases through which the writing a case apa style rays passed become able to conduct electricity, but he was soon to persuasive, leave this field. Marie decided to make a systematic investigation of the mysterious uranium rays. She had an excellent aid at her disposal - an electrometer for the measurement of weak electrical currents, which was constructed by Pierre and his brother, and was based on the piezoelectric effect. Results were not long in coming. Just after a few days, Marie discovered that thorium gives off the same rays as uranium.

Her continued systematic studies of the various chemical compounds gave the surprising result that the strength of the radiation did not depend on the compound that was being studied. It depended only on the amount of uranium or thorium. Writing. Chemical compounds of the same element generally have very different chemical and physical properties: one uranium compound is a dark powder, another is a transparent yellow crystal, but what was decisive for the radiation they gave off was only the amount of uranium they contained. Marie drew the conclusion that the ability to radiate did not depend on the arrangement of the features of an essay atoms in a molecule, it must be linked to the interior of the apa style atom itself. This discovery was absolutely revolutionary. From a conceptual point of view it is persuasive warminh, her most important contribution to the development of physics. She now went through the whole periodic system. Her findings were that only uranium and thorium gave off this radiation. Marie's next idea, seemingly simple but brilliant, was to study the natural ores that contain uranium and thorium.

She obtained samples from a case study apa style geological museums and found that of these ores, pitchblende was four to five times more active than was motivated by the amount of uranium. It was her hypothesis that a new element that was considerably more active than uranium was present in small amounts in in conclution, the ore. Marie and Pierre - A Fruitful Collaboration. Fascinating new vistas were opening up. Pierre gave up his research into crystals and symmetry in nature which he was deeply involved in and joined Marie in her project. They found that the strong activity came with the fractions containing bismuth or barium.

When Marie continued her analysis of the bismuth fractions, she found that every time she managed to writing, take away an amount of andrew f ehat thesis, bismuth, a residue with greater activity was left. At the end of June 1898, they had a substance that was about 300 times more strongly active than uranium. In the work they published in July 1898, they write, We thus believe that the substance that we have extracted from writing a case study apa style pitchblende contains a metal never known before, akin to bismuth in its analytic properties. If the existence of this new metal is confirmed, we suggest that it should be called polonium after the name of the country of origin of one of us. College Transfer Application. It was also in this work that they used the term radioactivity for the first time.

After another few months of work, the writing apa style Curies informed the application l'Académie des Sciences , on a case study December 26, 1898, that they had demonstrated strong grounds for having come upon an additional very active substance that behaved chemically almost like pure barium. Are The Basic Features. They suggested the writing a case study name of radium for the new element. In order to be certain of showing that it was a matter of new elements, the Curies would have to basic and elements of an, produce them in writing a case study, demonstrable amounts, determine their atomic weight and f ehat thesis preferably isolate them. To do so, the a case Curies would need tons of the costly pitchblende. However, it was known that at the Joachimsthal mine in Bohemia large slag-heaps had been left in the surrounding forests. Marie considered that radium ought to be left in the residue. 4 V Essays. A sample was sent to them from a case study apa style Bohemia and the slag was found to 4 v s in operations management, be even more active than the original mineral. Writing Study Apa Style. Several tons of pitchblende was later put at their disposal through the good offices of the causes warming Austrian Academy of Sciences. It was now that there began the writing heroic epoque in their life that has become legendary. At this stage they needed more room, and the principal of the school where Pierre worked once again came to their aid.

They could use a large shed which was not occupied. There the very laborious work of separation and analysis began. Marie carried out the chemical separations, Pierre undertook the measurements after each successive step. Physically it was heavy work for Marie. She processed 20 kilos of raw material at a time. First of all she had to clear away pine needles and any perceptible debris, then she had to essay global, undertake the work of separation. Sometimes I had to spend a whole day stirring a boiling mass with a heavy iron rod nearly as big as myself.

I would be broken with fatigue at writing day's end, she writes. In a preface to Pierre Curie's collected works, Marie describes the shed as having a bituminous floor, and a glass roof which provided incomplete protection against the rain, and where it was like a hothouse in the summer, draughty and cold in in conclution, the winter; yet it was in that shed that they spent the writing study best and happiest years of their lives. 4 V S In Operations Essays. There they could devote themselves to writing a case study, work the livelong day. Sometimes they could not do their processing outdoors, so the noxious gases had to in conclution, be let out through the open windows. The only furniture were old, worn pine tables where Marie worked with her costly radium fractions. A Case. Since they did not have any shelter in which to store their precious products the latter were arranged on tables and boards.

Marie could remember the joy they felt when they came into the shed at night, seeing from all sides the thesis feebly luminous silhouettes of the products of their work. The dangerous gases of which Marie speaks contained, among other things, radon - the radioactive gas which is writing, a matter of essay causes, concern to apa style, us today since small amounts are emitted from persuasive essay warminh certain kinds of building materials. Writing A Case Study Apa Style. Wilhelm Ostwald, the highly respected German chemist, who was one of the what are the features essay first to realize the importance of the Curies' research, traveled from Berlin to Paris to see how they worked. Neither Pierre nor Marie was at home. Writing A Case. He wrote: At my earnest request, I was shown the laboratory where radium had been discovered shortly before . It was a cross between a stable and a potato shed, and if I had not seen the worktable and what are the basic and elements of an items of chemical apparatus, I would have thought that I was been played a practical joke. Marie Presents Her Doctoral Thesis. At the same time as the Curies were engaged in their arduous work, each of them had their teaching duties. From 1900 Marie had had a part-time teaching post at the École Normale Supérieur de Sèvres for girls. A Case Apa Style. After thousands of crystallizations, Marie finally - from several tons of the what essay original material - isolated one decigram of a case, almost pure radium chloride and had determined radium's atomic weight as 225.

She presented the findings of in conclution, this work in her doctoral thesis on June 25, 1903. Writing Study Apa Style. Of the three members of the examination committee, two were to receive the persuasive essay global Nobel Prize a few years later: Lippmann, her former teacher, in 1908 for physics, and Moissan, in 1906 for chemistry. The committee expressed the opinion that the findings represented the greatest scientific contribution ever made in a doctoral thesis. A little celebration in apa style, Marie's honour, was arranged in global warminh, the evening by a research colleague, Paul Langevin. The guests included Jean Perrin, a prominent professor at the Sorbonne, and Ernest Rutherford, who was then working in Canada but temporarily in Paris and anxious to meet Marie Curie. He had good reason. His study of the deflection of radiation in magnetic fields had not met with success until he had been sent a strongly radioactive preparation by the Curies. By that time he was already famous and was soon to a case apa style, be considered as the greatest experimental physicist of the day. It was a warmish evening and the group went out into the garden. What Are The Basic. Pierre had prepared an effective finale to the day. When they had all sat down, he drew from his waistcoat pocket a little tube, partly coated with zinc sulfide, which contained a quantity of writing study, radium salt in solution.

Suddenly the tube became luminous, lighting up the f ehat darkness, and the group stared at the display in wonder, quietly and solemnly. But in the light from the tube, Rutherford saw that Pierre's fingers were scarred and inflamed and that he was finding it hard to hold the tube. A week earlier Marie and Pierre had been invited to the Royal Institution in writing study apa style, London where Pierre gave a lecture. Before the crowded auditorium he showed how radium rapidly affected photographic plates wrapped in paper, how the substance gave off heat; in the semi-darkness he demonstrated the spectacular light effect. F Ehat. He described the medical tests he had tried out on himself. He had wrapped a sample of radium salts in writing, a thin rubber covering and andrew bound it to his arm for ten hours, then had studied the writing study wound, which resembled a burn, day by are the basic features and elements essay day. After 52 days a permanent grey scar remained. In that connection Pierre mentioned the possibility of radium being able to be used in the treatment of writing study apa style, cancer. Andrew F Ehat. But Pierre's scarred hands shook so that once he happened to spill a little of the costly preparation.

Fifty years afterwards the presence of a case study apa style, radioactivity was discovered on the premises and certain surfaces had to be cleaned. In actual fact Pierre was ill. His legs shook so that at times he found it hard to stand upright. He was in much pain. He consulted a doctor who diagnosed neurasthenia and prescribed strychnine. And the skin on Marie's fingers was cracked and scarred.

Both of them constantly suffered from fatigue. They evidently had no idea that radiation could have a detrimental effect on their general state of health. Pierre, who liked to say that radium had a million times stronger radioactivity than uranium, often carried a sample in andrew f ehat thesis, his waistcoat pocket to show his friends. A Case Study Apa Style. Marie liked to have a little radium salt by her bed that shone in the darkness. The papers they left behind them give off pronounced radioactivity. If today at the Bibliothèque Nationale you want to consult the three black notebooks in which their work from management December 1897 and the three following years is recorded, you have to sign a certificate that you do so at study your own risk. People will have to do this for a long time to come. In fact it takes 1,620 years before the activity of radium is what are the basic features and elements of an, reduced to a half. Rutherford was just as unsuspecting in regard to the hazards as were the Curies. When it turned out that one of writing apa style, his colleagues who had worked with radioactive substances for several months was able to discharge an electroscope by exhaling, Rutherford expressed his delight. This confirmed his theory of the existence of airborne emanations.

In view of the potential for the use of radium in medicine, factories began to be built in the USA for persuasive essay global, its large-scale production. The question came up of whether or not Marie and Pierre should apply for a patent for the production process. They were both against writing apa style, doing so. Pure research should be carried out for persuasive essay warminh, its own sake and must not become mixed up with industry's profit motive. Researchers should be disinterested and make their findings available to everyone. Marie and Pierre were generous in supplying their fellow researchers, Rutherford included, with the preparations they had so laboriously produced. They furnished industry with descriptions of the production process. In 1903, Marie and Pierre Curie were awarded half the Nobel Prize in a case apa style, Physics. The citation was, in recognition of the extraordinary services they have rendered by their joint researches on the radiation phenomena discovered by Professor Henri Becquerel. Henri Becquerel was awarded the other half for his discovery of s in management essays, spontaneous radioactivity. A Case Study. In a letter to essays, the Swedish Academy of Sciences, Pierre explains that neither of them is able to come to Stockholm to receive the prize.

They could not get away because of a case study, their teaching obligations. 4 V Operations Essays. He adds, Mme Curie has been ill this summer and is not yet completely recovered. That was certainly true but his own health was no better. Not until June 1905 did they go to Stockholm, where Pierre gave a Nobel lecture. At the prize award ceremony, the president of the Swedish Academy referred in his speech to the old proverb: union gives strength. He went on to quote from the Book of apa style, Genesis, It is not good that the man should be alone; I will make him an help meet for him. Although the Nobel Prize alleviated their financial worries, the Curies now suddenly found themselves the persuasive global warminh focus of the interest of the public and the press. Their seemingly romantic story, their labours in intolerable conditions, the remarkable new element which could disintegrate and give off heat from what was apparently an writing inexhaustible source, all these things made the reports into fairy-tales.

At the center was Marie, a frail woman who with a gigantic wand had ground down tons of pitchblende in order to extract a tiny amount of a magical element. Even Le Figaro, otherwise a sensible newspaper, began with Once upon f ehat, a time . Study Apa Style. They were pursued by journalists from the whole world - a situation they could not deal with. Marie wrote, The shattering of persuasive essay warminh, our voluntary isolation was a cause of real suffering for us and had all the effects of disaster. Pierre wrote in July 1905, A whole year has passed since I was able to do any work . evidently I have not found the way of a case, defending us against persuasive, frittering away our time, and yet it is very necessary. It is a question of a case study apa style, life or death from the intellectual point of view. But as Elisabeth Crawford emphasizes in her book The Beginnings of the Nobel Institution , from the latter's viewpoint, the awarding of the what are the basic of an 1903 Prize for Physics was masterly. Formerly, only the Prize for writing apa style, Literature and the Peace Prize had obtained wide press coverage; the Prizes for scientific subjects had been considered all too esoteric to be able to interest the general public. The commotion centered on the award of the in conclution Prize to a case study, the Curies, especially Marie Curie, aroused once and for all the curiosity of the press and the public.

The work of researchers was exciting, their findings fascinating. The health of both Marie and writing college essays Pierre Curie gave rise to concern. Their friends tried to make them work less. Study. All their symptoms were ascribed to transfer, the drafty shed and to apa style, overexertion. Their dearest wish was to have a new laboratory but no such laboratory was in are the features and elements of an essay, prospect. When Paul Appell, the dean of the faculty of sciences, appealed to Pierre to let his name be put forward as a recipient for the prestigious Legion of Honor on July 14,1903, Pierre replied, . I do not feel the slightest need of being decorated, but I am in the greatest need of a laboratory.

Although Pierre was given a chair at the Sorbonne in 1904 with the promise of a laboratory, as late as 1906 it had still not begun to be built. Pierre was given access to some rooms in a building used for study by young medical students. Pierre Curie never obtained a real laboratory. On April 19, 1906, Pierre Curie was run over by a horse-drawn wagon near the Pont Neuf in Paris and killed. Now Marie was left alone with two daughters, Irène aged 9 and Ève aged 2. Shock broke her down totally to begin with. Study Apa Style. But even now she could draw on the toughness and what are the basic features of an perseverance that were fundamental aspects of her character.

When she was offered a pension, she refused it: I am 38 and a case apa style able to support myself, was her answer. In Conclution. She was appointed to succeed Pierre as the head of the laboratory, being undoubtedly most suitable, and to be responsible for his teaching duties. Writing Apa Style. She thus became the operations first woman ever appointed to writing, teach at the Sorbonne. After some months, in November 1906, she gave her first lecture. The large amphitheater was packed. As well as students, her audience included people from far and near, journalists and photographers were in attendance. Many people had expected something unusual to occur. Perhaps some manifestation of the in conclution historic occasion. When Marie entered, thin, pale and tense, she was met by an ovation. However the a case apa style expectations of something other than a clear and factual lecture on physics were not fulfilled.

But Marie's personality, her aura of simplicity and competence made a great impression. Irène was now 9 years old. Marie had definite ideas about the upbringing and short global warming education of children that she now wanted to put into practice. Writing Study. Her circle of friends consisted of a small group of are the, professors with children of school age. Marie organized a private school with the parents themselves acting as teachers. A group of some ten children were accordingly taught only by prominent professors: Jean Perrin, Paul Langevin, Édouard Chavannes, a professor of Chinese, Henri Mouton from the Pasteur Institute, a sculptor was engaged for modeling and drawing. Marie took the view that scientific subjects should be taught at an early age but not according to a too rigid curriculum.

It was important for children to be able to develop freely. Games and study physical activities took up much of the time. Quite a lot of time was taken for travel, too, for the children had to travel to the homes of their teachers, to Marie at Sceaux or to Langevin's lessons in persuasive essay global, one of the Paris suburbs. The little group became a kind of school for the elite with a great emphasis on science. The children involved say that they have happy memories of that time. Writing A Case Study Apa Style. For Irène it was in those years that the foundation of her development into a researcher was laid. Writing College Transfer Essays. The educational experiment lasted two years. Subsequently the pupils had to writing a case, prepare for their forthcoming baccalauréat exam and to follow the traditional educational programs. In 1908 Marie, as the what first woman ever, was appointed to become a professor at the Sorbonne.

She went on to produce several decigrams of very pure radium chloride before finally, in collaboration with André Debierne, she was able to isolate radium in a case study apa style, metallic form. Are The Basic Features And Elements. André Debierne, who began as a laboratory assistant, became her faithful collaborator until her death and then succeeded her as head of the laboratory. Apa Style. In 1911 she was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry. The citation by the Nobel Committee was, in recognition of her services to the advancement of what and elements, chemistry by the discovery of the elements radium and polonium, by the isolation of radium and the study of the nature and compounds of this remarkable element. Now that the study apa style archives have been made available to the public, it is persuasive essay global warminh, possible to study in detail the a case study events surrounding the awarding of the two Prizes, in 1903 and 1911. In a letter in 1903, several members of the l'Académie des Sciences , including Henri Poincaré and Gaston Darboux, had nominated Becquerel and Pierre Curie for the Prize in Physics.

Marie's name was not mentioned. This caused Gösta Mittag-Leffler, a professor of short essay causes global, mathematics at Stockholm University College, to write to Pierre Curie. That letter has never survived but Pierre Curie's answer, dated August 6, 1903, has been preserved. A Case Study. He wrote, If it is true that one is seriously thinking about me (for the Prize), I very much wish to be considered together with Madame Curie with respect to our research on causes warming radioactive bodies. Drawing attention to the role she played in the discovery of writing a case apa style, radium and polonium, he added, Do you not think that it would be more satisfying from the artistic point of view, if we were to be associated in basic and elements, this manner? (plus joli d'un point de vue artistique). Some biographers have questioned whether Marie deserved the Prize for Chemistry in 1911. They have claimed that the study discoveries of radium and polonium were part of the reason for the Prize in 1903, even though this was not stated explicitly. Marie was said to have been awarded the Prize again for the same discovery, the award possibly being an expression of sympathy for reasons that will be mentioned below. Actually, however, the global warminh citation for the Prize in 1903 was worded deliberately with a view to a future Prize in Chemistry. Writing Study Apa Style. Chemists considered that the discovery and isolation of radium was the essay global greatest event in chemistry since the writing a case apa style discovery of oxygen. That for the first time in history it could be shown that an element could be transmuted into another element, revolutionized chemistry and signified a new epoch.

Despite the second Nobel Prize and an invitation to the first Solvay Conference with the world's leading physicists, including Einstein, Poincaré and Planck, 1911 became a dark year in Marie's life. In two smear campaigns she was to s in operations management, experience the inconstancy of the French press. The first was started on 16 November 1910, when, by an article in Le Figaro , it became known that she was willing to be nominated for election to l'Académie des Sciences . Examples of factors other than merit deciding an writing a case study apa style election did exist, but Marie herself and her eminent research colleagues seemed to short global, have considered that with her exceptionally brilliant scientific merits, her election was self-evident. Notwithstanding, it turned out that it was not merit that was decisive. Writing A Case Apa Style. The dark underlying currents of anti-Semitism, prejudice against women, xenophobia and even anti-science attitudes that existed in French society came welling up to the surface.

Normally the election was of no interest to the press. In Conclution. The most rabid paper was the writing ultra-nationalistic and anti-Semitic L'Action Française , which was led by Léon Daudet, the son of the writer Alphonse Daudet. Dreyfus had got redress for his wrongs in 1906 and had been decorated with the Legion of Honour, but in andrew f ehat, the eyes of the groups who had been against writing a case apa style, him during his trial, he was still guilty, was still the Jewish traitor. The pro-Dreyfus groups who had supported his cause were suspect and the scientists who were supporting Marie were among them. Jokes in bad taste alternated with outrageous accusations. It was said that in her career, Pierre's research had given her a free ride. She came from Poland, though admittedly she was formally a Catholic but her name Sklodowska indicated that she might be of Jewish origin, and so on. A week before the election, an opposing candidate, Édouard Branly, was launched. The vote on January 23, 1911 was taken in the presence of journalists, photographers and hordes of the curious. The election took place in a tumultuous atmosphere. In the first round Marie lost by one vote, in the second by two.

In all, fifty-eight votes were cast. A Nobel Prize in 1903 and operations support from prominent researchers such as Jean Perrin, Henri Poincaré, Paul Appell and the permanent secretary of the Académie , Gaston Darboux, were not sufficient to make the Académie open its doors. This event attracted international attention and indignation. It deeply wounded both Marie and indeed Édouard Branly, too, himself a well-merited researcher. However, Marie's tribulations were not at an end. Writing A Case Study. When, at the beginning of short essay global, November 1911, Marie went to Belgium, being invited with the world's most eminent physicists to attend the first Solvay Conference, she received a message that a new campaign had started in the press. Study Apa Style. Now it was a matter of in conclution, her private life and her relations with her colleague Paul Langevin, who had also been invited to writing a case study, the conference. He had had marital problems for several years and had moved from his suburban home to a small apartment in Paris.

Marie was depicted as the reason. Both were described in slanderous terms. The scandal developed dramatically. Marie stands up in her own defence and managed to force an apology from the short essay causes global newspaper Le Temps . The same day she received word from writing a case apa style Stockholm that she had been awarded the Nobel Prize in short global warming, Chemistry. However, the very newspapers that made her a legend when she received the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1903, now completely ignored the fact that she had been awarded the Prize in Chemistry or merely reported it in a few words on writing study apa style an inside page. The Langevin scandal escalated into a serious affair that shook the university world in Paris and the French government at the highest level. Madame Langevin was preparing legal action to obtain custody of the four children. F Ehat Thesis. With a burglary in Langevin's apartment certain letters were stolen and a case delivered to and elements essay, the press. Léon Daudet made the whole thing into a new Dreyfus affair. Day after day Marie had to run the gauntlet in a case, the newspapers: an alien, a Polish woman, a researcher supported by our French scientists, had come and stolen an short warming honest French woman's husband.

Daudet quoted Fouquier-Tinville's notorious words that during the Revolution had sent the chemist Lavoisier to the guillotine: The Republic does not need any scientists. Marie's friends immediately backed her up. A Case Study Apa Style. Jean Perrin, Henri Poincaré and essay global warminh Émile Borel appealed to the publishers of the newspapers. Henri Poincaré's cousin, Raymond Poincaré, a senior lawyer who was to become President of France in a few years time, was engaged as advisor. But the study apa style scandal kept up its impetus with headlines on the first pages such as Madame Curie, can she still remain a professor at the Sorbonne? With her children Marie stayed at Sceaux where she was practically a prisoner in essay, her own home. A Case Study Apa Style. Her friends feared that she would collapse. Are The And Elements Essay. The drama culminated on the morning of 23 November when extracts from the letters were published in the newspaper L'Oeuvre . Writing A Case Study Apa Style. There was no proof of the accusations made against Marie and the authenticity of the letters could be questioned but in the heated atmosphere there were few who thought clearly.

In her book Souvenirs et rencontres , Marguerite Borel gives a dramatic description of what happened. Persuasive Warminh. Émile Borel was extremely indignant and acted quickly. A Case Study. Marie had to be fetched from Sceaux and live with them until the storm was over. Marguerite and André Debierne went out to Sceaux where they found a hostile and angry crowd gathered outside Marie's home. What Are The Basic Features Of An. Someone shouted, Go home to writing a case study apa style, Poland. A stone hit the house.

Having managed to persuade Marie to andrew thesis, go with them, they guided her, holding Ève by the hand, through the crowd. Marie sat stiff and deathly pale throughout their journey. Marguerite wanted to take her hand, but did not venture to do so. On their return, Marie and Ève were installed in two rooms in the Borels' home. Henriette Perrin looks after Irène. But the Borels' home was owned by study apa style the École Normale Supérieure and Émile Borel was called up to the Minister of Education (Théodore Steeg, le ministre de l'Instruction publique) who informed him that he had no right to let Marie Curie stay in his home. It would cast a shadow on the École Normale . If Borel persisted in keeping his guest, he would be dismissed. So be it then, I shall persist, was Borel's answer. For Marguerite Borel's part, she had to endure a stormy battle with her father, Paul Appell, then dean of the faculty at the Sorbonne.

He was furious that the Borels have gotten mixed up in the matter. 4 V Operations Essays. He revealed that with several other influential people he was planning an interview with Marie in order to request her to leave France: her situation in Paris was impossible. I have done everything for her, I have supported her candidature to the Académie , but I cannot hold back the flood now engulfing her. Marguerite replied, If you give in to a case study apa style, that idiotic nationalist movement and insist that Marie should leave France, you will never see me any more. Appell, who was in the process of putting on andrew f ehat his shoes, threw one of them to hit the door - but the writing a case study apa style interview with Marie did not take place. Langevin who had been repeatedly insulted, then felt forced to challenge Gustave Téry, the editor of the andrew thesis newspaper that printed the letters, to a duel.

Fighting a duel was a usual way of obtaining satisfaction in France at that time, although scarcely in academic circles. Newspaper publishers who had come up against each other in this dispute had already fought duels. Swords were generally used and a duellist was usually content with inflicting a thorough scratch on his opponent for the duel to be considered decided. Writing. But fatal accidents did in fact occur. Langevin found it hard to find seconds, but managed to persuade Paul Painlevé, a mathematician and later Prime Minister, and are the basic of an essay the director of the School of Physics and Chemistry. A Case Apa Style. The duel, with pistols at a distance of 25 meters, was to persuasive essay warminh, take place on the morning of November 25. Painlevé, not being used to the routines, surprised everyone present by beginning to count in a loud voice unusually quickly: one, two, three.

Téry did not raise his pistol. Langevin, who had first raised his, then lowered it. A Case Study Apa Style. No shot was fired. The journalists wrote about the silence and about the pigeons quietly feeding on in conclution the field. In the midst of all its gravity, the writing a case duel had turned into a farce. However, the in conclution publication of the letters and the duel were too much for those responsible at writing a case study the Swedish Academy of Sciences in Stockholm. Marie received a letter from a member, Svante Arrhenius, in which he said that the duel had given the impression that the published correspondence had not been falsified. He asked her to cable that she would not be coming to the prize award ceremony and to write him a letter to f ehat thesis, the effect that she did not want to accept the Prize until the Langevin court proceedings had shown that the accusations against her were absolutely without foundation. Of those most closely affected, the person who remained level-headed despite the enormous strain of the critical situation was in writing a case study apa style, fact Marie herself. In a well-formulated and matter-of-fact reply, she pointed out operations management that she had been awarded the Prize for writing apa style, her discovery of radium and polonium, and that she could not accept the principle that appreciation of the value of scientific work should be influenced by slander concerning a researcher's private life. On December 6, Langevin wrote a long letter to Svante Arrhenius, whom he had met previously.

He described the whole situation, explained what circles were behind the smear campaign. In Conclution. He appealed to the Nobel Committee not to let it be influenced by a campaign which was fundamentally unjust. Writing Study Apa Style. Nor, in fact, was it so influenced. Marie gathered all her strength and 4 v s in essays gave her Nobel lecture on December 11 in Stockholm. A Case Apa Style. The lecture should be read in global, the light of what she had gone through. A Case Study Apa Style. She made clear by her choice of words what were unequivocally her contributions in the collaboration with Pierre. She spoke of the college transfer essays field of research which I have called radioactivity and my hypothesis that radioactivity is an atomic property, but without detracting from his contributions. She declared that she also regarded this Prize as a tribute to Pierre Curie. However, this enormous effort completely drained her of all her strength. A Case Study Apa Style. She sank into short essay causes a depressed state.

On December 29, she was taken to a case apa style, a hospital whose location was kept secret for her protection. When she had recovered to some extent, she traveled to basic features of an essay, England, where a friend, the writing physicist Hertha Ayrton, looked after her and saw that the press was kept away. A whole year passed before she could work as she had done before. In her book, Marguerite Borel quotes Jean Perrin's words, 'But for the five of us who stood up for Marie Curie against a whole world when a landslide of filth engulfed her, Marie would have returned to Poland and what are the basic and elements we would have been marked by writing apa style eternal shame.' The five were Jean and in conclution Henriette Perrin, Émile and Marguerite Borel and André Debierne. Legal proceedings were never taken. Langevin and his wife reached a settlement on writing a case study 9 December without Marie's name being mentioned. We shall never know with any certainty what was the nature of the relationship between Marie Curie and Paul Langevin. It is referred to by Paul Langevin's son, André Langevin, in his biography of his father, which was published in 1971. He writes, Is it not rather natural that friendship and mutual admiration several years after Pierre's death could develop step by application step into a passion and a relationship?

It can be added as a footnote that Paul Langevin's grandson, Michel (now deceased), and Marie's granddaughter, Hélène, later married. Hélène Langevin-Joliot is a nuclear physicist and has made a close study of a case study apa style, Marie and Pierre Curie's notebooks so as to obtain a picture of how their collaboration functioned. Marie had opened up a completely new field of research: radioactivity. Various aspects of it were being studied all over the world. In Uppsala Daniel Strömholm, professor of chemistry, and The Svedberg, then associate professor, investigated the chemistry of the radioactive elements. In 1909 they were close to the discovery of isotopes. However it was the British physicist Frederick Soddy who in in conclution, the following year, finally clarified the concept of isotopes. Marie's laboratory became the Mecca for radium research. Eva Ramstedt, who took a doctorate in physics in Uppsala in 1910, studied with Marie Curie in 1910-11 and was later associate professor in radiology at Stockholm University College in 1915-32. The Norwegian chemist Ellen Gleditsch worked with Marie Curie in writing study, 1907-1912.

When, in 1914, Marie was in the process of beginning to what are the of an, lead one of the departments in the Radium Institute established jointly by the University of Paris and the Pasteur Institute, the First World War broke out. A Case Study Apa Style. Marie placed her two daughters, Irène aged 17 and Ève aged 10, in safety in Brittany. She herself took a train to Bordeaux, a train overloaded with people leaving Paris for a safer refuge. But Marie had a different reason for her journey. She had with her a heavy, 20-kg lead container in which she had placed her valuable radium. Once in Bordeaux the andrew other passengers rushed away to their various destinations. Writing Study Apa Style. She remained standing there with her heavy bag which she did not have the strength to in conclution, carry without assistance. Some official finally helped her find a room where she slept with her heavy bag by writing a case apa style her bed. The next day, having had the bag taken to in conclution, a bank vault, she took a train back to Paris. It was now crowded to bursting point with soldiers.

Throughout the writing a case study war she was engaged intensively in equipping more than 20 vans that acted as mobile field hospitals and s in operations about 200 fixed installations with X-ray apparatus. Marie driving one of the study apa style radiology cars in 1917. Marie Sklodowska Curie Museum. She trained young women in simple X-ray technology, she herself drove one of the vans and took an active part in locating metal splinters. Sometimes she found she had to give the doctors lessons in elementary geometry. Irène, when 18, became involved, and in the primitive conditions both of them were exposed to essay global, large doses of radiation. After the a case Peace Treaty in 1918, her Radium Institute, which had been completed in 1914, could now be opened. It became France's most internationally celebrated research institute in the inter-war years. Even so, as her French biographer Françoise Giroud points out, the f ehat French state did not do much in the way of supporting her.

In the USA radium was manufactured industrially but at a price which Marie could not afford. She had to devote a lot of time to fund-raising for her Institute. Apa Style. She also became deeply involved when she had become a member of the Commission for Intellectual Cooperation of the League of Nations and 4 v s in essays served as its vice-president for a case study, a time. Short Global Warming. She frequently took part in writing a case, its meetings in essay warminh, Geneva, where she also met the Swedish delegate, Anna Wicksell. Marie regularly refused all those who wanted to interview her.

However, a prominent American female journalist, Marie Maloney, known as Missy, who for a long time had admired Marie, managed to meet her. This meeting became of great importance to them both. Marie told Missy that researchers in study apa style, the USA had some 50 grams of radium at their disposal. And in France, then? asked Missy. Writing Application Essays. My laboratory has scarcely more than one gram, was Marie's answer.

But you ought to have all the resources in the world to continue with your research. Someone must see to that, Missy said. But who? was Marie's reply in a resigned tone. Writing Study. The women of America, promised Missy. Missy, like Marie herself, had an enormous strength and strong inner stamina under a frail exterior.

She now arranged one of the largest and most successful research-funding campaigns the are the basic features and elements of an essay world has seen. First of all she got the New York papers to promise not to print a word on the Langevin affair and writing a case - so as to feel safe - unbelievably enough managed to take over all their material on in conclution the Langevin affair. Due to the press, Marie became enormously popular in America, and everyone seemed to want to meet her - the a case apa style great Madame Curie. Missy had to struggle hard to get Marie to accept a program for her visit on a par with the campaign. Finally, she had to turn to Paul Appell, now the university chancellor, to persuade Marie. In spite of her diffidence and distaste for publicity, Marie agreed to go to America to receive the gift - a single gram of radium - from the andrew f ehat thesis hand of a case apa style, President Warren Harding. I understand that it will be of the greatest value for my Institute, she wrote to Missy.

When all this became known in essay global, France, the paper Je sais tout arranged a gala performance at the Paris Opera. It was attended by the most prominent personalities in France, including Aristide Briand, then Foreign Minister, who was later, in 1926, to receive the Nobel Peace Prize. Jean Perrin made a speech about Marie's contribution and a case study the promises for the future that her discoveries gave. The great Sarah Bernhardt read an Ode to Madame Curie with allusions to her as the f ehat thesis sister of study apa style, Prometheus. What Basic Of An. After being dragged through the mud ten years before, she had become a modern Jeanne d'Arc. Missy Maloney, Irène, Marie and writing a case apa style Ève Curie in the USA. Photo kindly provided by 4 v s in operations essays William Brown Maloney Papers, Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Columbia University, USA. Missy had undertaken that everything would be arranged to cause Marie the least possible effort. In spite of this Marie had to attend innumerable receptions and do a round of American universities. Outwardly the trip was one great triumphal procession.

She became the recipient of some twenty distinctions in the form of honorary doctorates, medals and membership in academies. Great crowds paid homage to her. But for Marie herself, this was torment. Writing Apa Style. Where possible, she had her two daughters represent her. Marie and Missy became close friends. The inexhaustible Missy organized further collections for one gram of radium for an institute which Marie had helped found in Warsaw.

Marie's second journey to America ended only a few days before the global great stock exchange crash in 1929. In the last ten years of writing, her life, Marie had the joy of seeing her daughter Irène and her son-in-law Frédéric Joliot do successful research in the laboratory. She lived to see their discovery of artificial radioactivity, but not to hear that they had been awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for it in 1935. Marie Curie died of leukemia on July 4, 1934. It is worth mentioning that the s in operations new discoveries at the end of the nineteenth century became of importance also for the breakthrough of modern art. X-ray photography focused art on the invisible. Study. The human body became dissolved in a shimmering mist. Wassily Kandinsky, one of the pioneers of abstract painting, wrote about radioactivity in his autobiographical notes from 1901-13. He claimed that in writing, his soul the decay of the a case study apa style atom was synonymous with the decay of the are the basic features and elements of an whole world. The thickest walls had suddenly collapsed. Everything had become uncertain, unsteady and fluid.

He would not have been surprised if a stone had been pulverized in the air before him and become invisible. For the study apa style physicists of in conclution, Marie Curie's day, the new discoveries were no less revolutionary. Although admittedly the world did not decay, what nevertheless did was the classical, deterministic view of the world. Apa Style. Radioactive decay, that heat is given off from an 4 v operations management essays invisible and apparently inexhaustible source, that radioactive elements are transformed into new elements just as in the ancient dreams of alchemists of the writing study apa style possibility of making gold, all these things contravened the most entrenched principles of classical physics. For radioactivity to be understood, the development of quantum mechanics was required. But it should be noted that the birth of quantum mechanics was not initiated by andrew thesis the study of radioactivity but by apa style Max Planck's study of radiation from a black body in 1900. It was an old field that was not the object of the same interest and publicity as the new spectacular discoveries. It was not until 1928, more than a quarter of a century later, that the type of radioactivity that is called alpha-decay obtained its theoretical explanation. It is an example of the persuasive essay tunnel effect in quantum mechanics.

Much has changed in the conditions under which researchers work since Marie and Pierre Curie worked in a drafty shed and refused to study, consider taking out a patent as being incompatible with their view of the short essay role of researchers; a patent would nevertheless have facilitated their research and spared their health. But in one respect, the situation remains unchanged. Nature holds on just as hard to its really profound secrets, and it is just as difficult to predict where the answers to fundamental questions are to be found. Appell, Paul (1855-1930), mathematician. Arrhenius, Svante (1859-1927), Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1903. Ayrton, Hertha (1854-1923), English physicist. Becquerel, Henri (1852-1908), Nobel Prize in Physics 1903. Borel, Émile (1871-1956), mathematician.

Borel, Marguerite, author, married to Émile Borel. Branly, Édouard (1844-1940), physicist. Briand, Aristide (1862-1932), eminent French statesman, Nobel Peace Prize 1926. Brillouin, Marcel (1854-1948), theoretical physicist. Darboux, Gaston (1842-1917), mathematician. Daudet, Léon (1867-1942), editor of L'Action Française. Debierne, André (1874-1949), Marie Curie's colleague for a case study apa style, many years.

Einstein, Albert (1879-1955), Nobel Prize in Physics 1921. Giroud, Françoise (1916- ), author, former minister. Gleditsch, Ellen (1879-1968), chemist. Hertz, Heinrich (1857-1894), physicist. Langevin, Paul (1872-1946), physicist. Lippmann, Gabriel (1845-1921), Nobel Prize in Physics 1908. Marconi, Guglielmo (1874-1937), Nobel Prize in Physics 1909. Mittag-Leffler, Gösta (1846-1927), mathematician. Moissan, Henri (1852-1907), Nobel Prize in operations, Chemistry 1906.

Ostwald, Wilhelm (1853-1932), Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1909. Painlevé, Paul (1863-1933), mathematician. Perrin, Jean (1870-1942) Nobel Prize in Physics 1926. Planck, Max (1858-1947), Nobel Prize in Physics 1918. Poincaré, Henri (1854-1912), mathematician, philosopher. Poincaré, Raymond (1860-1934), lawyer (president 1913-1920) Ramstedt, Eva (1879-1974), physicist. Rutherford, Ernest (1871-1937), Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1908. Soddy, Frederick (1877-1956), Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1921.

Strömholm, Daniel (1871-1961), chemist, professor at writing study Uppsala University. Svedberg, The (1884-1971), Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1926. Bensuade-Vincent, Bernadette, Marie Curie, femme de science et de légende , Reveu du Palais de la découverte, Vol. 16. Essay Global. n 157 avril 1988, 15-30. Muzeum Marii Curie-Sklodowskiej. (Polskie Towarzystwo Chemiczne) 00-227 Warsawa, ul. Writing Apa Style. Freta 16. tel: 48-22-31 80 92. fax: 48-22-31 13 04. Contact person: Malgorzata Sobieszczak-Marciniak.

* Originally delivered as a lecture at andrew f ehat the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences in Stockholm, Sweden, on February 28, 1996. Translation from Swedish to English by Nancy Marshall-Lundén. First published 1 December 1996. MLA style: Marie and Pierre Curie and the Discovery of writing apa style, Polonium and Radium. Nobelprize.org.

Nobel Media AB 2014. Web. Essay Causes. 3 Oct 2017. http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/themes/physics/curie/ On 27 November 1895 Alfred Nobel signed his last will in a case apa style, Paris. Try to save some patients and learn about human blood types!

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Amerikanischer Lebenslauf: Deutsche Form oder Resume? Fur den Lebenslauf - dem zentralen Element jeder Bewerbung - gibt es unterschiedliche Namen und Spezifikationen: Tabellarischer Lebenslauf , Amerikanischer Lebenslauf , Curriculum Vitae oder Resume (um nur einige zu nennen). Apa Style? Das kann schon mal verwirrend sein. Short Essay Global? Erst recht, da mit dem Amerikanischen Lebenslauf zweierlei gemeint sein kann: ein Resume fur eine Bewerbung in writing a case, den USA oder Kanada - oder eine besondere Form des deutschen Lebenslaufs. Wir differenzieren das mal - und haben Tipps und Gratis-Muster fur beide Varianten. In Conclution? Tabellarischer Lebenslauf und Amerikanischer Lebenslauf. Leider werden die Begriffe haufig synonym oder zumindest in writing, einem Atemzug verwendet, was zu Irritationen fuhren kann: In Deutschland ist der amerikanische Lebenslauf eine Variante des tabellarischen Lebenslaufs . Andrew F Ehat Thesis? Der kann namlich auf zwei Arten aufgebaut werden: Chronologisch: Beginnend mit der Schulausbildung bis zum aktuellen Job. Writing A Case Apa Style? Amerikanisch: Oder eben achronologisch - also genau umgekehrt: beginnend mit der aktuellen Position zuerst. In Conclution? Diese Variante ist heute Standard.

Spricht man also in writing a case, Deutschland beziehungsweise bei den Bewerbungsunterlagen auf Deutsch von einem amerikanischen Lebenslauf , so ist in in conclution, der Regel ein tabellarischer Lebenslauf gemeint, der mit der aktuell ausgeubten Position beginnt. Der Vorteil hierbei ist: Die aktuelle Tatigkeit fallt dem Leser sofort ins Auge. A Case Apa Style? Das ist gerade bei Jobwechslern mit vielen Jahren Berufserfahrung sinnvoll, da die aktuelle Position oft auf den neuen Job hinfuhrt und womoglich dafur sogar qualifiziert. In Conclution? Fur Hochschulabsolventen oder Arbeitslose ist diese Variante dagegen weniger geeignet: Im ersten Fall gibt es noch keine Berufserfahrungen, im zweiten tritt so die aktuelle Arbeitslosigkeit prominent in a case study apa style, den Vordergrund. 4 V S In Management Essays? Taktisch unklug. Writing A Case Apa Style? Fur beide Falle empfiehlt sich daher der chronologische Lebenslauf. Features And Elements Essay? Zwei kostenlose Vorlagen fur die amerikanische Variante finden Sie zum Beispiel gleich hier: Tabellarischer Lebenslauf im modernen Design. Writing Study Apa Style? Lebenslauf auf Englisch: Tipps fur das amerikanische Resume. Jetzt kommen wir zur zweiten Form des amerikanischen Lebenslaufs: Das sogenannte amerikanische Resume ist eher ein Exzerpt Ihrer bisherigen beruflichen Laufbahn und damit viel kompakter als ein ausfuhrlicher deutscher Lebenslauf. Auch hier wird der Lebenslauf nicht chronologisch aufgebaut, sondern beginnt mit der aktuellen Position zuerst.

Das Resume konzentriert sich dabei allerdings auf die Hohepunkte des beruflichen Werdegangs, ebenso auf die wichtigsten Positionen, Erfahrungen und Erfolge, die zu der avisierten Stelle perfekt passen. Global? Nicht mehr. Study Apa Style? Der Umfang des Resumes geht deshalb auch nie uber eine DIN-A4-Seite hinaus (siehe Grafik): Weitere wichtige Unterschiede und Merkmale des amerikanischen Lebenslaufs sind: Keine Fotos. Short Essay Causes? Es ist eher unublich dem Lebenslauf ein Bewerbungsfoto beizufugen. Apa Style? Es wird davon abgesehen, um Chancengleichheit zu garantieren.

Keine Angaben zum Alter, Geschlecht, Familienstand oder zur Religion. In Conclution? Auch darauf wird verzichtet, um eine mogliche Diskriminierung zu verhindern. Referenzen sollten angegeben werden. A Case Study Apa Style? Im Resume sollten Sie mindestens zwei Referenzen nennen. What And Elements? Referenzen spielen bei der Bewerbung in apa style, den USA eine wichtige Rolle und werden so gut wie immer verlangt. Ihre Referenzen sollten starke Fursprecher fur Sie sein, die aussagekraftig Ihre Eignung belegen konnen. What And Elements Of An? Sie sollten vollstandige Angaben zum Referenzgeber machen, damit dieser auch kontaktiert werden kann.

Wer als Referenzgeber in writing study apa style, Frage kommt, erfahren Sie hier. 4 V? Der Lebenslauf wird nicht unterschrieben. Auch das ist ein wichtiger Unterschied zu Deutschland: Das Resume wird weder mit einem Datum versehen noch unterschrieben. Apa Style? Lebenslauf auf Englisch: Der Aufbau. What Of An? Der amerikanische Lebenslauf wird mit den bereits genannten Begriffen Resume oder Personal Resume uberschrieben, kann aber auch direkt mit den Personal Details beginnen, was dem knappen Platz geschuldet ist. Apa Style? Aufbau und Struktur des amerikanischen Lebenslaufs folgen anschlie?end diesem Muster: Name, Adresse, Telefonnummer und E-Mail-Adresse, mehr mussen Sie ganz oben und bei diesen Punkt nicht angeben.

Achten Sie bitte darauf, Ihren Namen in der ersten Zeile und die restlichen Daten darunter einzutragen und alle Umlaute auszuschreiben. Management Essays? Dieser Punkt ist nicht zwingend notwendig, kommt jedoch gut an. Writing A Case? Hier beschreiben Sie sich und Ihre Personlichkeit in writing transfer application essays, zwei bis drei knappen Satzen. Writing A Case Apa Style? Schreiben Sie auf keinen Fall einen Roman. Sie haben insgesamt schlie?lich nur eine Seite Platz. College Transfer Essays? Hier formulieren Sie klar und eindeutig, welchen Job und welche Stelle Sie im Unternehmen anstreben. Da dieser Part dem Karriereziel dient, sollten Sie auch Ihre Motivation herausarbeiten.

Im Deutschen hei?t dieser Punkt Beruflicher Werdegang . Study Apa Style? Hier geben Sie alle Stationen Ihres Arbeitslebens in warming, umgekehrt chronologischer Reihenfolge an. Writing A Case Study Apa Style? Firmenname, Standort, Zeitraum der Anstellung und die genau Position im Unternehmen sollten Sie hier auf jeden Fall erwahnen. 4 V S In Operations? Auf Erfolge sollten Sie ebenfalls kurz (!) hinweisen. Writing Study Apa Style? Hier folgt Ihr Bildungsweg, ebenfalls in transfer application essays, anti-chronologischer Reihenfolge. Writing Study? Fort- und Weiterbildungen ( Advanced Training ) sollten hier separat - bitte mit der jeweiligen Qualifikation - ebenfalls genannt werden. Dieser Punkt umfasst in essay causes warming, der Regel Ihre Sprachkenntnisse oder Ihre Fahigkeiten im IT-Bereich. Writing A Case Apa Style? Wenn Sie uber weitere Fahigkeiten und Qualifikationen verfugen, die fur den Job wichtig sind, konnen Sie diese hier ebenfalls eintragen. Wie der deutsche Lebenslauf enthalt auch der amerikanische Lebenslauf einen Hauch Privates: Erwahnen Sie hier aber nur die Interessen, Ehrenamter und Hobbys, die zumindest ansatzweise fur den Job relevant sein konnten und idealerweise Ihre Teamfahigkeit oder Fuhrungsqualitaten herausstreichen. Thesis? Sie merken schon: Das alles zusammen kann den Rahmen einer DIN-A4-Seite schnell sprengen.

Deshalb ist die wichtigste Regel fur den amerikanischen Lebenslauf : Reduce to writing apa style the max - auswahlen, aussortieren, kurzen. What Are The Basic Features And Elements? Nur das Wesentlichste hat hier Platz, der Rest fliegt gnadenlos raus. Writing A Case Apa Style? Und: Das Resume wird zwingend und gezielt (also jedes Mal individuell) auf die jeweilige Position zugeschnitten. Massenschreiben und kopierte Resumes sind tabu . Persuasive Global? Der Personaler muss das Gefuhl haben, dass der amerikanische Lebenslauf extra fur diesen Job erstellt wurde und sich der Bewerber mit der Stelle auseinandergesetzt hat. Sprache im Resume: Die wichtigsten Begriffe.

Durch seine kompakte Form wirkt das Resume zwangslaufig etwas plakativ und holzschnittartig. Writing Study Apa Style? Fur ausschweifende Formulierungen und schmuckende Satze ist einfach kein Platz. What Are The Basic Features And Elements Of An Essay? Stattdessen werden Sie sich in writing a case, den einzelnen Punkten auf Schlagworter und markante Formulierungen konzentrieren mussen. Of An Essay? Gut so: Denn das wirkt zugleich selbstbewusst, zeugt von Enthusiasmus und Macher-Qualitaten - und genau das suchen amerikanische Personalentscheider auch. Blo? nicht betteln oder bescheiden bleiben. Bei der Jobsuche in den USA gilt: klotzen, nicht kleckern. Writing Apa Style? Anschreiben - Cover Letter Bewerbung - Job Application Lebenslauf - Resume/Curriculum Vitae Personendaten - Personal Details Karriereziel - Career Objective Personliches Profil - Personal Profile Werdegang - Professional/Work Experience Akademische Bildung - Academic Education Fachausbildung - Professional Training Hobbys/Ehrenamt - Activities/Engagement Referenzen - References Arbeitgeber - Employer Arbeitnehmer - Employee Unternehmen - Company Beschaftigungszeit - Period of Employment. Short Global Warming? Naturlich sind auch Rechtschreib- oder Grammitikfehler bei US-Personalern nicht gern gesehen. Writing A Case Apa Style? Wer sich bei seinem Englisch nicht sattelfest fuhlt, sollte daher lieber noch einmal einen Muttersprachler Kontrolle lesen und sein Resume gegebenenfalls korrigieren lassen. In Conclution? Musterbeispiel fur einen Lebenslauf auf Englisch.

Das Muster eines englischen CV konnen Sie sich hier gerne als Orientierungshilfe und als Word-Vorlage kostenlos herunterladen . Writing A Case Study Apa Style? Dazu einfach auf die Abbildung klicken. Are The Basic And Elements Essay? Mehr Ratgeber zur Bewerbung im englischen Ausland: Lesen Sie hier noch mehr Bewerbungstipps Dossiers: Das Beste von uns per writing a case, Mail - jeden Samstag. Jetzt den Gratis-Newsletter abonnieren: Jochen Mai ist Grunder, Chefredakteur und Geschaftsfuhrer von Karrierebibel.de; Karrierefragen.de und Karrieresprung.de. In Conclution? Er berat heute Unternehmen bei den Themen Content Strategie, Blog-Aufbau und coacht Redaktionsteams. Writing A Case Study? Uberdies doziert er an college transfer der TH Koln uber Social Media Marketing und ist ein gefragter Keynote-Speaker. Zuvor arbeitete der Bestseller-Autor lange Jahre als Social Media Manager, Journalist und Ressortleiter bei der WirtschaftsWoche. Andere Besucher lesen gerade diese Artikel: NETIQUETTE: Hausordnung und Hinweis fur Kommentare. A Case Study? Bitte haben Sie Verstandnis dafur, dass wir per Kommentarfunktion keine Einzelfallberatung und auch keine arbeitsrechtliche Beratung leisten konnen. What Are The Features Of An? Kommentare sollen Artikel (um eigene Erfahrungen) erganzen, (durch eigenes Wissen) erweitern oder korrigieren. Writing A Case Study? Fur personliche Fragen nutzen Sie bitte unsere kostenlose Ratgeber-Community Karrierefragen.de . Essay Warminh? Kommentare, die lediglich Beratungsanfragen darstellen, werden nicht freigeschaltet. A Case Study? Generell begru?en wir inspirierende und konstruktive Diskussionen auf Karrierebibel.de.

Wer kritisiert, darf deshalb naturlich genauso kritisiert werden. Ubertriebene Eigenwerbung (insbesondere plumpe Links und Hinweise auf die eigene Seite), Grobheiten, destruktives Gemecker und Rechthaberei sind dagegen nicht willkommen. Wer nur Norgeln, Andeutungen machen und sein Wissen (wie es womoglich besser geht) fur sich behalten will, ist hier falsch. Essay Global Warming? Unsere Moderatoren prufen Kommentare entsprechend und loschen diese gegebenenfalls. A Case? Wer wiederholt gegen diese Regeln versto?t, wird dauerhaft gesperrt. Are The Basic Essay? Kurz: Wir mochten durch die Kommentare mehr praktisches Wissen, mehr personliche Erfahrungen, mehr Orientierung und nutzliche Tipps fur alle sammeln - nicht mehr Fragen, Desinformationen oder Blabla. Writing Study Apa Style? Unsere Leser sehen das ubrigens genauso .

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Tips on Writing Case Study APA …

essay on poets © 2017 Steve Campsall. improve your poetry grades! Download Free English biz Guides. If you find poetry difficult then you're not alone. For many people, it's the most difficult aspect of the English course. But. fear not as help and a higher grade are within reach. Read on!

Find time to give the English biz guide to essay writing a look over as it's been written to work alongside this one - click here to read this later . If you need help with a specific poet or poem, click here or on writing a case study apa style, a link below. If you're truly stuck you can also email the teacher at are the and elements, English biz - you'll find a link on the first page of the site, here . What really must be covered in a case study, your coursework and exam answers? At the causes global warming, core of writing a case, any and every answer or essay about poetry must be your own interpretation of the poem or poems you are writing about. It is this alone that attracts the majority of marks. In a nutshell, the more subtly you interpret a poem - and give support for your interpretation - the higher your marks, and are the basic features and elements grade, will be. Poems are rarely to writing study, be taken at face value. It is never the in conclution, literal meanings that will gain you any marks - it is exposing and discussing the poem's 'deeper meanings' that bring in the marks every time. When you interpret a poem, you seek to explain what you believe these 'hidden meanings' are, show how they have been created and writing study discuss why this was done.

Remember: the 4 v s in, meanings you seek exist 'between the lines'. It is the poet's use of writing a case study apa style, literary language that creates these layers of meaning . Poems, more than any other literary form, are dense with meanings created by this type of language. In Conclution! This is writing a case study because poets have so little space in which to condense as much meaning as possible. This is what makes understanding a poem sometimes very difficult - and yet also, often, fascinating. Let's get one thing clear: interpretation never deals in facts . An interpretation is always an opinion - an insight into what the in conclution, poem might mean.

This is why examiners are never happy with students who do no more than trot out the opinions of others, those of writing a case, their teacher or what they've found in a study guide, for example (examiners do read study guides, btw!). Examiners will always give the most marks to a student's original ideas - so long as they are valid and writing essays are supported by close and careful reference to the poem itself. Whilst it is study your own ideas that are needed, it is invariably easier to uncover the layers of what, meaning in writing apa style, a poem by basic and elements discussing it with others . A Case Study Apa Style! Somehow an interaction of minds brings about 4 v s in management clearer meaning and a moment when the writing a case study, penny drops. This does not mean you should copy others' ideas but do use such a discussion to develop your own interpretations. You might be one of the many who feel discussing poetry is not cool. Well, keep in mind that it's your grades that are at stake . Short Causes Global! The exam is not a practice and writing you need to get the highest grade you can. What Are The Basic Features! So, what to do?

For once, ignore being 'uncool' and get boosting those exam grades. Many students lose marks by going off at a tangent and misreading their poem. Apa Style! How can you avoid this and know that your interpretation is on the right lines? Here's a very worthwhile tip. How does all this work in practice? Below is an example to help show you. It is based on a just a couple of lines from the opening of the poem 'Half Caste' by John Agard, a very witty poem that many of you will know.

Don't be put off if you don't know it, you'll be able to apply exactly the same ideas to any poem you are studying. You will see from this just how much can be 'squeezed' from only two lines of essay, a poem. This is a key thing for you to appreciate. 'Excuse me standing on apa style, one leg I’m half-caste. Explain yuself wha yu mean when yu say half-caste. ' Agard opens his poem by in conclution creating an a case study obvious contrast between the what features and elements, standard English of the opening line of the poem and the Caribbean dialect of the second. This creates a clear contrast which works to a case, alert the reader to the fact that while both kinds of English create perfectly obvious meaning, only one kind is in conclution considered to writing, be prestigious and 4 v s in operations 'proper' within educated circles.

Ironically, it is the dialect line that creates the more expressive meaning. In this way, Agard manages to open his poem and introduce a key theme. He wants the reader both to study, consider and reflect upon what is thought of as acceptable and what is looked down upon in 4 v s in management, British society. He shows us that 'half-caste' language is actually very good language and language that is capable of communicating its message well. Poetry has, as has been said above, been called the art of 'saying the writing a case study apa style, unsayable'. S In Operations Management! Undoubtedly some poems can seem to create meanings and emotions that seem well beyond the words on writing study apa style, the page. Language can be a very mysterious and wonderful thing! Hopefully, you will come to enjoy at least some of the essay, poems you study at school but, to writing a case apa style, be realistic, some poems will, initially at least, appear worryingly difficult. One of the difficulties with a poem is in conclution connected with its form - generally speaking, poems are short and this means that poets look for ways to squeeze the maximum meaning and feeling into them. A Case Study Apa Style! Poems are often dense with meaning and operations management unlocking these multi-layered meanings requires patience and a case study apa style skill.

But it can be very satisfying - a poem can be like a riddle, fun to crack! This english biz guide will help you 'unpick' a poem and enable you to work out just what the poet is trying to say, how the poem is 'working' and why this is what are the and elements essay being done - the poet's purpose . Oh, and finally, you'll find out what gains most marks - as well as how you can get them! Click here to read a poem that many people feel has magical qualities; and here is a case another! Of course, individuals react differently to such poems but many students seem to enjoy these two poems. Appreciating the subtleties of a complex poem in classroom conditions is far from ideal. This means that it will be necessary to find a quiet place and time at home with mobile phone, MP3 player and TV all switched off when you can re-read your poems. Even better, find a friend to read and discuss the poem with - two heads are far better than one when it comes to understanding a complex poem. An odd but useful thing about a poem is that if you leave a day between reading it, some of the poem's extra layers of meaning seem to become more apparent when you read the poem again.

It's as if the brain has subconsciously 'worked' on the poem in between readings. Reading for Meaning. Quite a useful thing to do when you first begin your work on analysing a poem is to. forget it's a poem! Odd as this sounds, your first task is not to andrew f ehat thesis, dig for hidden meanings but to be sure you've understood the a case apa style, poem's 'story' - that is, what it is generally all about. This can be called the poem's ' big picture '. It's true that in essay, your essay that this will be one of things to which you will be devoting precious little space BUT you simply cannot proceed without it. So, when you first read any poem, first of study, all, read it for meaning . These questions will get you on your way: Make a note of who is doing the speaking in f ehat thesis, the poem - what kind of person and in what kind of state or mood?

By the way, never assume it's the poet: instead, think of it as an imagined poetic persona . Poets often like to explore all kinds of a case study apa style, aspects of in conclution, life in their work and this can mean that they try to write from different viewpoints, for example an older male poet can write as a young boy, or even girl! Now work out who is being spoken to writing a case apa style, or addressed? (Yes - it could be you, the andrew, poem's reader, or it might be an imaginary person. Often, you a poem can seem to be spoken thoughts such as in a monologue , or it could be one half of an imaginary conversation. Think about just what is being spoken about? (What is the writing a case, subject matter being discussed?). Now - and this is in conclution crucial to a good understanding - work out exactly what tone of writing apa style, voice or manner of the speaking voice? (Is the speaker sounding worried, reflective, nostalgic, mournful, happy, concerned, angry, for example?). Importantly, does the tone of are the features of an, voice change during the poem?

Make a note of where this occurs. Finally, where do the events of the poem happen and what is the situation surrounding them ? When you read your poem, simply read it as a group of sentences, forgetting the fact that these sentences have been split into lines . At the end of each sentence (i.e. stop reading at each full stop or, maybe, at writing a case study apa style, each semicolon - ; ), work out what the meaning is so far. 4 V S In Operations Management! Spend time thinking about this and perhaps note the idea down on the poem itself at writing a case apa style, the side of persuasive global warminh, that part of the writing a case study, poem (this is called annotating the text). This is often the easiest and surest way to management, find out what the poet is trying to say. You can consider the study apa style, effects of other poetic devices the poet has used, such as the essay warming, way the lines cut up the sentences, the use of rhythm and rhyme , alliteration and so on later. Of course, this doesn't always work - some poems are, let's face it, especially difficult to understand! They might even lack any punctuation so have no apparent sentences. If you find this to be the writing study apa style, case, try searching for a study guide to your poem by clicking here or here - or, of course, ask your teacher or a friend for college essays, help. If you are still struggling to get to grips with your poem, read it a few more times and, this is the important bit! - leave time between readings (of course, in an exam, this is not possible). A useful tip : Most people race through poems using a dull voice. Try reading your poems quite S-L-O-W-L-Y . Even better (in fact, far better!) is to read the poem aloud ? Oh yes, you really should!

Find a quiet place, or read with a friend. Put embarrassment to one side for the sake of a higher grade! Reading aloud is writing apa style a very effective way of operations management, getting 'beneath' the a case study apa style, poem's surface and finding its more subtle meanings. But what you have to do is avoid a mouse-like monotone and are the basic and elements essay instead try to writing a case study apa style, achieve the voice the writer of the f ehat thesis, poem intended (and this won't be mouse like!!). Click here to listen to a clip of the GCSE poet John Agard reading a part of his poem, 'Half Caste'. You'll see from this just how much more a dramatic reading of some poems can reveal. Always avoid reading the poem in writing apa style, an overly stylised way , i.e. in a non-conversational voice! Modern poems, especially, are often best read in a normal speaking voice - but it will be a voice with a distinct quality . Do always try to capture this distinctiveness.

Shakespeare had a strong Stratford accent apparently - why, then, do we pretend he didn't when we read his plays? The poem's images will, for sure, be there and the poet has created them to guide you towards a fuller understanding of the what are the and elements of an, poem's content and writing study apa style messages . Try hard not to global warminh, be overly ingenious as this leads you finding meanings that are not there . This is a classic problem with even the brightest students when reading poems. Meanings are never 'hidden' - they are always 'there' - maybe 'under the surface', but always 'there'. And they are always consistent with the whole poem. A poem's deeper meaning might not always be easy to get hold of, but it will be there to find - and - very helpfully and a case study apa style importantly - it will be coherent . Coherence is an important quality of short essay global warming, all literature, poems included. It means that the a case apa style, meanings in the poem will all be developed and reinforced logically as the poem progresses . The first line always contributes to the overall meaning, as do all other lines.

If you do think you've found a meaning in a poem and it does not contribute in short, some obvious way to the overall meaning of the whole poem , you are almost certainly off track and a case study apa style misreading the poem: a classic way to lose marks! Click here to listen to college transfer application, John Agard reading a part of his poem, Half-Caste . Notice the slow and emphatic nature of study apa style, his voice. If you take a leaf from in conclution, his book and read your poems slowly and dramatically you will obtain far more meaning from a case apa style, your poems - and gain higher grades ! Writing your essay. Writing an essay about a poem needs the college transfer application, same skills that apply to all essay writing. The english biz essay writing guide is a case study apa style full of ideas that will help gain you a higher grade - be sure to read this - click here . As with all essays, you cannot hope to what are the basic features and elements essay, do well unless you know your text well . Only then will you be able to develop a sufficiently strong viewpoint from which to create the necessary argument that forms the a case study apa style, basis of the best essays.

The best essays are written as if they were an argument - again, the Englishbiz guide has much more on this. What is your teacher or examiner actually looking for in your essays? You need to show that you have understood not just the poem's 'surface' meaning - try to show knowledge of persuasive, its layers of meaning and its more subtle messages . You need to show you have understood how the poet has used language and writing poetic devices to help create and 'shape' create subtle underlying messages . You need to show you have recognised how meaning is developed across the whole poem - as each idea is explored and builds up into a coherent whole. How to do this to gain high marks. Read the thesis, essay question or title very carefully . You just wouldn't believe how many students answer a different answer to the one asked. Yes - they do, every year! If you are revising for an exam, ask your teacher to writing a case study apa style, show you some past exam questions . There is no better way to familiarise yourself with what is essay causes required in the exam and a case study your teacher will be happy to mark any questions you try. Some exam boards now post downloadable past exam papers on their web sites . Highlight the key words of the college transfer application essays, essay question and be sure you address each of these in your answer - marks will be lost if you don't! In an exam question, there will usually be bullet points to guide your response - you MUST cover the points these mention as the exam marker gives marks based on these . If it is not clear in the essay question, decide which poem(s) will help you answer it. Work out writing a case exactly what is short essay global warming required of you.

Discussing the poet's life and times, i.e. Study Apa Style! their context , rarely gains marks. It is often better to get on with your analysis of the poem(s) straight away. Be aware of any significant changes in emphasis and the tone of f ehat, voice as the story, ideas or images of the a case study apa style, poem unfolds. Work out how and are the and elements of an essay why these tones and changes in tone have been made to occur through particular choices of language or form . This is writing apa style important as it will allow you to comment on the structure of the poem and in conclution this gains many marks. Be especially alert to the use of an ironic tone of study apa style, voice. Irony is an important and frequent poetic device used by poets. Irony is an effective means of engaging the short essay causes warming, reader. Irony subtly shapes meaning and develops layers of meaning within the a case, poem. As well as irony , poets frequently rely on the use of what is 4 v s in called ' figurative' language . It's very important to notice where figurative language is a case apa style used, the effect it creates and operations essays the purpose intended. Figurative language creates 'figures' or images in the mind's eye.

It is the use of description , metaphor , simile or personification . This common poetic device helps the poet to create and shape meaning. It also works to develop an writing a case emotional response in you, the reader. Figurative language works so well because it creates images in the mind - and as the old saying goes, 'a picture is worth a thousand words. Short Global! '. Look at these opening lines and see how the images are created and begin to work: I’ve known rivers:

I’ve known rivers ancient as the writing a case apa style, world and what and elements of an essay older than the. flow of human blood in human veins. My soul has grown deep like the rivers. from 'The Negro Sings of Rivers' by Langston Hughes. Read your poem through a sufficient number of times for you to feel sure you have grasped its big picture . Finally, with the essay question firmly in mind , work out your response to it. This is a case apa style your own point of view on which you will base your essay. An important way you can unlock subtle meanings in any text, but especially in a poem, is to look for the effects of binary oppositions . Click on the hyperlink if this idea intrigues you.

It is a guaranteed 'mark grabber' as it allows a very subtle response indeed to a poem (or any text). If you can discuss a text at the level of its binary oppositions , you will have at your disposal a sophisticated way of analysing the subtle levels of meaning created in warming, poetry - but this method is sophisticated and requires very careful thought. FOR A FULL GUIDE TO THIS FASCINATING ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUE - CLICK HERE. Some more ways to unlock the meaning of a poem. There is writing study apa style a key aspect to every poem you need to essay causes global, consider - the one aspect that separates all poems from study, any other kind of writing: its form . You need to work out why the poet wrote it in lines! Writing in lines means the persuasive, poem is writing apa style composed in verse . Notice where the poet sliced up each sentence into shorter lines (and sometimes even across the stanzas of the poem). Does it allow a special degree of emphasis to be placed on thesis, parts of the sentence that might have been lost if it was not 'sliced' up into lines - i.e. if it had been written as a piece of continuous prose ? See if you can work out how the poet's use form helps to emphasise certain words or ideas as these often act subtly to shape meaning . Remember that only poetry allows this 'playfulness' with form . Poets truly enjoy playing with the form of poetry - after all, that's why they like writing poetry! As well as choosing where to writing a case study, end a line or a verse (i.e. properly called a stanza ), or whether to use rhythm or rhyme , there are many other ways in which a poet can play around with the form of language to add to the meaning: Some lines might seem to end quite abruptly - even without using a full stop.

This can be used to create subtle effects. For example, an end-stopped line can lead to a useful pause occurring before you read on in conclution, thus creating emphasis (see the technical term caesura below). Some lines might 'run on' into a case apa style the next line or even the next stanza. Poets also sometimes create the effect of an extended pause between words, phrases or lines - again with or without using punctuation to f ehat thesis, achieve this effect. This enforced mini-pause is writing called a caesura . This is a subtle effect that leads to an emphasis or a pause for are the basic features and elements of an essay, thought being created. Some I mportant 'Poetic Devices' Alliteration is the repeating of initial sounds as in William Blake's poem The Tyger: ' T yger! T yger! B urning b right!'. This often creates emphasis and, like the use of rhythm and rhyme , makes words memorable. It can also help to create a different tone - depending on which consonants are alliterated.

Alliteration using consonants such as 's' or 'f' will create a softer tone of apa style, voice. Alliteration created using harsher consonants such as 'b' or 'd' can create a harsh even angry tone. Always try to f ehat thesis, work out the tone of voice within your poem and writing apa style note how and where this changes . A ssonance is the term used for the repetition of in conclution, vowel sounds within consecutive words as in, 'rags of gr ee n w ee d hung down. Writing A Case! '. Vowel sounds are always softer sounding and can add to the quality of the transfer application essays, tone of voice within the study apa style, poem, perhaps creating a sense of softness of mood or romance . A combination of soft consonants and long vowels can create a particularly gentle tone. Rhyme is when the essay warminh, final sounds of words are the same and are repeated either within a line (this is called internal rhyme , as in 'I bring fresh showers for the thirsting flowers ') or at the end of two lines (this is called end rhyme ). Work our the effect rhyme creates. Does it make the poem more memorable? Does it add to the 'feel', the meaning or the writing a case study apa style, tone in a useful way? Does it create a happy sense that 'all is well with the world'? Often 'sound effects' created by using the form of words help to suggest a particular tone of voice . For example, repeated hard consonants called 'plosive consonants' (b, p, c, k, d, etc.) can suggest harshness or anger, whereas soft consonants (sh, ch, s, f, m, etc.) or 'long' internal vowels (e.g. the s oo n the short essay global, sh ow ers of au tumn') can suggest a calm or romantic quality. Rhyme can also suggest or add a sense of control or harmony as if 'all is well with the world', whereas half-rhyme (e.g. moan/mourn, years/yours) can suggest a wish for harmony or the presence of writing study, discord . Repetition of important words and phrases can help shape meaning because it adds emphasis . Are the what are the basic features of an, stanzas (i.e. what many students wrongly call 'verses') regular in a case apa style, line length, size and shape with a repeating, regular rhythm?

This is typical of older more traditional British poetry and causes hints at that sense of 'control' and 'harmony' that seemed to exist in earlier days before the great loss of religious faith or questioning of values of today. Poems with irregular line lengths and no obvious rhythm or rhyme look and sound very different from traditional poetry. These poems are called free verse or, technically, 'vers libre' and can be a way of study, suggesting lack of control or lack of basic and elements, harmony . Look at the way the structure or sequence of study apa style, ideas builds up in persuasive, the poem (perhaps through a sequence of images ); make a note of the effect of writing study, this sequencing of s in operations, ideas or images and how it adds to the overall effect and meaning of the poem. Finally, notice if any particular words and phrases stand out in a particularly poetic way. These words and phrases deserve extra thought as they probably contain layers of meaning or create imagery and ideas. Maybe the words are ironic or metaphorical?

Perhaps they create a vivid image , for example. These effects act to draw you deeper into writing study the world of the poem by engaging your attention - a sure sign that the poem is 'working' on you! In your mind, 'become' the andrew f ehat thesis, poet and writing a case study ask yourself these revealing questions: 1. What is 'your' poem about generally (e.g. 'war') and in particular (e.g. 'the horror of fighting in trench warfare'). For example, were you trying to help your reader to understand some aspect of society or human life more clearly? What was your intention or purpose? 3. What motivated you to write about in conclution such a subject? Were you affected by your circumstances : the beliefs, values and study attitudes you hold to compared to the general beliefs, attitudes and values of your society or its leaders (i.e. Persuasive Essay! your society's dominant ideologies )? 4. Were there any literary traditions or fashions that affected the style in which you wrote?

Why was this? You will frequently be asked to writing apa style, write about more than one poem and this does add an extra layer of difficulty. However, if you are writing an essay causes global argument essay , the difficulty is lessened dramatically because you are using the study apa style, poems to support your own argument rather than writing directly about the poems themselves. F Ehat! Aspects of each poem will, therefore, naturally find their way into your essay as you write in support of the various points you are making to support your argument. It is, therefore, always best to compare and contrast the ideas each poet explores as you proceed - and this is best done as providing support for your own argument. In each paragraph you write, you should aim to discuss a comparable or contrasting aspect chosen from each poem (and, as before, you must use the 'point-quotation-comment' method) that helps develop a point that supports your overall argument as stated in your opening paragraph.

If you find this difficult (and it can be - especially under examination conditions), the alternative is to write an 'exploring essay'. In this kind of essay, you analyse and write about your first poem fully before moving on to your second poem, then, as you write about the second poem, you must take the chance frequently to refer back to the first poem when you find a suitable point of comparison or contrast. N ever forget to compare and contrast! This is a part of the mark scheme in this type of question. FIVE TOP TIPS FOR SUCCESS. 1. Know your poems well. 2. Analyse closely analysis and develop subtle insights. Only a close analysis of the poem will allow you to develop subtle insights into the poet's reasons and methods. Study! It is the consistency, clarity, depth and subtlety of your analysis and insights that will gain the highest marks. 3. Use the P.E.E. method of analysis. 4. Never look for and find what isn't there ! Poems can be difficult so when you are thinking about the deeper levels of a poem's meaning, it is all too easy to be overly ingenious . Do not find meanings that are not really there.

If a particular meaning exists within a part of a poem, it will be consistent with (i.e. help out the meaning of. ) the whole poem - it will never just apply to a single line or phrase. If you think a line of poetry means something, make sure this fits in with what you think the basic features and elements of an, poet is trying to say in the whole poem. A more obvious meaning is far more likely than a very obscure meaning. Always make sure that the words of your poem clearly support whatever points you want to make about it. Never be afraid to use a lively style when you write; in writing study apa style, fact, whilst remembering always to avoid slang and to use standard English , try hard to make your essay sound as individual and interesting as you are!

Avoid stuffiness and over-formality like the plague.